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Questions tagged [sankhya]

Questions that deals with Shankhya or Shamkhya (Sanskrit : सांख्य), one of the six darshan/philosophy founded by sage Kapila.

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On the nature of the soul - ability to create, fade, disappear, or still

Nature of the soul: Perishable, Uniqueness, etc. In Indian philosophy, there are multiple schools of philosophy including - Advaita, ShuddhaAdvaita (Vedantic), Sankhya, Yoga, Madhyamaka, Jaina, etc. ...
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Is the story of the liberation of a Pisacha mentioned in the Samkhya Sutra found in Mahabharata?

In the Samkhya Sutra, the fourth chapter (Akhyayika) mentions many stories to convey the message of Sankhya philosophy. One such story is the story of a Pisacha (goblin). पिशाचवदन्यार्थोपदेशेऽपि ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
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30 views

Philosophy of sankhya

If Purusa and Prakiti are two completely independent realities, then no relation between the two is possible. How does sankara criticise sankhya?
George carlin's user avatar
1 vote
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52 views

What is the concept of male and female in Hinduism?

Male and female gender exists not only in humans (and animals) but almost everything. Even devtas (like Varun, Indra etc) and "inanimate" objects (eg-river) have gender. What is the basic ...
river's user avatar
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Is Sāṅkhya philosophy compatible with Advaita Vedānta?

I think Advaita Vedānta holds that all of us are the same Self. (Advaita= Non-Dual) But I think Sāṅkhya philosphy holds that all of us have different Self . (Correct me if I am wrong) Are both of them ...
river's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
65 views

What are the verses that accept the authority of the Vedas in Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya and Yoga Sutras?

Out of six orthodox Hindu Philosophical schools, Vedanta and Mimamsa directly philosophize the Gyanakanda and Karmakanda of the Vedas. The other four schools (Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya and Yoga) ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Sankhya vs Advaitha

Can anyone please list out most common misconceptions between them? Are they same? View on division of parbrahamn? View on aatma? Which is the right one according to the Gita?
Aveer's user avatar
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68 views

What are the methods of right knowledge (Pramana) according to different schools of Hindu Philosophies?

For example, Samkhya admits perception, inference and Shabda (verbal testimony) as valid proofs. However, this is not universal in all schools. The accepted Pramanas vary between different schools. I ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
92 views

Is there any commentary on principal Upanishads following the Samkhya doctrine?

I know that writing commentaries on Upanishads are the job of Vedantins. However, I personally feel Upanishads can be elegantly explained by the Samkhya doctrine. Just wondering whether some Samkhya ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
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Does the concept of liberation differ among six orthodox Hindu philosophical schools? [duplicate]

The six schools of Hindu philosophy have many differences. As far as I know, a soul is an atom according to the Nyaya-Vaisheshika school. According to Samkhya, there are many souls, and they are pure ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
149 views

What is the Sankhya view on creation?

Why was the cosmic delusion created? Why does it exist? Why was parabrahma partitioned into nature and man?
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117 views

Relation between Modern Physics and Hinduism

I have been reading Parahamansa Yogananda's book for some time and I have noticed some relation between String theory, modern physics and Spirituality (sankhya yoga). We say in Sankhya yoga that we ...
Aveer's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
177 views

How many aatmas (souls) are there?

What is the number of aatmas are there ? What is the exact number ? What does Sankhya philosophy say about it ?
river's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How the balance of Trigunas were determined for the first birth?

If the inclinations of the previous birth or actions cause the balance of Sattva, Tamas and Rajas Gunas, then how was the first birth's balance determined? Pure chance? So do all possible copies of ...
Aveer's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
134 views

When the soul does Dharma or Karma, does the intellect rise or the consciousness level?

It is given that the soul is ever still, non moving, constant and the same eternal every time. SO when the soul does dharma or karmas to uplift consciousness, does the human intellect rise or the ...
Aveer's user avatar
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Does the soul have thinking power?

