Questions tagged [shaivism]

Shaivism is one of the six major sects of Hinduism, which reveres Lord Shiva as the Supreme Being. Shaivism holds that Shiva is the creator, preserver, destroyer, revealer and concealer of all that is.

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Why Shiva (an asectic god) has family while most other Gods don't?

Shiva or Mahadev is generally considered a deity of Sanyasi/yogis. Shiva himself is the greatest yogi and lives in Smashan. But unlike most other Hindu gods, he has a proper family. Parvati is his ...
demonofthemist's user avatar
21 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do any commentators of Brahmasūtras other than Ādi Śaṅkarācārya disagree with both Pañcarātra and Śaiva Āgamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedānta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sūtras, a work by the sage Vyāsa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
17 votes
7 answers
31k views

What is the meaning of the word "Shiva"?

Is "Shiva" just a name of a God or does the word actually denote something? In other words, what is the real meaning of the word "Shiva" (also spelled as Śiva or शिव)?
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15 votes
3 answers
24k views

Why does lord Shiva have three eyes?

How did lord Shiva of the Thrimoorthi get three eyes? Who gave him the third eye?
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15 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the significance of Rudraksha in Saivism?

Rudraksham seems to have an important place in the Saivite sect of Hinduism. I have seen it being worn by many Saivite temple priests and many rishis (in their portrayals). Apart from priests, I have ...
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15 votes
1 answer
6k views

What is Shakti Visishtadvaita philosophy?

Does any one know what this(Shakti Visishtadvaita) philosophy is all about? I know what are dvaita, advaita philosophies but this is new one.
Manju's user avatar
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15 votes
0 answers
699 views

Is ‘Vayu Purāṇa’ a synonym for the Shiva Purāṇa and what is the reason for it having two names?

The Matsya Purāṇa, while enlisting the 18 mahapuranas says the following with reference to the fourth one, also known as the Shri Shiva Purāṇa With reference to the Śvetakalpa, the dharma which Vayu ...
Adiyarkku's user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
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Who is a Shaivite or Shaiva? What are his/her supposed qualities?

Like in this thread we find the definition & qualities of a Vaishnava, I would like to know the same for the Shaiva as well. What is the definition or qualities of a Shaiva or Shaivite.
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does Sadashiva ride a tortoise?

In this excerpt from the Manava Shrauta Sutras, a text associated with the Yajur Veda, a certain ritual for worshiping Shiva is described. As part of this ritual, the five-headed form of Shiva is ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
13 votes
0 answers
645 views

What is the difference between Raudra and Saumya sects of Shaivism?

The term "Shaivite" is often overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they are actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can Lingayats be considered as a part of Hinduism?

Lingayatism is considered as a Shaivite sect within Hinduism which worship Linga, founded by Basava. This sects seems to reject everything belonging to Hinduism—like the Varna system, the Vedas, and ...
Hindu's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
3k views

Do Shaivites believe in something greater than Sadashiva?

In this excerpt from the Vayaviya Samhita of the Shiva Purana, various time scales are described: Brahma's one day is equivalent to a kalpa. He is of unmanifest origin. A thousand kalpas make a ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
833 views

Do any non-Vaishnava Agamas trace their origins to a Vedic Shakha?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

What scriptures describe Sadashiva carrying Vishnu in Vishnu's abode of Paramapadam?

As I discuss in this question, the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I am a member) places great importance on the Divya Desams, the 108 sacred places of Vishnu which are mentioned in the poems of the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
7 answers
34k views

Can Shaivaites or Devotees of Shiva eat meat?

I have seen animals sacrificing for Kali mata. I am not brahmin by birth but had developed interest towards Lord Siva. I read Shiva Purana but there are no references for devotees of Shiva. I have ...
The Destroyer's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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Who are all the Gurus of Abhinavagupta and what Paramparas did they come from?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why Kukke Subramanya temple has a Madhwa mutt?

This question is specific to kukke Subramanya temple present in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka (refer : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kukke_Subramanya_Temple). The main presiding deity is ...
abhishek's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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What does Lord Shiva mean when he says there are 5 gurus in Vaishnava tradition?

In Kularnava Tantra. Chapter 13, Lord Shiva talks about guru and his characteristics. He says following verse : śaive gurutrayaṃ proktaṃ vaiṣṇave guru pañcakaṃ vedaśāstreṣu sataso gururekaṃ ...
Sarvabhouma's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
225 views

What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
1k views

Which are the 118 worlds as described in Fifteen verses of Wisdom?

One of the verses from Fifteen Verses of Wisdom (bodhapancadasika) by Abhinavagupta, the great master of all aspects of Kashmir Shaivism, is as follows: In this way the Lord, Bhairava, the essence ...
Just_Do_It's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between Veerashaivism and Lingayatism?

Lingayats and Veerashaivites are often considered the same Shaivite sect. However, there are many who consider them distinct to each other. What is the difference between the two?
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9 votes
1 answer
347 views

What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
Rickross's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What commentary on the Brahma Sutras does the Saiva Siddhanta Church support?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here) ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is worship of Lord Hanuman associated with Vaishnavism or Shaivism?

Lord Hanuman, as we know is an ardent devotee of Lord Rama (Lord Vishnu's incarnation). But at the same time He is said to be Lord Shiva's incarnation. So is Hanuman worship more associated with ...
RishX's user avatar
  • 3,051
9 votes
1 answer
150 views

Do pashupata-shaivists have mathas?

