Questions tagged [puranas]

Puranas (Sanskrit: पुराण) are ancient Hindu texts eulogizing various deities, primarily the divine Trimurti God in Hinduism through divine stories. Questions pertaining to the 18 mahapuranas can use this tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How many puranas are there and is there any full list mentioned in any of the scriptures

How many "puranas" are there? Are there any authentic full list of all the puranas (not just 18 mahapuranas) backed by some other puranas or scriptures?
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What scriptures describe the story of Vishnu's general, Vishvaksena?

It is well-known that Shiva's son Ganesha is the general of Shiva's army of Ganas. What's not as well-known, however, is that Vishnu also has an army, led by the god Vishvaksena. Vishvaksena plays ...
5
votes
4answers
564 views

Is Hinduism anti-foreigner?

The Sanskrit word ''mleccha'' is used to describe foreigners. In various Puranas we find verses anti-mleccha verses. One such example is from the Kalki Purana where Lord Kalki is predicted to kill ''...
4
votes
2answers
262 views

Reasons for attaining preta janma and how to get relieved

What are the reasons for attaining for preta janma [various are there] and how to get relieved from that? viz what are the prayaschittas to be done for that?
14
votes
4answers
1k views

How do the Vedas survive during the dissolution of the Universe?

Lord Shiva destroys the entire Universe when the Mahakalpa ends. Brahma too attains Moksha in that pralaya. Vedas in their personal form are also present in Brahmaloka along with Brahma. For eg. ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How is Mount Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva, described in Hindu scriptures?

Sacred Mount Kailash (कैलाश) is the abode of Lord Shiva. Shiva, who embodies the destroyer aspect of the trinity of God {Trimurti} is said to reside at Mt. Kailash. How is this Kailash mountain ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Why didn't Lord Shiva realize that he was beheading his own son?

As Lord Shiva is himself one of the Trimurti, he must be a त्रिकालज्ञ (trikālajña) i.e., knower of past, present and future. If he's a trikālajña, why didn't he know that he was going to behead his ...
14
votes
1answer
794 views

What scriptures describe the story of Rama visiting Vishnu in Vaikuntha?

Most people only know of occasions in which two different incarnations of Vishnu met, for instance the encounter between Rama and Parashurama in the Ramayana. What is not as well known, however, is ...
14
votes
0answers
836 views

What is the story of Yashoda's daughter fighting the rebirths of the demons Shumbha and Nishumbha?

As I discuss in this answer, the demons Shumbha and Nishumbha once defeated the gods and took over the three worlds. The gods went to Mount Kailash to ask Durga for help. After they said a prayer to ...
9
votes
1answer
418 views

Is there any ancient story in which individuals are born in the opposite sex in the rebirth?

Hindus believe in rebirth. We have several ancient stories on that. In many of our stories, if a male or a female dies, he or she takes rebirth in the same sex. Is there any story in our mythology in ...
5
votes
1answer
11k views

English translation of complete Garuda Purana

Where can I find English translation of complete Garuda Purana online? Related question: Complete English translations of Puranas
21
votes
2answers
4k views

How did Varaha's son Narakasura become evil?

One of Krishna's most famous deeds is his killing of the demon Narakasura, which is the inspiration of the holiday Deepavali. Narakasura was tormenting the gods and had even stolen the earrings of ...
13
votes
2answers
561 views

Was there a Rama Temple in Ayodhya?

Was there any Rama temple in Ayodhya? Also, was Ayodhya mentioned as a pilgrimage site in any of the Puranas?
12
votes
2answers
625 views

What scriptures other than Dharma Sindhu say sins are stored in hair?

This answer says sins are attached to hair and devotees tonsure their hair when they visit temples to get rid of sins. It says Dharma Sindhu mentions the verse. तीर्थोपवास कर्तव्य सिरसोमुन्दनानिच सि...
11
votes
2answers
7k views

Why did Sri Ramanuja refuse to hail Shiva? What was the need to prove that Vishnu is the one true God?

I was reading the history of Sri Ramanuja, the Vaishnava saint. Apparently, he was in hiding in fear of a Chola King. The Chola king was a worshiper of Shiva as opposed to Ramanuja who is a Vishnu ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the story of Devi Chhinamastika?

One of the Mahavidyas is named Chinnamastika/Chinnamasta devi , I want to know about her. What is her story of origin and why did she appear as one of the Mahavidyas?
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Which mantras should be recited to properly worship Lord Rudra?