Does the soul have thinking power? Or all the experiences are stored as latent memory that later builds karmic tendencies, the phase transition point for them being Self Realization?
Aveer's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
187 views

Is the era of Vedas over ? Are revelations in Vedas complete?

Indra is the main God of Vedas but he is not worshiped anymore . Krishna stopped his worship . Now the main gods of Hinduism have changed . Are the revelations made in Vedas valid anymore ? Perhaps ...
river's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
910 views

Can an unmarried man get Moksha or even heaven?

Most Rishis were married . Only Rishi that I know who was unmarried was Maharishi Kapila ( founder of Sankhya Yog) Suka ( Veda Vyas's son) initially decided to remain unmarried but he too eventually ...
river's user avatar
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2 votes
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The Pancha Mahabhuta And Gross Universe

We say that the entire universe is made up of five elements. My question is that apart from the five gross elements of (fire, water etc.) if we take any other thing eg. Phosphorus, ethanol etc. what ...
YashT's user avatar
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What happens to our Philosophies if "Karma" is rejected?

What Happens to our philosophy if the concept of "Karma" is rejected? What will be its effect on ADvaita, Visistadvaita, Dvaita, Bheda-Abheda? What will be its effect on Nyaya, Yoga, Sankhya?...
Talk is Cheap Show me Code's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are the main philosophical differences between Yoga and Samkhya Darshanas?

Samkhya and Yoga are one of the six Astika Darshanas of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Nyaya, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Vaisheshika). Both Darshanas are said to very closely related. ...
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3 votes
0 answers
124 views

Do any Puranas or Itihasas explicitly state that Vishnu incarnated as Kapila to delude the masses?

Various Puranas and Itihasas explicitly mention Vishnu incarnating as Buddha to teach an anti-Vedic doctrine in order to deceive certain Asuras from their righteous path. Kapila, the founder of the ...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
238 views

Do we have any segment or fraction of Shashti Tantra surviving today?

Recently while researching on tradition of Sankhya from some articles and research papers [1][2], I have concluded that possible Guru-Shihya parampara would be Kapila > Asuri > Panchashikha > ...
Pandya's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
691 views

What is the difference between Sāṅkhya Sutras and Sāṅkhya Pravachana Sutras?

Among the six Darshana Sutras, Sāṅkhya can be said to be oldest one which is written by Kapila. Most of people read or refer Sāṅkhya Karika to study Sāṅkhya philosophy probably because it is the ...
Pandya's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
109 views

Influence of Samkhya on other darshanas

Can I say Sankhya as the oldest hindu philosophy has influenced all the other darshanas like Vedanta? That implies all astika darshanas are derivative from Sankhya, not necessarily conflicting or ...
bmelo's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
339 views

Are there verses from scriptures which list 24 tattvas according to Sankhya Darshana?

As we have seen previously that Hinduism believes in the field-fielder (Kshetra–Kshetragna) theory. Prakruti is the field and Purusha is its fielder. Similarly, body is a field (kshetra) and the soul ...
Samvit Mahashay's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
417 views

How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
The Crimson Universe's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Does the Samkhya Darshana describe 24 tattva belonging only to human state or to all other conscious states?

What would be the Tattva for the Sun or moon or say any star? If I was tree in the previous birth then from where the liking of the certain taste, things etc emerged in my childhood? If tanmatras are ...
Sachin Jain's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
437 views

Which schools of Indian philosophy consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (authorless) and which don't?

Are Vedānta and Mīmāṃsā the only schools that believe the Vedas to be apauruṣeya? Are there any other schools? And those that didn't believe this, did they agree with each other on the human ...
Say No To Censorship's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
807 views

Please help me understand the below passage from Rig veda

I found the passage on Wikipedia page of Samkhya(sankhya) Philosophy. Seven to the one-wheeled chariot yoke the Courser; bearing seven names the single Courser draws it. Three-naved the ...
yashC's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is Purusha = Jeeva Atma as per Samkhya?

