Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

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3
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1answer
99 views

Who is it possible that gita is written in classical sanskrit and not in vedic sanskrit?

The Baudhāyana sūtras are a group of Vedic Sanskrit texts which cover dharma, daily ritual, mathematics, etc. They belong to the Taittiriya branch of the Krishna Yajurveda school and are among the ...
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Why do people divide the great Sanskrit language into Vedic Sanskrit and Classical sanskrit?

Is the language of Vedic era Sanskrit, different from the Classical era Sanskrit? I have heard, read and listened at almost all the forums regarding this prevalence of difference. Some of the people ...
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1answer
64 views

Is it Dhruva padam or Dhruta padam in Dhyanam before Rudram?

I've seen two versions of dhyanam before Rudram (Namakam). āpātāḷa-nabhaḥsthalānta-bhuvana-brahmāṇḍa-māvisphurat- jyotiḥ sphāṭika-liṅga-mauḷi-vilasat-pūrṇendu-vāntāmṛtaiḥ | astokāpluta-meka-mīśa-...
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Why we put 'a' after each Hindu name?

For example: Yog becomes Yog'a' or Krishn -> Krishna; same way Ram -> Rama
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1answer
47 views

Sanskrit's correct reading details

I am sorry for maybe so basic question, but I do not have alive teacher to consult. My question is if this र reads as "ra", then this रा, reads as "rā", and if this म reads as &...
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What is the meaning of “bhīma-karmā vṛkodaraḥ” in Gita 1.15?

In Gita 1.15 Bhīma is called "bhīma-karmā vṛkodaraḥ", or something along the lines of "tremendous-deeds wolf-bellied". Are there any particular stories about Bhima's tremendous ...
4
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1answer
170 views

Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the meaning of “abhyahanyanta” in Gita 1.13?

Here's sloka 1.13 of the Gita: tatah sankhas ca bheryas ca panavanaka-gomukhah sahasaivabhyahanyanta sa sabdas tumulo 'bhavat Gita as it is translates it thus: After that, the conchshells, bugles, ...
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What is this special character? [closed]

In some youtube sites I can find this word in Sanskrit: नॉनस्टॉप, which reads as "nonstop", but when I learned to read Sanskrit, the teacher (I got couple of them) did not mention the second ...
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Pronunciation of diphthongs ऐ and औ in sanskrit

I've just started studying Sanskrit with Charles Wikners 'A Practical Sanskrit Introductory' and have questions on the pronunciation of ऐ and औ. For the ऐ he writes: The ai sound arises when e is ...
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Vardhanti - Birth Anniversary or Death Anniversary or Both?

Vardhanti - Birth Anniversary or Death Anniversary or Both? In Telugu Language, Vardhanti will be called/termed only for Death Anniversary Recently I came to know that in Kannada - Vardhanti will be ...
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1answer
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Historically, did the sanskrit varnamala contain two 'la' vyanjan varnas?

Historically, did the sanskrit varnamala contain two 'la' vyanjan varnas? It seems there was one in the 'ya' varga and another one in the 'sha' varga. Current texts on sanskrit or hindi grammar and ...
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1answer
132 views

What is the authentic Nishpatthi (Etymology) of Samadhi?

According to Wikipedia, Various interpretations for the term's etymology are possible: sam, "together"; a, "toward"; stem of dadhati, "puts, places": "a putting or joining together;" sam, ...
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475 views

Is Hanuman really 'Hanumat' in Sanskrit Ramayana?

Bibek Debroy says in his Ramayana translation, 'Hanumat is a case in point, where Hanuman seemed to be too contrary to grammatical principles'. What grammatical principle is that? Is it really ...
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1answer
192 views

Which yuga did Panini live in?

Which Yuga did the sanskrit grammarian Panini live in according to Hindu tradition?
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In Lingashtakam, does “Sanchit Paap” refer to “Sanchita Karma” or are these two separate concepts?

