Questions tagged [puranas]

Puranas (Sanskrit: पुराण ) are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories.

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Did the Mahabharata and the Ramayana happen in the current Yuga cycle in the current Manvantara?

The Mahabharata war has been given a date of around 3300 BC by back-tracing planetary positions from scriptural references (archeo-astronomy). The Ramayana is speculated to be anywhere between a few ...
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Complete English translations of Puranas

Some English translations of Puranas can be found online here: Vishnu purana (a) Garuda purana (abridged) (b) Garuda purana (full) Bagavata Purana Shiva Purana Linga purana (a) Brahmanda Purana (b) ...
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Why did Vyasa depict different Supreme Gods in different Puranas?

I see that many people (including me) remain confused about who is the Supreme God. The main reason for confusion is that in different Puranas, different Gods are shown as Supreme God, e.g., in Shiva ...
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Can a Sudra become a Brahmin in 'this' birth?

Scriptures have remedy for everything. Various mantras various austerities can give us miraculous position. For eg. It is possible to become Indra (who is King of Heaven) by performing 100 Ashwamedha ...
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Why does each incarnation of Vishnu need an “officiating priest”?

This chapter of the Matsya Purana enumerates various incarnations that Vishnu has taken during the course of the Vaivasvata Manvantara (i.e. the present Manvantara). But along with each incarnation, ...
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Is the complete English translation of the Padma Purana available online?

The Padma Purana is one of the eighteen Mahapuranas, and it includes many important things, including a retelling of the Ramayana, a religious dialogue between Shiva and Parvati known the Shiva Gita, ...
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Why is Lord Shiva called Pashupati? Who are the Pashus?

Pashu means those whose which are tied and thus Pashupati literally means Lord of those which are tied. Pashu also means Cattles/Animals, and Pashupati also means Lord of Animals The name PashuPati ...
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Are there any English translations of the Bhavishyottara Purana or just the Srinivasa Kalyana section?

Most people are only familiar with the Bhavishya Purana, one of the 18 Mahapuranas (major Puranas) which deals primarily with prophecies about the future. But the Bhavishya Purana also comes with an ...
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What does the expression “kalpa bheda” mean?

I see this expression a lot to explain seeming contradictions in puranas. kalpa-bheda could mean difference between kalpas - does that mean all puranic stories happen repeatedly from one kalpa to the ...
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Why did Lord Shiva take 44 avatars if his primary role is to be the destroyer?

Lord Maha Vishnu is the protector of whole universe and he said that he will take avatars whenever there is degradation of righteousness on this planet. Famous dashavatars are the avatars of Lord ...
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Are there any references to Gravity in Hindu Scriptures?

Are there any references to Gravity or any fundamental forces in Hindu Scriptures viz. Vedas, Upanishands and Puranas or any Scientific Vedic Scriptures?
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Is the complete Shiva Purana available online in English?

I already have a PDF of 812 pages in Hindi language but I find that the language/words used are sometimes a bit tough to understand. I have visited some sites which have downloadable versions in ...
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Why casteism is based on birth rather than present Gunas & Karmas?

I've seen many Brahmins & Kshatriyas (called) behaving like Shudras (called). Being wallowed in material pleasures,cruelty,ignorance etc. On the other hand we find many Shudras behaving like ...
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Brahmanda Purana English translation

I am trying to find a proper English translation of Brahmanda Purana. I have seen one in archive.org. The translation is done by author Dr. G.V. Tagare. But it has omitted multiple verses saying ...
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What is the Yogic meaning of getting liberation by reaching Varanasi?

Varanasi which is also known by the name Kashi is one of the the most sacred place. It is also known as Avimukta which means which is never forsaken by Shiva. अविमुक्तं स्वयं लिङ्गं स्थापितं परमा...
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Is Hanuman going to be future Brahma?

I have read in multiple forums, which talks about Hanumana being rewarded as future Brahma. Can anyone point out, where exactly it is mentioned that he is going to be future Brahma?
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Why Lord Shiva is depicted as Lord of Time?

