Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
0answers
103 views

English translation/interpretation of text given in photo.

Yesterday I visited Maa Mahakali's temple in my city where I found this text written in Sanskrit and Urdu. Can anyone please help me translate this given text in English?
5
votes
0answers
330 views

Is Padma Purāṇa the source of this verse on Ṛṇānubandha (relationship due to one's past deeds)?

The following verse has been used in a couple of answers here and this blog post claims the verse is from the Padma Purāṇa although it doesn't mention the chapter # or the context. Definition [of ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

gender neutral sanskrit word for “Putra” [closed]

What would be a gender-neutral Sanskrit word for "Putra"? Moreover something that can replace putra in one of the Prayers to Lord Ganesh "Banjhan ko Putra det"
6
votes
2answers
211 views

SB 5.25.12 - Does bhūgolam mean earth or the universe?

Prabhupāda translates the Sanskrit word bhūgolam in verse 5.25.12 of Bhāgavata Purāṇa as the universe. Should it be earth instead? Or does the word (bhūgolam) in this context suggest a universe with ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

What is the source of “Vriyate iti Varnaha?”

The author of the blog post What's your Varna quotient? uses a certain definition of varṇa: The generic definition of the term 'Varna' comes from 'Vriyate Iti Varnaha' implying that one can choose ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

What is the etymology reason for the swarupa order in the construction of the word “Sat-chit-ananda”?

Why are the swarupas of the word Satcitananda constructed in this way in relationship wit Brahman and not Ananda-chit-sat? Are the order of these swarupas like stepping stones of realization?
1
vote
1answer
405 views

Does hindu scripture discuss south india, dravida desa and languages?

Sanskrit shows no affinity to dravidian, unlike european languges even though dravidian being in its vicinity, is there any purana which discusses the differences between north-south india, or its ...
5
votes
1answer
794 views

Is Hong-Sau an ancient Sanskrit mantra?

Read an article on meditation here it says: Hong-Sau is an ancient Sanskrit mantra (a mantra is a word, syllable, or group of syllables, which can convey spiritual power when pronounced ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Is Sanskrit a normal Language or It is a must to know language to reach god? [duplicate]

Can Sanskrit be simply treated as a language the one which is used for communication or It is a must to know language to reach god.
5
votes
1answer
860 views

Source of Sanskrit shloka - Yadetaddhṛdayaṃ Tava Tadastu Hṛdayaṃ Mama

यदेतद्धृदयं तव तदस्तु हृदयं मम । यदिदं हृदयं मम तदस्तु हृदयं तव ॥ Transliteration: yadetaddhṛdayaṃ tava tadastu hṛdayaṃ mama yadidaṃ hṛdayaṃ mama tadastu hṛdayaṃ tava Translation by Max ...
3
votes
2answers
420 views

Linguistic connection between Rudra and Marudgaṇa

I'm wondering if the rud portion of Rudra is etymologically connected to the rut portion of Marut. My understanding is that rudra literally means "howl" or "roar" and marút means "wind," "air," or "...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Can we tell meaning of mantras in other languages instead of Sanskrit in Homam,Sandhyavandhanam,etc? [duplicate]

Why I am asking this is because ,Sanskrit is a language ,why cant we tell the meaning of mantra in other language in ritiuals like Sandhyavandhanam,homam etc because I think god knows also other ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Source of the Sanskrit shloka- Om Sarva Mangala Mangalye

The sanskrit shloka given below is a prayer to Goddess Durga. Om Sarva Mmangala Mangalye Shive Sarvaartha Saadhike Sharanye Tryambake Gauri Naaraayani Namostute" Sarva Mangala Mangalye - To ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

What is Ahalyā's birth name?

Is 'Ahalyā' the real name of Gautama's wife or is it an acquired name? At least, the Monier-Williams dictionary seems to think it's an acquired one. The word is listed as a + halyā: अ-हल्या (A-...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

What is the meaning of “san/sam” in Sanskrit? [closed]

I'm aware of traditional translations as "refined", "well-done", "perfected", "accomplished" etc. The point is that these adjectives make sense only in comparison to something else and so to fully ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Guidance to read and understand Hinduism [duplicate]

I have keen interest in Hinduism and I want to read all the vedas and upnishads. So I have some questions to start : Best resource to teach myself sanskrit so that I can understand vedas and ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

Are Shiva & Vishnu etymologically connected?

