Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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2 votes
2 answers
240 views

Why Does the Avadhuta Gita 1.36 say that The Absolute truth is devoid of Both Duality and Nonduality?

While Going through the Avadhuta Gita recently, I came across the following verse. Avadhuta Gita 1.36:- Some seek nonduality, and others duality. They do not know the truth, which is the same at all ...
3 votes
1 answer
145 views

As per Hinduism, What happens to those who follow Nihilist Philosophies like Buddhism?

Since Buddhism is regarded as a heretic path as per all the scriptures of hinduism, What would ultimately happen to those who follow Nihilst philosophies like Buddhism as per hinduism? Will Buddhists ...
0 votes
0 answers
10 views

Looking for polemical works of Non Vedantic Astika schools which argue Against Vedanta

Just as the Brahma sutras and the scholars of the vedanta schools have argued against the non vedantic schools such as Samkhya , Yoga, Nyaya etc. Have any texts or scholars of any these non vedantic ...
2 votes
0 answers
31 views

What is the origin of the phrase "देशकालवस्तुपरिच्छेदशून्यम्"?

Phrase "देशकालवस्तुपरिच्छेदशून्यम्" is used in many Advaita vedanta lectures. In which scripture it has its origin?
8 votes
1 answer
222 views

What is the story of Indra putting everyone to sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
0 votes
0 answers
38 views

Was any verse in bori Mahabharata in which Shiva said that he was born from Vishnu or Vishnu said that Shiva born from Vishnu

Was there is any verse in bori Mahabharata in which Shiva said that he was born from Vishnu or Vishnu said that Shiva was born from him
2 votes
2 answers
99 views

How did the different Non-Vedantic Astika schools such as Samkhya etc. justify the existence of multiple omnipresent souls?

As stated in this answer, Many of the Non Vedantic Astika school such as Samkhya, Nyāya etc. Held to the belief that the soul is all pervading/omnipresent. My question is do these darshanas offer any ...
3 votes
2 answers
87 views

Is Brahman beyond Advaita, Dvaita, and Visistha-advaita? If so, why have the great acharyas restrained themselves by these concepts?

Garuda Purana preta khanda chapter 49 states. अद्वैतं केचिदिच्छन्ति द्वैतमिच्छन्ति चापरे । समं तत्त्वं न जानन्ति द्वैताद्द्वैतविवर्जितम् ॥ २,४९.९२ ॥ Some Desire Advaita, others desire Dvaita. Neither ...
3 votes
3 answers
443 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
0 votes
2 answers
289 views

Question about omnipotence of God

If God is omnipotent then why can't parambrahm kill my soul(aatma) Can parambrahm parmeshwar make a rock that can't be lifted by parambrahm? Can God kill himself? I don't want to offend anyone but I ...
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

Non-Advaitan Smartas

Are their Smartas who are non-Advaitan and hold that Ishvara is represented equally in the forms of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Shakti, Ganesha, and Skanda, but isn't Nirguna or without attributes.
0 votes
0 answers
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Did the concept of पंच महाभूत in Indian philosophy evolved from any earlier concept?

Did the concept of पंच महाभूत in Indian philosophy evolved from any earlier concept? If, yes, please reference the earlier concept.
1 vote
0 answers
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On the nature of the soul - ability to create, fade, disappear, or still

Nature of the soul: Perishable, Uniqueness, etc. In Indian philosophy, there are multiple schools of philosophy including - Advaita, ShuddhaAdvaita (Vedantic), Sankhya, Yoga, Madhyamaka, Jaina, etc. ...
6 votes
1 answer
457 views

About Saura Tantra?

While exploring about Tantra, I came to know there is Saura Tantra too. It might be very ancient. So want to know the core philosophy and what are the principle Texts/Scriptures of Saura Tantra?
1 vote
0 answers
37 views

Are there any schools of hinduism that hold the Soul to be perishable / non-eternal?

Hinduism has a plethora of schools, All holding a wide variety of beliefs about the nature of the Atma. Are there any schools that hold the soul/atma to be perishable and subject to destruction?
2 votes
1 answer
129 views

Have any theologians speculated about the nature of Devas?

Have any scholars throughout history done any in-depth thinking on the subject of what Devas (such as Indra, Surya, Agni) are? On their nature and mode of existence? I'm not just looking for ...
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

Are there Any Annihilationist schools in Hinduism?

