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Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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1answer
110 views

Have Hindu Philosophers attempted to solve problem of improbability of a creator him/her/it being more complex?

I know that many hindu philosphers believe God can be known only through scriptures. Brahma sutras also try to explain logically about nature of brahman etc.. Any place where the problem of ...
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1answer
50 views

What are the arguments of vedanta sutras against pAshupata sect?

Vedanta Sutras and its commentaries are said to be critical of pashupata sect. I think the second chapter talks about this in detail. What are the arguments raised against this school?
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1answer
184 views

Is there any hindu sect which does not believe in rebirth?

There are so many diverse practices and sects in Hinduism. Every kind of possible beliefs are available in one sect or another. This is conceptual richness of Hinduism. Now, every Hindu sect/...
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1answer
184 views

What's the response to the Cārvāka thought on animal sacrifice in a yajña?

How did other schools of Indian philosophy respond to this argument by the Cārvākas with regard to animal sacrifice as part of a yajña? If a beast slain in the Jyotishtoma rite will itself go to ...
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0answers
127 views

Have Hindu philosophies dealt with subjective vs. objective pramana (evidence)?

For example, most people who have eaten a mango will say it tastes sweet. Suppose a foreign person visiting India has never tasted a mango. He has also been advised by his countrymen that bright-...
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109 views

What is the Ekayana sect criticized by Pillai Lokacharya's father?

By far the most famous commentary on Nammalwar's Thiruvaimozhi is the Eedu, aka the 36000 Padi, which was composed by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vadakku Thiruveedhi Pillai, father of Pillai Lokacharya. ...
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305 views

Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
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270 views

How do different Vedantic philosophies prove the existence of the soul?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
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0answers
115 views

What is the story of Indra putting everyone to sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
5
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0answers
740 views

What is the story of Kubera being cursed to turn into an elephant?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
5
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0answers
120 views

Where do the Vedas discuss Yagnas only bearing fruit in the afterlife?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
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0answers
154 views

Where is the Sama Veda quote referenced in the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
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0answers
395 views

Any rules that I need to follow if I want to read the Bhagavad Gita? [duplicate]

If I want to start reading the Bhagavad Gita. What rules, if any, that I need to follow before I start reading? For example: Do I need to perform any religious rituals before reading the Gita? Can I ...
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448 views

How does Purva Mimamsa explain mentions of human beings in the eternal Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
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0answers
663 views

What kings passed on the Panchagni Vidya of the Upanishads?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
5
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0answers
2k views

Why do Vadakalai Sri Vaishnavas believe that Advaita liberation is not eternal?

Members of the Sri Vaishnava sect of Hinduism, especially the Iyengars (Sri Vaishnavas who are Brahmanas), are divided into two sub-sects, Thenkalais and Vadakalais. These two sub-sects both agree on ...
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4answers
265 views

Are there any hidden Vedantic or any other philosophical teachings in the stories of Mahabharata?

Is Mahabharata a mere Ithihasa or whether the stories of Mahabharata have any hidden esoteric or metaphorical meanings?
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1answer
249 views

Do conjoined twins have same soul?

The picture you see is of - Abigail Hensel and Brittany Hensel, two conjoined twins. Wikipedia- https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abby_and_Brittany_Hensel Do conjoined twins have different souls? Both ...
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1answer
170 views

Did the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman exists?

Purva Mimamsa was a school of Hindu philosophy that accepted the authority of the Vedas, but believed that following Dharma and doing rituals was the goal of life, and not gaining knowledge and ...
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1answer
406 views

What scriptures describe scorpions born from cow dung?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4
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2answers
330 views

Did Kumarila Bhatta believe in Nishkama Karma as a valid means to Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4
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2answers
370 views

How does Vishistaadvaita philosophy explain 'jiva' name for Lord Shriman Narayana

In the Vishnu Sahastranaam, there is a name 'jiva' assigned to Lord Shriman Narayana. jivo vinayita sahskhi mukundomita vikramahaa According to Vishistaadvaita Philosophy jiva and Bramhan are ...
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357 views

What is the size of the soul according to the different Astika schools?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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2answers
220 views

What are the qualities or attributes that differentiate Sanathana Dharma from other religious faiths?

I would like to know whether there are any ideals or principles in Sanathana Dharma that make it distinctly different from other religious faiths of the world? What qualities or principles does ...
4
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1answer
372 views

Where is the passage about silence and Brahman preserved by Adi Shankaracharya?

