Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

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1answer
2k views

Procedures used for preserving the integrity of the Vedas

It is said that the metering of the sanskrit verses in Vedas and process of recitation imbue certain qualities to the scripture that make it inimitable(if I may use the word) or easy to identify ...
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How important is Sanskrit?

I have read/heard in various places that Sanskrit is considered sacred or true or special. These sources sometimes claim that the sounds used to speak Sanskrit have a beneficial effect on the body. ...
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Meaning of Sadhu, Sant, Rishi and Muni

Do Sadhu, Sant, Rishi and Muni mean the same thing? How are these terms defined?
16
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569 views

Authenticity of Sanskrit Verses containing the word “HINDU”

We all know that the word Hindu is a Persian word for the Sindu river and was later used to refer to the region to other side of the Sindu river as Hindustan which then became India. But this page ...
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What is the meaning of Ramayana?

Ramayana is a sacred epic about the life of Lord Rama. Can anyone explain the meaning/etymology of the word "Ramayana?"
15
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What language did people at the time of Ramayana and Mahabharata use to communicate? Sanskrit?

What was the mode of communication among the people at the time of Ramayana and Mahabharata? Was it Sanskrit? Did Krishna, Pandavas and Kauravas (who I think had origins near the state of Bihar, ...
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What is the meaning of “Swasti na Indro Vridhhashravaha…”?

This mantra is very famous, mostly also used in TV shows while showing Yajnas. This is also known as Shanti Path Mantra: ॐ भद्रं कर्णेभिः शृणुयाम देवाः । भद्रं पश्येमाक्षभिर्यजत्राः । स्थि...
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According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe “unreal” or “unworthy”?

Recently I came across one of the key quote, which sums up Adi ShankarAchArya's Advaita philosophy: The Brahman of the Upanishads is the only Reality, and everything else—this world of manifoldness—...
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Did Ravan speak Sanskrit?

One of my Sri Lankan friends claims that Ravana spoke Sinhalese. Is there any place in the Ramayana where the sage Valmiki mentioned about the language of Ravana and his people?
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Which scripts have been used to write Sanskrit?

Clip from Angkor Thom, about 1200 CE. Some early Cambodian inscriptions are written in Sanskrit. Is it true that these Sanksrit insciptions do not use the Devanagari script but instead the Khmer ...
12
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What is meaning of the word Mimamsa etymologically?

I am aware that Mimamsa is about philosophy and means critical reflection.But I am interested in the actual etymology of the word so please stick to that point.
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What is the meaning of Narayana?

So far I have been breaking the word into nara (नर) + Ayana (आयन) = home of nara (jiva). But lately I have realized I couldn't break it this way because to make it nArAyaNa (नारायण), nAra (नार) is ...
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Any mantras that are not of Sanskrit origin?

Are there any spells (mantras) in Hinduism which are not in Sanskrit, but in other languages. I came across a mantra in Awadhi dialect of Hindi, it's something about blessings for studying and was ...
10
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973 views

Is it possible to read and understand Vedas without guru?

As per my knowledge there are four Vedas and Upanishads are the gist of Vedas and the different Vedanta schools of thought are commentary on Vedas. Is it possible to understand Vedas without the help ...
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Why we put 'a' after each Hindu name?

For example: Yog becomes Yog'a' or Krishn -> Krishna; same way Ram -> Rama
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What is the meaning of Indra?

Like there is a meaning of the word Shiva which is explained here, what is the meaning of Indra?
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Discrepancy in Valmiki Ramayana

I was browsing two sites of translation of Valmiki Ramayana, while engaging in a debate with a western-colonized feminist on Ahalya. Nevertheless, she was defeated because she didn't even have the ...
9
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Why are graves called samadhi?

Wikipedia describes samadhi as Samadhi (Sanskrit: समाधि, Hindi pronunciation: [səˈmaːd̪ʱi]), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools refers to a state of ...
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How ॐ (OM) is written in Brahmi Script?

Sanskrit is said to be originated from "Drums of Lord Shiva". There's a famous story of Panini composing grammar of Sanskrit from sounds (Maheswara Sutras) of lord Shiva's Damaru. Panini was a ...
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Difference/Relation between Varna and Jati

We know that there are four Varna(वर्ण) called Brahmin, kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. I found words/terms like Jati(जाति) and Jnati(ज्ञाति) are also used to convey similar meanings. One another ...
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What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and brāhmaṇa/brahmin (ब्राह्मण)?

In Sanskrit there's brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण), which is a term used for people, and para-brahman (परब्रह्मन्), which is a term used for gods. What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and ...
9
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Is the proto-indo-european hypothesis consistent with the apaurusheyatva of vedas?

There is overwhelming evidence that sanskrit, greek, latin etc. are cognate languages and that they had all descended from a common ancestral language called proto-indo-european or PIE. It is quite ...
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What were the various reasons of the decline of Sanskrit language in India ? [closed]

Why did Sanskrit decline in India ? What were the various reasons known, for the decline of this language ?
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What script did Ganesha write the Mahabharata in?

The first chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata describes how Vyasa dictated the Mahabharata to Ganesha, who wrote it down: Brahma said. 'I esteem thee for thy knowledge of divine mysteries, ...
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Sanskrit and Sounds of Lord Shiva

I recently heard in "Veda parichaya" in a local channel that the sounds of the alphabet(Sanskrit) originated from Lord Shiva’s ‘damru’. Can anyone elaborate on these sounds and their relation to ...
8
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What's the meaning & relevance of LIC logo “yogakshemam vahamyaham”? [closed]

What's the philosophy of "yogakshemam vahamyaham" & how is it relevant to LIC (Life Insurance Corporation of India)? अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जना: पर्युपासते | तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां यो...
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Is Hanuman really 'Hanumat' in Sanskrit Ramayana?