I tried google search but I found nothing about mathas in pashupata shaivism. I am interested in becoming a ordained monk in hinduism sub-school pashupata shaivism. I would like to know where those ...
riki's user avatar
  • 91
8 votes
2 answers
909 views

What are the prerequisites to get initiated in Shaiva or Shakta Agamas?

I wanted to know the qualifications or qualities one should possess to get initiation in Shiva or Shakta agamas?
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
385 views

Who was the solar dynasty king who was turned into a spider?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
559 views

Which are the 10 Mahapuranas dedicated to Shiva according to Skanda Mahapurana?

The largest Mahapurana, Skanda Purana of Shaiva sect in Kedara Khanda 1 says: अष्टादशपुराणेषु दशभिर्गीयते शिवः। चतुर्भिर्भगवान् ब्रह्मा द्वाभ्यां देवी तथा हरिः॥ or ‘अठारह पुराणों में दस में शिव-स्तुति...
R. Kaushik's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do all Shaiva Siddhantins reject Vamachara practices as sinful?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect ((which I discuss here and here), ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
884 views

Can Vaishnavas join the Natha Sampradaya?

According to Wikipedia, Natha Sampradaya is a subsect within Shaivism. However, I recently found an adherent of this Sampradaya who claims to be a devotee of Lord Krishna. Now, how is it possible ...
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8 votes
1 answer
3k views

What are the symbols and weapons in the hand of Sadashiva?

Sadashiva is described as being eternal form of Lord Shiva. He is represented with Five-faces and ten hands. The five heads of Sadashiva are known as Sadyojata [West facing], Vamadeva [North facing], ...
Tezz's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Does Basavanna reject the Vedas outrightly in any of his works?

Basavanna was a 12th century philosopher, a Kannada social reformer and a renowned Shaivite. He is said to be an incarnation of Nandikeshwar by his followers. Basavanna is said to have found the ...
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8 votes
0 answers
253 views

Which scriptures describe the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu"?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
Rickross's user avatar
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8 votes
0 answers
509 views

What scriptures describe Ganesha having five hands?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
733 views

Which are the Five faces of Lord Shiva?

I saw a verse in Shiva Mahapurana that depicts Lord shiva having 5 heads, does any other scripture describe details about 5 heads of Lord Shiva?
Karmanya Nanda's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
453 views

How is Tirumantiram 1st verse by Tirumular 'One Is Many' interpreted?

Tirumantiram is more than 3000 verses in Tamil written by Tirumular in about 5th Century. In the 1st verse of Tirumantiram he writes: 1: One Is Many The One is He, the Two His sweet Grace, ...
Tezz's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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Shiva Gita in English with commentaries from eminent Philosophers

Shiva Gita is less known Gita (song) found in Uttara Kanda of Padma Purana. The Siva-Gita begins with episode from the Ramayana epic, where Rama is despondent over the loss of Sita. I found Shiva Gita ...
The Destroyer's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why Manikkavasagar isn't usually included in the Nayanars list?

Along with 63 Nayanars, why Manikkavasagar isn't included to make it as 64? He wrote one of the famous literature in Tamil i.e., Thiruvasagam. But he is included in the list of Nalvar(four people) ...
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7 votes
0 answers
378 views

What does the meaning of "Vishnu" have to do with the word "Prabhu"?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. My ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
1k views

Where do the Vedas say that a single Vajapeya Yagna will make you the next Indra?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
10 answers
7k views

What scriptures describe the fifth state called Turiyatita?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they are actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
311 views

Shaivism or Shivaism?

What is the correct term to use, Shaivism or Shivaism? I could not find a good source about how the word Shaiva (Saiva, Caiva) appeared and when.
Julio Olivieras's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
517 views

How do Shaivas view and interpret the Ramayana and Mahabharata?

Do Shaivas accept that Rama and Krishna were incarnations of Vishnu? How do Shaivas view and interpret these Itihasas?
Ikshvaku's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
735 views

What parts of Utpaladeva's Ishwara Pratyabhijna Vivriti are available in English?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can we wear Banalinga as pendant around our neck?

Banalingas or Narmada lingas are considered as Swayambhu Shiva Lingams which are found on the river beds of Narmada river. There are many shops which sell them online as wearable pendants. Like this: ...
Rickross's user avatar
  • 111k
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What exactly is Nada, Bindu and Kala?

I have come across the term Nada, Bindu and Kala etc many times and they seem to be talking about various different concepts sometimes personal and sometimes cosmic. In one explanation Bindu is ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
243 views

What are the arguments given by some scholars that the Vishnu Puranas are Tamasic?

Some scholars think that the Vishnu Puranas are actually tamasic, but what are their arguments for this?
Ikshvaku's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
123 views

Method/ philosophy to attain moksha, concept of Brahman in the Shaiva Agamas, and link to Vedas

Please read the main 3 questions, additional are secondary questions. The Shaiva Agamas, 28 in number, having 204 supporting Upagamas, are said to be revealed by the five faces of Rudra Bhagavan ...
Adiyarkku's user avatar
  • 11k
6 votes
0 answers
236 views

Which of these Bhairava shruti texts / Tantras are lost?

The following is a list from the Shrikanthi Samhita of the 64 Bhairava Tantras and their 8 classifications: Yamalasataka - BrahmayAmala, VishnuyAmala, Rudra-yAmala, Swacanda yAmala, AtharvanayAmala, ...
R. Kaushik's user avatar
  • 2,479
6 votes
0 answers
701 views

Who are the parents of Indra and Brahma mentioned by Basava?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here) ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar