Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

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8
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1answer
322 views

Is the proto-indo-european hypothesis consistent with the apaurusheyatva of vedas?

There is overwhelming evidence that sanskrit, greek, latin etc. are cognate languages and that they had all descended from a common ancestral language called proto-indo-european or PIE. It is quite ...
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2answers
438 views

Why are graves called samadhi?

Wikipedia describes samadhi as Samadhi (Sanskrit: समाधि, Hindi pronunciation: [səˈmaːd̪ʱi]), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools refers to a state of ...
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3answers
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What is the meaning/definition of the word Shudra?

I would like to know the meaning/definition of the word Shudra? Some 3-4 years back, in a commentary of an Upanishad I found someone explaining the word Shudra to mean the one who is always in grief (...
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2answers
498 views

Is Hanuman really 'Hanumat' in Sanskrit Ramayana?

Bibek Debroy says in his Ramayana translation, 'Hanumat is a case in point, where Hanuman seemed to be too contrary to grammatical principles'. What grammatical principle is that? Is it really ...
9
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2answers
381 views

Discrepancy in Valmiki Ramayana

I was browsing two sites of translation of Valmiki Ramayana, while engaging in a debate with a western-colonized feminist on Ahalya. Nevertheless, she was defeated because she didn't even have the ...
4
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1answer
7k views

What's the source and rest of the verse 'dhanam mūlam idaṃ jagat' (money forms root of this world)?

I was watching a Telugu movie on YouTube recently and the tagline of the movie was: dhanam mūlam idaṃ jagat (money forms root of this world) After some digging around, it seems this line is ...
9
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1answer
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What's the meaning & relevance of LIC logo “yogakshemam vahamyaham”? [closed]

What's the philosophy of "yogakshemam vahamyaham" & how is it relevant to LIC (Life Insurance Corporation of India)? अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जना: पर्युपासते | तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां यो...
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0answers
29 views

Why some sentences written in Sanskrita are called Mantra (Powerful)? [duplicate]

Can a normal sentence be powerful ? Why/how a Mantra have power ? Is there any proof ?
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1answer
376 views

What are the etymologies and literal meanings of the words (kṣatriya, śūdra, etc.) used to indicate one's varṇa?

For brāhmaṇa, there is already a question here: What is the etymology of brahman/brahmin? For śūdra, Monier Williams says "of doubtful derivation". Apte says: शूद्रः [शुच्-रक् पृषो˚ चस्य दः दी...
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Is the etymology of the name Yudhishthira correct?

As we know, the eldest of the Pandavas is Yudhishthira (IAST : Yudhiṣṭhira and Devanagari: युधिष्ठिर). It is said that he got his name due to his steadiness in war. This is also a famous one. From ...
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Why did BORI excise the Vyāsa-Gaṇeśa conversation from its critical edition of the Mahābhārata?

The following extract is from the introduction to The Mahabharata: Volume 1 by Bibek Debroy. There are many different versions or recensions of the Mahabharata. However, between 1919 and 1966, ...
5
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4answers
810 views

Is Hinduism anti-foreigner?

The Sanskrit word ''mleccha'' is used to describe foreigners. In various Puranas we find verses anti-mleccha verses. One such example is from the Kalki Purana where Lord Kalki is predicted to kill ''...
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1answer
175 views

Is it “Bhagavad (भगवद्)” — “GitA/Gitā (गीता)” or “Gita (गीत)”? [duplicate]

As already discussed here: Why we put 'A' after each Hindu name?, the subsequent "a" in an English transliteration word, is to interpret the Sanskrit word for full pronunciation. Example: ...
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687 views

Anecdote about KalidAsA [closed]

I'm reading this famous anecdote about KalidAsa, the great Indian poet. However it is written in Sanskrit and so, I have certains gaps in my interpretation. Here's how I've interpreted the story in ...
5
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2answers
681 views

Which one is grammatically accurate krishna saranagati mantra?

||श्री कृष्णः शरणं मम|| ||श्री कृष्णं शरणं मम|| ||श्री कृष्णाय शरणं मम|| ||श्री कृष्ण शरणं मम|| I see all these various forms online. Which one is correct grammatically?
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3answers
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What is the meaning of Indra?

