Questions tagged [shad-darshana]

Shad-darshana refers to the six prominent schools of thoughts in Hinduism.

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Which is the first text to mention 6 Darshanas?

While talking about Vedanga, we know that six Vedangas are mentioned in Mundaka Upanishad, Nirukta and in Puranas. Likewise I want to know which is the text that mentions or introduces six Darshanas, ...
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Do the astika philosophies directly subscribe to the vedas?

Among the six darshanas how many of them subscribe to vedas and directly mention about vedas or hold vedas as authority?
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On Samkhya and Individuality. How many purushas are there?

Sāmkhya philosophy regards the universe as consisting of two realities, puruṣa (consciousness) and prakṛti (matter). "It 'enumerates' twenty five Tattvas or true principles; and its chief object is ...
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What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati about the Purva Mimamsa?

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, about the Purva Mimamsa?
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Is there an English translation of Shri Vidyaranya's Sarva darshana sangraha online?

I know that there is a Sanskrit version of this book, which seems to cover all philosophy of the Indian subcontinent. So if any of you have the link to the English version online please post it here....
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Influence of Samkhya on other darshanas

Can I say Sankhya as the oldest hindu philosophy has influenced all the other darshanas like Vedanta? That implies all astika darshanas are derivative from Sankhya, not necessarily conflicting or ...
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Are there verses from scriptures which list 24 tattvas according to Sankhya Darshana?

As we have seen previously that Hinduism believes in the field-fielder (Kshetra–Kshetragna) theory. Prakruti is the field and Purusha is its fielder. Similarly, body is a field (kshetra) and the soul ...
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Which of the six Darshanas are atheistic? [duplicate]

We have 6 Darshanas. Vaisheshika, Nyaya , Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya, Yoga , Uttara Mimamsa or Vedanta Which of them are atheistic, I mean superficially accept God, but ultimately reject God or not ...
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Six Hindu philosophical systems and Puranas

There are six philosophical systems in Hinduism: Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta. What is each school's opinion on Puranas? Do they accept the puranas as authentic or they ...
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What is the relative importance of the six Darshanas in the practice of different sects today?

The Darshanas are listed as Nyaya. Vaisesika. Samkhya. Yoga. Purva Mimamsa Uttara Mimamsa or Vedanta. Do different sects emphasize some Darshanas more than others?
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Does the Samkhya Darshana describe 24 tattva belonging only to human state or to all other conscious states?

What would be the Tattva for the Sun or moon or say any star? If I was tree in the previous birth then from where the liking of the certain taste, things etc emerged in my childhood? If tanmatras are ...
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What are different Vadas associated with different philosophies?

We know that there are six Astika schools of philosophy (Darshana, Sanskrit: दर्शन) which are Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa and Vedanta. And further there are sub-schools of Vedanta viz. ...
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Smarta tradition comes under which darshan among the Shad Darshanas?

Smarta tradition ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smarta_tradition ) comes under "which of the following" Hindu School Of Philosophy/Darshan: ? (1) Samkhya (2) Yoga (3) Nyaya (4) Vaisheshika (5) ...
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What is the distinction between yoga as Astika vs Nastika?

There are 6 orthodox (astikas) darshanas, very good explained in Keshav question here. At same time, yoga is based mostly on agamas or tantras, and other kind of writtings: Trika philosophy have ...
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How does Vijnanabhiksu accept Samkhya despite being a theist?

It is said the Samkhya school outrightly rejects the existence of God and considered by many, an atheistic school. However, the sixteenth century Vaishnavite scholar Vijnanabhiksu accepted Samkhya to ...
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How Yoga and Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy are related?

How Yoga and Samkhya school of Hindu philosophy are related? I know that Samkhya and Yoga schools are closely related. But I can not understand one thing. Samkhya is an atheistic school, whereas Yoga ...
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Can somebody explain the Samkhya theory of creation in a clear and concise manner?

Can somebody explain the Samkhya theory of creation in a clear and concise manner? It is crucial because Vedantins also later adopted this view on creation. So this is arguably the standard Hindu ...
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Do any of the darshanas believe that Buddhi is the Self?

Descartes supposed have said "I think therefore I am". For him thinking entity is the Self. While Hindu sankhya-yoga system puts, both mind and intellect in products of prakriti/pradhana, separate ...
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How do different Astika schools prove the existence of the soul?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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What do the different Astika schools think the Universe is made of?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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What is the size of the soul according to the different Astika schools?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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Did the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman exists?

Purva Mimamsa was a school of Hindu philosophy that accepted the authority of the Vedas, but believed that following Dharma and doing rituals was the goal of life, and not gaining knowledge and ...
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How do different Astika schools prove the existence of God?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
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What is the earliest Hindu work refuting Mleccha religions or philosophies?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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Oneness of different Indian philosophical thoughts [closed]

Do six schools of Indian Philosophy accommodate each other or are they watertight compartments each to the exclusion of other?
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What is the means of attaining Moksha according to the different Astika schools?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
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What is the difference between Nyaya and Vaisheshika?

Nyaya and Vaisheshika are one of the six astika schools of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Yoga, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Samkhya). Both schools, according to me, seem to be having ...
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Which Darshana ShAstras were available during the Krita and TretA yugas?

We know that in Hinduism we have the six philosophies (Darshana) collectively known as the Shadadarshana. They are- SAmkhya, PAtanjala, NyAya, Vaisheshika, PurvamimAmsA and Uttara MimAmsA (also known ...
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What are the Nyaya-Vaisheshika arguments against sound as a vibration of air?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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Who believes in 10 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What scripture contains the verse “Rupashabdavibhagacha”?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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How do non-vedanta darshanas deal with shruti statements about Brahman?

Vedanta schools extensively deal with the concept of brahman. What do non-vedanta schools like nyaya-vaishesika, samkhya-yoga etc say about shruti statements about Brahman? How do they reconcile ...
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The Materialists and Naturalists

The various commentators of the Shad Darshan system make references to the Charvakas and the Lokayatas. These two groups seem to have been the Materialists and Naturalists of ancient India. I think ...
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What is the relationship between cause and effect as enunciated by Maharishi Kanada?

Maharshi Kanada was the founder of the Vaisheshika school of thought, one of the Shad Darshanas in Hinduism. He wrote the Vaisheshika Sutras, the most prominent text of this school. What does he say ...
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On atoms, diatomic and triatomic molecules - Vaisheshika Sutra [duplicate]

Vaisheshika Sutra is the most prominent text of the Vaisheshika school of thought, one of the Shad Darshanas in Hinduism. It was written by Maharshi Kanada. This wiki article says that it talks about ...