It has always struck me as interesting, or perhaps odd, that the root phonemes of Shiva, [sh]+[v], are the reverse of the root phonemes of Vishnu, [v]+[sh]. Is there any accounting for this?
11
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the meaning of Narayana?

So far I have been breaking the word into nara (नर) + Ayana (आयन) = home of nara (jiva). But lately I have realized I couldn't break it this way because to make it nArAyaNa (नारायण), nAra (नार) is ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of Ramayana?

Ramayana is a sacred epic about the life of Lord Rama. Can anyone explain the meaning/etymology of the word "Ramayana?"
4
votes
1answer
114 views

A question about kāla [closed]

kāla is a sanskrit Homonym word with two completely different meanings, one being time (concept of time) another one being anything related to black color, black, dark, darkness. I was recently ...
12
votes
3answers
345 views

What is meaning of the word Mimamsa etymologically?

I am aware that Mimamsa is about philosophy and means critical reflection.But I am interested in the actual etymology of the word so please stick to that point.
2
votes
0answers
38 views

What is the difference: Tapas (तपस्) vs Yajna (यज्ञ)? [duplicate]

What's the terminology difference between Tapas-austerities and Yajna-sacrifice/perseverance? Also when to choose one over the other?
4
votes
2answers
177 views

does any scripture say worship must be in Sanskrit?

The most prominent non-Sanskrit scripture is the Tamil Divya prabandham of Southern Vaishnavites. Non-brahmin Tamils don't have a great love of Sanskrit and one can increasingly see them conduct Puja ...
7
votes
1answer
247 views

Is the language of all the four Vedas similar or is there difference in language of the four Vedas too?

I know that in sama Veda many mantras of rigveda and yajur veda are repeated so that must mean that language is similar throughout Vedas, but does the vedic Sanskrit change between rig, yajur and ...
9
votes
1answer
258 views

Is the proto-indo-european hypothesis consistent with the apaurusheyatva of vedas?

There is overwhelming evidence that sanskrit, greek, latin etc. are cognate languages and that they had all descended from a common ancestral language called proto-indo-european or PIE. It is quite ...
9
votes
2answers
369 views

Why are graves called samadhi?

Wikipedia describes samadhi as Samadhi (Sanskrit: समाधि, Hindi pronunciation: [səˈmaːd̪ʱi]), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools refers to a state of ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the meaning/definition of the word Shudra?

I would like to know the meaning/definition of the word Shudra? Some 3-4 years back, in a commentary of an Upanishad I found someone explaining the word Shudra to mean the one who is always in grief (...
8
votes
1answer
382 views

Is Hanuman really 'Hanumat' in Sanskrit Ramayana?

Bibek Debroy says in his Ramayana translation, 'Hanumat is a case in point, where Hanuman seemed to be too contrary to grammatical principles'. What grammatical principle is that? Is it really ...
9
votes
2answers
363 views

Discrepancy in Valmiki Ramayana

I was browsing two sites of translation of Valmiki Ramayana, while engaging in a debate with a western-colonized feminist on Ahalya. Nevertheless, she was defeated because she didn't even have the ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

What's the source and rest of the verse 'dhanam mūlam idaṃ jagat' (money forms root of this world)?

I was watching a Telugu movie on YouTube recently and the tagline of the movie was: dhanam mūlam idaṃ jagat (money forms root of this world) After some digging around, it seems this line is ...
8
votes
1answer
22k views

What's the meaning & relevance of LIC logo “yogakshemam vahamyaham”? [closed]

What's the philosophy of "yogakshemam vahamyaham" & how is it relevant to LIC (Life Insurance Corporation of India)? अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जना: पर्युपासते | तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां यो...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Why some sentences written in Sanskrita are called Mantra (Powerful)? [duplicate]

Can a normal sentence be powerful ? Why/how a Mantra have power ? Is there any proof ?
7
votes
1answer
323 views

What are the etymologies and literal meanings of the words (kṣatriya, śūdra, etc.) used to indicate one's varṇa?

For brāhmaṇa, there is already a question here: What is the etymology of brahman/brahmin? For śūdra, Monier Williams says "of doubtful derivation". Apte says: शूद्रः [शुच्-रक् पृषो˚ चस्य दः दी...
6
votes
4answers
429 views

Is the etymology of the name Yudhishthira correct?

