Skip to main content

Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2 votes
1 answer
138 views

Have any theologians speculated about the nature of Devas?

Have any scholars throughout history done any in-depth thinking on the subject of what Devas (such as Indra, Surya, Agni) are? On their nature and mode of existence? I'm not just looking for ...
2 votes
2 answers
380 views

Are there any schools of Hinduism which hold that one can be a non-theist and still get Moksha?

Are there any schools or belief systems in Hinduism where belief in Ishvara, (or any deities for that matter) is not a necessity for attaining Liberation?
4 votes
1 answer
291 views

Is Spinoza's philosophy the same as advaita or vishistadvaita philosophy of India?

Spinoza's philosophy speaks about oneness of the universe. Is it the same as advaita or vishistadvaita which also speaks about untiy. As per wiki Article: After stating his proof for God’s existence, ...
14 votes
1 answer
2k views

Where is this Srimad Bhagavatam verse about the different forms of Moksha?

According to Vaishnavism, there are six kinds of liberation from Samsara (the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth). They're each defined in relation to Vishnu, since Vaishnavas consider Vishnu to be ...
8 votes
1 answer
481 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
13 votes
1 answer
659 views

What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
1 vote
0 answers
70 views

What's the logic behind the definition of unreal in advaita vedanta?

From what I have studied, unreal in advaita vedanta is defined as something on which any of the following limitations applies: Limitation in space: It exists here but not there or vice versa. ...
1 vote
1 answer
258 views

Doesn't this make brahman limited?

If I am brahman, the unchanging reality, the absolute truth and I am the one without a second then why does this world appears to exist? Now one may give an analogy of snake and rope to answer this. ...
2 votes
1 answer
96 views

The Best method for attaining Krishna

In every Yoga of the Bhagvad Gita (especially from the Gitas I hear or read), Lord Krishna prescribes the superiority of that Yoga over the others. Which one is the best one in reality? Or is there ...
2 votes
3 answers
454 views

Does Hinduism advocate middle path?

Does Hinduism advocate middle path ? Is it advisable to avoid extremes and take middle path in deciding what is dharma, what is not ?
15 votes
6 answers
9k views

Do the Trimurti (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva) cleanly map onto the 3 gunas (sattva, rajas, tamas)?

I've read Shiva referred to as "tamasic", and Brahma seems to be a suitable embodiment of sattva. However, rajas doesn't fit very well here. I'm not sure how to match the energy/activity aspects of ...
2 votes
2 answers
256 views

Why Does the Avadhuta Gita 1.36 say that The Absolute truth is devoid of Both Duality and Nonduality?

While Going through the Avadhuta Gita recently, I came across the following verse. Avadhuta Gita 1.36:- Some seek nonduality, and others duality. They do not know the truth, which is the same at all ...
3 votes
1 answer
149 views

As per Hinduism, What happens to those who follow Nihilist Philosophies like Buddhism?

Since Buddhism is regarded as a heretic path as per all the scriptures of hinduism, What would ultimately happen to those who follow Nihilst philosophies like Buddhism as per hinduism? Will Buddhists ...
0 votes
0 answers
11 views

Looking for polemical works of Non Vedantic Astika schools which argue Against Vedanta

Just as the Brahma sutras and the scholars of the vedanta schools have argued against the non vedantic schools such as Samkhya , Yoga, Nyaya etc. Have any texts or scholars of any these non vedantic ...
2 votes
0 answers
32 views

What is the origin of the phrase "देशकालवस्तुपरिच्छेदशून्यम्"?

Phrase "देशकालवस्तुपरिच्छेदशून्यम्" is used in many Advaita vedanta lectures. In which scripture it has its origin?
8 votes
1 answer
227 views

What is the story of Indra putting everyone to sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

Was any verse in bori Mahabharata in which Shiva said that he was born from Vishnu or Vishnu said that Shiva born from Vishnu

Was there is any verse in bori Mahabharata in which Shiva said that he was born from Vishnu or Vishnu said that Shiva was born from him
1 vote
2 answers
103 views

How did the different Non-Vedantic Astika schools such as Samkhya etc. justify the existence of multiple omnipresent souls?

As stated in this answer, Many of the Non Vedantic Astika school such as Samkhya, Nyāya etc. Held to the belief that the soul is all pervading/omnipresent. My question is do these darshanas offer any ...
3 votes
2 answers
93 views

Is Brahman beyond Advaita, Dvaita, and Visistha-advaita? If so, why have the great acharyas restrained themselves by these concepts?

