Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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964 views

Question for Advaitins: If I am Brahman, then why do I (who is already Brahman) need to find out that I am Brahman? Who is this “I”?

I am Brahman. I need to find out that I am Brahman. But who is this “I”? “I” refers to Brahman. So, Brahman needs to find out that It (Brahman) is Brahman. This makes no sense.
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Does accusation helps a person change his values or a better ways is to tell a story with moral?

I have a friend say Dev. He always involves himself in flattery of rich people knowingly or unknowingly. Its clearly visible that he shows off in front of rich people or try to gain their friendship ...
4
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1answer
268 views

What are the main philosophical differences between Yoga and Samkhya Darshanas?

Samkhya and Yoga are one of the six Astika Darshanas of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Nyaya, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Vaisheshika). Both Darshanas are said to very closely related. ...
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0answers
52 views

Is anyone exempt from law of karma?

Does the law of karma applies to the millions of gods and goddesses and avatars?
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6answers
5k views

What scriptures describe the fifth state called Turiyatita?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they are actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here ...
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2answers
66 views

What is the subtle body? [duplicate]

It is called "Sukshma Sharira", or "Linga Sharira", but what exactly is it?
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2answers
111 views

What would one realise if they meditated without knowledge of any Hindu metaphysics?

Are Vedanta and other systems derived purely through logic or do they have an experiential basis too?
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0answers
37 views

Is Advaitha the only school of thought that gives highest possible status to a Jiva?

There are many schools of thoughts in Hindu philosophy. The most powerful or highest status is becoming a Brahman. Advaitha is the only school I know assuring that highest possible status to Jiva as ...
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4answers
3k views

Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

Let us see some of the accusations of vedantins SANKARA’S ACCUSERS Bhaskara (9th Century CE), the propounder of bhedabheda-siddhanta was one of the earliest Indian philosophers to attack Mayavada. ...
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0answers
101 views

Why is the supernatural so hard to find in the modern day? Why does Atheism exist? [closed]

Why is the supernatural so hard to find in the modern-day? Is there a conspiracy to keep it hidden? Why would a group do such a thing? Why do Atheists exist? While there is a lot of compelling ...
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1answer
129 views

What are notable contemporary Hindu apologists?

Christianity has a very mature body of apologists. Islam has its fair share of apologists too. But what about Hinduism? Wikipedia mentions a few authors, but I was curious to know if there are any ...
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39 views
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Is it true that, in order to finally attain a human birth, we must live as other beings, first?

Basically, what I am asking is whether all humans have lived as other beings or not. I heard that everyone attains human birth after progressing through 84 lakh (or 8.4 million) stages of being born ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do enlightened people contradict each other?

Why do enlightened people contradict each other? For example, Adi Shankara was enlightened and he taught Advaita Vedanta, while Mahavira (founder Of Jainism) was also enlightened and he taught and ...
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4answers
223 views

If God alone exist(advaita) then what's wrong with following materialistic desire?

According to advaita only God exists and every thing is the manifestation of God(Brahman) so even materialistic desire should be God's manifestation. So if one goes for lust(kama) which by default is ...
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0answers
47 views

Can literally everyone attain Moksha?

All these concepts regarding Nitya-samsaris and tamo-yogyas sound sadistic and cruel, to say the least, and akin to Abrahamic religions. If the supreme God is so merciful and all-able, then shouldn't ...
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0answers
45 views

What is the concept of God according to Vaisheshika school of philosophy?

Vaisheshika school is a school of philosophy in Hinduism that believes in God. So what is the concept of God according to Vaisheshika. Is God the creator of the universe? Is he omnipotent, omnipresent ...
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0answers
46 views

Do the karma continue to affect one's life even after death?

There are many people from the past who are remembered till this day. Like adi shankara, Netwon, Albert Einstein, Jesus and other great people. We respect them even after there death. So, is this ...
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0answers
45 views

What do the terms, "Sanchit Karma" and "Prarabdha", mean?

Pls explain. I don't know the meanings of these terms.
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66 views

Can a sinner attain liberation and avoid hell just through bhakti?

I saw a picture of an elephant being saved from a crocodile by Vishnu. The caption read that the elephant was supposed to represent humans, and the crocodile was meant to be the hardships (punishments)...
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1answer
373 views

What are the different schools of thoughts in Hinduism and what is the difference between each of them?

There are many schools of thought in Hinduism that have their own philosophy and their own way to attain Moksha. From this Hindu point of view, there are six major schools of orthodox (astika) Indian ...
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0answers
39 views

Is there a ritual in Hinduism when son leaves parents house?

I'm just wondering, is there a ritual in Hinduism, where a son leaves the house of the parents if he is going to live in his own house alone?
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1answer
472 views

Where do the Vedas say the cows of the gods walk on their backs?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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2answers
329 views

How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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Why must there be suffering at all? [duplicate]

It seems that suffering is an important, yet disliked, component of all kinds of life, in every epoch. As if there can never be no suffering. If the Gods are eternally blissful, then why must ...
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94 views

Who is this Hindu spritual leader, who speaks on Krishna( mostly) [closed]

I have received some forwarded messages( the sender does not know the name) and he talks very good on Hinduism Krishna and philosophy. I will appreciate if this community help me identify the name of ...
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1answer
127 views

What is the philosophy of brahmakumaris?

