Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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50 views

isn't karma superior than Supreme God (Para Brahman)?

Okay first I googled who is Supreme God in Hinduism and on wikipedia I found this. Para Brahman (not to be confused with Brahma) is supreme God of hinduism. Most Hindus worship one Supreme Being, ...
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Sections of scriptures which deal with Bearing the Physical Pain

What sections of scriptures deal with Bearing the Physical Pain because of disease, old age or accident? What kind of discourse is given regarding the physical pain? Any lead would be fine, One can ...
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What are six darsanas or philosophies, known to be limbs of Shiva?

What are the six darsanas or philosophies mentioned in kularnava tantra which are known to be the six limbs of Shiva?
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How debtor -creditor relationship problems within members of a family can be settled through contributions to the causes of Hinduism? [closed]

My question is How the contributions to the cause of Hinduism and Hindu religious activities including relief works solve the debtor-creditor problems of a number of unmarried members of the same ...
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Is prayer the last resort for every Hindu person to be ready for essential rebirth? [closed]

Do the lives of survivors have any effect on a person who is reborn? all persons save money for future and future generations in the hope that these will come to help in the next life. Who can confirm ...
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What beliefs are there regarding the moral status of eating lab grown or plant based meats in Hinduism? [closed]

I have seen various arguments about the validity of vegetarianism as a core tenet of Hindu moral thought. I would like to set that aside for this question and focus just on the belief systems within ...
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1answer
75 views

Why we should treat respect, honour, name and fame as dung and poison?

I have some confusion in Swami Sivananda book "How to get Vairagya" In his book this statement mention that You should treat respect, honour, name and fame as dung and poison Why we should ...
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65 views

Is depression possible to control? [closed]

Does controlling depression come under the category of controlling senses? Is it true that for certain periods of time, depressed people are incapable of feeling happiness? Do depressed people have ...
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2answers
97 views

How to categorise intent with respect to deeds and karma? [duplicate]

Imagine this. Person 1 helps out Person 2 on the premise that this deed will accrue "good karma". A son helps family out only for good karma and not for sentiment, belonging, or gratitude. A ...
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3answers
197 views

Nature of enlightenment

How did different people with different philosophies and ideologies attain the same enlightenment or did they not? Buddha attained enlightenment and so did Adi Shankaracharya, but their philosophies ...
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Nondualism. There is One only. Why teach?

In Kashmir Shaivism and Advaita philosophy this entire, infinite universe is the manifestation of the one supreme God. To awaken is to discover oneself as Lord Shiva Himself, and wherever one looks ...
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How is consciousness insentient without recognitive apprehension or vimarsha?

Utpaladeva argues that if consciousness did not have vimarsha,then it would be inert and dead.How is this the case? and during pralaya is vimarsha active?
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What are scriptural reference of not getting angry at those who disrespect our religion?

So basically there are lots of power currently and also they might be present in past too, which actually tries to insult our practice and scriptures, or else they will oppose our bhakti by many ways! ...
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Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
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Why do some claim that madhyamika is compatible with vedanta,when consciousness is not a cause in madhyamika?

https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey claims sunyavaada is compatible with Upanishadic ideas. but in madhyamika,the 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air and Consciousness) are ...
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What are some books written on Indian philosophy of spirituality by western philosophers?

It is true that spiritualism is best depicted in Hindu scriptures, and we do have some records of western saints going to Indian land for the development of their spiritual lives. We have some western ...
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What is Shandilya Mimansa?

I have recently saw a telecast of "Shandilya Mimansa" Katha By Kirit Bhai on Sanskar TV Channel. I am bit surprised because I never heard name of any scripture called Shandilya Mimansa. I ...
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Madhyamika and Ajativada and anuttara of advaita vedanta and kashmir shaivism

Is the madhyamika deconstruction of reality that nothing arises and nothing ceases the same as ajativada of gaudapada and anuttara of abhinavagupta? in madhyamika production is never established and ...
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What does Tarka shastra say about consistency in accepting statements in Pramana?

Tarka shastra is ancient-day 'Logic'. Lack of contradiction is one of the key pillars to establish any point of view. Below is an example. A book written by author X, 5000 years ago, states "A+B =...
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1answer
173 views

clearing past life karmas with people [duplicate]

What are the ways to clear past life karmas with parents & other people? How to forgive people & accept them regardless of your suffering? I'm wanting to know the tangible ways of working ...
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1answer
36 views

Where can I find the book Ujjvala nilamani of Srila Rupa Gosvami?

I am looking for the book Ujjvala nīlamaṇi. It is by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī and has commentaries as well. Where can I find?
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2answers
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How can we explain love and hatred in spiritual parlance, particularly with reference to Advait Darshan?

For a seeker to appreciate and comprehend certain character traits are of utmost importance. Shall feel blessed if some blessed one could explain the philosophy of love and hatred in spiritual ...
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What are the main philosophical differences between Yoga and Samkhya Darshanas?

Samkhya and Yoga are one of the six Astika Darshanas of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Nyaya, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Vaisheshika). Both Darshanas are said to very closely related. ...
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Analysis of the Brahmasutra which chooses best (according to author) interpretation of a verse from among interpretations of three major schools?

I want to know are there books that try to analyze Brahmasutra from an independent ,non-sectarian perspective or from Western perspective while also specifying views of major Vedantic schools. I know ...
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What Ayurvedic texts describe shadows as sweet or cold?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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(Kashmiri Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta) one self in comparison to many permanent selves?