Like there is a meaning of the word Shiva which is explained here, what is the meaning of Indra?
6
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3answers
426 views

Is Sanskrit considered divine language to those of the Hindu faith?

Is Sanskrit considered divine language to those of the hindu faith? If so why? I am not Hindu, but I am interested in this topic.
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3answers
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What's the English transliteration of this Sanskrit mantra? [closed]

Can someone please give me the English transliteration of this Sanskrit mantra? How do you say it in English?
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Sanskrit and Sounds of Lord Shiva

I recently heard in "Veda parichaya" in a local channel that the sounds of the alphabet(Sanskrit) originated from Lord Shiva’s ‘damru’. Can anyone elaborate on these sounds and their relation to ...
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What script did Ganesha write the Mahabharata in?

The first chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata describes how Vyasa dictated the Mahabharata to Ganesha, who wrote it down: Brahma said. 'I esteem thee for thy knowledge of divine mysteries, ...
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How to learn Sanskrit from scratch? [duplicate]

Is there any resource to learn Sanskrit which uses no other language other than Sanskrit? It may seem like paradox but I want to learn Sanskrit in most natural way which involves no translations. ...
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In the Vedas, does the word 'manuṣya' ever have a special meaning?

The Sanskrit word 'manuṣya' ordinarily means 'a man, a human being'. In the four Vedas (Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda & Atharvaveda), are there any situations or contexts where the word 'manuṣya' ...
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1answer
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iikArAnthaH shabda declension of nalinI [closed]

I know that in Sanskrit, there is nadI shabda for IkArAnthaH. For the name, nalinI, which is also IkArAnthaH strIlinga, would the declensions be the following? 1st - {nalinI, nalinyau, nalinyaH}, ...
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Meaning of the “ tri ” in trishulam - Is it english or sanskrit?

The word trishul I think denotes the three points of the shulam. The "tri" in trishulam = is it from Sanskrit or English like trinity.
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1answer
175 views

Fourth Brâhmana - what is the Sanskrit word for “seized”?

A translation of a verse in the Fourth Brâhmana states: Now as the sounds of a drum, when beaten, cannot be seized externally (by themselves), but the sound is seized, when the drum is seized or ...
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1answer
975 views

What's the meaning of these verses of 'The Horse' hymn in RigVeda?

Here are the two verses in question from Rigveda Book 1 Hymn 163 यदक्रन्दः परथमं जायमान उद्यन समुद्रादुत वा पुरीषात | शयेनस्य पक्षा हरिणस्य बाहू उपस्तुत्यं महि जातं ते अर्वन || Here's the ...
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2answers
490 views

Correct pronunciation of Lord Savitr

Gayatri Mantra is dedicated to Lord Savitr. In the Hindi version of both Wikipedia pages, different pronunciations are given. The former says it's "सवित्र", while the latter says it's "सवितृ". ...
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0answers
181 views

Where are the Sanskrit texts of Upanishads referred by Dara Shikoh?

Wikipedia states : Dara Shikoh subsequently developed a friendship with the seventh Sikh Guru, Guru Har Rai. Dara Shikoh devoted much effort towards finding a common mystical language between ...
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1answer
176 views

Can anyone here tell me how a Sanskrit word changes if prefixed with प्र , वि, अ, परि ।

I was trying to understand these Sanskrit Mahavakya & word respectively- प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म। Why not विज्ञानं ब्रह्म ? विज्ञानभैरवतंत्र। Why not प्रज्ञानभैरवतंत्र? What's the difference between ...
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1answer
818 views

What are couplets called in Sanskrit?

I know that quatrains are called pAdas in Sanskrit. But what is the technical term for couplets in Sanskrit? I'm having lots of trouble identifying this.
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How to pronounce ऋ in Rig Veda

I am from North India and everyone pronounce this vowel ऋ as रि. I know this is wrong because vowel is a constant sound and when रि is pronounced for long it only comes as इ which is wrong. I did some ...
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2answers
979 views

Difference/Relation between Varna and Jati

We know that there are four Varna(वर्ण) called Brahmin, kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. I found words/terms like Jati(जाति) and Jnati(ज्ञाति) are also used to convey similar meanings. One another ...
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0answers
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Do Nastika and Astika have direct translations in English? [duplicate]