In this verse of Lingashtakam, कुङ्कुमचन्दनलेपितलिङ्गं पङ्कजहारसुशोभितलिङ्गम् । सञ्चितपापविनाशनलिङ्गं तत् प्रणमामि सदाशिवलिङ्गम् ॥५॥ What does "Sanchita Paap" refer to? Is it the same as ...
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Sanskrit examples of Ghanapatha recitation?

How exactly does Ghanapatha work and can someone point me to examples? I have heard that Ghanapatha is a very useful way of preserving information by combining phrases in different permutations. For ...
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79 views

Does the Bhagavata Purana ignore Sanskrit grammar?

The Bhagavata Purana is one of the most celebrated Puranas in the Indian tradition, with extensive commentaries from various Acharyas across the centuries. Being a popular scripture, it has inspired ...
3
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1answer
66 views

What is the right English word that can explain “ Dharma” [closed]

I'm currently working on a spiritual book. I want to know the exact replacement for the word 'dharma'. I know dharma refers to righteous Order. But I just can't find the exact feel of dharma in any ...
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Who composed Chandrashekara Ashtakam? And what is its accurate verbatim meaning?

I want to know who composed this ashtakam and where to find its precise meaning. Not a mere latu sensu translation but a verbatim one with genuine original Sanskrit even polysemic restrictively ...
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Interpolations in puranas according to Bhusunda

There is a great conversation between Bhusunda and Vasistha in the scripture Yoga Vasistha. In that conversation, there is a verse about Puranas, which has been told by Bhusunda. The verse is as ...
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The Mysterious Origin of the Divine Sanskrit Language

Sanskrit has been termed as "Language of the Gods". Its versatility and power have even been extolled by the modern scholars of linguistics. Sri Panini helped to codify the classical form of ...
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Please translate Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10 [closed]

Namaste. Could someone translate this: tasmād etad brahma nāma-rūpam annaṁ ca jāyate [Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10] , please.
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Is Kuvera Rākṣasendra? Where is Rākṣasendra mentioned in the Mahābhārata? What is the source [Ann.111]?

Source: https://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/rakshasendra. It says it means Rāvaṇa (I find this unlikely), or Kuvera (which would bring about more questions, but will also answer a few). Where in the ...
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55 views

Why are all the names of Kubera so dark?

So I was examining the names of Kubera in an attempt to answer the question, "Who is the supreme deity, Yakṣa form." Then, I realized literally all of Kubera's names have dark associations ...
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1answer
113 views

definition of ākāśa in Sanskrit. Does ākāśa mean śūnya? [closed]

I'd like to know that in Sanskrit or in Sanskrit dictionary if "ākāśa" have the meaning of "śūnya",nothing or void or zero? Some Buddhist claim that ākāśa mean śūnya. Therefore ...
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5answers
304 views

Verse Describing Potential of Soul and Human Body in Sanskrit?

Is there Any song, shloka, mantra, stotra in Sanskrit, Tell Us About the Powers of our Soul, Greatness of it. Tell Us About Our Potential, Powers of this human body, the amazing abilities of soul, ...
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Is there any scriptural precedent for praying in the second person (using “you”)? Is this from outside Hinduism?

In modern times, when people pray, they do it overwhelmingly in the second person. In scriptures, however, the third person (or no person) is overwhelmingly the person the prayers are in, and I have ...
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3answers
388 views

What is meaning of the word Mimamsa etymologically?

I am aware that Mimamsa is about philosophy and means critical reflection.But I am interested in the actual etymology of the word so please stick to that point.
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Is there any mention of practice of writings during Ramayana or Mahabharata?

Did people use to write down things in Sanskrit or Prakrit during Ramayana or Mahabharata period? Had the concept of written language been invented?
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Is Khubja a wife of lord Krishna?

Consider the following story about Kubja(Trivakra), whose previous life is Surpanakha, from the scripture Garga Samhita. Shri Bahulashva said: What severe austerities did the maidservant Kubja ...
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1answer
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What is the role of pronunciation superiority while chanting Ramraksha or Atharvashirsha?

