Questions tagged [sri-vaishnava]

A sect of Vaishnavas (Vishnu-worshippers) founded by Nathamuni and popularized by Ramanujacharya, based on the teachings of the Alwars and tracing its origins to the goddess Lakshmi (Sri).

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What is the difference between Thenkalai and Vadakalai sects of Sri Vaishnavism?

For those who do not know, there are two main sects of Sri Vaishnavism: Thenkalai and Vadakalai. The Vadakalai sect wear their namam, or thiruman, in a "U" shaped pattern with manjal or yellow like ...
Akshay's user avatar
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17 votes
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628 views

What is the story of Brahma forgetting his knowledge after teaching Indra?

The Rahasyatraya Sara is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan, concerning the meaning of the Rahasya Traya or three secrets of the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member). (One of ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
477 views

Where in the Mahabharata does Krishna discuss Archa forms of Vishnu?

The Tattva Matrika is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan about the Sri Vaishnava philosophy of Visistadvaita. Among the topics discussed are the five types of manifestations of ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between Bhakti Yoga & Sharanagati?

We know typically there are three paths towards Moksha: Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga & Karma Yoga. Sri Vaishnava sampradaya, the famous Vaishnava sampradaya, the basic tenets of which are said to be ...
Pandya's user avatar
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15 votes
3 answers
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Does Ramanujacharya believe that inhabitants of Brahmaloka attain Moksha when they die?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
15 votes
1 answer
3k views

What scriptures describe Krishna's lover Nappinnai?

Most people know about Radha, who is said to be Krishna's lover and his favorite among the Gopis, whom Krishna spent time with during his childhood in Vrindavan and Gokulam. She's revered by many ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
14k views

Why did Sri Ramanuja refuse to hail Shiva? What was the need to prove that Vishnu is the one true God?

I was reading the history of Sri Ramanuja, the Vaishnava saint. Apparently, he was in hiding in fear of a Chola King. The Chola king was a worshiper of Shiva as opposed to Ramanuja who is a Vishnu ...
Tiny Rick's user avatar
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14 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the Kashmir Agamas defended in Yamunacharya's lost work?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important to the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts or Agamas consisted of detailed ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
14 votes
0 answers
2k views

Where is this Srimad Bhagavatam verse about the different forms of Moksha?

According to Vaishnavism, there are six kinds of liberation from Samsara (the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth). They're each defined in relation to Vishnu, since Vaishnavas consider Vishnu to be ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where does the Linga Purana declare Vishnu to be the supreme soul?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important to the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
6k views

Did Tamil Vaishnavites (Iyengars) descend from Shaivites (Iyers)?

Wikipedia article on Iyer has a passage without citations which says: The title 'Iyer' was used as a designation for all Tamil Smartha Brahmins during the medieval period, during which they were ...
Bharat's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
1k views

How many of the Divya Desams are the sites of Sri Vaishnava Temples?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The Alwars are crucially important figures in ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
6k views

What is the significance of Satagopuram?

Why is it placed on our head after Darsan? If I am correct, the Satagopuram is not offered in Shakthi temples. What is the reason behind this? (In which kind of temples can this be seen?) Do we ...
pbvamsi's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
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Are there any surviving quotes from Baudhayana's commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by Vyasa which summarizes the philosophical teachings ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
797 views

What is the secular account of the compilation of the Alwars' poems?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The 4000 verses of the Alwars were compiled by ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
236 views

How do the stories of Prahlada and Hanuman show invisible effects of visible causes?

The Paramathabhanga is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan which refutes rival schools of Indian philosophy, both inside and outside of Hinduism. In this chapter of the Paramatha ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

What scriptures describe Sadashiva carrying Vishnu in Vishnu's abode of Paramapadam?

As I discuss in this question, the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I am a member) places great importance on the Divya Desams, the 108 sacred places of Vishnu which are mentioned in the poems of the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why does Kulasekhara Alwar call Vishnu "Vitruvakodu's Lord"?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The collection of their 4000 poems, known as ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Have any Swaminarayan commentaries on the Brahma Sutras been translated into English?

Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And in turn they started the four main Sampradayas or traditions of Vaishnavism: ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Which Alwars mention the gods whom they're incarnations of?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The collection of their 4000 poems, known as ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

Who is the Bhashyakara who pretended to criticize Pancharatra?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important to the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
691 views

What is the story of Vishnu incarnating as a mango tree in the Dandaka forest?

