Questions tagged [sankhya]

Questions that deals with Shankhya or Shamkhya (Sanskrit : सांख्य), one of the six darshan/philosophy founded by sage Kapila.

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Sankhya vs Advaitha

Can anyone please list out most common misconceptions between them? Are they same? View on division of parbrahamn? View on aatma? Which is the right one according to the Gita?
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What are the methods of right knowledge (Pramana) according to different schools of Hindu Philosophies?

For example, Samkhya admits perception, inference and Shabda (verbal testimony) as valid proofs. However, this is not universal in all schools. The accepted Pramanas vary between different schools. I ...
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1 vote
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Is there any commentary on principal Upanishads following the Samkhya doctrine?

I know that writing commentaries on Upanishads are the job of Vedantins. However, I personally feel Upanishads can be elegantly explained by the Samkhya doctrine. Just wondering whether some Samkhya ...
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3 votes
0 answers
52 views

Does the concept of liberation differ among six orthodox Hindu philosophical schools? [duplicate]

The six schools of Hindu philosophy have many differences. As far as I know, a soul is an atom according to the Nyaya-Vaisheshika school. According to Samkhya, there are many souls, and they are pure ...
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3 votes
2 answers
133 views

What is the Sankhya view on creation?

Why was the cosmic delusion created? Why does it exist? Why was parabrahma partitioned into nature and man?
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Relation between Modern Physics and Hinduism

I have been reading Parahamansa Yogananda's book for some time and I have noticed some relation between String theory, modern physics and Spirituality (sankhya yoga). We say in Sankhya yoga that we ...
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4 votes
2 answers
111 views

How many aatmas (souls) are there?

What is the number of aatmas are there ? What is the exact number ? What does Sankhya philosophy say about it ?
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3 votes
1 answer
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How the balance of Trigunas were determined for the first birth?

If the inclinations of the previous birth or actions cause the balance of Sattva, Tamas and Rajas Gunas, then how was the first birth's balance determined? Pure chance? So do all possible copies of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
113 views

When the soul does Dharma or Karma, does the intellect rise or the consciousness level?

It is given that the soul is ever still, non moving, constant and the same eternal every time. SO when the soul does dharma or karmas to uplift consciousness, does the human intellect rise or the ...
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  • 137
0 votes
0 answers
72 views

Does the soul have thinking power?

Does the soul have thinking power? Or all the experiences are stored as latent memory that later builds karmic tendencies, the phase transition point for them being Self Realization?
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Is the era of Vedas over ? Are revelations in Vedas complete?

Indra is the main God of Vedas but he is not worshiped anymore . Krishna stopped his worship . Now the main gods of Hinduism have changed . Are the revelations made in Vedas valid anymore ? Perhaps ...
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Can an unmarried man get Moksha or even heaven?

Most Rishis were married . Only Rishi that I know who was unmarried was Maharishi Kapila ( founder of Sankhya Yog) Suka ( Veda Vyas's son) initially decided to remain unmarried but he too eventually ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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The Pancha Mahabhuta And Gross Universe

We say that the entire universe is made up of five elements. My question is that apart from the five gross elements of (fire, water etc.) if we take any other thing eg. Phosphorus, ethanol etc. what ...
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What happens to our Philosophies if "Karma" is rejected?

What Happens to our philosophy if the concept of "Karma" is rejected? What will be its effect on ADvaita, Visistadvaita, Dvaita, Bheda-Abheda? What will be its effect on Nyaya, Yoga, Sankhya?...
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4 votes
1 answer
419 views

What are the main philosophical differences between Yoga and Samkhya Darshanas?

Samkhya and Yoga are one of the six Astika Darshanas of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Nyaya, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Vaisheshika). Both Darshanas are said to very closely related. ...
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3 votes
0 answers
93 views

Do any Puranas or Itihasas explicitly state that Vishnu incarnated as Kapila to delude the masses?

Various Puranas and Itihasas explicitly mention Vishnu incarnating as Buddha to teach an anti-Vedic doctrine in order to deceive certain Asuras from their righteous path. Kapila, the founder of the ...
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6 votes
0 answers
142 views

Do we have any segment or fraction of Shashti Tantra surviving today?

Recently while researching on tradition of Sankhya from some articles and research papers [1][2], I have concluded that possible Guru-Shihya parampara would be Kapila > Asuri > Panchashikha > ...
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4 votes
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What is the difference between Sāṅkhya Sutras and Sāṅkhya Pravachana Sutras?

Among the six Darshana Sutras, Sāṅkhya can be said to be oldest one which is written by Kapila. Most of people read or refer Sāṅkhya Karika to study Sāṅkhya philosophy probably because it is the ...
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4 votes
0 answers
101 views

Influence of Samkhya on other darshanas

Can I say Sankhya as the oldest hindu philosophy has influenced all the other darshanas like Vedanta? That implies all astika darshanas are derivative from Sankhya, not necessarily conflicting or ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Are there verses from scriptures which list 24 tattvas according to Sankhya Darshana?

As we have seen previously that Hinduism believes in the field-fielder (Kshetra–Kshetragna) theory. Prakruti is the field and Purusha is its fielder. Similarly, body is a field (kshetra) and the soul ...
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4 votes
3 answers
265 views

How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
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1 vote
0 answers
48 views

Does the Samkhya Darshana describe 24 tattva belonging only to human state or to all other conscious states?

What would be the Tattva for the Sun or moon or say any star? If I was tree in the previous birth then from where the liking of the certain taste, things etc emerged in my childhood? If tanmatras are ...
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4 votes
1 answer
341 views

Which schools of Indian philosophy consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (authorless) and which don't?

Are Vedānta and Mīmāṃsā the only schools that believe the Vedas to be apauruṣeya? Are there any other schools? And those that didn't believe this, did they agree with each other on the human ...
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6 votes
2 answers
549 views

Please help me understand the below passage from Rig veda

I found the passage on Wikipedia page of Samkhya(sankhya) Philosophy. Seven to the one-wheeled chariot yoke the Courser; bearing seven names the single Courser draws it. Three-naved the ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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Is Purusha = Jeeva Atma as per Samkhya?

What exactly is Purusha as per samkhya philosophy? Since samkhya doesn't speak of God or a supreme creator being, then could this purusha be our soul, aka the self, aka jeeva-atma which is full of ...
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4 votes
0 answers
577 views

What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
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0 votes
0 answers
86 views

How to assess the value of the teaching of Samkhya Karika?

Isvara KRshna's Samkhya Karika announces in Karika 1 a solution to human duHka. Karika 2 characterizes the solution as "the right cognition of the manifest, unmanifest and the knower". The ...
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4 votes
1 answer
228 views

What is the view of Vedanta sect on yoga and sankhya?

I have heard that in the vedanta sutras there is some criticism about yoga and sankhya sects. However in geeta we find that yoga is the main.subject and there are also chapters like sankhya yoga. ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Do the Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini and the Samkhya Sutras of Kapila explicity reject the existence of a creator?

As some of you must be knowing, Hindu philosophy comprises of six schools of thought: Vedanta Mimamsa Samkhya Nyaya Vaisheshika Yoga Of these, the Mimamsa and Samkhya schools are considered ...
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9 votes
2 answers
753 views

Why does Sankhya consider Prakriti as the root cause?

Are there any arguments provided by Sankhya school to hold Prakriti (Mula Prakriti or Pradhana), and not other things like atoms or consciousness, as the root cause of the universe? Maybe somewhere in ...
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4 votes
0 answers
97 views

Why do some people see Sankhya as the highest truth?

Some people believe Sankhya to be the highest truth. They neglect Advaita. What are their main points for believing like this? Isn't it generally understood and accepted that Advaita is the highest ...
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7 votes
1 answer
227 views

Do Sankhya and Yoga differ on number of Purushas?

Does the Yoga system, unlike the Sankhya, admit to only one purusa?
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3 votes
1 answer
138 views

How does Vijnanabhiksu accept Samkhya despite being a theist?

It is said the Samkhya school outrightly rejects the existence of God and considered by many, an atheistic school. However, the sixteenth century Vaishnavite scholar Vijnanabhiksu accepted Samkhya to ...
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5 votes
2 answers
669 views

How Yoga and Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy are related?

How Yoga and Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy are related? I know that Samkhya and Yoga schools are closely related. But I can not understand one thing. Samkhya is an atheistic school, whereas Yoga ...
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3 votes
1 answer
236 views

Can somebody explain the Samkhya theory of creation in a clear and concise manner?

Can somebody explain the Samkhya theory of creation in a clear and concise manner? It is crucial because Vedantins also later adopted this view on creation. So this is arguably the standard Hindu ...
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4 votes
2 answers
237 views

In which verse number of Gita, Krishna tells about sankhya yoga?

In which verse number of Gita, Krishna tells about sankhya yoga? Especially verse number of any verse in which He tells that He is sankhya yoga among all yogas, or if in any verse he praises sankhya ...
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1 vote
1 answer
480 views

What is the meaning of Samkhya? [duplicate]

Lord Krishna in Chapter 2 of Bhagavad Gita exposits Samkhya Yoga to Arjuna. Was he propagating Samkhya philosophy which is dry & devoid of any belief in God? If not, what is the meaning of ...
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4 votes
2 answers
950 views

Who is Āsuri Brāhmaṇa and why did Lord Kapila exposit sāṅkhya to the same?

Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam says here (quoted below) pañcamaḥ kapilo nāma siddheśaḥ kāla-viplutam provācāsuraye sāṅkhyaṁ tattva-grāma-vinirṇayam that is, Lord Kapila, foremost among perfected ...
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3 votes
1 answer
180 views

Did the Vaisheshika school believe Yogis can see atoms?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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5 votes
0 answers
148 views

What is the story of Indra putting everyone to sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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5 votes
0 answers
128 views

What is the story of the Asura Dhanvi attaining the position of Indra?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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6 votes
0 answers
1k views

What is the story of Kubera being cursed to turn into an elephant?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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4 votes
1 answer
149 views

Did any Samkhya philosophers believe in a different Prakriti for each Purusha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What commentaries on the Samkhya Karika are available in English?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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3 votes
1 answer
242 views

What is the Guru Parampara of the Samkhya philosopher Ishwara Krishna?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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5 votes
1 answer
669 views

What scriptures describe sage Vamadeva attaining Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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5 votes
1 answer
309 views

Who is the Rishi who cut off his own hands for stealing?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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2 votes
1 answer
200 views

What scriptures describe the story of the frog princess?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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9 votes
2 answers
1k views

What scriptures describe swans separating milk from water?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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6 votes
1 answer
402 views

What is the story of the Pishacha who overheard the Bhagavad Gita?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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