Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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7
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3answers
2k views

How is betting against one's wife and selling one's life partner justifed in Hinduism?

How is it justified that Harishchandra sold his wife, or that Pandu's sons bet against Draupadi in the Mahabharata? FYI - They were never charged (at least I don't find any reference) for this - for ...
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1answer
299 views

Do all Vedantic philosophies agree on the number of Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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1answer
132 views

Which hindu sects, if any, don't accept the following well-known upanishadic mahavakyas?

From wiki: The Mahavakyas (sing.: mahāvākyam, महावाक्यम्; plural: mahāvākyāni, महावाक्यानि) are "The Great Sayings" of the Upanishads, as characterized by the Advaita school of Vedanta. Most ...
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1answer
171 views

Why is Bauddha Darshana considered Nastika in Sanatan Dharma (Hinduism)?

I found that Bauddha Darshana is considered Nastika. I want to know why it is considered as Nastika in Hindu Dharma (Sanatan Dharma).
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1answer
57 views

What are the arguments of vedanta sutras against pAshupata sect?

Vedanta Sutras and its commentaries are said to be critical of pashupata sect. I think the second chapter talks about this in detail. What are the arguments raised against this school?
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2answers
172 views

What is positive thinking? How is it developed?

Many philosophers, Gurus and Acharyas stress on "positive way of life" or "positive thinking". If the "negative thinking" was so bad, then it would have vanished from general populace with time, isn't ...
4
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1answer
114 views

A question about kāla [closed]

kāla is a sanskrit Homonym word with two completely different meanings, one being time (concept of time) another one being anything related to black color, black, dark, darkness. I was recently ...
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1answer
558 views

How are logical fallacies identified in Hindu philosophical debates? Do they have specific names?

This article lists the 12 common fallacies committed by people in everyday discussions and also by philosophers in debates from time to time. Are similar logical fallacies found in Hindu debates? How ...
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1answer
239 views

Is there any hindu sect which does not believe in rebirth?

There are so many diverse practices and sects in Hinduism. Every kind of possible beliefs are available in one sect or another. This is conceptual richness of Hinduism. Now, every Hindu sect/...
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1answer
456 views

What parts of Utpaladeva's Ishwara Pratyabhijna Vivriti are available in English?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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0answers
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What substances cause prophetic dreams?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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4answers
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Can a person change his caste in Hinduism?

Each person born as a Hindu has some caste attached to him. As per my understanding he remains in the same caste throughout his life. Currently, I don't think anybody can change his/her caste, but was ...
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1answer
170 views

Do the Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini and the Samkhya Sutras of Kapila explicity reject the existence of a creator?

As some of you must be knowing, Hindu philosophy comprises of six schools of thought: Vedanta Mimamsa Samkhya Nyaya Vaisheshika Yoga Of these, the Mimamsa and Samkhya schools are considered ...
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1answer
215 views

Did the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman exists?

Purva Mimamsa was a school of Hindu philosophy that accepted the authority of the Vedas, but believed that following Dharma and doing rituals was the goal of life, and not gaining knowledge and ...
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1answer
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How and why was the first ever thought generated?

We have certain posts which discuss about how the universe was created OR how Brahman imagined to become from one to many. This Qn is about the situation earlier to that. Anything which is ...
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Should Prajapati (Lord Brahma) be regarded as a Supreme Self or a Transmigrating Jiva?

In the Shruti sources we find many statements that Lord Prajapati is Supreme Self. For example Shatapatha Brahmana of YajurVeda in 6.1.3.1 states Verily, Prajâpati alone was here in the beginning. ...
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1answer
171 views

Vaisheshik does not consider Shabda as pramana, then how they hold veda as valid and reliable source for knowledge

1) Vaiśeṣika epistemology considered only "pratyakṣa" (perception) and "anumāna" (inference) as reliable means of valid knowledge reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaisheshika#Epistemology ...
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955 views

How is Buddhism's “Shunyata” (void / Nothingness) interpreted in Hinduism to represent God?

Some time back I got a perception that "Shunyata" (absolute nothingness) of Buddhism and "Me" (ParamAtma / True self) referred by Krishna are same. Because both refer to the ultimate reality in an ...
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1answer
302 views

Pramanas: Prathyaksha vs. Shabda

Some of the sources of Pramana in Vedantic philosophy are Shabda (scriptures), Pratyaksha (direct perception) and Anumana (inference). In Vedantic philosophy, Shabda occupies the highest source of ...
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0answers
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Notions of Duality in Vedas/Puranas

This is my first post on the Hinduism community and I do not have prior knowledge of the rules of the community, so I hope my question is in the right place. I have found that the stories of lore ...
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2answers
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Is every atom of this universe a representation of Maha Vishnu? [duplicate]

According to Gaudiya Vaishnavism, The material world is made from the expansion of Maha-Vishnu, means whatever material was made from his body. Does each and every atom of this universe is a ...
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2answers
863 views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's “emptiness of emptiness”?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
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0answers
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What's that which make something insentient and other sentient? [duplicate]

Consciosness is ever present everywhere. There is no place where it is not! So on what basis something becomes insentient & other sentient according to Kashmiri Shaivism or Tantra?
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8answers
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Did ancient Yogis float in the air and what is the method to do it?

