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Questions tagged [shaivism]

Shaivism is one of the six major sects of Hinduism, which reveres Lord Shiva as the Supreme Being. Shaivism holds that Shiva is the creator, preserver, destroyer, revealer and concealer of all that is.

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How do Shaivas view and interpret the Ramayana and Mahabharata?

Do Shaivas accept that Rama and Krishna were incarnations of Vishnu? How do Shaivas view and interpret these Itihasas?
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Which are the 118 worlds as described in Fifteen verses of Wisdom?

One of the verses from Fifteen Verses of Wisdom (bodhapancadasika) by Abhinavagupta, the great master of all aspects of Kashmir Shaivism, is as follows: In this way the Lord, Bhairava, the essence ...
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What does Lord Shiva mean when he says there are 5 gurus in Vaishnava tradition?

In Kularnava Tantra. Chapter 13, Lord Shiva talks about guru and his characteristics. He says following verse : śaive gurutrayaṃ proktaṃ vaiṣṇave guru pañcakaṃ vedaśāstreṣu sataso gururekaṃ ...
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What are the main differences between different subsects of shaivism?

Please explain main differences between major shaivites sub-sects like Pashupata Shaivism, Kashmir Shaivism, Shiva Shiddhanta , Lingayata etc ?
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Shaivism or Shivaism?

What is the correct term to use, Shaivism or Shivaism? I could not find a good source about how the word Shaiva (Saiva, Caiva) appeared and when.
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What are some of the miracles associated with Srikantha Sivacharya?

Srikantha Sivacharya, aka Nilakantha Sivacharya, was a famous Shaivite acharya belonging to the Shrauta Shaiva Siddhanta sect. He's considered as an incarnation of Nilallohita among his followers. So ...
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58 views

What are some divine miracles that Basavanna supposedly performed?

Basavanna was a 12th century philosopher, a Kannada social reformer and a renowned Shaivite. He is said to be an incarnation of Nandikeshwar by his followers. Basavanna is said to have found the ...
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259 views

What is the difference between Veerashaivism and Lingayatism?

Lingayats and Veerashaivites are often considered the same Shaivite sect. However, there are many who consider them distinct to each other. What is the difference between the two?
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What are different symbolic representations behind lingam?

I know shiva lingam is call Mark of God, some shiva lingams are phallic symbols mainly in tantric traditions, some represent brahmand, I want to know what different scriptures say about different ...
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92 views

Were there any schools of Shaiva, Shakti, or Tantric philosophy that advocated human sacrifice?

Were there any schools of Shaiva, Shakti, or Tantric philosophy that advocated human sacrifice? If so, what were their arguments?
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What Shakta-like Shaivite sect did Adi Shankaracharya defeat in a debate?

This excerpt from the Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya, the traditional biography of Adi Shankaracharya, describes the beginning of Adi Shankaracharya's tour of India: Now Acharya Shankara, along with ...
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What are the prerequisites to get initiated in Shaiva or Shakta Agamas?

I wanted to know the qualifications or qualities one should possess to get initiation in Shiva or Shakta agamas?
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Why do some Advaitins wear an Urdhva Pundra made of ash?

Originally, most Advaitins had Vishnu as their Ishta Devata, but nowadays most Advaitins have Shiva as their Ishta Devata. Kanchi Mahaperiava, the former Shankaracharya of the Kanchipuram, explains ...
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253 views

Who are the parents of Indra and Brahma mentioned by Basava?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here) ...
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Does Basavanna reject the Vedas outrightly in any of his works?

Basavanna was a 12th century philosopher, a Kannada social reformer and a renowned Shaivite. He is said to be an incarnation of Nandikeshwar by his followers. Basavanna is said to have found the ...
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1answer
331 views

Can Vaishnavas join the Natha Sampradaya?

According to Wikipedia, Natha Sampradaya is a subsect within Shaivism. However, I recently found an adherent of this Sampradaya who claims to be a devotee of Lord Krishna. Now, how is it possible ...
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What is the difference between Shankara's Advaita and the Advaita of Kashmir Shaivism? [duplicate]

I have heard that the Advaita of Shankara and the Advaita of Kashmiri Shaivism aren't the same. What's the difference between the 2 philosophies based on Advaita Vedanta?
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What was Shankara's stand on Bhairava Agamas?

It is a well-known fact that Shankara rejected both Vaishnava and Shaivite Agamas. However, I got to know from a friend that the philosophy of Bhairava Agamas were similar to Shankara's Advaita ...
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Which Shaivite sects are dualistic?

Most Shaivite sects are Advaitin whereas some Shaivites, especially Acharya Srikantha's followers in South India follow Vishistadvaita. Are there any Shaivite sects that are dualistic?
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Is Srikantha regarded as an incarnation?

Srikantha was a famous Shaivite acharya from South India of the eleventh century who propounded the Shiva Advaita philosophy which is very similar to Ramanujacharya's Vishistadvaita philosophy. Is ...
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Who are the nAthas of nAth sampradAya?

One of the largest group of Hindu ascetics is the Nath (or Natha) sampradaya. Who are the Naths? Who were the famous 9 Naths? What is their core ideology? What sect of Shaivism do they belong to?
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What are the arguments given by non Sri Vaishnava schools that the Pancharatra Agamas are non-Vedic?

Please give arguments from any school. Please also cite from scholarly works.
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What are the arguments given by some scholars that the Vishnu Puranas are Tamasic?

Some scholars think that the Vishnu Puranas are actually tamasic, but what are their arguments for this?
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What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
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Which scriptures describe the concept of “Shadjanma Pashu”?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
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Why Manikkavasagar isn't usually included in the Nayanars list?

Along with 63 Nayanars, why Manikkavasagar isn't included to make it as 64? He wrote one of the famous literature in Tamil i.e., Thiruvasagam. But he is included in the list of Nalvar(four people) ...
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Who is a Shaivite or Shaiva? What are his/her supposed qualities?

Like in this thread we find the definition & qualities of a Vaishnava, I would like to know the same for the Shaiva as well. What is the definition or qualities of a Shaiva or Shaivite.
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Why does Ramanuja refer to the PAshupata sect as the sect of “Black faces”?

Ramanuja attributed this philosophy to the tradition of the Kalamukha(s), the sect of "Black Faces" to which Lakulisha belonged. What was the reason for referring to it as KAlamukha? What were ...
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257 views

Which are the Five faces of Lord Shiva?

I saw a verse in Shiva Mahapurana that depicts Lord shiva having 5 heads, does any other scripture describe details about 5 heads of Lord Shiva?
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108 views

Who wrote the Shiva Stuti Sukta Malika, and does it still exist?

The Narayana Shabda Sadhararanyam is a work by the 16th century Advaita philosopher Govinda Nayaka which argues that the word Narayana refers to Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. This work was refuted by an ...
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What are the Shaivite/Shakta arguments for gestures as a Pramana?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Can Lingayats be considered as a part of Hinduism?

Lingayatism is considered as a Shaivite sect within Hinduism which worship Linga, founded by Basava. This sects rejects everything belonging to Hinduism like Varna system, Vedas and other concepts and ...
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Do all Shaiva Siddhantins reject Vamachara practices as sinful?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect ((which I discuss here and here), ...
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What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
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Can we wear Banalinga as pendant around our neck?

Banalingas or Narmada lingas are considered as Swayambhu Shiva Lingams which are found on the river beds of Narmada river. There are many shops which sell them online as wearable pendants. Like this: ...
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What parts of Utpaladeva's Ishwara Pratyabhijna Vivriti are available in English?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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292 views

Which Shaiva Agamas does Appayya Dikshitar consider anti-Vedic?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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0answers
291 views

Who thinks the supreme Shiva's only forms are Nataraja, Dakshinamurthi, and Ardhanarishvara?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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1answer
309 views

Who are all the Gurus of Abhinavagupta and what Paramparas did they come from?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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102 views

Who are the “Pauranikas” who believed in 30 Tattvas and 8 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, one of the most popular forms of Shiva worshipped in South India is the young sage Dakshinamurthi, whose name literally means "the South-facing form". The Advaita ...
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1answer
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Do pashupata-shaivists have mathas?

I tried google search but I found nothing about mathas in pashupata shaivism. I am interested in becoming a ordained monk in hinduism sub-school pashupata shaivism. I would like to know where those ...
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151 views

What scriptures describe Durvasa having three sons who promulgated Agamas?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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1answer
178 views

Who are the beings above Para Shiva recognized by Tirumular?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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1answer
105 views

What school of philosophy believes in an infinite number of Tattvas?

The most prominent thinker associated with the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were ...
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Which scriptures describe Vināyaka as son of Nandi?

Shaiva Siddhanta is based on the Shaiva Agamas and the poems of the 63 Nāyanārs . One of those 63 Nāyanārs is Saint Tirumūlar and also one of the 18 Siddhars and also a Yogi himself. His work ...
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319 views

What Shaivite sects are classified as the ingroup of Shaiva Siddhanta?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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1answer
244 views

How is Tirumantiram 1st verse by Tirumular 'One Is Many' interpreted?

Tirumantiram is more than 3000 verses in Tamil written by Tirumular in about 5th Century. In the 1st verse of Tirumantiram he writes: 1: One Is Many The One is He, the Two His sweet Grace, ...
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138 views

What did Vishnu's incarnation Prithu say about being one with the Universe?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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0answers
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What scriptures describe Vishnu riding a tortoise?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
7
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2answers
615 views

What is Māyā according to Sankara Vedanta? What are its characteristics?

Besides Sankara Vedanta, Trika system of Kashmiri Shaivism, which is considered as the purest monist school of Hinduism too talks about Māyā. According to it, the basic definition of Māyā is - मि...