Among, All the schools of Hinduism, The Madhva school believes in eternal hell for Tamo-yogya Jivas who are beyond saving. There are a few other schools who also believe in the concept of nitya-...
3 votes
2 answers
361 views

Are there any schools of Hinduism which hold that one can be a non-theist and still get Moksha?

Are there any schools or belief systems in Hinduism where belief in Ishvara, (or any deities for that matter) is not a necessity for attaining Liberation?
5 votes
1 answer
260 views

Is Spinoza's philosophy the same as advaita or vishistadvaita philosophy of India?

Spinoza's philosophy speaks about oneness of the universe. Is it the same as advaita or vishistadvaita which also speaks about untiy. As per wiki Article: After stating his proof for God’s existence, ...
9 votes
1 answer
465 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
1 vote
2 answers
137 views

Do most scholars agree that Shiva and Vishnu are both free from Maya?

Are Shiva and Vishnu, both of them, free from Maya, and do all or almost all schools of Hindu theology believe they are?
4 votes
5 answers
386 views

What Is Neti-neti? Is it a practice or an expression of ineffability?

Is Neti-neti a practice of negation, or an expression of inneffability? I'm curious because I've heard it described in both ways.
4 votes
2 answers
328 views

Any way to face consequence of all good and bad deeds in one life?

I have committed many paap/sins (broke promise, insult and abuse, dishonesty) and good deeds like helping people, charity. But good and bad deeds make one to continue material existence. What I want ...
1 vote
1 answer
91 views

Did any Hindu philosophers/mystics ever explain if there were any benefits to going to a temple in order to worship and connect to Brahman?

According to this website, it is stated: Visiting a Temple plays a crucial role in the Hindu belief system. It is a way of improving our concentration and connection with the Divine figure However, ...
4 votes
2 answers
460 views

Is there any prayachitta for pornography(please tell from scripture verses if any)

Lord Shiva says in the Mahabharata: Those men who, impelled by desire in their hearts, cast their eyes on naked women, those men of wicked deeds take birth in this world to pass their whole lives in ...
2 votes
2 answers
181 views

Need explanation on few statement of yaksha prashn

Who causes the sun to set? Dharma 1.See I am not taking it literally but light/sunlight is symbol of pure knowledge in most scriptures which kills ignorance, so how does dharma end(sets) this ...
11 votes
3 answers
878 views

What is the Advaita argument for why causes can't have real existence?

The Khandana Khanda Khadya is a work by the 12th century Advaitin philosopher Shri Harsha which seeks to demonstrate that all supposed means of knowledge are invalid. As I discuss in this question, ...
2 votes
2 answers
127 views

Explain the metaphysics (the nature of Ultimate Reality) of the Upanisads as expressed in the metaphor of the “chariot” and the “two birds”.?

Critically explain the metaphysics ( the nature of Ultimate Reality ) of the Upanisads as expressed in the metaphor of the “chariot” and the “two birds”. Clearly bring out their differences. What ...
2 votes
1 answer
113 views

The concept of Shunya (Void) by Dattatreya

I came across a question quoting a verse from Avadhoota Gita: Some seek nonduality, others duality. They do not know the Truth, which is the same at all times and everywhere, which is devoid of both ...
21 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do any commentators of Brahmasūtras other than Ādi Śaṅkarācārya disagree with both Pañcarātra and Śaiva Āgamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedānta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sūtras, a work by the sage Vyāsa ...
1 vote
0 answers
41 views

Living creatures and sins

I, myself have killed so many mosquitoes, pests in my life. Now, I have come to a thought that they too are beautiful expressions created by god. Every single being created by the supreme serves a ...
0 votes
0 answers
13 views

Help with philosophical redefining of elements

So I am trying to re-explain the elements in the Brihat Samhita by looking at what each element brings to the table versus what it does on its own using atma. Here is the link to this verse: https://...
5 votes
1 answer
332 views

How does the quality of "Tamas" viz. "ignorance", affect Moksha/Liberation?

There are 3 qualities for any being or existence, named as : Sattva (illumination), Rajas (passion), Tamas (ignorance). Gita discusses them in great detail. According to it, the quality of Rajas is ...
1 vote
0 answers
117 views

Can anyone explain this?

क्रूराः कृतोऽञ्जलिरयं बलिरेष दत्तः कायो मया प्रहरतात्र यथाभिलाषम् अभ्यर्थये वितथवाङ्गयपांशुवर्षेर्मा माऽऽविलीकुरुतकीर्ति नदीः परेषाम् ।। 7 O HEARTLESS BARBARIANS! I HAVE ALMOST KILLED MYSELF WHILE ...
2 votes
3 answers
411 views

The gods don't protect like a shepherd with a stick, why should we worship them?