Kali Mata was named as Kaali because she is wife of Lord Shiva, who is said to be Lord of time. As He is Lord of time, few avatars or Amsas of Him are named after him such as KaalaBhairava. What is ...
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Do Shaivites believe in something greater than Sadashiva?

In this excerpt from the Vayaviya Samhita of the Shiva Purana, various time scales are described: Brahma's one day is equivalent to a kalpa. He is of unmanifest origin. A thousand kalpas make a ...
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What was the purpose of Vishnu's incarnation as Rama's ancestor Mandhata?

Most people only know about Vishnu's incarnation Rama, who was a king of the solar dynasty. But many generations before Rama, Vishnu incarnated as another solar dynasty king, known as Mandhata (AKA ...
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Does Karma (going from a higher life-form to a lower one) only apply to humans?

As most of you might know that in Hinduism, it is believed that you and every other living thing consist of two things one is "a soul" which is indestructible, true and reality. No harm can be done to ...
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Supreme Brahman in Hinduism

Here is What i understood after reading various stories from Puranas and Mahabharatha and theories of Creationism. Vishnu Purana states Vishnu is Supreme God or Supreme Brahman. Also I read ...
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What is the need of creation?

Questions How was the Universe created? and What is the source of creation according to Upanishads? talk about many aspects of creation. But my questions are: What is the need of creation? Why Brahma ...
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Where is Buddhism also considered a Valid Path in Hindu scriptures?

The Philosophy of Buddhism is directly refuted itself in Brahma Sutras. But refutation of Philosophy doesn't mean that the path is not Valid. For eg. Adi Shankaracharya also refuted the Philosophy ...
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Was Nandi really a bull?

The general belief about Nandi (related to Lord Shiva) is that he is a bull who is generally in human form but at times changes into the form of a bull. But after reading Shiva Purana, I feel that ...
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Were women cursed with menstruation?

I vaguely remember hearing that women were cursed with menstruation or probably I read it on this site itself in some comment that I'm unable to trace now. Were women cursed by any sage or god with ...
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Story of Purandara Indra

Every kalpa has 14 manvantaras and each manvantara has an Indra. Name of current Indra is Purandhara. Anybody knows, previous life of the current Indra Purandara? How exactly he became qualified to ...
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Was the story of adultery of Indra in the story of Ahalya a PRAKSHIPTA?

If Lord Indra is a "womaniser" as described as in the Puranic Literature, can anyone tell as to how many women fall prey to him? Only Ahalya's story occurs to me. So we have to closely examine the ...
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What are the valid and foolproof methods of determining whether a certain scripture is interpolated or not?

It is believed that certain Hindu Scriptures (specially portions of some of the Puranas) were interpolated on a date much after its original creation. Such interpolated texts are often used by small ...
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What is the purpose of tamasic purana if it leads to hell?

In padma purana it classifies some puranas as rajasic and tamasic, specifically it says tamasic puranas will lead to hell. I do not understand this verse, as it seems to contradict what I have known ...
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What scriptures mention Shiva's Dakshinamurthi form?

One of the most popular forms of Shiva worshipped in South India is the sage Dakshinamurthi, whose name literally means "the South-facing form". Dakshinamurthi is the subject of the famous ...
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
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Did Hindu scriptures predict Muhammad and/or Jesus?

There are some claims that ancient Hindu scriptures have mentioned Jesus Christ or the Prophet Muhammad. BBC - "Hinduism: Jesus in Hinduism" "Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in Hindu scriptures" at Islam101 ...
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What are some scientific facts described in Hindu scriptures? [closed]

Bṛhat samhita- chapter 35 (6th century CE) describes formation of rainbow. This was later proposed by Sir Issac Newton nearly after 11 centuries. The verse is as follow. सूर्यस्य विवधवर्णाः पवनेन ...
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Time travel in Hindu scripture

A text says that a king named Kakudmi time-traveled in a two-way trip (Earth ⇒ Brahmaloka and Brahmaloka ⇒ Earth). It also says that there is difference in frequency of times at different planes in ...
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Is each of the 18 Mahapurans related to a different Kalpa?

