Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Who is the culprit of all this Prapancha when I was, is and shall continue to be ONE?

Who was responsible or what was responsible for making me forget who I am? How did this Universe start when there were no two? How did I separate myself from myself and create this Prapancha?
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Books recommended for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief

Which books do you recommend for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief? I have a copy of Sarva Darsana Sangraha written by 14th century Hindu scholar Madhava ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Relationship between Jiva, Bramhan, World according to Vishitadvaita [duplicate]

What is explanation for the following relationships between jiva and bramhan and which is most appropriate.
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Questions about Origins and the Apocalypse [duplicate]

I have a school assignment on Origins and Apocalyptic tales. I would like to understand your beliefs on how the world was created and how it will end and have created the following questions to help ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Can non brother sisters wish each other Happy Raksha Bandhan?

Can people who are not (and cannot be) brothers and sisters wish each other Happy Raksha Bandhan without tying Rakhis? People like friends, lovers, spouse etc.
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Question related to karma and rebirth

A Christian once asked me this question when I was explaining him about karma and rebirth philosophy in Hinduism. I told him that if anything happens in anybody's life, it is the result of their karma ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati about the Purva Mimamsa?

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, about the Purva Mimamsa?
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Six Hindu philosophical systems and Puranas

There are six philosophical systems in Hinduism: Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta. What is each school's opinion on Puranas? Do they accept the puranas as authentic or they ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Vaisheshika’s conception of motion

In Vaisheshika’s theory of motion, is it mentioned any where that an object will move on forever if there is nothing to offer resistance to exhaust it’s “vega”? Like an object moving through space/...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

What are all the empirical observations made by Kaṇāda in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras?

Kaṇāda, the natural scientist and philosopher, appears to have studied nature, made some direct observations and recorded them in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras. Wikipedia lists a few but I want to know all of ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Who was the king who argued with Adi Shankaracharya using karma siddantha (law of karma)?

What is the name of the king who debated with Adi Shankaracharya against Advaita and supporting karma siddhantha (law of karma)? Which authentic text contains the discussion between them?
2
votes
0answers
581 views

Who was the guru of Chanakya? [closed]

We all know Chanakya a.k.a Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra. I would like to know that, who was his Guru and which school of thought did he follow?
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Was Kumārila Bhaṭṭa the first to argue that the Vedas were apauruṣeya (authorless)?

Wikipedia says: 2. Every extant school held some scripture to be correct. To show that the Veda was the only correct scripture, Bhaṭṭa ingeniously said that "the absence of an author would ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

How can the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on manifestations that must have originated from Brahman in the past?

If everything originated from Brahman, then how could the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, because all three are physical manifestations that ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Notions of Duality in Vedas/Puranas

This is my first post on the Hinduism community and I do not have prior knowledge of the rules of the community, so I hope my question is in the right place. I have found that the stories of lore ...
2
votes
0answers
191 views

According to advaita vedanta how can a formless entity/god do Lila?

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. How can a formless entity enjoy Lila? Doesn't it sound too nihilistic? (Note: Lila can also be ...
2
votes
0answers
163 views

What scriptures describe the Videha and Prakritilaya states of the Yoga school?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Colour of Gods and Godesses [duplicate]

The Hindu Mythological literature speaks that the color of Lord Brahma is red, the color of Lord Vishnu is blue (black in kaliyuga) while the color of Lord Shiva is white. The color of Goddess ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Did the Samkhya school believe that destroying plants in Yagnas is a sin?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
2
votes
0answers
150 views

What is Kumarila Bhatta's view of the relation between Jivatma and Paramatma?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Why choose doing “good” when there is no ultimate good or evil?

Why should one choose to do good over evil? Maybe your evil is my good and your good is my evil? There is no ultimate good or evil, so whats the reason to do "good" deeds then? All ways lead to God, ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

What scripture contains the verse “Rupashabdavibhagacha”?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
votes
0answers
172 views

What are differences between Dnyaneshwari and other Bhagavad Gita commentaries?

Dnyaneshwari (IAST:'Jñānēśvarī) is a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita, written by the great Saint Sant Dnyaneshwar in Marathi. It's considered to be the best scripture in Marathi literature. What ...
2
votes
0answers
473 views

What Shaivite sects are classified as the ingroup of Shaiva Siddhanta?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

How does Viśiṣṭādvaita incorporate formless Brahman?

