Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

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2answers
435 views

Correct pronunciation of Lord Savitr

Gayatri Mantra is dedicated to Lord Savitr. In the Hindi version of both Wikipedia pages, different pronunciations are given. The former says it's "सवित्र", while the latter says it's "सवितृ". ...
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Where are the Sanskrit texts of Upanishads referred by Dara Shikoh?

Wikipedia states : Dara Shikoh subsequently developed a friendship with the seventh Sikh Guru, Guru Har Rai. Dara Shikoh devoted much effort towards finding a common mystical language between ...
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1answer
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Can anyone here tell me how a Sanskrit word changes if prefixed with प्र , वि, अ, परि ।

I was trying to understand these Sanskrit Mahavakya & word respectively- प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म। Why not विज्ञानं ब्रह्म ? विज्ञानभैरवतंत्र। Why not प्रज्ञानभैरवतंत्र? What's the difference between ...
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735 views

What are couplets called in Sanskrit?

I know that quatrains are called pAdas in Sanskrit. But what is the technical term for couplets in Sanskrit? I'm having lots of trouble identifying this.
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How to pronounce ऋ in Rig Veda

I am from North India and everyone pronounce this vowel ऋ as रि. I know this is wrong because vowel is a constant sound and when रि is pronounced for long it only comes as इ which is wrong. I did some ...
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906 views

Difference/Relation between Varna and Jati

We know that there are four Varna(वर्ण) called Brahmin, kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. I found words/terms like Jati(जाति) and Jnati(ज्ञाति) are also used to convey similar meanings. One another ...
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Do Nastika and Astika have direct translations in English? [duplicate]

We have a gross translation of Astika and Nastika as theism and Atheism. However, the etymology of Nastika (na-asti-ka) seems to indicate 'someone who does not believe in what exists`. Is there an ...
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1answer
867 views

Representation of number 0-9 in Sanskrit shloka

Is there any Shloka for number's from 0-9? I wanted to know if there is any specific shloka to represent/say these numbers apart from ekam/eka, dwi...etc Explanation - I need a verse or a rhyme ...
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1answer
779 views

Meaning of the word 'Vyasa'

Ved Vyasa is a title which is given to new Vyasa in every Chaturyuga, in this Chaturyuga it is Given to the great Krishna Dwaipayana son of Bramharishi Parashara. The word Vyasa is a related to ...
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1answer
511 views

Correct gender version of Sanskrit name तेजस्वी or tejasvī

Not sure if this is a relevant question for this site. Is Tejasvi, a masculine or feminine term or name in Sanskrit? Any references from Hindu scripture or Sanskrit literature on how this word is ...
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Why is Brahma referred as Viranchi in Scriptures?

In some scriptures Brahma is referred as Viranchi (विरञ्चि): Whenever I see sun raising in early morning, following mantra automatically pops out from my mind/month: नमः सवित्रे जगदेकचक्षुषे । ...
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567 views

Who is called Arihant?

Just like the titles Paramahamsa and Siddha, Arihant also denotes spiritual progress. But why is someone called Arihant and at what stage of spritiual progress? The earliest reference to Arihant is ...
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Why we put 'a' after each Hindu name?

For example: Yog becomes Yog'a' or Krishn -> Krishna; same way Ram -> Rama
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What is the meaning of shrimad?

I have notice and seen, and also everybody knows about 'shrimad' before the bhagvadgeeta. shrimad title is also used before title of shrimad bhaagwat and rishi's like shrimad adi shankaracharya. I ...
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Is ॐ Gam Ganapataye Namaha correct, or ॐ Gan Ganapataye Namaha correct?

According to you What is correct ॐ Gam Ganapataye Namaha or ॐ Gan Ganapataye Namaha ?
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Why did they invent Sanskrit as Veda language not any other script?

I've a doubt since long time, I thought this is the best place to ask. How did Sanskrit has become main language in ancient times? Why did they choose Sanskrit as Veda language? Does those Veda hymns ...
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What Mleccha languages are used in the Vedas according to Purva Mimamsa?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Sanskrit examples of Ghanapatha recitation?

How exactly does Ghanapatha work and can someone point me to examples? I have heard that Ghanapatha is a very useful way of preserving information by combining phrases in different permutations. For ...
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1answer
643 views

Original sanskrit e-book of 'Tripura Rahasya'

Can someone post me a free downloadable link to the original Sanskrit e-book of 'Tripura Rahasya'? I have the English translation given by the wikipedia. But I was in need of the Sanskrit version. ...
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1answer
411 views

The Mysterious Origin of the Divine Sanskrit Language

Sanskrit has been termed as "Language of the Gods". Its versatility and power have even been extolled by the modern scholars of linguistics. Sri Panini helped to codify the classical form of ...
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What is the meaning of “Swasti na Indro Vridhhashravaha…”?

This mantra is very famous, mostly also used in TV shows while showing Yajnas. This is also known as Shanti Path Mantra: ॐ भद्रं कर्णेभिः शृणुयाम देवाः । भद्रं पश्येमाक्षभिर्यजत्राः । स्थि...
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1answer
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What did Swami Vivekananda mean when he said “God spoke in Sanskrit”?

I read this quote by Swami Vivekananda: God spoke once. He spoke in Sanskrit, and that is the divine language. What did he mean by this?
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Is Sanskrit the oldest language? Is it older than Pali?

Hindu texts are written in Sanskrit, were Hindu texts written before Pali texts?
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Is Brahmi Script older than Devanagari Script? If yes, how this can be reconciled with ॐ Parvat?

Sanskrit Language is believed to have no written native script. History says Brahmi Script was used for Sanskrit Language during the reign of legendary Emperor Ashoka which was around 3rd century BC. ...
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How ॐ (OM) is written in Brahmi Script?

Sanskrit is said to be originated from "Drums of Lord Shiva". There's a famous story of Panini composing grammar of Sanskrit from sounds (Maheswara Sutras) of lord Shiva's Damaru. Panini was a ...
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1answer
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What is Meaning of Omkar [duplicate]

What is meaning of Sanskrit word Omkar/Aumkar and Omkareshwar. Please don't tell me that its jyotirlinga, I already know it, I want to know the meaning of word Omkar.
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Correct way to chant Lord Shiva's name

When people recite Lord Shiva's name, they often do it in couplets, such as 'Shiva Shiva', 'Shiva Shiva', etc. My question is: What is the correct pronunciation: "Shiva" - or - "Siva"? I know ...
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According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe “unreal” or “unworthy”?

Recently I came across one of the key quote, which sums up Adi ShankarAchArya's Advaita philosophy: The Brahman of the Upanishads is the only Reality, and everything else—this world of manifoldness—...
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Meaning of Citta?

The most prolific usage of the concept of 'Chittam' is in the Patanjali Yoga Sutras. The word is most identified with as part of 'Shat-Chit-Anandam' meaning existance-conciousness-bliss according to ...
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Where is Surapadman in Sanskrit scriptures?

Kandha Puranam is a very revered Tamil scripture that talks about the glories of Lord Muruga (or Kartikeya). It was written by Kachiyappa Sivacharyar as the Tamil equivalent of Skanda Purana, and ...
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What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and brāhmaṇa/brahmin (ब्राह्मण)?

In Sanskrit there's brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण), which is a term used for people, and para-brahman (परब्रह्मन्), which is a term used for gods. What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and ...
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Any mantras that are not of Sanskrit origin?

Are there any spells (mantras) in Hinduism which are not in Sanskrit, but in other languages. I came across a mantra in Awadhi dialect of Hindi, it's something about blessings for studying and was ...
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Authenticity of Sanskrit Verses containing the word “HINDU”

We all know that the word Hindu is a Persian word for the Sindu river and was later used to refer to the region to other side of the Sindu river as Hindustan which then became India. But this page ...
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Why is Kripacharya known as 'Samitinjaya'

In the Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta, Chapter 1, when Duryodhana describes his warheads to Dronacharya, he uses everybody's name but he refers to Kripacharya as 'Samitinjaya'. Why does he use Samitinjaya (it ...
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Which scripts have been used to write Sanskrit?

Clip from Angkor Thom, about 1200 CE. Some early Cambodian inscriptions are written in Sanskrit. Is it true that these Sanksrit insciptions do not use the Devanagari script but instead the Khmer ...
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Vardhanti - Birth Anniversary or Death Anniversary or Both?

Vardhanti - Birth Anniversary or Death Anniversary or Both? In Telugu Language, Vardhanti will be called/termed only for Death Anniversary Recently I came to know that in Kannada - Vardhanti will be ...
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I want to learn Sanskrit. Can anybody guide me how to start? [closed]

I want to learn Sanskrit. Can anybody guide me how to start??? Because I know Marathi, Hindi , English three languages I can not justified which medium will help me to learn Sanskrit in easy and ...
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Procedures used for preserving the integrity of the Vedas

It is said that the metering of the sanskrit verses in Vedas and process of recitation imbue certain qualities to the scripture that make it inimitable(if I may use the word) or easy to identify ...
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What's the meaning and origin of the phrase 'Vyasocchishtam jagat sarvam'?

What's the origin of the phrase Vyasocchishtam jagat sarvam? I've heard different meanings of the phrase some of which are: There is nothing under the Sun that Vyasa has not touched upon. Whatever ...
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Is it possible to read and understand Vedas without guru?

As per my knowledge there are four Vedas and Upanishads are the gist of Vedas and the different Vedanta schools of thought are commentary on Vedas. Is it possible to understand Vedas without the help ...
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How can an elder address a teenager in a respectful way? [closed]

If in normal English, an elder wants to refer to a teenager in a respectful way, he can say something along the lines of "This young gentleman", what are the different ways the same can be done in ...
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Which was developed first, Sanskrit or Vedas?

I have heard that Vedas used Sanskrit language. In my view, other language may been used to describe Vedas in early days. Or Sanskrit may have been developed for other purpose besides to describe ...
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Where can I locate/download/purchase the “Tara Ashtakam”

Where can I locate/download/purchase a sanksrit copy of the tara ashtakam (तर अष्तकं)? I've seen several english translations and even this sanskrit translation, which seems to contain errors and who'...
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Where is Aum positioned in Devanagari?

Where is Aum positioned in the Devnagari alphabet? I had assumed that its position was before the vowels and consonants to signify its significance as a sacred syllable. Secondly, Panini, as far as I ...
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2answers
960 views

What is Bhavabhuti's original Sanskrit quotation “Time is infinite,earth is huge”?

I would like to the original couplet for Bhavabhuti's Time is infinite, Earth is big. Thank you
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2answers
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What is the meaning of the name 'Malolan'?

The god in the Ahobila temple is called 'Malolan'. Can someone with the knowledge of Sanskrit enlighten me on what the word means?
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1answer
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Exact meaning of the word “Tejas”?

From the Puranas, one can infer that the meaning refers to either the spiritual aura of a person, facial expressiveness that exudes confidence, vigor or valor, etc. Real Gurus are said be endowed with ...
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Which Alwars praised Vishnu in Sanskrit?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The collection of their 4000 poems, known as ...
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Sanskrit: Full shloka of “sā vidyā yā vimuktaye” (translation & English online reference & oral and written author location)

Translation & quest for an English online reference In a post of a certain online discussion group called Advaita-L, Ramesh Krishnamurthy found a reference for the following Sanskrit words: "sā ...
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Did Ravan speak Sanskrit?

One of my Sri Lankan friends claims that Ravana spoke Sinhalese. Is there any place in the Ramayana where the sage Valmiki mentioned about the language of Ravana and his people?