I saw a certain new group active now a days in my home town. The organisation is called Brahmakumaris. Do they follow any scripture? What is their philosophy? Does it come under the Vedic umbrella?
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3answers
3k views

Shadripu in Hindu texts

What is the source of the concept of Shadripu (six enemies) in Hindu philosophy, i.e., which Hindu religious text first described the Shadripu (षड्रिपु)? From Wikipedia : Shadripu (Sanskrit: षड्रि...
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1answer
187 views

Where can we get the Nyaya Sutras along with their commentaries in English translation?

Everyone knows how important the Nyaya Sutras are for Indian philosophy. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine a work of greater influence than this in the history of Indian thought. It is virtually the ...
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1answer
63 views

What are Prakṣipta? And are they as important as original verses?

Why do many people call Prakṣipta uncreditable? Are verse relating the philosophy of existence of one god Prakṣipta ?
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1answer
123 views

Did any school of philosophy ever criticized each other on path they choose to attain Moksha?

There are 6 schools of thought in Hinduism. All of them have different ways(yoga) to attain Moksha. So did any philosopher/scholar ever criticized each other on the path they choose to attain Moksha. ...
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2answers
218 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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0answers
42 views

Did adi shankara refuted Mimamsa's claim on Brahman's Omniscience?

Did adi shankara debated with mimamsa scholar are refuted them on Brahman Omniscience. Because mimamsa doesn't believe in Brahman or if they believe they do not believe Brahman alone exist or he is ...
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0answers
36 views

Does Hinduism have a heaven and hell of the Abrahamic kind? [duplicate]

In Abrahamic faiths, heaven and hell are physical destinations after one dies. In Hindu philosophy- there do seem to be heaven and hell- but also reincarnation. How are these two made compatible?
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2answers
579 views

Which Shaivite sect believes God is the operator of the Universe but not the source?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4
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0answers
97 views

Did any indian philosopher try to address the omnipotent paradox?

Can [an omnipotent being] create a stone so heavy that it cannot lift it.(Source) So did an Indian philosopher or a hindu philosopher answer this question? Or is there any answer to this question ...
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1answer
211 views

Did adi shankara believe that Brahman is all powerful and omnipotent?

Did adi shankara believe that Brahman is all powerful or omnipotent?
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4answers
3k views

What are Vivartavada and Ajatavada?

In some text relating to advaita I've found two Vada(वाद) i.e doctrine/thesis: Vivartavada (विवर्तवाद) Ajatavada (अजातवाद) I also found some mention Advaita Vedanta as Vivartavada. So, I want to ...
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0answers
34 views

What is Nyaya's respondes to the arguments made by Ramanuja against the design argument of Nyaya?

Why and How Ramanuja Rejected Nyāya Arguments for the Existence of God JONATHAN B. EDELMANN (A) While certain features of the natural or organic world might resemble artifacts, can reason establish ...
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1answer
79 views

Do any Veda take about expanding universe? [closed]

Does Rig Veda or any Veda say about expanding the universe?
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57 views

How is Adi Shankaracharya's Philosophy is it called Mayavadi Philosophy as called by many?

The Vaishnavas call the philosophy proposed by Adi Shankaracharya to be Mayavadi. On what basis is that said and is it correct if not why?
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28 views

Why is our universe the smallest kind in existence?

I read that our universe is the smallest kind, because the Brahma in this universe only has four heads, while in larger universes Brahma has for example, a million heads. Why does a universe kind ...
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1answer
58 views

What verses talk about other universes in the Puranas? [duplicate]

Which verses in the Puranas talk about countless other universes?
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0answers
29 views

What are the differences between Nyaya and Navya Nyaya philosophies?

There are six orthodox Hindu philosophical schools. Nyaya is one of these schools. At some point, the Nyaya philosophy got heavily criticized by the Advaita school. It led to the reformation, where ...
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2answers
212 views

What exactly is Abhinava Anyatha Khyati of Madhwas?

Khyativada is the theory of error in Hindu an Indic philosophies There are eight other Khyatis (Refer for detailed information) Atma-Khyati A-Khyati Sadasat-khyati Anirvachniya-khyati Asat-Khyati ...
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4answers
241 views

Is an evil, but devoted, person more valued by the Gods than a good, but an atheistic, person?

The example of Ravana comes to mind, because he was a Bhakta of Prabhu Shiva. It seems like an awful lot of terrible people, like Ajamila, are forgiven just due to their devotions, and their sins are ...
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2answers
93 views

Why materialism is bad in Hinduism?

Why materialism and materialistic people are bad. One can be materialistic by enjoying all kinds of legal thinks like alcohol, cigarette, meat and party and girls(i. e sex). As Long as you are not ...
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0answers
43 views

Can deities from other universes hear our prayers?

Can deities inhabiting other universes hear our prayers, or is it just the presiding deities of this universe?
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0answers
142 views

Do all astika schools of thought in Hinduism believe that itihaas(Ramayan and Mahabharata) are really historic and not mythology?

There are many schools of thought in Hinduism So, do all astika schools of thought believe that Ramayan and Mahabharata are real history and not mythology?
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1answer
107 views

How is our physical body made of Panchabhutas?

Indian Philosophy says Panchabhutas make composition of our body. Panchabhutas are Earth Water Air Fire Sky. How can they make our physical body? Isn't our Physical Body made of cells as science ...

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