Viśiṣṭādvaita is one of the most popular school of Vedanta philosophy Ādvaita can easily incorporate Formless Brahman because they believe that Brahman is without attributes, and Form is an attribute....
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Do any scriptures say you're not allowed to read multiple Shakhas of a Veda?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Which world view prevailed during other yugas

Various philosophies or world views base on vedas are sankya, vaisheshika, purva mimansa, vedantha. What world views were in existence during other yugas? Say like during mahabharata and ramayana
2
votes
0answers
91 views

What is 'Kabir Sagar'?

I read some part of ' Kabir Sagar'. It is a book on Saint Kabir which concerns with philosophical knowledge (or so I think). But I don't understand what it talks about to begin with. Will anyone shed ...
2
votes
0answers
177 views

Does anyone agree with the Mimamsa interpretation of this Upanishad verse?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
votes
0answers
188 views

Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Non-Indian Hindus

Are there European/American Hindus who converted to Hinduism, but not the newly reformed sects like Hare Krishna, Arya Samaj, Brahmo Samaj, but who adopted traditional sects like Shaivism, Vaishnavism,...
2
votes
0answers
2k views

What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
votes
0answers
143 views

What scripture says “the soul is neither God nor man”?

The Rahasyatraya Sara is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan, concerning the meaning of the Rahasya Traya or three secrets of the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member). (One of ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Joseph Kaplan as quoted by Swami Prabhavananda?

Swami Prabhavananda's The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) quotes "the physicist Joseph Kaplan" several times (in the chapter on the Samkhya system). For instance: Thus the molecule is not ...
2
votes
0answers
178 views

Traditional Rajput dharma is to sacrifice themselves in battle - can dharma be passive?

I'm writing a paper about Rajput self-sacrifice in ancient battles. I'm looking into the motivation for sacrifice and for fighting in general and I have this question: It is said that a Rajput's ...
1
vote
5answers
408 views

Who are the pseudo-advaitins referred to by Shringeri Acharya? Does Adi Shankara state characteristics of true advaitins?

Sri Sringeri Sharadha Peetham has a free ebook to download here. In that book, the following statement is made by the then Shakaracharya, H.H Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswami. In the page 556 of the ...
1
vote
2answers
347 views

Why does Ramanuja refer to the PAshupata sect as the sect of “Black faces”?

Ramanuja attributed this philosophy to the tradition of the Kalamukha(s), the sect of "Black Faces" to which Lakulisha belonged. What was the reason for referring to it as KAlamukha? What were ...
1
vote
3answers
124 views

Is maya connected to the notion of love?

'Maya' as used in the Bengali language, in ordinary usage, as 'affection'. Is it connected to the philosophic notion of Maya ie delusion/illusion. In the Bengali dictionary I looked at there were ...
1
vote
1answer
341 views

What do the Nyaya Sutras say about the existence of God?

What do the Nyaya Sutras say about the existence of God? Does it believe in the existence of God or deny it?
1
vote
3answers
299 views

The origin and meaning of word Hindu? [duplicate]

What are the stories/facts behind the origin of word Hindu? Another Question , What is the life vision of a Hindu?
1
vote
1answer
617 views

What commentaries on the Samkhya Karika are available in English?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Harm/Infliction/Pain/Negativity in Hinduism?

I was just reading about Hinduism online and I'm fascinated my it. I do have a question though. From what I understand, one of the principles of Hinduism is to not inflict suffering on another being. ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Is there a sanskrit term that covers the distinction/similarity between human & non-human nature?

I find it intriguing that in English, nature is used in two interesting ways; that is Nature as in the world around around and all living things; and human nature, which is that conmmon to humanity; ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

What makes a person a Hindu? [duplicate]

In Hinduism we have monotheists as well as polytheists. We do not have same deities and same customs. Does one become Hindu by accepting supremacy of Vedas? We don't have a single book like other ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Hinduism v. Buddhism

What is the most important distinction between Hindu and Buddhist teachings? From comparing Hindu and Buddhist texts, I have the impression that the most important difference is Atman v. anatta. Is ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

The name of the Golden egg that is filled with Ananda

When the consciousness has so to speak - gone beyond, all together beyond the temporal realm of the phenomenal and gone beyond altogether beyond the realm of Nirguna Brahman and enters the realm of ...
1
vote
1answer
350 views

What is the meaning of Samkhya? [duplicate]

Lord Krishna in Chapter 2 of Bhagavad Gita exposits Samkhya Yoga to Arjuna. Was he propagating Samkhya philosophy which is dry & devoid of any belief in God? If not, what is the meaning of ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

What is the oldest surviving commentary on the Vaisheshika Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...