Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati about the Purva Mimamsa?

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, about the Purva Mimamsa?
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Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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Where can we get the Nyaya Sutras along with their commentaries in English translation?

Everyone knows how important the Nyaya Sutras are for Indian philosophy. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine a work of greater influence than this in the history of Indian thought. It is virtually the ...
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What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans?

What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans? Whose compositions are comprised in them and how many bhajan songs are compiled in them ?
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What is the philosophy of brahmakumaris?

I saw a certain new group active now a days in my home town. The organisation is called Brahmakumaris. Do they follow any scripture? What is their philosophy? Does it come under the Vedic umbrella?
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How does the quality of “Tamas” viz. “ignorance”, affect Moksha/Liberation?

There are 3 qualities for any being or existence, named as : Sattva (illumination), Rajas (passion), Tamas (ignorance). Gita discusses them in great detail. According to it, the quality of Rajas is ...
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255 views

What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
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According to Dvaita philosophy,what are the duties of Vaishnava in Vaikuntha? [duplicate]

According to Dvaita philosophy, Jivatma reaches to Parmatma loka to attain moksha. However it is not clear what will be the duties of Jivatma towards the Parmatma. My questions are: After moksha,...
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What herbs take away the burning power of fire?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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Question about the lokas [duplicate]

So can anybody tell me if the lokas can communicate with one another? Are they only separated by space and/or time or are living inside a high-dimensional world, each one entirely on its own? Thanks ...
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How does the Vishnuswami sect differ from the Pushtimarg sect in philosophies and practices?

It is said Vishnu taught Vaishnavism to his prime devotees: Lord Shiva, Mother Lakshmi, the four Kumaras and Lord Brahma. These devotees then in turn taught mankind the principles of Vishnu bhakti. As ...
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What is difference between living and non-living? [duplicate]

This question arises from general perspective that one should contemplate and final result is this nothing between God and us. Could this be the case with non-living things which seem to concentrate ...
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What are the Shaivite/Shakta arguments for gestures as a Pramana?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why does Gaudapada say the Uttarakurus cannot be proven by perception or inference?

As I discuss in this question, in Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or scriptural testimony....
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God will never give you a cross that you cannot carry

Many times I have heard from Christian people this saying, when you are going through a difficult situation (that is your cross) and that God would never give you a cross that you would not be able to ...
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Did Shabaraswami invent the Mimamsa theory of multiple omnipresent souls?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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296 views

I am devoted to God, but doubts keep on coming in my mind about existence of God. Please save me. I want real devotion. [closed]

I am so much devoted to my Mother ShriLalita Maheshwari AdShakti. When I was small I loved God, but as I reached 13-14 years, I thought that the concept of religion, God and others is a superstition, ...
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Have there been any responses to Adi Shankaracharya's Purva Mimamsa Sutras interpretation?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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288 views

What scriptures say cranes can become pregnant without the involvement of males?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Description obout Qualities of Human Mind and Advice for Mind , from Ancient Hinduism texts?

In Which ancient writtings , Shlokas , Books we find more description about Human Mind ? eg. description of Human Mind's characteristics , qualities, It's strength and weakness etc.? What texts ...
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Dualism & Non-dualism [duplicate]

What's the philosophical difference between various schools of Vedanta philosophy? According to dualism (Dvaita), Jivatma and Parmatma are two different things; non-dualism (Advaita)- Jivatma and ...
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Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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2answers
446 views

Is the true nature of Brahman, Saguna or Nirguna?

Brahman is said to be amorphous in nature. Apart from the main question in the title, here is a sub-query: Can we keep away from Brahman after seeing or realizing it?
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Is heaven a place of extreme happiness? If yes, how to solve the paradox of experiencing hell in heaven?

In Hinduism, is heaven (svarga) a place of extreme happiness? If yes, how to solve the paradox of experiencing hell (naraka) in heaven? This is better explained through the following an example. ...
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1answer
477 views

Which philosophy is the most popular in Hinduism?

I have read in this forum that "Vedanta" if by far the most popular philosophy of Hinduism. There many who believe that the Yoga is the most popular one and there are also other philosophies based ...
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2answers
108 views

Are Hindu scriptures (itihasas) written from the winners' perspective? [closed]

I couldn't help but notice but all tales are about the victors. They are always about how the good one, a subjective entity, won over the bad one, again a subjective entity. The voice of the ...
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1answer
680 views

Bhakti Parampara saints from South Indian states

I am familiar with some of the Bhakti Parampara Poet-saints from Western and Northen part of India and their works. Some of them are -: Saint Dyaneshwar - commentary on Shree Bhagavad Gita (...
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2answers
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Is there a Hindu view of historiography?