This with reference to a verse from Mahabharata: न देवा दण्डमादाय रक्षन्ति पशुपालवत् । यं तु रक्षितुमिच्छन्ति बुद्ध्या संविभजन्ति तम् ॥ विदुरनीति ३-४० Translation: The gods don't protect like a ...
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0 answers
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Good introductory references on Shatdarshanas that covers debates, arguments and principles

As far as I know, only Advaita Vedanta has been well commented for principal Upanishad. It belongs to the Vedanta school. Is ther any single text like AdvaitaSiddhi that covers the arguments, ...
2 votes
3 answers
159 views

Arguments: Re-birth

Is there any argumentative way to establish that rebirth exists? In shatdarshanas, it seems like a lot of them - samkhya, yoga, etc don't believe in rebirth. Although Yoga Sutras of Patanjali talk ...
0 votes
0 answers
13 views

What is the Hindu understanding of "the image of God" or "imago dei" as discussed in the western christian doctrines?

I didn't many posts around this topic. So, if anyone know or can come up with good thoughts, please do so. One concept was Bimba-Pratibimba. Somtimes namaskaar or pranaam is talked about bowing down ...
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

How Vaiṣṇavas resolve the paradox regarding belief in the transcendental world where a devotee comes after his death?

If Vaikuntha or Goloka is transcendental to material time, space, the entire material world, then how can we apply the law of causality to these spiritual world? Because if we say that our behavior in ...
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

How do different Astika schools prove re-incarnation according to this verse of Bhagavad Gita?

Different schools - Shatdarshanas in Indian philosophy tackle the phenomenon of reincarnation differently. While there are sufficient yogic practices to experience past lives when on the path of self-...
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Incessant mind chatter and narcissistic parents

This really is a personal question but It needs a spiritual angle so that I could be set free from this endless cycle. My parents are not proud enough of me no matter what I accomplish and what I ...
0 votes
1 answer
79 views

Is post-Vedic Hinduism copied from Buddhism?

Is Hinduism copied from Buddhism? https://buddhism.stackexchange.com/a/2043 For example, as this answer says, and a lot of others in the same thread, "Hinduism" didn't exist in its present-...
1 vote
0 answers
15 views

Shatdarshanas: Who is understood to be the one that grants liberation and enlightment?

Consider this question as the sequel to: Foundational texts of Shatdarshanas Out of shatdarshanas: The Vedanta school has primarily three sub-schools: Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Davita. ...
2 votes
1 answer
36 views

Foundational texts of Shatdarshanas

The six orthodox schools are called as shatdarshanas and include Nyaya, Sankhya, Yoga, Vaisheshika, Purva Mimamsa, and Uttara Mimamsa (Vedanta Philosophy). Most of these schools of thought believe in ...
19 votes
9 answers
19k views

What is the difference between Buddhi (बुद्धि) and Mann (मन)?

I know Buddhi (बुद्धि) means intelligence/intellect and Mann (मन) means mind. But what is difference between them?
2 votes
1 answer
127 views

Reference Request [Upanishads]: Chitta and Vrittis

Are there any good references that discuss the concepts of Chitta and Vrittis used primarily in Samkhya Philosophy in Upanishads? To the best of my knowledge, Upanishads are advaitic majorly. How Yoga ...
-2 votes
1 answer
301 views

Is this a hoax or genuine? This claims to be a prediction of Muhammad from hindu scripture but I can't find it [closed]

I haven't been able to find the source, so would appreciate it if someone could reference this in hindu literature or prove that it's a hoax. Thanks.
5 votes
5 answers
373 views

What should I [strictly] do to follow Hinduism as a way of life?

If I decide to follow Hinduism as a way of life, what exactly would I have to do, strictly according to the Vedanta philosophy? I want to know what ancient Hindu scriptures say regarding this, not ...
7 votes
1 answer
306 views

How I can refute Madhyamaka- Shunyata?

Have any Hindu acharyas debunked shunyata as propounded by Madhyamika? I am a former Tibetan Buddhist, and to my knowledge emptiness depends on co-dependant arising,if we refute that then all of ...
9 votes
3 answers
598 views

Does kalpa bheda explanation for reconciling different narrative in puranas have scriptural basis?

Some sects use kalpa bheda or manvantara bheda to explain contradictions in the events narrated differently in different puranas and when there exists no way to reconcile them. Does such explanation ...

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