Apart from Gayatri mantra ॐ तत्पुरुषाय विद्महे महादेवाय धीमहि तन्नो रुद्रः प्रचोदयात्॥ Om Tatpurushaya Vidmahe Mahadevaya Dhimahi Tanno Rudrah Prachodayat॥ and Rudram- Chamakam and Namakam. Are ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Who is sage Ganaka, the seer of so many mantras to Ganesha?

This excerpt from the Narada Purana describes a certain mantra called the Ganesha Nyasa, a hymn to Ganesha. Here's the preamble to that mantra: The matrikas of Ganesha have Ganaka as its sage, the ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is present Kalpa named as Sweta-Varaha Kalpa?

Sweta-Varaha as the name refers White-Boar. But the Varaha avatar of Lord Vishnu which lifted the earth from waters was of dark-blue complexion. Varaha avatar which killed Hiranyaksha was also dark ...
2
votes
0answers
854 views

What is the story of Vishnu's incarnation Dharma who “propagated Yagna”?

As I discuss in my question here, the Matsya Purana describes various incarnations that Vishnu has taken in the Vaivasvata Manvantara (i.e. the present Manvantara). In particular, here is what it ...
11
votes
0answers
3k views

What is the story of Vishnu's incarnation Hari, who rescued the elephant Gajendra?

One of the most famous stories of Vishnu is the Gajendra Moksham episode, described the Eighth Skanda of the Srimad Bhagavatam. For those who don't know, once a king named Indradyumna, who was a ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the differences among Rakshasas, Daityas, Danawas, Pisachas?

Puranas say that these species are born from different wives of Maharshi Kashyapa. Kashyapa + Danu = Danavas Kashyapa + Diti = Daityas Kashyapa + Krodhavasa = Pisachas In Hymn 87 of the tenth ...
4
votes
0answers
851 views

What's the difference between Veda, Purana, upanishad, Smritis, Granth?

All these were written by great sages. When one sage writes something great then how his creation is being categorized among them? Means, if he writes something then after completion, how is it ...
12
votes
6answers
3k views

Why can't sudras read vedas according to smritis?

It is a common belief that sudras can"t learn vedas from Hindu scriptures but according to vedas itself a shudra can learn vedas- Sukla Yajurveda (XXVI. 2). यथेमां वाचं कल्याणीमावदानि जनेभ्यः...
2
votes
0answers
361 views

How can Jamuna river be in India when shastras say otherwise?

This is what shastras/Purana's say about the Jamuna river- Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran, Pancham Skandha , Chapter 16, shlok 16-21: "In Mandarachal, A mango fell from a mango tree into a river changing ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it true that Lord Shiva's description is different in Vedas?

The description of Lord shiva is holder of Trishul and damaru, holder of pinaka bow, Ganga flowing from his head, having a moon on head, having snake in his neck,having 3 eyes,having body covered by ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Where is the mention of 'Chanting Rama three times is equal to chanting 1000 names of Vishnu'?

In the ending part of Vishnu Sahasranaam Stotra these verses are recited: पार्वत्युवाच : केनोपायेन लघुनां विष्णुर्नामसहस्रकम् । पठ्यते पंण्डितैर नित्यं श्रोतुमिच्छाम्यहं प्रभो ॥ 26 ॥ ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

What happened to the body of elephant whose head was attached to Lord Ganesha?

What happened to the body of elephant whose head was attached to Lord Ganesha and what is the name of the place where the head of Lord Ganesha fall?
10
votes
4answers
740 views

Are the Vedic Gods Prajapati and Brahma the same?

In early Vedic books, like Rig Veda (Hiryanyagarbha Sukta), Shatapata Brahmana, the verses of Atharva Veda and in Yajur Veda, Lord Prajapati is the creator.According to Shvetashvatara Upanishad and ...
9
votes
3answers
9k views

Was Krishna a non-vegetarian?

We know Sri Krishna was a Kshatriya. Besides He had weapons with Him which were used to hunt animals. Can we hence categorically state that he was a non-vegetarian? If so, why do we offer vegetarian ...
9
votes
1answer
313 views

Where do Vaishnava Scriptures declare Shiva as supreme god?

Some Shavaite scriptures declare Vishnu as supreme in some cases. Is there any mention of Shiva as supreme deity in Vaishnava scriptures?
9
votes
1answer
6k views

Difference between the Shiva Purana and the Linga Purana

Both the Shiva Purana and the Linga Purana are books on Lord Shiva. I have read Shiva Purana. Can somebody please explain what is extra or differently told in the Linga Purana? Also, if possible ...
7
votes
1answer
641 views

Are there any other Puranas that predict Adi Shanakaracharya besides the Bhavishya Purana?