We have a gross translation of Astika and Nastika as theism and Atheism. However, the etymology of Nastika (na-asti-ka) seems to indicate 'someone who does not believe in what exists`. Is there an ...
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1answer
933 views

Representation of number 0-9 in Sanskrit shloka

Is there any Shloka for number's from 0-9? I wanted to know if there is any specific shloka to represent/say these numbers apart from ekam/eka, dwi...etc Explanation - I need a verse or a rhyme ...
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1answer
859 views

Meaning of the word 'Vyasa'

Ved Vyasa is a title which is given to new Vyasa in every Chaturyuga, in this Chaturyuga it is Given to the great Krishna Dwaipayana son of Bramharishi Parashara. The word Vyasa is a related to ...
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1answer
611 views

Correct gender version of Sanskrit name तेजस्वी or tejasvī

Not sure if this is a relevant question for this site. Is Tejasvi, a masculine or feminine term or name in Sanskrit? Any references from Hindu scripture or Sanskrit literature on how this word is ...
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Why is Brahma referred as Viranchi in Scriptures?

In some scriptures Brahma is referred as Viranchi (विरञ्चि): Whenever I see sun raising in early morning, following mantra automatically pops out from my mind/month: नमः सवित्रे जगदेकचक्षुषे । ...
6
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1answer
619 views

Who is called Arihant?

Just like the titles Paramahamsa and Siddha, Arihant also denotes spiritual progress. But why is someone called Arihant and at what stage of spritiual progress? The earliest reference to Arihant is ...
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Why we put 'a' after each Hindu name?

For example: Yog becomes Yog'a' or Krishn -> Krishna; same way Ram -> Rama
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2answers
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What is the meaning of shrimad?

I have notice and seen, and also everybody knows about 'shrimad' before the bhagvadgeeta. shrimad title is also used before title of shrimad bhaagwat and rishi's like shrimad adi shankaracharya. I ...
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Is ॐ Gam Ganapataye Namaha correct, or ॐ Gan Ganapataye Namaha correct?

According to you What is correct ॐ Gam Ganapataye Namaha or ॐ Gan Ganapataye Namaha ?
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Why did they invent Sanskrit as Veda language not any other script?

I've a doubt since long time, I thought this is the best place to ask. How did Sanskrit has become main language in ancient times? Why did they choose Sanskrit as Veda language? Does those Veda hymns ...
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0answers
638 views

What Mleccha languages are used in the Vedas according to Purva Mimamsa?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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1answer
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Sanskrit examples of Ghanapatha recitation?

How exactly does Ghanapatha work and can someone point me to examples? I have heard that Ghanapatha is a very useful way of preserving information by combining phrases in different permutations. For ...
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1answer
667 views

Original sanskrit e-book of 'Tripura Rahasya'

Can someone post me a free downloadable link to the original Sanskrit e-book of 'Tripura Rahasya'? I have the English translation given by the wikipedia. But I was in need of the Sanskrit version. ...
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2answers
612 views

The Mysterious Origin of the Divine Sanskrit Language

Sanskrit has been termed as "Language of the Gods". Its versatility and power have even been extolled by the modern scholars of linguistics. Sri Panini helped to codify the classical form of ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of “Swasti na Indro Vridhhashravaha…”?

This mantra is very famous, mostly also used in TV shows while showing Yajnas. This is also known as Shanti Path Mantra: ॐ भद्रं कर्णेभिः शृणुयाम देवाः । भद्रं पश्येमाक्षभिर्यजत्राः । स्थि...
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1answer
306 views

What did Swami Vivekananda mean when he said “God spoke in Sanskrit”?

I read this quote by Swami Vivekananda: God spoke once. He spoke in Sanskrit, and that is the divine language. What did he mean by this?
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4answers
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Is Sanskrit the oldest language? Is it older than Pali?

Hindu texts are written in Sanskrit, were Hindu texts written before Pali texts?
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1answer
1k views

Is Brahmi Script older than Devanagari Script? If yes, how this can be reconciled with ॐ Parvat?

Sanskrit Language is believed to have no written native script. History says Brahmi Script was used for Sanskrit Language during the reign of legendary Emperor Ashoka which was around 3rd century BC. ...