While researching for an answer I came across the reference of Padma Puran having been revealed in the Padma Kalpa which was the last day of the 50th year of Brahma. Currently we are in the Varah ...
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Which Purana talks about Sahasrakavacha, the past life of Karna?

Which Purana talks about Sahasrakavacha (one who has a thousand armors) - the purva janmam (past life) of Karna?
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Which Shastras are more authoritative,the Smritis(Dharma Shastras) or the Puranas?

In Hindu Dharma the Vedas,Upanishads,6 Vedangas,Smritis(or the Dharma Shastras),Puranas and the Itihasas(Ramayana and Mahabhartha) are usually together called the Shastras or Scriptures. Among them, ...
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When was Shiva a disciple of sage Angiras?

One of the most famous wars between the gods and the Asuras (demons) was the Tarakamaya war. The war was started when Chandra the moon god kidnapped Tara, wife of Brihaspati guru of the gods. (...
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Where are Madhvacharya's Puranic quotes describing the path to Moksha?

In verse 8.24 of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna says this: Those who know the Supreme Brahman attain that Supreme by passing away from the world during the influence of the fiery god, in the light, at an ...
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Remarriage in Sanātana Dharma

Marriage in Sanātana Dharma was or is never a personal matter instead it is a social matter and responsibility. We all know that, there is no concept of "divorce" in Hinduism. But somehow, our law ...
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Did lord Brahma commit incest with his daughter?

According to Shiva purana, "Brahma desired Sarasvati and went to her, asking her to stay with him. She, being his daughter, was furious at this and said, 'Your mouth speaks inauspiciously and so ...
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What is the power of Narayana Kavacha mantram?

What is the power of the Narayana Kavacha mantram that appears in the Bhagavatham? What is the meaning of this mantram and how do you get the benefits of the mantra?
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Why can Garuda Purana be read on specific days only?

Is there any reason behind the restriction that Garuda Purana should only be read during normal days (i.e., when there's no death in the family)? My elders told me that it should be only read on the ...
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What do our scriptures mention about Maharshi Kanad & Paramanu (atoms)?

What details do our scriptures mention about Maharshi Kanad and (his theory) on Paramanus or atoms?
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How does the names and events reoccur in different manvantara or Kalpa or different universes?

In Mahabharata Bhishm narrates the Vishnu Sahasranamam to Yudhishthir. Later he inquires about Lord Shiva; but Bhishm being incapable sends him to Lord Krishna. Bhishma in prolog to the Shiva ...
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Why is Lord Shiva called NilaLohita?

NilaLohita which means the Lord who is both Blue and Red. Nila means blue and Lohita means Red. NilaLohita is one of the popular name of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is called by the name NilaLohita itself ...
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What scriptures describe the story of Vishnu's general Vishvaksena?

It is well-known that Shiva's son Ganesha is the general of Shiva's army of Ganas. What's not as well-known, however, is that Vishnu also has an army, led by the god Vishvaksena. Vishvaksena plays ...
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Is Hinduism anti-foreigner?

The Sanskrit word ''mleccha'' is used to describe foreigners. In various Puranas we find verses anti-mleccha verses. One such example is from the Kalki Purana where Lord Kalki is predicted to kill ''...
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Reasons for attaining preta janma and how to get relieved

What are the reasons for attaining for preta janma [various are there] and how to get relieved from that? viz what are the prayaschittas to be done for that?
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How do the Vedas survive during the dissolution of the Universe?

Lord Shiva destroys the entire Universe when the Mahakalpa ends. Brahma too attains Moksha in that pralaya. Vedas in their personal form are also present in Brahmaloka along with Brahma. For eg. ...