Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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Influence of Samkhya on other darshanas

Can I say Sankhya as the oldest hindu philosophy has influenced all the other darshanas like Vedanta? That implies all astika darshanas are derivative from Sankhya, not necessarily conflicting or ...
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Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
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Does nyaya or vaisheshikha school accept pratibhashik and paramarthik realities?

In one of the discourse I heard that Nyaya and Vaisheshikha accept 2 levels of reality. However Shankaracharya was the 1st one to refute this claim of 2 level realities and established the 3rd ...
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How does the quality of "Tamas" viz. "ignorance", affect Moksha/Liberation?

There are 3 qualities for any being or existence, named as : Sattva (illumination), Rajas (passion), Tamas (ignorance). Gita discusses them in great detail. According to it, the quality of Rajas is ...
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Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
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Is the feeling of "Deja Vu", a glimpse of self realization?

As per below post, a philosophy called "Eternal Return" states that all events are repeating infinitely & hence predetermined. Does "Free Will" really exist, even if universe repeats ...
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Do any of the Vaishnava Agamas recommend any Vedantic philosophies like Vishishtha Advaita or any other?

Do any authentic Vaishnava Agama texts directly or explicitly recommend any Vedantic philosophies like the Advaita philosophy or any other?
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How does the Vishnuswami sect differ from the Pushtimarg sect in philosophies and practices?

It is said Vishnu taught Vaishnavism to his prime devotees: Lord Shiva, Mother Lakshmi, the four Kumaras and Lord Brahma. These devotees then in turn taught mankind the principles of Vishnu bhakti. As ...
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Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Did the Samkhya school discuss the danger of Yagna fires to surrounding wildlife?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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God will never give you a cross that you cannot carry

Many times I have heard from Christian people this saying, when you are going through a difficult situation (that is your cross) and that God would never give you a cross that you would not be able to ...
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How could Bharata and Shatrughna be incarnations of inanimate objects?

From this answer, we find Continuing with the tale of Sri Ram, Lord Mahadeva told Parvati–Dasharath requested Vashishth to perform the Jaatkarm Sanskar of Sri Ram. In course of time Kaikeyi gave ...
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What arguments does Shabara's Mimamsa Sutra Bhashya take from the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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In Hinduism, is it commanded to change clothes everyday?

If we wear the same clothes for more than a day, is it unclean according to the culture? I know in general, that one should change his clothes everyday if possible, but what does our culture say ...
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Have there been any responses to Adi Shankaracharya's Purva Mimamsa Sutras interpretation?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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253 views

Why doesn't Purva Mimamsa accept that someone grasped Indra's hand?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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How do Shaivite philosophers interpret the Brahma Sutras' criticism of the Shaiva Agamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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381 views

Did the Shavite poet Tirumular believe new souls could be created?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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Do Sri Vaishnavas believe Vishnu is the direct or indirect sustainer of the body?

The Rahasyatraya Sara is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan, concerning the meaning of the Rahasya Traya or three secrets of the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I am a member). (One of ...
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What is the (potentially lost) text of the Jabalas quoted by Adi Shankaracharya?

In his commentary on Adhyaya 4 Pada 1 Sutra 3 of the Brahma Sutras, Adi Shankaracharya presents a number of scriptural quotes to support his Advaita view that the individual soul of jivatma is the ...
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Is anyone exempt from law of karma?

Does the law of karma applies to the millions of gods and goddesses and avatars?
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How can insignificant beings (microscopic organisms, insects, plants, etc.) ever acquire enough merit to be born as humans?

And without earning a human birth, one cannot attain liberation.
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Can deities from other universes hear our prayers?

Can deities inhabiting other universes hear our prayers, or is it just the presiding deities of this universe?
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Truth in Advaita

To which theory of truth does the advaita vedanta relate? The correspondance theory, the coherence theory, or another one? If truth, in Adi Shankara's comprehension, is understood as the ...
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How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...
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Six Hindu philosophical systems and Puranas

There are six philosophical systems in Hinduism: Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta. What is each school's opinion on Puranas? Do they accept the puranas as authentic or they ...
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What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans?

What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans? Whose compositions are comprised in them and how many bhajan songs are compiled in them ?
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What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
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What herbs take away the burning power of fire?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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What are the Shaivite/Shakta arguments for gestures as a Pramana?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why does Gaudapada say the Uttarakurus cannot be proven by perception or inference?

As I discuss in this question, in Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or scriptural testimony....
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Did Shabaraswami invent the Mimamsa theory of multiple omnipresent souls?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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380 views

What scriptures say cranes can become pregnant without the involvement of males?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Description obout Qualities of Human Mind and Advice for Mind , from Ancient Hinduism texts?

In Which ancient writtings , Shlokas , Books we find more description about Human Mind ? eg. description of Human Mind's characteristics , qualities, It's strength and weakness etc.? What texts ...
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Does anyone agree with the Mimamsa interpretation of this Upanishad verse?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Joseph Kaplan as quoted by Swami Prabhavananda?

Swami Prabhavananda's The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) quotes "the physicist Joseph Kaplan" several times (in the chapter on the Samkhya system). For instance: Thus the molecule is not ...
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Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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Is Advaitha the only school of thought that gives highest possible status to a Jiva?

There are many schools of thoughts in Hindu philosophy. The most powerful or highest status is becoming a Brahman. Advaitha is the only school I know assuring that highest possible status to Jiva as ...
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Can literally everyone attain Moksha?

All these concepts regarding Nitya-samsaris and tamo-yogyas sound sadistic and cruel, to say the least, and akin to Abrahamic religions. If the supreme God is so merciful and all-able, then shouldn't ...
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Is there a ritual in Hinduism when son leaves parents house?

I'm just wondering, is there a ritual in Hinduism, where a son leaves the house of the parents if he is going to live in his own house alone?
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Did adi shankara refuted Mimamsa's claim on Brahman's Omniscience?

Did adi shankara debated with mimamsa scholar are refuted them on Brahman Omniscience. Because mimamsa doesn't believe in Brahman or if they believe they do not believe Brahman alone exist or he is ...
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What is Nyaya's respondes to the arguments made by Ramanuja against the design argument of Nyaya?

Why and How Ramanuja Rejected Nyāya Arguments for the Existence of God JONATHAN B. EDELMANN (A) While certain features of the natural or organic world might resemble artifacts, can reason establish ...
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How is ISKCON different from Chinmaya Mission?

How is the philosophy followed by Iskcon different from Chinmaya Mission?
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Madhyamika and Ajativada and anuttara of advaita vedanta and kashmir shaivism

Is the madhyamika deconstruction of reality that nothing arises and nothing ceases the same as ajativada of gaudapada and anuttara of abhinavagupta? in madhyamika production is never established and ...
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(Kashmiri Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta) one self in comparison to many permanent selves?

How do we enjoin one permanent self over many permanent selves like in the jonang/yogacara school of Buddhism? one way I think is the fact that people can perceive the same things simultaneously, ...
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Where are imperishable personalities from Mahabharata?

The characters listed below are Chiranjeevi's or imperishable personalities from Dwaaparayuga that means they are immortal. So where do they exist in Kaliyug? Is there any evidence or documents ...
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What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati about the Purva Mimamsa?

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, about the Purva Mimamsa?
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...