"In Ancient India Yogis used to float in the Air" I am not sure about this statement but I heard people who have more concentration (possibly through Yoga) floated wherever they wanted. My question ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between Thenkalai and Vadakalai sects of Sri Vaishnavism?

For those who do not know, there are two main sects of Sri Vaishnavism: Thenkalai and Vadakalai. The Vadakalai sect wear their namam, or thiruman, in a "U" shaped pattern with manjal or yellow like ...
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1answer
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What's the meaning & relevance of LIC logo “yogakshemam vahamyaham”? [closed]

What's the philosophy of "yogakshemam vahamyaham" & how is it relevant to LIC (Life Insurance Corporation of India)? अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जना: पर्युपासते | तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां यो...
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0answers
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Does God really exist or Its just psychological concept [duplicate]

Does God really exists physically, virtually or in any form? or Is God just a term intelligently used for psychological satisfaction and for making our life easy?
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4answers
246 views

What should I [strictly] do to follow Hinduism as a way of life?

If I decide to follow Hinduism as a way of life, what exactly would I have to do, strictly according to the Vedanta philosophy? I want to know what ancient Hindu scriptures say regarding this, not ...
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1answer
84 views

How does Vijnanabhiksu accept Samkhya despite being a theist?

It is said the Samkhya school outrightly rejects the existence of God and considered by many, an atheistic school. However, the sixteenth century Vaishnavite scholar Vijnanabhiksu accepted Samkhya to ...
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5answers
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What scriptures describe the fifth state called Turiyatita?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they are actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here ...
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1answer
313 views

What does other sects & acharyas believe in Bhagavad Gita 7.19 Sloka except Vasinava Acharayas or Sects?

Most of every acharyas accepted Bhagavad Gita is best medium to attain Moksha and gave their commentary on it. And Bhagavad Gita is also accepted as authenticate holy book in Most of every Vedanta ...
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0answers
358 views

Is the feeling of “Deja Vu”, a glimpse of self realization?

As per below post, a philosophy called "Eternal Return" states that all events are repeating infinitely & hence predetermined. Does "Free Will" really exist, even if universe repeats ...
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3answers
249 views

Who are “they” in BG 16.8? Atheists? Cārvākas? Vaiśeṣikas?

Are these Bhagavad-gītā verses referring to a particular sect of people or addressing all bad people in general? Is verse 16.8 implying that those who don't believe in a god have no moral compass? 16....
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1answer
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What are Avidya, Maya and Ignorance according to Advaita?

According to Advaita, I want to get a clear understanding of the following terms: Avidya Maya Ignorance What are Avidya, Maya and Ignorance? And what is the difference/relationship between them? In ...
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1answer
214 views

What do the different Astika schools think the Universe is made of?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
6
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1answer
237 views

Who was the solar dynasty king who was turned into a spider?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here ...
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3answers
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What is Fullness and Emptyness (void) according to the Vedas?

I was reading a post containing the following lines taken from Veda, where I could not understand. That is Fullness, this is Fullness; from Fullness comes Fullness. When Fullness is taken from ...
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1answer
66 views

Do any of the darshanas believe that Buddhi is the Self?

Descartes supposed have said "I think therefore I am". For him thinking entity is the Self. While Hindu sankhya-yoga system puts, both mind and intellect in products of prakriti/pradhana, separate ...
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1answer
272 views

Does any doctrine/philosophy believe that Jiva emerges from (and merges into) Brahman?

According to Advaita, ultimately there is no difference between Jiva and Brahman. The individuality of Jivas are perceived due to the ignorance. (Actually Jiva never originates according to Gaudapada ...
5
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1answer
503 views

Where do the Vedas describe dreaming of a black-skinned man?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7
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1answer
244 views

Oneness of different Indian philosophical thoughts [closed]

Do six schools of Indian Philosophy accommodate each other or are they watertight compartments each to the exclusion of other?
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72 views

Why choose doing “good” when there is no ultimate good or evil?

Why should one choose to do good over evil? Maybe your evil is my good and your good is my evil? There is no ultimate good or evil, so whats the reason to do "good" deeds then? All ways lead to God, ...
6
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1answer
349 views

Should one regard deities as Superior and Inferior as per Adi Shankara?

Adi Shankara is the upholder of Advaita (Non-dual) philosophy. There is popular belief among Advaitins that one shouldn't differentiate between Gods as they all are same. But is this thing ...
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0answers
74 views

Which commentator interprets Gaudapada's word Chitta as Chaitanya?

In this lecture, Swami Paramarthananda, an Advaitin, discusses Adi Shankaracharya's refutation of Yogachara Buddhism in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. He says that Yogachara Buddhism and Advaita may seem ...
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2answers
540 views

What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
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1answer
151 views

How do different Astika schools prove the existence of the soul?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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0answers
372 views

Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
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0answers
56 views

Do hindu Vedas refer Or and respect to religions? [duplicate]

Can someone please quote verses Or Vedas where Hindu religion acknowledges existence of other religion and guides to respect in their form?
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141 views

What Vedanta philosophy is followed by Varkari Vaishnavas?

Which Vedanta philosophy is followed by people belonging to the Varkari sect?
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1answer
169 views

Who was acharya SrirAm Sharma?

He was the founder of gAyatrI parivar. He propagated gayatri worship among the masses. What is his life story? What were his main teachings ?

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