What role does superiority in pronunciation play in case of getting benefits of chanting Ramraksha or Atharvashirsha? If some pronunciations (say 30-40%) get mispronounced due to Sanskrit language ...
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1answer
48 views

Difference between jiv, jiva, jivo [closed]

Many places in Sanskrit Slokas you see the three words - Jiv, jivo, jiva (जीव, जीवो, .. ) What does the three words mean? How does the suffix make a difference in their meaning?
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1answer
56 views

Are there any deity names that end in -us/ur or -is/ir

See this for reference: https://ubcsanskrit.ca/lesson9/nouns-as-is-us.html I've never com across any and I find it weird.
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Pure sanskrit grammatical literal meaning of “ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम्”

ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम् । -1/1/5 Brahma Sutra Can somebody please grammatically split this phrase into different Sanskrit words that it is composed of and give the meaning of each word either in Hindi or ...
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2answers
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Raghuvamsha - Meaning of Kakapakshadhara

In Raghuvamsha Maha-kavya, chapter 11, stanza 1, why is Lord Rama referred to as Kakapakshadhara? What does it mean?
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3answers
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Is maya connected to the notion of love?

'Maya' as used in the Bengali language, in ordinary usage, as 'affection'. Is it connected to the philosophic notion of Maya ie delusion/illusion. In the Bengali dictionary I looked at there were ...
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1answer
685 views

What is the meaning of “shantam papam”

I have heard this phrase a number of times. Also have heard this in the Indian historical drama viz. Bharat Ek Khoj, wherein Dushyant wasn't able to recollect about Shakuntala, and Shakuntala claimed ...
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2answers
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How to gain mental strength?

Any Mantras, Shlokas, Stotras related to gain mental strength, overcome mental disorders. Which God is related to mind, related to these mental aspects like mental strength, mind related disorders. ...
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1answer
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Can anyone share the complete pdf of bramhanda purana. i've came across many websites but it doesn't contain the full brahanda purana

Can anyone share the complete PDF of bramhanda Purana in Sanskrit or Telugu. I've came across many websites but they doesn't contain the full bramhanda Purana with Bandasura vada story.i want to read ...
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What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and brāhmaṇa/brahmin (ब्राह्मण)?

In Sanskrit there's brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण), which is a term used for people, and para-brahman (परब्रह्मन्), which is a term used for gods. What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and ...
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Is it possible to read and understand Vedas without guru?

As per my knowledge there are four Vedas and Upanishads are the gist of Vedas and the different Vedanta schools of thought are commentary on Vedas. Is it possible to understand Vedas without the help ...
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3answers
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If Sanskrit is derived from Vedic mantras then how were the Gods communicating before?

It is said that the language sanskrit is derived from Vedas, i.e. mantras were first revealed to Rishis in deep meditation and then Sanskrit language came from it. But we also know that Sanskrit is ...
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Does the word Shiva have different meanings and interpretation in different texts?

Upon reading the insightful answer What is the meaning of the word Shiva I was both enlightened as well as perplexed. In the answers, various references to different texts give different meanings to ...
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2answers
244 views

Is Sanskrit really a divine language or is it simply the common spoken language of the Vedic era?

If Vedas were to be "heard" in the medieval era by the sages, I am sure they might have composed it in Awadhi or some other common language, as even Tulsidas composed.
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Orthodox written form of Sanskrit character Kleem?

I'm preparing a Yantra with which one can do "inner" Tratak on Kleem during the Sadhana of Kleem. One needs to draw a triangle pointing downwards with Kleem inside of it. Now I'm not sure enough which ...
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2answers
119 views

Can anyone transliterate this text? [closed]

I got down the first part, it's Om namo Bhagavate. But the handwriting is confusing.
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1answer
565 views

Types of Dukkha

What are the three types of suffering in the Vedas and their Sanskrit words? Are there any descriptions of Dukkha that you know of in the Vedic canon?
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68 views

Which one is more effective, after prayer requesting to god in Sanskrit vs in English? [duplicate]

Sanskrit is Language of Gods.. So say that, after I chant below mantra in mind.. वक्रतुण्ड महाकाय सूर्यकोटि समप्रभ । निर्विघ्नं कुरु मे देव सर्वकार्येषु सर्वदा ॥ after chanting mantra in mind, Now ...
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1answer
145 views

Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...