Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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0answers
184 views

Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
14
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3answers
9k views

What is the ultimate goal of Hinduism?

I have observed that many Hindus today put a strong focus on liturgy (rituals, cracking coconuts, offering flowers, lighting diyas etc) and narratives (Hindu mythological stories,Puranas, Ramayana,...
8
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2answers
667 views

Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7
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0answers
300 views

Has anyone responded to Ramanujacharya's refutation of the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God?

In Western philosophy, one of the most common arguments for the existence of God is the cosmological argument, which states roughly that everything has a cause, and so the Universe must have a cause, ...
19
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7answers
3k views

Does Science contradict Hinduism? How to deal with scientific discoveries that don't line up with Vedas?

I would like to know if Hinduism and science contradict each other. This is an issue that arises in many religions, the most prominent example being Christianity and its disagreement with evolution. ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Debate between Maṇḍana Miśra and Ādi Śankara

I have read that there was a debate between Maṇḍana Miśra, an exponent of Mīmāmsā, and Ādi Śankara, an exponent of Advaita, in which Maṇḍana Miśra's wife was the judge. Ādi Śankara won the debate and ...
9
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0answers
204 views

Where does the Advaitin commentator Anandagiri discuss the authenticity of Hindu stories?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
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4answers
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Is the Sankhya Darshana/Philosophy prior to Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

We know that there are Six Aastika Philosophy (Shad Darshana) : Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshiki,Mimamsa and Vedanta based on Vedas. In many verses of Bhagavad Gita, the word Sankhya is found ; ...
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1answer
181 views

Has any Advaita Acharya or scholar resolved/answered/refuted Sapta Vidha Anupapatti?

As, I've mentioned in previous question, Sapta Vidha Aupapatti, also called seven untenables are said to be an objection raised against the concept of Avidya of Advaita Vedanta. I want to know has ...
4
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0answers
289 views

How do Shaivite philosophers interpret the Brahma Sutras' criticism of the Shaiva Agamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
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1answer
491 views

Which philosophy is the most popular in Hinduism?

I have read in this forum that "Vedanta" if by far the most popular philosophy of Hinduism. There many who believe that the Yoga is the most popular one and there are also other philosophies based ...
8
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285 views

Is religion different from science ? Especially when it comes to falsifiability of claims?

Scientists claim that the underlying notion of a science is falsifiability i.e. the ability to disprove a statement via performing an experiment. Rishis claim that the underlying notion of religion ...
8
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7answers
628 views

Have any Hindu philosophers attempted to solve the Riddle of Epicurus?

The Epicurean Paradox or the Riddle of Epicurus goes something like this: If God is willing to prevent evil but not able, then He is not omnipotent. If He is able (to prevent evil) but not ...
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4answers
773 views

Does Shiva or Vishnu or Trikaladarshi Yogi know our Aagami Karma or our free will?

Aagami Karma is actions we do in this birth. This is generally said to be free will. See this question: Is our destiny predetermined? If yes, then why do our actions affect our karma?. Does Shiva or ...
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1answer
263 views

What are some atheist teachings and arguments in Hinduism?

Hinduism is a vast religion, and it has great philosophies of theism. Probably there might be some atheistic philosophies too. It would be a great amusement to see if this thought of Atheism was also ...
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0answers
289 views

What scriptures say cranes can become pregnant without the involvement of males?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7
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0answers
453 views

What Mleccha languages are used in the Vedas according to Purva Mimamsa?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
14
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1answer
537 views

Moksha for the Soul of Brahma

The life of Brahma is 100 years of Brahma. More information on Hindu Cosmology We are in 51st year of the current Brahma's Life Year. I also know that after Brahma dies, Brahma (the soul in that ...
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1answer
354 views

What is the size of the soul according to the different Astika schools?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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6answers
734 views

What is the core message of the Bhagavad-gītā? What are some verses from Bhagavad-gītā that one can refer to, to enrich life in general?

What is (or what are) the core message(s) of the Bhagavad-gītā? What are some verses from Bhagavad-gītā, that one can refer to, to enrich life in general? This question is inspired by Core messages ...
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1answer
443 views

Who believes in 10 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
12
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3answers
819 views

Which Upanishads are quoted in sage Vyasa's Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas which consist of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions ...
12
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1answer
714 views

How does the soul returns in the dead body when a dead person is revived using Amrita?

There are many references in our scriptures when deads are revived to life using Amrita and Mrita Sanjeevani Vidya.. A common accepted vedic doctrine is that soul (along with manomaya, vijnamaya and ...
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0answers
319 views

What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
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3answers
527 views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Hinduism and Buddhism is that the first defends Ātman theory whereas the second defends Anātman theory. Shankara is known for having debated (and won) with ...
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3answers
1k views

What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Shadripu in Hindu texts

What is the source of the concept of Shadripu (six enemies) in Hindu philosophy, i.e., which Hindu religious text first described the Shadripu (षड्रिपु)? From Wikipedia : Shadripu (Sanskrit: षड्रि...
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3answers
647 views

Can it happen that the length of a man's life somehow becomes reduced during a man's lifetime, and so one has to die before he was destined initially?

