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Questions tagged [pramana]

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5
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0answers
113 views

Have Hindu philosophies dealt with subjective vs. objective pramana (evidence)?

For example, most people who have eaten a mango will say it tastes sweet. Suppose a foreign person visiting India has never tasted a mango. He has also been advised by his countrymen that bright-...
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0answers
38 views

What is the pramanya of the Naalayira Divya Prabhandham?

The Naalayira Divya Prabhandham are 4,000 verses in Tamil spoken by ancient Tamil Vaishnava saints (Alwars) that are revered by Sri Vaishnavas. They are so important that they are epistemologically ...
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2answers
86 views

How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
2
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0answers
54 views

What are all the empirical observations made by Kaṇāda in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras?

Kaṇāda, the natural scientist and philosopher, appears to have studied nature, made some direct observations and recorded them in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras. Wikipedia lists a few but I want to know all of ...
8
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3answers
255 views

What do ancient Hindu acharyas say about accepting the authority of Shruti but denying the authority of Smriti?

Some people nowadays say only the Shruti (Vedas) is the sole authority in regard to Dharma, and what is not Shruti, like the Smriti, Dharma Shastras, Puranas, etc. is man-made and can be rejected. ...
-4
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3answers
235 views

What does “belief in the Vedas” actually mean?

What does belief in the Vedas or accepting the authority of the Vedas actually mean? Vedas have some mythological stories like women accepting the boon of menstruation from Indra (YV II 5.1). Then ...
8
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1answer
240 views

Where is this verse from in the Vedas about the Manusmriti?

This verse is said to exist in the Vedas: yad vai manuravadat tad bheṣajam ‘Whatever Manu has said is medicine.’
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0answers
82 views

If there is a contradiction between Pratyaksha Pramana and Sabda Pramana, which one is more authoritative according to Advaita and Dvaita Vedanta?

According to this answer if there is a contradiction between Pratyaksha and Sruti(Like scriptures say fire is cold but we perceive fire is hot), only Pratyaksha is more authoritative according to ...
4
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1answer
94 views

On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Sabda Pramana is infallible?

Almost all Hindu Philosophies accept at least three Pramanas: Pratyaksha or direct sense perception, Anumana or Inference and doubting, Sabda or word testimony. Now the common argument in many ...
7
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1answer
100 views

Did Sayanacharya believe in the authority of Ithihas and Puranas?

As you might be knowing, Sayana is one of the classical commentator on Vedas. My question is what was his opinion on the authority of Ithihas and Puranas? Did he believe in them?
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1answer
254 views

What is Anumana Pramana to be precise?

What exactly is Anumana Pramana? Guessing the past happenings with the available evidence also come under Anumana Pramana? And how does it differ from Artapatti Pramana?
8
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2answers
176 views

Are Pramanas mentioned in the Vedas?

There are 10 Pramanas. Among those, majority of orthodox schools of Hinduism accept at least 3 Pramanas VIZ; Pratyaksha, Anumana and Sabda. Now, do these Pramanas mentioned in the Vedas(Both Karma and ...
2
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0answers
81 views

What is the proof that I will not suffer after attaining Moksha / liberation? [duplicate]

After attaining Moksha there is no suffering. But how long I can be in a state of Moksha? What is the proof that I will not suffer ever after attaining liberation?
4
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1answer
179 views

How can agama be treated as shruti?

Agamas as shruti : Hindpedia says Sruti, the eternal word, is said to be of two forms – Nigama (Veda) and Agama Also, Sri Vaishnava Acharya Yamunacharya (who was Ramanujacharya's guru's guru) ...
4
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1answer
107 views

if there is difference of opinion between purana and gita and dharmashashtras(like: manusmriti etc), which will take more precedence?

if there is difference of opinion between purana and bhagvad gita and dharmashashtras(like: manusmriti etc), and they are interpreting vedas in their own manner to support their views. Now, then ...
3
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1answer
129 views

If I consider only Isha upanishad as infallible canonical pramana , and none others; then i am scripturally valid hindu/sanatani or not?