What exactly is Purusha as per samkhya philosophy? Since samkhya doesn't speak of God or a supreme creator being, then could this purusha be our soul, aka the self, aka jeeva-atma which is full of ...
The Crimson Universe's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
838 views

What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
89 views

How to assess the value of the teaching of Samkhya Karika?

Isvara KRshna's Samkhya Karika announces in Karika 1 a solution to human duHka. Karika 2 characterizes the solution as "the right cognition of the manifest, unmanifest and the knower". The ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
281 views

What is the view of Vedanta sect on yoga and sankhya?

I have heard that in the vedanta sutras there is some criticism about yoga and sankhya sects. However in geeta we find that yoga is the main.subject and there are also chapters like sankhya yoga. ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
314 views

Do the Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini and the Samkhya Sutras of Kapila explicity reject the existence of a creator?

As some of you must be knowing, Hindu philosophy comprises of six schools of thought: Vedanta Mimamsa Samkhya Nyaya Vaisheshika Yoga Of these, the Mimamsa and Samkhya schools are considered ...
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10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why does Sankhya consider Prakriti as the root cause?

Are there any arguments provided by Sankhya school to hold Prakriti (Mula Prakriti or Pradhana), and not other things like atoms or consciousness, as the root cause of the universe? Maybe somewhere in ...
SMJoe's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
103 views

Why do some people see Sankhya as the highest truth?

Some people believe Sankhya to be the highest truth. They neglect Advaita. What are their main points for believing like this? Isn't it generally understood and accepted that Advaita is the highest ...
user13627's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
254 views

Do Sankhya and Yoga differ on number of Purushas?

Does the Yoga system, unlike the Sankhya, admit to only one purusa?
Deven's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
223 views

How does Vijnanabhiksu accept Samkhya despite being a theist?

It is said the Samkhya school outrightly rejects the existence of God and considered by many, an atheistic school. However, the sixteenth century Vaishnavite scholar Vijnanabhiksu accepted Samkhya to ...
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5 votes
2 answers
772 views

How Yoga and Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy are related?

How Yoga and Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy are related? I know that Samkhya and Yoga schools are closely related. But I can not understand one thing. Samkhya is an atheistic school, whereas Yoga ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
292 views

Can somebody explain the Samkhya theory of creation in a clear and concise manner?

Can somebody explain the Samkhya theory of creation in a clear and concise manner? It is crucial because Vedantins also later adopted this view on creation. So this is arguably the standard Hindu ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
284 views

In which verse number of Gita, Krishna tells about sankhya yoga?

In which verse number of Gita, Krishna tells about sankhya yoga? Especially verse number of any verse in which He tells that He is sankhya yoga among all yogas, or if in any verse he praises sankhya ...
zaxebo1's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
535 views

What is the meaning of Samkhya? [duplicate]

Lord Krishna in Chapter 2 of Bhagavad Gita exposits Samkhya Yoga to Arjuna. Was he propagating Samkhya philosophy which is dry & devoid of any belief in God? If not, what is the meaning of ...
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Who is Āsuri Brāhmaṇa and why did Lord Kapila exposit sāṅkhya to the same?

Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam says here (quoted below) pañcamaḥ kapilo nāma siddheśaḥ kāla-viplutam provācāsuraye sāṅkhyaṁ tattva-grāma-vinirṇayam that is, Lord Kapila, foremost among perfected ...
DirghaChintayanti's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
225 views

Did the Vaisheshika school believe Yogis can see atoms?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
226 views

What is the story of Indra putting everyone to sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
137 views

What is the story of the Asura Dhanvi attaining the position of Indra?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
1k views

What is the story of Kubera being cursed to turn into an elephant?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
200 views

Did any Samkhya philosophers believe in a different Prakriti for each Purusha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What commentaries on the Samkhya Karika are available in English?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar