Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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100 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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Why we should treat respect, honour, name and fame as dung and poison?

I have some confusion in Swami Sivananda book "How to get Vairagya" In his book this statement mention that You should treat respect, honour, name and fame as dung and poison Why we should ...
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How to categorise intent with respect to deeds and karma? [duplicate]

Imagine this. Person 1 helps out Person 2 on the premise that this deed will accrue "good karma". A son helps family out only for good karma and not for sentiment, belonging, or gratitude. A ...
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Where can I find the book Ujjvala nilamani of Srila Rupa Gosvami?

I am looking for the book Ujjvala nīlamaṇi. It is by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī and has commentaries as well. Where can I find?
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Is depression possible to control? [closed]

Does controlling depression come under the category of controlling senses? Is it true that for certain periods of time, depressed people are incapable of feeling happiness? Do depressed people have ...
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537 views

Has Bhaskara's second-oldest Brahma Sutra Bhashya ever been translated into English?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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98 views

Nature of enlightenment

How did different people with different philosophies and ideologies attain the same enlightenment or did they not? Buddha attained enlightenment and so did Adi Shankaracharya, but their philosophies ...
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What are Vivartavada and Ajatavada?

In some text relating to advaita I've found two Vada(वाद) i.e doctrine/thesis: Vivartavada (विवर्तवाद) Ajatavada (अजातवाद) I also found some mention Advaita Vedanta as Vivartavada. So, I want to ...
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Nondualism. There is One only. Why teach?

In Kashmir Shaivism and Advaita philosophy this entire, infinite universe is the manifestation of the one supreme God. To awaken is to discover oneself as Lord Shiva Himself, and wherever one looks ...
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Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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641 views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Hinduism and Buddhism is that the first defends Ātman theory whereas the second defends Anātman theory. Shankara is known for having debated (and won) with ...
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How is consciousness insentient without recognitive apprehension or vimarsha?

Utpaladeva argues that if consciousness did not have vimarsha,then it would be inert and dead.How is this the case? and during pralaya is vimarsha active?
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What are scriptural reference of not getting angry at those who disrespect our religion?

So basically there are lots of power currently and also they might be present in past too, which actually tries to insult our practice and scriptures, or else they will oppose our bhakti by many ways! ...
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97 views

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
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What Ayurvedic texts describe shadows as sweet or cold?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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Why do some claim that madhyamika is compatible with vedanta,when consciousness is not a cause in madhyamika?

https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey claims sunyavaada is compatible with Upanishadic ideas. but in madhyamika,the 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air and Consciousness) are ...
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What is the difference between Raudra and Saumya sects of Shaivism?

The term "Shaivite" is often overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they are actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss ...
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188 views

Is maya connected to the notion of love?

'Maya' as used in the Bengali language, in ordinary usage, as 'affection'. Is it connected to the philosophic notion of Maya ie delusion/illusion. In the Bengali dictionary I looked at there were ...
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What are some books written on Indian philosophy of spirituality by western philosophers?

It is true that spiritualism is best depicted in Hindu scriptures, and we do have some records of western saints going to Indian land for the development of their spiritual lives. We have some western ...
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Vedas and their philosophy

As per my reading from Wikipedia, the mukhya Upanishads discuss the philosophy of vedas. The seeds of advaita and vishishtadvaita philosophies are found in these upanishads as per my limited readings. ...
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What is Shandilya Mimansa?

I have recently saw a telecast of "Shandilya Mimansa" Katha By Kirit Bhai on Sanskar TV Channel. I am bit surprised because I never heard name of any scripture called Shandilya Mimansa. I ...
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How can we explain love and hatred in spiritual parlance, particularly with reference to Advait Darshan?

For a seeker to appreciate and comprehend certain character traits are of utmost importance. Shall feel blessed if some blessed one could explain the philosophy of love and hatred in spiritual ...
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Madhyamika and Ajativada and anuttara of advaita vedanta and kashmir shaivism

Is the madhyamika deconstruction of reality that nothing arises and nothing ceases the same as ajativada of gaudapada and anuttara of abhinavagupta? in madhyamika production is never established and ...
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What does Tarka shastra say about consistency in accepting statements in Pramana?

Tarka shastra is ancient-day 'Logic'. Lack of contradiction is one of the key pillars to establish any point of view. Below is an example. A book written by author X, 5000 years ago, states "A+B =...
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157 views

clearing past life karmas with people [duplicate]

What are the ways to clear past life karmas with parents & other people? How to forgive people & accept them regardless of your suffering? I'm wanting to know the tangible ways of working ...
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Where do the Vedas say the cows of the gods walk on their backs?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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298 views

What is the position of different Vaishnavite sects regarding the Advaitic definition of Nirguna Brahman?

As I understand it, to them the absolute is a person - Vishnu/Narayana, Rama and Krishna being the most prominent. What is their stand on the Nirguna Brahman of Advaitists? I am not interested in ...
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424 views

Why does Ramanuja refer to the PAshupata sect as the sect of “Black faces”?

Ramanuja attributed this philosophy to the tradition of the Kalamukha(s), the sect of "Black Faces" to which Lakulisha belonged. What was the reason for referring to it as KAlamukha? What were ...
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Hinduism as an Atheistic or Animistic / Pantheistic religion [closed]

I believe that Hinduism could be regarded as both Atheistic and Animistic / Pantheistic, depending on how one defines the word "God". From my article The Atheistic approach to God… or how to bridge ...
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What are the main philosophical differences between Yoga and Samkhya Darshanas?

Samkhya and Yoga are one of the six Astika Darshanas of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Nyaya, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Vaisheshika). Both Darshanas are said to very closely related. ...
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502 views

Why isn't there one Absolute Reality?

This is just to elicit opinion/discussion. There is no ''answer" to it really. You can choose to close it. But it is something that I always wondered about. In the annals of Sanaatana Dharma why isn'...
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What is Purva Mimansa Arthavada

Arthavada is a term associated with the least famous Purva Mimansa established by Rishi Jaimini. What is Arthavada and how does Uttara Mimansa counteract against this Arthavada?
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What are the 29 tenets of the Bishnois?

The Bisnois are said to be the foremost practitioners of Ahimsa and the greatest environmental activists. The 29 tenets of Bhisnois were formulated by Guru Jambheshwar. The following documentary ...
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Analysis of the Brahmasutra which chooses best (according to author) interpretation of a verse from among interpretations of three major schools?

I want to know are there books that try to analyze Brahmasutra from an independent ,non-sectarian perspective or from Western perspective while also specifying views of major Vedantic schools. I know ...
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260 views

Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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3answers
128 views

What Is Neti-neti? Is it a practice or an expression of ineffability?

Is Neti-neti a practice of negation, or an expression of inneffability? I'm curious because I've heard it described in both ways.
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(Kashmiri Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta) one self in comparison to many permanent selves?

How do we enjoin one permanent self over many permanent selves like in the jonang/yogacara school of Buddhism? one way I think is the fact that people can perceive the same things simultaneously, ...
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Is yoga an independent philosophy as classified in shad-darshan? or was it later incorporated in Tantra? or is it a part of tantra itself?

There is a separate school in Āstika tradition of Sanatana dharma as "Yoga". Also, the tantrik texts consists a section as Yoga itself. So how does the yoga as mentioned in Shad-Darshana differs from ...
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Lord Krishna on Free Will?

Verse number 27 of Chapter 3 of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita states प्रकृते: क्रियमाणानि गुणै: कर्माणि सर्वश: अहङ्कारविमूढात्मा कर्ताहमिति मन्यते This translates to All activities are carried out by the ...
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Does the brahman have the prakrutik body just like human beings have?

Does the brahman has ears, eyes, legs and hands? If so, what are the sources which specify about the body structure for brahman? What do Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishadvaita say about it?
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How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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109 views

Books recommended for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief

Which books do you recommend for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief? I have a copy of Sarva Darsana Sangraha written by 14th century Hindu scholar Madhava ...
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Where are imperishable personalities from Mahabharata?

The characters listed below are Chiranjeevi's or imperishable personalities from Dwaaparayuga that means they are immortal. So where do they exist in Kaliyug? Is there any evidence or documents ...
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What is the difference between Veerashaivism and Lingayatism?

Lingayats and Veerashaivites are often considered the same Shaivite sect. However, there are many who consider them distinct to each other. What is the difference between the two?
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How does Hinduism encourages individualism?

I have read in an article that Hinduism promotes individualism. According to wiki, Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral ...
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(Brahma Sutras)why is a ruling Lord necessary for aggregation of the material world?

So I've been reading the commentaries by Ramanuja and Shankara on the Brahma Sutras and they say that a ruling lord is necessary for the aggregation of atoms, especially into material skandhas. how ...
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52 views

Alternative of Stoicism in Hinduism?

Any alternative to Stoicism in Hinduism, Which book or philosophy in Hinduism is close to Stoicism.. What do you think of Stoicism.. Do you find anything wrong with Stoicism, when you look at it ...
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405 views

What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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186 views

What's the difference between Dvaita and the Abrahamic faiths? [closed]

In Dvaita there is Atman and Brahman, while in the Abrahamic faiths there is soul and God. These systems sound similar, but I assume they are in fact different? According to Hindu philosophers, what ...

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