1) Isha upanishad is only text which is samhita and upanishad both 2) Isha upanishad is considered the first even among the principal upanishads Now, If I decide to consider only Isha upanishad as ...
7
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1answer
324 views

Is there any verse or historical evidence suggesting that manusmriti is more authoritative than other smritis?

1) Among Dharmasmritis(Manusmriti, Naradasmriti , Parashara Smriti,Yajnavalkya Smrti ... etc) , is there any verse or historical evidence which suggests that manusmriti is more authoritative/followed ...
5
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2answers
130 views

Reference for “Dayanand Saraswati rejected Brahmanas (of Vedas) and Aranyakas (of Vedas) and Upanishads”

Observation 1 Book "Discovering the Rigveda" By Geerpuram Nadadur Srinivasa Raghavan, Pg 73 says Dayanand Saraswati rejected Brahmanas (of Vedas) and Aranyakas (of Vedas) as wild imaginations." ...
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2answers
600 views

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti?

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti considering that all the four major schools of Hinduism(Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smarta tradition) only consider Vedas and Upanishads ...
3
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1answer
134 views

in which sect of hinduism manusmriti is canonical text?

Vedanta canonical text is prasthantrayi consisting of Upanishads,Gita , Brahma Sutra Sri vidya authoritative/canonical scriptures are Jyanarnava Tantra, Vamakeswara Tantram, Sri Krama, Dkashinamurty ...
7
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1answer
102 views

Vaisheshik does not consider Shabda as pramana, then how they hold veda as valid and reliable source for knowledge

1) Vaiśeṣika epistemology considered only "pratyakṣa" (perception) and "anumāna" (inference) as reliable means of valid knowledge reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaisheshika#Epistemology ...
7
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1answer
224 views

What is Pratyaksha PramANa to be precise?

Can anyone tell what is pratyaksha pramANa? What does it include? Only 5 sense organs or even intellect or mind also? Can apprehension power be termed as Direct Perception aka Pratyaksha pramANa?
4
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0answers
327 views

What does Vishishtadvaita Vedanta say about hallucinations?

To begin with first, illusions and hallucinations are different. An illusion is a: a distortion of the senses, revealing how the brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation. ...
2
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1answer
257 views

Why are only 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita?

The 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita philosophy are Pratyaksha, Anumana, and Shabda. How come the others like Upamana (Comparison), Arthapatti (Necssary Assumption), Anupalabdhi (Non-...
4
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1answer
276 views

If there is a conflict between Pratyaksha pramana and Sruti, which one takes precedence according to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta?

Most schools of Vedanta accept only 3 sources of right knowledge (or pramana): Pratyaksha (empiricism/observation), Anumana (inference/reasoning), and Shabda (scriptures). According to Vedanta: ...
4
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0answers
252 views

Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6
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0answers
80 views

Did Vyasa and Baudhayana believe in 10 Pramanas and 8 Pramanas respectively?

The Manimekalai is a 6th century Tamil epic poem composed by the Buddhist poet Chithalai Chathanar. It talks about philosophy a lot, which given its early date means that it gives a rare glimpse into ...
5
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1answer
401 views

Who believes in 10 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
2
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1answer
194 views

Do all Vedantic philosophies agree on the number of Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
3
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0answers
203 views

Who agrees with Adi Shankaracharya on Smriti having no authority over the existence of objects?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7
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1answer
221 views

Are there any scriptures in Hinduism equivalent to the Vedas?

The Vedas are in sanskrit. Are there any scriptures which are considered equivalent(i.e as respected) as the Vedas? They do not necessarily have to be in sanskrit. In Tamil, the Divya Prabandham is ...
7
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4answers
258 views

How accepted are the Smritis?

According to Wikipedia there are two main types of scriptures, the four Vedas (which are seen as eternal), and the Smritis (which are seen as revealed). I was wondering what the current Hindu thought ...