Adi Shankaracharya is predicted in the Bhavisya Purana. What about the other Puranas? Do any other Puranas predict his birth and exploits or make mention of him?
7
votes
2answers
592 views

Is there a Hindu Scripture that prescribes monogamy?

Polygamy in Vedas Krishna Yajur Veda 6.5.1.4 therefore as one goes many follow; therefore one becomes superior among many; therefore one wins many wives Polygamy in Ithihas: Mahabharata Adi ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the meaning of five elements(Pancha Bhootas) in Hinduism?

Can anyone please explain to me the meaning of five elements -earth, water, air, fire, ether in context of hinduism? Ancient cultures like Greece had similar ideas about how everything is made up.....
10
votes
1answer
2k views

How did Nahusha marry Viraja, daughter of the Pitris?

Most people are only familiar with the lunar dynasty king Yayati, who was cursed with old age by Sukracharya (guru of the Asuras) and regained his youth by giving his old age to his youngest son Puru. ...
10
votes
5answers
10k views

Why does Vishnu have eight arms when Krishna and Arjuna go to see him?

Most people only know of occasions in which two different incarnations of Vishnu met, for instance the encounter of Rama and Parashurama as described in the Bala Kanda of the Ramayana. What is not as ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Who wrote or composed (put together) the Puranas?

I want to know who has written our Puranas? Where in our scriptures, is it mentioned about the author? Are the Puranas created and composed ('put together out of existing material') by the same person(...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Why did Vishnu's Sudarshana Chakra incarnate as Parashurama's enemy Kartavirya Arjuna?

Most people only know about Kartavirya Arjuna as the thousand-armed king who was the villain of the story of Vishnu's incarnation Parashurama. Kartavirya Arjuna stole the divine cow Kamadhenu from ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Where can I read English/Hindi version of Mudgala Purana?

I want the English/Hindi translation of Mudgala Purana. Where can I find this?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Scriptural basis for Uddhava-Gita's conversation on “Why Krishna didn't stop the dice game?” [duplicate]

As per this blog post and this Facebook post, the following is a conversation that took place between Uddhava and Sri Krishna in the Uddhava Gita. Is there any truth to this story/conversation? Is it ...
5
votes
1answer
872 views

Who is superior? Shiva or Vishnu or Brahma? [closed]

Vaishnavism people claim that Lord Vishnu is Superior where as Saivism people claim that Lord Shiva is. These people have proof of their puranas which backs-up their claims. Is there any strong ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why Divine Mother's (Kali) tongue is out of mouth?

Why always it is seen Maa Kali's tongue out side from mouth ?
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is Lord Ganesha depicted with a snake around his belly?

Lord Ganesha is always seen with a snake wrapped around his big fat belly.According to the Ganesha Purana,the serpent Vasuki is wrapped around his neck. Other depictions of snakes include use as a ...
3
votes
1answer
276 views

References to the Kaumari form of Devi

Kaumari is considered as one of the Sapta Matrikas (7 forms of Divine Mother). She is also associated with the Kanya Kumari form of Devi. The references to the Kaumari form of Devi are found in - ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

What do we know about the future Mahayugas?

Background: The four Yugas (Satya, Treta, Dwapara, and Kali) together make up one Mahayuga. 1000 Mahayugas make up one Kalpa, which is one day in the life of Brahma. After the Kalpa is over Brahma ...
10
votes
1answer
936 views

What scriptures describe Vyasa's son Shuka creating a duplicate of himself?

It's well-known that the Mahabharata and the Srimad Bhagavatam have apparent discrepancies in regard to Vyasa's son Shuka. In particular, this chapter of the Shanti Parva of the Mahabharata describes ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are there different classes of पुराणs (Puranas)?

The Padma Purana mentions that the eighteen Puranas are divided into three groups of six: Sattvika, Rajasika, and Tamasika. Why do the Rajasika and Tamasika Puranas exist at all? Does the Padma Purana ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Why Maharishi Bhrigu was so powerful?

I have read that maharishi Bhrigu was choosing which diety to invite to their maha-yagna and he was testing the tri-murties (Shiva,Vishnu, Brahma ). During his test he was disappointed with Shiva and ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Do we have any record of events in any previous Kaliyuga?

We know that at the end of every Dwapara yuga, Vyasa compiles the events of the yugas into various puranas. These puranas sometimes contains stories and other details about Kritayuga, Dwapara Yuga and ...