Garuda Purana preta khanda chapter 49 states. अद्वैतं केचिदिच्छन्ति द्वैतमिच्छन्ति चापरे । समं तत्त्वं न जानन्ति द्वैताद्द्वैतविवर्जितम् ॥ २,४९.९२ ॥ Some Desire Advaita, others desire Dvaita. Neither ...
3 votes
3 answers
481 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
0 votes
2 answers
297 views

Question about omnipotence of God

If God is omnipotent then why can't parambrahm kill my soul(aatma) Can parambrahm parmeshwar make a rock that can't be lifted by parambrahm? Can God kill himself? I don't want to offend anyone but I ...
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Non-Advaitan Smartas

Are their Smartas who are non-Advaitan and hold that Ishvara is represented equally in the forms of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Shakti, Ganesha, and Skanda, but isn't Nirguna or without attributes.
0 votes
0 answers
10 views

Did the concept of पंच महाभूत in Indian philosophy evolved from any earlier concept?

Did the concept of पंच महाभूत in Indian philosophy evolved from any earlier concept? If, yes, please reference the earlier concept.
1 vote
0 answers
67 views

On the nature of the soul - ability to create, fade, disappear, or still

Nature of the soul: Perishable, Uniqueness, etc. In Indian philosophy, there are multiple schools of philosophy including - Advaita, ShuddhaAdvaita (Vedantic), Sankhya, Yoga, Madhyamaka, Jaina, etc. ...
6 votes
1 answer
502 views

About Saura Tantra?

While exploring about Tantra, I came to know there is Saura Tantra too. It might be very ancient. So want to know the core philosophy and what are the principle Texts/Scriptures of Saura Tantra?
0 votes
0 answers
38 views

Are there any schools of hinduism that hold the Soul to be perishable / non-eternal?

Hinduism has a plethora of schools, All holding a wide variety of beliefs about the nature of the Atma. Are there any schools that hold the soul/atma to be perishable and subject to destruction?
0 votes
0 answers
42 views

Are there Any Annihilationist schools in Hinduism?

Among, All the schools of Hinduism, The Madhva school believes in eternal hell for Tamo-yogya Jivas who are beyond saving. There are a few other schools who also believe in the concept of nitya-...
1 vote
2 answers
144 views

Do most scholars agree that Shiva and Vishnu are both free from Maya?

Are Shiva and Vishnu, both of them, free from Maya, and do all or almost all schools of Hindu theology believe they are?
3 votes
5 answers
401 views

What Is Neti-neti? Is it a practice or an expression of ineffability?

Is Neti-neti a practice of negation, or an expression of inneffability? I'm curious because I've heard it described in both ways.
3 votes
2 answers
335 views

Any way to face consequence of all good and bad deeds in one life?

I have committed many paap/sins (broke promise, insult and abuse, dishonesty) and good deeds like helping people, charity. But good and bad deeds make one to continue material existence. What I want ...
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

Did any Hindu philosophers/mystics ever explain if there were any benefits to going to a temple in order to worship and connect to Brahman?

According to this website, it is stated: Visiting a Temple plays a crucial role in the Hindu belief system. It is a way of improving our concentration and connection with the Divine figure However, ...
4 votes
2 answers
693 views

Is there any prayachitta for pornography(please tell from scripture verses if any)

Lord Shiva says in the Mahabharata: Those men who, impelled by desire in their hearts, cast their eyes on naked women, those men of wicked deeds take birth in this world to pass their whole lives in ...
2 votes
2 answers
191 views

Need explanation on few statement of yaksha prashn

Who causes the sun to set? Dharma 1.See I am not taking it literally but light/sunlight is symbol of pure knowledge in most scriptures which kills ignorance, so how does dharma end(sets) this ...
11 votes
3 answers
899 views

What is the Advaita argument for why causes can't have real existence?

The Khandana Khanda Khadya is a work by the 12th century Advaitin philosopher Shri Harsha which seeks to demonstrate that all supposed means of knowledge are invalid. As I discuss in this question, ...
2 votes
2 answers
128 views

Explain the metaphysics (the nature of Ultimate Reality) of the Upanisads as expressed in the metaphor of the “chariot” and the “two birds”.?