In this excerpt from his book "Spiritual Heritage of India", Swami Prabhavananda quotes a number of passages from the Upanishads concerning the indescribability of Brahman. In particular, he says ...
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3answers
609 views

How is Buddhism's “Shunyata” (void / Nothingness) interpreted in Hinduism to represent God?

Some time back I got a perception that "Shunyata" (absolute nothingness) of Buddhism and "Me" (ParamAtma / True self) referred by Krishna are same. Because both refer to the ultimate reality in an ...
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1answer
265 views

What are some atheist teachings and arguments in Hinduism?

Hinduism is a vast religion, and it has great philosophies of theism. Probably there might be some atheistic philosophies too. It would be a great amusement to see if this thought of Atheism was also ...
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1answer
3k views

Which Hindu scripture contains the story of a desperate man hanging from a tree branch?

A friend forwarded me the following story of a man clinging to a tree branch amidst a lot of troubles and still manages to sip honey from a hive. I've also heard this story before from others. What's ...
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1answer
128 views

Phrases like “Reflection of the real self” and “Space inside the pot”, are they simply theories?

Are they simply theories or are they actually mentioned in the upanishads? ... When it comes to the example of the two birds sitting on a tree, is it mentioned anywhere in the mundaka & ...
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1answer
301 views

If there is a conflict between Pratyaksha pramana and Sruti, which one takes precedence according to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta?

Most schools of Vedanta accept only 3 sources of right knowledge (or pramana): Pratyaksha (empiricism/observation), Anumana (inference/reasoning), and Shabda (scriptures). According to Vedanta: ...
4
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1answer
245 views

What does Hinduism say about twin birth?

In Puranas, there is a mention of Yama and Yami, who were twins. What does Hindu philosophy/scriptures say about twin(or triplet, quadruplet, e.t.c,) births for humans?
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1answer
202 views

What are the Nyaya-Vaisheshika arguments against sound as a vibration of air?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
4
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2answers
284 views

Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to reconcile Atman and Brahman?

Natalia Isayeva's 1992 Shankara and Indian Philosophy, p. 2, says that Shankara was "the most brilliant personality in the history of Indian thought" and that because he united Atman and Brahman, he ...
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2answers
218 views

Is Tulasi a single jeeva or a class of jeevas or something else?

Tulasi is the most sacred plant in Hinduism, from worship to death bed Tulasi is required. In other words, Tulasi is an integral part of Hindu rituals. What is Tulasi - a single jeevatman or a set of ...
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2answers
565 views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's “emptiness of emptiness”?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
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1answer
119 views

How do different Astika schools prove the existence of the soul?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
4
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1answer
280 views

What scriptures describe sage Vamadeva attaining Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
4
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1answer
110 views

Did the Samkhya school believe that animal sacrifice is an easily remedied sin?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Where are the main differences between ISKCON and Jiva Institute?

As far as I know both ISKCON and Jiva Institute are Gaudiya Vaisnavas, but what are the philosophical differences between these two ?
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2answers
251 views

Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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1answer
216 views

Why the three levels of reality of Advaita Vedanta are not mentioned in any scriptures?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (Absolute reality) Vyāvahārika (Relative reality) Prāthibhāsika (unreality) Now, as far as I know, this concept is not ...
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1answer
89 views

A question about kāla [closed]

kāla is a sanskrit Homonym word with two completely different meanings, one being time (concept of time) another one being anything related to black color, black, dark, darkness. I was recently ...
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1answer
140 views

Why is Bauddha Darshana considered Nastika in Sanatan Dharma (Hinduism)?

I found that Bauddha Darshana is considered Nastika. I want to know why it is considered as Nastika in Hindu Dharma (Sanatan Dharma).
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1answer
120 views

On Samkhya and Individuality. How many purushas are there?

Sāmkhya philosophy regards the universe as consisting of two realities, puruṣa (consciousness) and prakṛti (matter). "It 'enumerates' twenty five Tattvas or true principles; and its chief object is ...
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1answer
270 views

Who are the beings above Para Shiva recognized by Tirumular?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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1answer
125 views

What school of philosophy believes in an infinite number of Tattvas?

The most prominent thinker associated with the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were ...
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1answer
253 views

Where do the Vedas mention trees doing Yagnas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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58 views

Influence of Samkhya on other darshanas

Can I say Sankhya as the oldest hindu philosophy has influenced all the other darshanas like Vedanta? That implies all astika darshanas are derivative from Sankhya, not necessarily conflicting or ...
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80 views

According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...