In this comment, Ramaprakasha says, "historicity is deep immaturity according to Hinduism." Does Hinduism take a stance on what methods of studying history are valid and what ones are not? Does it ...
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1answer
108 views

What scriptures describe the story of the frog princess?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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1answer
1k views

How does Hinduism encourages individualism?

I have read in an article that Hinduism promotes individualism. According to wiki, Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral ...
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4answers
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Is Brahman sentient in Advaita Vedanta?

If Brahman is Consciousness and Omniscient, then he should be sentient also since both are indiscernible.
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1answer
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Which schools prior to the Gautam Buddha gave the finite size of the atma (आत्मा )?

Gautam Buddha is said to talk about Self in his teachings later during third turning of wheel (or call it whatever). He said about the self like this which is Advaitic & in agreement with both ...
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1answer
204 views

Do all Vedantic philosophies agree on the number of Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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1answer
2k views

Meaning of Sadhana , Tapasya and Yoga (साधना ,तपस्या & योग)?

In spiritual practices of Hinduism or Adhyatma ,We often hear these three words -: 1) Sadhana 2) Tapasya 3) Yoga. My questions are -: 1) Are these terms similar or related to each other? 2) ...
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1answer
277 views

Soul-creation and Vedanta [duplicate]

Do all VedAnta philosophies, that is, philosophies based on badarAyana's brahma sutra, reject creation of souls by God?
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1answer
79 views

Is there anything in our scriptures where it says something similar to “As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he”

I've read the major parts of the Bhagavad Gita where my interpretation is that 'Anyone who is attached to the FRUITS of the reward, he will dwell in misery always'. Now I'm reading many books like '...
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1answer
118 views

What do the Vedas say is the relation or difference between Ishwar and Brahman? [duplicate]

The Vedas appear to speak of one Ishwar that manifests as other beings, but it also speaks of Brahman being one. I'm confused as to what Ishwar is, and why Ishwar differs from Brahman. Is Brahman the ...
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1answer
370 views

Is there any verse in Vedas explaining Instantaneous Action at a distance

I'm a Theoretical physicist rather than that I am a Hindu.These days, I'm on my research on Quantum Entanglement. This simply says that "An event at one place can instantaneously event at another ...
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1answer
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What exactly is namasmarana

What exactly is namasmarana? In namasmarana is there any importance to just chant a name of god (mind may or may not be on it) ? If namasmarana is chanting the name with remembering god in mind- then ...
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1answer
61 views

Books recommended for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief

Which books do you recommend for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief? I have a copy of Sarva Darsana Sangraha written by 14th century Hindu scholar Madhava ...
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2answers
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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1answer
958 views

Relationship between Jiva, Bramhan, World according to Vishitadvaita [duplicate]

What is explanation for the following relationships between jiva and bramhan and which is most appropriate.
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1answer
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Questions about Origins and the Apocalypse [duplicate]

I have a school assignment on Origins and Apocalyptic tales. I would like to understand your beliefs on how the world was created and how it will end and have created the following questions to help ...
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1answer
120 views

Can non brother sisters wish each other Happy Raksha Bandhan?

Can people who are not (and cannot be) brothers and sisters wish each other Happy Raksha Bandhan without tying Rakhis? People like friends, lovers, spouse etc.
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Six Hindu philosophical systems and Puranas

There are six philosophical systems in Hinduism: Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta. What is each school's opinion on Puranas? Do they accept the puranas as authentic or they ...
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What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...
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41 views

Vaisheshika’s conception of motion

In Vaisheshika’s theory of motion, is it mentioned any where that an object will move on forever if there is nothing to offer resistance to exhaust it’s “vega”? Like an object moving through space/...
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0answers
55 views

What are all the empirical observations made by Kaṇāda in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras?

Kaṇāda, the natural scientist and philosopher, appears to have studied nature, made some direct observations and recorded them in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras. Wikipedia lists a few but I want to know all of ...
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Who was the king who argued with Adi Shankaracharya using karma siddantha (law of karma)?

What is the name of the king who debated with Adi Shankaracharya against Advaita and supporting karma siddhantha (law of karma)? Which authentic text contains the discussion between them?
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Who was the guru of Chanakya? [closed]

We all know Chanakya a.k.a Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra. I would like to know that, who was his Guru and which school of thought did he follow?