Critically explain the metaphysics ( the nature of Ultimate Reality ) of the Upanisads as expressed in the metaphor of the “chariot” and the “two birds”. Clearly bring out their differences. What ...
2 votes
1 answer
130 views

The concept of Shunya (Void) by Dattatreya

I came across a question quoting a verse from Avadhoota Gita: Some seek nonduality, others duality. They do not know the Truth, which is the same at all times and everywhere, which is devoid of both ...
21 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do any commentators of Brahmasūtras other than Ādi Śaṅkarācārya disagree with both Pañcarātra and Śaiva Āgamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedānta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sūtras, a work by the sage Vyāsa ...
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

Living creatures and sins

I, myself have killed so many mosquitoes, pests in my life. Now, I have come to a thought that they too are beautiful expressions created by god. Every single being created by the supreme serves a ...
0 votes
0 answers
13 views

Help with philosophical redefining of elements

So I am trying to re-explain the elements in the Brihat Samhita by looking at what each element brings to the table versus what it does on its own using atma. Here is the link to this verse: https://...
5 votes
1 answer
336 views

How does the quality of "Tamas" viz. "ignorance", affect Moksha/Liberation?

There are 3 qualities for any being or existence, named as : Sattva (illumination), Rajas (passion), Tamas (ignorance). Gita discusses them in great detail. According to it, the quality of Rajas is ...
1 vote
0 answers
119 views

Can anyone explain this?

क्रूराः कृतोऽञ्जलिरयं बलिरेष दत्तः कायो मया प्रहरतात्र यथाभिलाषम् अभ्यर्थये वितथवाङ्गयपांशुवर्षेर्मा माऽऽविलीकुरुतकीर्ति नदीः परेषाम् ।। 7 O HEARTLESS BARBARIANS! I HAVE ALMOST KILLED MYSELF WHILE ...
2 votes
3 answers
421 views

The gods don't protect like a shepherd with a stick, why should we worship them?

This with reference to a verse from Mahabharata: न देवा दण्डमादाय रक्षन्ति पशुपालवत् । यं तु रक्षितुमिच्छन्ति बुद्ध्या संविभजन्ति तम् ॥ विदुरनीति ३-४० Translation: The gods don't protect like a ...
0 votes
0 answers
18 views

Good introductory references on Shatdarshanas that covers debates, arguments and principles

As far as I know, only Advaita Vedanta has been well commented for principal Upanishad. It belongs to the Vedanta school. Is ther any single text like AdvaitaSiddhi that covers the arguments, ...
2 votes
3 answers
162 views

Arguments: Re-birth

Is there any argumentative way to establish that rebirth exists? In shatdarshanas, it seems like a lot of them - samkhya, yoga, etc don't believe in rebirth. Although Yoga Sutras of Patanjali talk ...
0 votes
0 answers
13 views

What is the Hindu understanding of "the image of God" or "imago dei" as discussed in the western christian doctrines?

I didn't many posts around this topic. So, if anyone know or can come up with good thoughts, please do so. One concept was Bimba-Pratibimba. Somtimes namaskaar or pranaam is talked about bowing down ...
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

How Vaiṣṇavas resolve the paradox regarding belief in the transcendental world where a devotee comes after his death?

If Vaikuntha or Goloka is transcendental to material time, space, the entire material world, then how can we apply the law of causality to these spiritual world? Because if we say that our behavior in ...
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

How do different Astika schools prove re-incarnation according to this verse of Bhagavad Gita?

Different schools - Shatdarshanas in Indian philosophy tackle the phenomenon of reincarnation differently. While there are sufficient yogic practices to experience past lives when on the path of self-...
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Incessant mind chatter and narcissistic parents

This really is a personal question but It needs a spiritual angle so that I could be set free from this endless cycle. My parents are not proud enough of me no matter what I accomplish and what I ...
0 votes
1 answer
107 views

Is post-Vedic Hinduism copied from Buddhism?

Is Hinduism copied from Buddhism? https://buddhism.stackexchange.com/a/2043 For example, as this answer says, and a lot of others in the same thread, "Hinduism" didn't exist in its present-...
1 vote
0 answers
16 views

Shatdarshanas: Who is understood to be the one that grants liberation and enlightment?

Consider this question as the sequel to: Foundational texts of Shatdarshanas Out of shatdarshanas: The Vedanta school has primarily three sub-schools: Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Davita. ...

1
2 3 4 5
14