Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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Was Kumārila Bhaṭṭa the first to argue that the Vedas were apauruṣeya (authorless)?

Wikipedia says: 2. Every extant school held some scripture to be correct. To show that the Veda was the only correct scripture, Bhaṭṭa ingeniously said that "the absence of an author would ...
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44 views

How can the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on manifestations that must have originated from Brahman in the past?

If everything originated from Brahman, then how could the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, because all three are physical manifestations that ...
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97 views

Notions of Duality in Vedas/Puranas

This is my first post on the Hinduism community and I do not have prior knowledge of the rules of the community, so I hope my question is in the right place. I have found that the stories of lore ...
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175 views

According to advaita vedanta how can a formless entity/god do Lila?

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. How can a formless entity enjoy Lila? Doesn't it sound too nihilistic? (Note: Lila can also be ...
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147 views

What scriptures describe the Videha and Prakritilaya states of the Yoga school?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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35 views

Colour of Gods and Godesses [duplicate]

The Hindu Mythological literature speaks that the color of Lord Brahma is red, the color of Lord Vishnu is blue (black in kaliyuga) while the color of Lord Shiva is white. The color of Goddess ...
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61 views

Did the Samkhya school believe that destroying plants in Yagnas is a sin?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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148 views

What is Kumarila Bhatta's view of the relation between Jivatma and Paramatma?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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67 views

Why choose doing “good” when there is no ultimate good or evil?

Why should one choose to do good over evil? Maybe your evil is my good and your good is my evil? There is no ultimate good or evil, so whats the reason to do "good" deeds then? All ways lead to God, ...
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115 views

What scripture contains the verse “Rupashabdavibhagacha”?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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159 views

What are differences between Dnyaneshwari and other Bhagavad Gita commentaries?

Dnyaneshwari (IAST:'Jñānēśvarī) is a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita, written by the great Saint Sant Dnyaneshwar in Marathi. It's considered to be the best scripture in Marathi literature. What ...
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430 views

What Shaivite sects are classified as the ingroup of Shaiva Siddhanta?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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98 views

How does Viśiṣṭādvaita incorporate formless Brahman?

Viśiṣṭādvaita is one of the most popular school of Vedanta philosophy Ādvaita can easily incorporate Formless Brahman because they believe that Brahman is without attributes, and Form is an attribute....
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88 views

Do any scriptures say you're not allowed to read multiple Shakhas of a Veda?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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56 views

Which world view prevailed during other yugas

Various philosophies or world views base on vedas are sankya, vaisheshika, purva mimansa, vedantha. What world views were in existence during other yugas? Say like during mahabharata and ramayana
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What is 'Kabir Sagar'?

I read some part of ' Kabir Sagar'. It is a book on Saint Kabir which concerns with philosophical knowledge (or so I think). But I don't understand what it talks about to begin with. Will anyone shed ...
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171 views

Does anyone agree with the Mimamsa interpretation of this Upanishad verse?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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184 views

Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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64 views

Non-Indian Hindus

Are there European/American Hindus who converted to Hinduism, but not the newly reformed sects like Hare Krishna, Arya Samaj, Brahmo Samaj, but who adopted traditional sects like Shaivism, Vaishnavism,...
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405 views

How many Shaivite commentaries on the Brahma Sutras are there?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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141 views

What scripture says “the soul is neither God nor man”?

The Rahasyatraya Sara is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan, concerning the meaning of the Rahasya Traya or three secrets of the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member). (One of ...
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Joseph Kaplan as quoted by Swami Prabhavananda?

Swami Prabhavananda's The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) quotes "the physicist Joseph Kaplan" several times (in the chapter on the Samkhya system). For instance: Thus the molecule is not ...
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174 views

Traditional Rajput dharma is to sacrifice themselves in battle - can dharma be passive?

I'm writing a paper about Rajput self-sacrifice in ancient battles. I'm looking into the motivation for sacrifice and for fighting in general and I have this question: It is said that a Rajput's ...
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5answers
355 views

Who are the pseudo-advaitins referred to by Shringeri Acharya? Does Adi Shankara state characteristics of true advaitins?

Sri Sringeri Sharadha Peetham has a free ebook to download here. In that book, the following statement is made by the then Shakaracharya, H.H Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswami. In the page 556 of the ...
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2answers
311 views

Why does Ramanuja refer to the PAshupata sect as the sect of “Black faces”?

Ramanuja attributed this philosophy to the tradition of the Kalamukha(s), the sect of "Black Faces" to which Lakulisha belonged. What was the reason for referring to it as KAlamukha? What were ...
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3answers
117 views

Is maya connected to the notion of love?

'Maya' as used in the Bengali language, in ordinary usage, as 'affection'. Is it connected to the philosophic notion of Maya ie delusion/illusion. In the Bengali dictionary I looked at there were ...
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1answer
321 views

What do the Nyaya Sutras say about the existence of God?