As we know, the eldest of the Pandavas is Yudhishthira (IAST : Yudhiṣṭhira and Devanagari: युधिष्ठिर). It is said that he got his name due to his steadiness in war. This is also a famous one. From ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why did BORI excise the Vyāsa-Gaṇeśa conversation from its critical edition of the Mahābhārata?

The following extract is from the introduction to The Mahabharata: Volume 1 by Bibek Debroy. There are many different versions or recensions of the Mahabharata. However, between 1919 and 1966, ...
5
votes
4answers
690 views

Is Hinduism anti-foreigner?

The Sanskrit word ''mleccha'' is used to describe foreigners. In various Puranas we find verses anti-mleccha verses. One such example is from the Kalki Purana where Lord Kalki is predicted to kill ''...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Is it “Bhagavad (भगवद्)” — “GitA/Gitā (गीता)” or “Gita (गीत)”? [duplicate]

As already discussed here: Why we put 'A' after each Hindu name?, the subsequent "a" in an English transliteration word, is to interpret the Sanskrit word for full pronunciation. Example: ...
3
votes
0answers
578 views

Anecdote about KalidAsA [closed]

I'm reading this famous anecdote about KalidAsa, the great Indian poet. However it is written in Sanskrit and so, I have certains gaps in my interpretation. Here's how I've interpreted the story in ...
5
votes
2answers
580 views

Which one is grammatically accurate krishna saranagati mantra?

||श्री कृष्णः शरणं मम|| ||श्री कृष्णं शरणं मम|| ||श्री कृष्णाय शरणं मम|| ||श्री कृष्ण शरणं मम|| I see all these various forms online. Which one is correct grammatically?
9
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the meaning of Indra?

Like there is a meaning of the word Shiva which is explained here, what is the meaning of Indra?
6
votes
3answers
403 views

Is Sanskrit considered divine language to those of the Hindu faith?

Is Sanskrit considered divine language to those of the hindu faith? If so why? I am not Hindu, but I am interested in this topic.
3
votes
3answers
834 views

What's the English transliteration of this Sanskrit mantra? [closed]

Can someone please give me the English transliteration of this Sanskrit mantra? How do you say it in English?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Sanskrit and Sounds of Lord Shiva

I recently heard in "Veda parichaya" in a local channel that the sounds of the alphabet(Sanskrit) originated from Lord Shiva’s ‘damru’. Can anyone elaborate on these sounds and their relation to ...
9
votes
0answers
1k views

What script did Ganesha write the Mahabharata in?

The first chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata describes how Vyasa dictated the Mahabharata to Ganesha, who wrote it down: Brahma said. 'I esteem thee for thy knowledge of divine mysteries, ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

How to learn Sanskrit from scratch? [duplicate]

Is there any resource to learn Sanskrit which uses no other language other than Sanskrit? It may seem like paradox but I want to learn Sanskrit in most natural way which involves no translations. ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

In the Vedas, does the word 'manuṣya' ever have a special meaning?

The Sanskrit word 'manuṣya' ordinarily means 'a man, a human being'. In the four Vedas (Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda & Atharvaveda), are there any situations or contexts where the word 'manuṣya' ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

iikArAnthaH shabda declension of nalinI [closed]

I know that in Sanskrit, there is nadI shabda for IkArAnthaH. For the name, nalinI, which is also IkArAnthaH strIlinga, would the declensions be the following? 1st - {nalinI, nalinyau, nalinyaH}, ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Meaning of the “ tri ” in trishulam - Is it english or sanskrit?

The word trishul I think denotes the three points of the shulam. The "tri" in trishulam = is it from Sanskrit or English like trinity.
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Fourth Brâhmana - what is the Sanskrit word for “seized”?

A translation of a verse in the Fourth Brâhmana states: Now as the sounds of a drum, when beaten, cannot be seized externally (by themselves), but the sound is seized, when the drum is seized or ...
5
votes
1answer
881 views

What's the meaning of these verses of 'The Horse' hymn in RigVeda?

Here are the two verses in question from Rigveda Book 1 Hymn 163 यदक्रन्दः परथमं जायमान उद्यन समुद्रादुत वा पुरीषात | शयेनस्य पक्षा हरिणस्य बाहू उपस्तुत्यं महि जातं ते अर्वन || Here's the ...