How do we enjoin one permanent self over many permanent selves like in the jonang/yogacara school of Buddhism? one way I think is the fact that people can perceive the same things simultaneously, ...
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Is yoga an independent philosophy as classified in shad-darshan? or was it later incorporated in Tantra? or is it a part of tantra itself?

There is a separate school in Āstika tradition of Sanatana dharma as "Yoga". Also, the tantrik texts consists a section as Yoga itself. So how does the yoga as mentioned in Shad-Darshana differs from ...
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131 views

Does the brahman have the prakrutik body just like human beings have?

Does the brahman has ears, eyes, legs and hands? If so, what are the sources which specify about the body structure for brahman? What do Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishadvaita say about it?
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Where are imperishable personalities from Mahabharata?

The characters listed below are Chiranjeevi's or imperishable personalities from Dwaaparayuga that means they are immortal. So where do they exist in Kaliyug? Is there any evidence or documents ...
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What Is Neti-neti? Is it a practice or an expression of ineffability?

Is Neti-neti a practice of negation, or an expression of inneffability? I'm curious because I've heard it described in both ways.
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1answer
141 views

Lord Krishna on Free Will?

Verse number 27 of Chapter 3 of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita states प्रकृते: क्रियमाणानि गुणै: कर्माणि सर्वश: अहङ्कारविमूढात्मा कर्ताहमिति मन्यते This translates to All activities are carried out by the ...
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(Brahma Sutras)why is a ruling Lord necessary for aggregation of the material world?

So I've been reading the commentaries by Ramanuja and Shankara on the Brahma Sutras and they say that a ruling lord is necessary for the aggregation of atoms, especially into material skandhas. how ...
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Alternative of Stoicism in Hinduism?

Any alternative to Stoicism in Hinduism, Which book or philosophy in Hinduism is close to Stoicism.. What do you think of Stoicism.. Do you find anything wrong with Stoicism, when you look at it ...
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What is Hinduism's View on extraterrestrials? [duplicate]

Different Religions have surprisingly diverse approaches to the issue of possible extraterrestrial life. What is Hindu scripture's view on existence of extraterrestrial life? https://www....
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1answer
192 views

What's the difference between Dvaita and the Abrahamic faiths? [closed]

In Dvaita there is Atman and Brahman, while in the Abrahamic faiths there is soul and God. These systems sound similar, but I assume they are in fact different? According to Hindu philosophers, what ...
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35 views

What is “performing penance”?

What is "performing penance" in Chapter 3 of the Taittiriya Upanishad, and what methods are involved? Performing penance is said to be the means of knowing Brahman, via the 5 koshas (sheaths).
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Who owns a soul?

I understand the cycles of Janam, Aatma, soul visits the Material Loka to finish the cycles of Karma. I was explaining one person that we do not own soul, soul keeps changing the body. He asked me ...
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....
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1answer
312 views

According to Hindu philosophy, what are the flaws in Buddha's teachings?

What are the flaws in Buddhism according to Hindu philosophers? Did Buddha really reject the Vedas and Hinduism?
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Two birds in a tree

At the beginning of chapter 3 of the Mundaka Upanishad, "Two birds of the same kind and inseparable as friends, cling to the same tree." What exactly do these two birds represent?
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106 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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2answers
106 views

Do the astika philosophies directly subscribe to the vedas?

Among the six darshanas how many of them subscribe to vedas and directly mention about vedas or hold vedas as authority?
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1answer
132 views

How I can refute Madhyamaka- Shunyata?

Have any Hindu acharyas debunked shunyata as propounded by Madhyamika? I am a former Tibetan Buddhist, and to my knowledge emptiness depends on co-dependant arising,if we refute that then all of ...
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3answers
150 views

Difference between Deep sleep and Death!

please explain what happens to our body or what is the difference between deep sleep and death? (as mentioned in vedas or upanishads or any of our Hindu literature)
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1answer
113 views

Are we God in a state of forgetfulness? Reference needed

I have heard this idea which I think it comes from the Upanishads. Can anybody give a a reference in the Vedas, Gita or any other literature from Hinduism in which existential ignorance is explained.
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744 views

Are all men created equal according to Hinduism? Is this predominant western belief in agreement with the Vedas?

Are all men created equal according to Hinduism? Is this predominant western belief based on the Vedas? This belief is fundamental to most modern Western countries, and it is the second sentence of ...
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1answer
188 views

On Samkhya and Individuality. How many purushas are there?

Sāmkhya philosophy regards the universe as consisting of two realities, puruṣa (consciousness) and prakṛti (matter). "It 'enumerates' twenty five Tattvas or true principles; and its chief object is ...
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2answers
386 views

Advaita vedanta and stoicism ; are they compatible with each other?

I always think that Advaita vedanta and stoicism are perfectly compatible with one another. Can some expand on this?
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1answer
63 views

Who is the culprit of all this Prapancha when I was, is and shall continue to be ONE?

Who was responsible or what was responsible for making me forget who I am? How did this Universe start when there were no two? How did I separate myself from myself and create this Prapancha?
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3answers
317 views

Is there a second to me? Are you (seperate from me) real?

Atma is one no doubt, but the people around me also have the same athma and the rest of individuality left in them is jada. My question is Does the person reading this question have any separate ...

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