Bibek Debroy says in his Ramayana translation, 'Hanumat is a case in point, where Hanuman seemed to be too contrary to grammatical principles'. What grammatical principle is that? Is it really ...
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1answer
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I want to learn Sanskrit. Can anybody guide me how to start? [closed]

I want to learn Sanskrit. Can anybody guide me how to start??? Because I know Marathi, Hindi , English three languages I can not justified which medium will help me to learn Sanskrit in easy and ...
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Sanskrit examples of Ghanapatha recitation?

How exactly does Ghanapatha work and can someone point me to examples? I have heard that Ghanapatha is a very useful way of preserving information by combining phrases in different permutations. For ...
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What is the meaning/definition of the word Shudra?

I would like to know the meaning/definition of the word Shudra? Some 3-4 years back, in a commentary of an Upanishad I found someone explaining the word Shudra to mean the one who is always in grief (...
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Correct way to chant Lord Shiva's name

When people recite Lord Shiva's name, they often do it in couplets, such as 'Shiva Shiva', 'Shiva Shiva', etc. My question is: What is the correct pronunciation: "Shiva" - or - "Siva"? I know ...
7
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Is the language of all the four Vedas similar or is there difference in language of the four Vedas too?

I know that in sama Veda many mantras of rigveda and yajur veda are repeated so that must mean that language is similar throughout Vedas, but does the vedic Sanskrit change between rig, yajur and ...
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What are the etymologies and literal meanings of the words (kṣatriya, śūdra, etc.) used to indicate one's varṇa?

For brāhmaṇa, there is already a question here: What is the etymology of brahman/brahmin? For śūdra, Monier Williams says "of doubtful derivation". Apte says: शूद्रः [शुच्-रक् पृषो˚ चस्य दः दी...
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What Mleccha languages are used in the Vedas according to Purva Mimamsa?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Meaning of the “ tri ” in trishulam - Is it english or sanskrit?

The word trishul I think denotes the three points of the shulam. The "tri" in trishulam = is it from Sanskrit or English like trinity.
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Is the etymology of the name Yudhishthira correct?

As we know, the eldest of the Pandavas is Yudhishthira (IAST : Yudhiṣṭhira and Devanagari: युधिष्ठिर). It is said that he got his name due to his steadiness in war. This is also a famous one. From ...
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Why is Brahma referred as Viranchi in Scriptures?

In some scriptures Brahma is referred as Viranchi (विरञ्चि): Whenever I see sun raising in early morning, following mantra automatically pops out from my mind/month: नमः सवित्रे जगदेकचक्षुषे । ...
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Did Max Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures in his translations?

This answer claims: It is also said that Müller was hired by the British East Indian Company only to distort Hindu scriptures. But did Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures? If yes, how exactly ...
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Source of the Sanskrit shloka- Om Sarva Mangala Mangalye

The sanskrit shloka given below is a prayer to Goddess Durga. Om Sarva Mmangala Mangalye Shive Sarvaartha Saadhike Sharanye Tryambake Gauri Naaraayani Namostute" Sarva Mangala Mangalye - To ...
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Meaning of Citta?

The most prolific usage of the concept of 'Chittam' is in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras. The word is most identified with as part of 'Shat-Chit-Anandam' meaning existance-conciousness-bliss according to ...
6
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SB 5.25.12 - Does bhūgolam mean earth or the universe?

Prabhupāda translates the Sanskrit word bhūgolam in verse 5.25.12 of Bhāgavata Purāṇa as the universe. Should it be earth instead? Or does the word (bhūgolam) in this context suggest a universe with ...
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Why did BORI excise the Vyāsa-Gaṇeśa conversation from its critical edition of the Mahābhārata?

The following extract is from the introduction to The Mahabharata: Volume 1 by Bibek Debroy. There are many different versions or recensions of the Mahabharata. However, between 1919 and 1966, ...
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Is Sanskrit considered divine language to those of the Hindu faith?

Is Sanskrit considered divine language to those of the hindu faith? If so why? I am not Hindu, but I am interested in this topic.
6
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1answer
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What is Ayurved's relation with Vedas? [duplicate]

I know, every text book is directly or indirectly related to vedas. This 'Ayurveda', has a 'Ved' in it. By meaning it seems its another type of veda, but being four veda pillared, I didn't found any ...
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Is Sanskrit really a divine language or is it simply the common spoken language of the Vedic era?

If Vedas were to be "heard" in the medieval era by the sages, I am sure they might have composed it in Awadhi or some other common language, as even Tulsidas composed.
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Why does Bhagavan Krishna use the phrase “other deities” in Gita (7.20)?

We all know that Srimad Bhagavad Gita is coming from the mouth of Sri Bhagavan. There is a well known difference between Bhagavan or The God and devatas or the deities. Sri Krishna is the God and not ...
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What is the meaning of shrimad?

I have notice and seen, and also everybody knows about 'shrimad' before the bhagvadgeeta. shrimad title is also used before title of shrimad bhaagwat and rishi's like shrimad adi shankaracharya. I ...
6
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Translation of Sanskrit word in Veda

I am trying to find the literal translation of a word from Book 9, Hymn 42 of the Vedas. I'm wondering whether the pronoun used for "Soma" is singular or plural. In the Hebrew bible, the word for "...
6
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1answer
567 views

Who is called Arihant?

Just like the titles Paramahamsa and Siddha, Arihant also denotes spiritual progress. But why is someone called Arihant and at what stage of spritiual progress? The earliest reference to Arihant is ...
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Is Hinduism anti-foreigner?

The Sanskrit word ''mleccha'' is used to describe foreigners. In various Puranas we find verses anti-mleccha verses. One such example is from the Kalki Purana where Lord Kalki is predicted to kill ''...