What do the Nyaya Sutras say about the existence of God? Does it believe in the existence of God or deny it?
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3answers
291 views

The origin and meaning of word Hindu? [duplicate]

What are the stories/facts behind the origin of word Hindu? Another Question , What is the life vision of a Hindu?
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1answer
529 views

What commentaries on the Samkhya Karika are available in English?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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1answer
215 views

Where does the Mahabharata say that liberated souls worship Krishna?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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1answer
71 views

Harm/Infliction/Pain/Negativity in Hinduism?

I was just reading about Hinduism online and I'm fascinated my it. I do have a question though. From what I understand, one of the principles of Hinduism is to not inflict suffering on another being. ...
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1answer
111 views

Is there a sanskrit term that covers the distinction/similarity between human & non-human nature?

I find it intriguing that in English, nature is used in two interesting ways; that is Nature as in the world around around and all living things; and human nature, which is that conmmon to humanity; ...
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2answers
106 views

What makes a person a Hindu? [duplicate]

In Hinduism we have monotheists as well as polytheists. We do not have same deities and same customs. Does one become Hindu by accepting supremacy of Vedas? We don't have a single book like other ...
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1answer
177 views

Hinduism v. Buddhism

What is the most important distinction between Hindu and Buddhist teachings? From comparing Hindu and Buddhist texts, I have the impression that the most important difference is Atman v. anatta. Is ...
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1answer
124 views

The name of the Golden egg that is filled with Ananda

When the consciousness has so to speak - gone beyond, all together beyond the temporal realm of the phenomenal and gone beyond altogether beyond the realm of Nirguna Brahman and enters the realm of ...
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1answer
319 views

What is the meaning of Samkhya? [duplicate]

Lord Krishna in Chapter 2 of Bhagavad Gita exposits Samkhya Yoga to Arjuna. Was he propagating Samkhya philosophy which is dry & devoid of any belief in God? If not, what is the meaning of ...
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1answer
151 views

What is the oldest surviving commentary on the Vaisheshika Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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1answer
121 views

Will my present identity as Dheeraj survive after Moksha?

Everyone takes birth and dies and then takes rebirth or attains moksha. My question is: Will I as Dheeraj survive after attaining moksha? Will I be able to remember myself as Dheeraj in the past? ...
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1answer
62 views

Do any of the darshanas believe that Buddhi is the Self?

Descartes supposed have said "I think therefore I am". For him thinking entity is the Self. While Hindu sankhya-yoga system puts, both mind and intellect in products of prakriti/pradhana, separate ...
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1answer
615 views

Bhagavad Gita was first recited to whom?

Some people say that it was first said to Suryadev Vivasvaan and other say, it was recited to Arjuna, Sanjay and Drithrashtra? So, who is supposed to be the first to hear Bhagavad-Gita?
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51 views

Books recommended to learn about atheist and/or agnostic schools of Sanatana Dharma in details

Which books do you recommend to learn about atheist and/or agnostic schools of Sanatana Dharma? I haven't got any good references. I have heard about the book known as Sarva Darsana Sangraha written ...
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38 views

What is ajivika?

I just heard this term from one of my friend. Tried to find more information about it, but no help. Can anyone explain it. Is it Hindu philosophy (as wiki says) or not?
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Why was Varna formalised?

My understanding is that caste is not a legitimate Hindu concept and that it is varna instead. From what I’ve read, varna is like the division of labour within society, but my question is, why was ...
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94 views

Why (and more importantly how) does Brihaspati always win? [closed]

Why and How does Brihaspati (Jupiter) always win even though Shukracharya (Venus) is much smarter and skillful? Is there any philosophy here that can be transferred to astrology when it comes ...
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40 views

Is everything fixed and I (as a limited individual) am not the doer in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty? [duplicate]

Is everything fixed in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty and the so called 'doer-ship of limited individuals'? Is there free-will or is life just a movie that we are forced to watch?
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Does the Samkhya Darshana describe 24 tattva belonging only to human state or to all other conscious states?

What would be the Tattva for the Sun or moon or say any star? If I was tree in the previous birth then from where the liking of the certain taste, things etc emerged in my childhood? If tanmatras are ...
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37 views

Are there any references to Niralambopanishat and SukaRahasyopanishat prior to Adi Shankaracharya?

Among Vedantins; Advait is a widely followed philosophy. The famous quote of Shree Adi Shankaracharya goes: Brahma Satya, Jagat Mithya. Now many Advaitins have mentioned that the verse was not ...
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66 views

Does God really exist or Its just psychological concept [duplicate]

Does God really exists physically, virtually or in any form? or Is God just a term intelligently used for psychological satisfaction and for making our life easy?
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85 views

What substances cause prophetic dreams?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...