In the question "Is the length of a man's life predetermined?" I asked on whether the length of a man's life has already been determined in advance, even before a person is born, and now I ask the ...
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0answers
410 views

How many Shaivite commentaries on the Brahma Sutras are there?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
10
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2answers
4k views

Is the length of a man's life predetermined?

Has the length of a man's life already been determined in advance, even before a person is born? To answer this question, please be sure to furnish quotations from the scriptures and explain how you ...
8
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0answers
266 views

How does Ramanujacharya interpret a quote from Upavarsha's ancient Vritti?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7
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1answer
264 views

Is Dramidacharya the same as Thirumazhisai Alwar?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their devotional poetry in praise of Vishnu. The collection of their 4000 poems, ...
6
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1answer
513 views

What does Brahma sutras say about Susupti state?

Susupti is a state of deep sleep in which there is no experience of dreams (Svapnanubhavah) What does Badarayana say about it in Brahma sutras and what is take of Advatin, Visiatadvaitins and ...
5
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1answer
114 views

If Brahman is unattached, why does It remain attached to a devotee?

This answer to the Riddle of Epicurus says: These activities do not in any way bind Me, because I remain detached like one unconcerned in their midst. Gita 9.9 There is, however, one ...
4
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0answers
219 views

Why doesn't Purva Mimamsa accept that someone grasped Indra's hand?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
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0answers
175 views

Does anyone agree with the Mimamsa interpretation of this Upanishad verse?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Why are there different classes of पुराणs (Puranas)?

The Padma Purana mentions that the eighteen Puranas are divided into three groups of six: Sattvika, Rajasika, and Tamasika. Why do the Rajasika and Tamasika Puranas exist at all? Does the Padma Purana ...
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2answers
384 views

Are there video materials of Vedic scriptures describing states of consciousness?

I would like to know if there are video materials of explained Vedic texts (knowledge) on the internet? Specifically the knowledge about states of consciousness.
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1answer
1k views

How and why was the first ever thought generated?

We have certain posts which discuss about how the universe was created OR how Brahman imagined to become from one to many. This Qn is about the situation earlier to that. Anything which is ...
9
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1answer
2k views

Origin of the Law of Karma

The Law of Karma can be said to be the cornerstone of Hindu philosophies. Where in Hindu scriptures do we find the first mention of the Law of Karma? Does it have mention in Vedas?
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1answer
191 views

How has the Vedanta school refuted Mimamsa arguments for multiple omnipresent souls?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6
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1answer
782 views

What is the relation between Viraj, Hiranyagarbha, Brahma, and Saguna Brahman in Advaita terminology?

In this chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells his disciple king Janaka about the levels of bliss among beings in different Lokas: Now a hundred of these human ...
15
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2answers
423 views

What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
15
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2answers
487 views

What is the earliest Hindu work refuting Mleccha religions or philosophies?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
10
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4answers
454 views

Any mantras that are not of Sanskrit origin?

Are there any spells (mantras) in Hinduism which are not in Sanskrit, but in other languages. I came across a mantra in Awadhi dialect of Hindi, it's something about blessings for studying and was ...
8
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3answers
723 views

What is Fullness and Emptyness (void) according to the Vedas?

I was reading a post containing the following lines taken from Veda, where I could not understand. That is Fullness, this is Fullness; from Fullness comes Fullness. When Fullness is taken from ...
8
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2answers
757 views

How do Dvaitins interpret this verse of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is a part of the Shukla Yajur Veda. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad contains this verse (1.4.10): ब्रह्म वा इदमग्र आसीत्, तदात्मानमेवावेत् ‘अहं ब्रह्मास्मि’ इति । तस्मात् ...
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4answers
526 views

Why does the word “Atma” in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad refer to the mind rather than the actual Atma?

In Adhyaya 3 Brahmana 9 of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells Vidagdha Sakalya what the eleven Rudras are associated with: katame rudrā iti । daśeme puruṣe prāṇā ...
6
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1answer
235 views

Does any doctrine/philosophy believe that Jiva emerges from (and merges into) Brahman?

According to Advaita, ultimately there is no difference between Jiva and Brahman. The individuality of Jivas are perceived due to the ignorance. (Actually Jiva never originates according to Gaudapada ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Meaning of Citta?

The most prolific usage of the concept of 'Chittam' is in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras. The word is most identified with as part of 'Shat-Chit-Anandam' meaning existance-conciousness-bliss according to ...