The Sri Vaishnava sect has two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Vadakalais follow the teachings of Vedanta Desikan, whereas Thenkalais follow the teachings of Pillai Lokacharya. My question is ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Where does Periyavachan Pillai discuss Mleccha devotees of Vishnu?

Mlecchas refer to people who are foreign to India and the Vedic tradition, in contrast to Nastikas who are from India but reject the Vedic tradition. In this excerpt from his Rahasyatraya Sara, the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
876 views

Where is the concept of Prapatti/Saranagati mentioned in the mukhya upanishads, as per the Sri Vaishnava interpretation?

Srivaishnavas, followers of Ramanuja, believe in the concept of prapatti or Saranagati, where, if I understand correctly, God himself becomes the savior after the devotee surrenders completely to God. ...
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10 votes
1 answer
511 views

What is the Kanya region of Bharatavarsha, identified as the only residence of the four castes?

Lalla's Shishyavriddhida Tantra is a Hindu astronomical work dating to the 8th century. In this excerpt from the Shishyavriddhida Tantra, Lalla describes the geography of Bharatavarsha, i.e. the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
9k views

Why does only Uppiliappan have "Mam Ekam Saranam Vraja" written on his hand?

Most people only know about the Venkateshwara form of Vishnu (AKA Balaji or Srinivasa) in connection to the deity of the world-renowned Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple in Tirupati. But that is not the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
252 views

What scriptures describe Parashara asking for Moksha for everyone?

In 7 minute mark of this lecture, the Sri Vaishnava lecturer U. Ve. A.S. Rajagopalan Swami explains the importance of Sharanagati, or complete surrender to Vishnu as a means of getting Moksha, using ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
4k views

Who is the seer of the Nila Sukta, the Vedic hymn to Vishnu's wife Nila Devi?

Most people know about Radha, who is said to be Krishna's lover and his favorite among the Gopis, whom Krishna spent time with during his childhood in Vrindavan and Gokulam. Yet the Sri Vaishnava sect ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
4k views

What is the Thenkalai-Vadakalai disagreement about "Sriman Narayana Preethiyartham" vs "Bhagavat Kainkarya Roopam"?

The members of the Sri Vaishnava sect of Hinduism (of which I'm a member), especially the Iyengars (Sri Vaishnavas who are Brahmanas), are divided into two sub-sects, Thenkalais and Vadakalais. These ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
664 views

Do any Sampradayas apart from the Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya differentiate between Sharanagati and Bhakti Yoga?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, there are two paths to Moksha- Bhakti-Yoga and Sharanagati. Bhakti-Yoga to them is considered a longer and more difficult path to Moksha and involves Karma-Yoga and Jnana-...
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10 votes
1 answer
3k views

What scriptures describe the story of Vishnu's general, Vishvaksena?

It is well-known that Shiva's son Ganesha is the general of Shiva's army of Ganas. What's not as well-known, however, is that Vishnu also has an army, led by the god Vishvaksena. Vishvaksena plays ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

Eligibility and Procedure for Saranagati

As I've discussed in this question, Sri Vaishnavas believe that Saranagati the most appropriate way towards Moksha. I want to know the eligibility & procedure for Sharanagati. Who is considered ...
Pandya's user avatar
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10 votes
0 answers
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What is the Nyaya argument for Karma being the instrumental cause of the Universe?

The Agama Pramanya is a work by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Yamunacharya arguing that the Pancharatra texts, which are foundational to mainstream Vaishnavism as I discuss here, are legitimate ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
6 answers
5k views

Whose avatara is Sri Ramanujacharya?

Popularly belief is that SriRamnanujacharya is the avatara (incarnation) of Sankarshana/Balarama/Lakshmana/Adisesha. The question is whose avatara is Sri Ramanujacharya and is there any specific ...
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9 votes
3 answers
759 views

Whats a good roadmap to learn Visistadvaita philosophy?

I am a SriVaishnavite by birth, and am keen on learning the Visistadvaita system of Ramanuja and Vedanta Desika, which is the basis of our Vadakalai Iyengar Sampradaya. Whats a good place to start for ...
Bharat's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
636 views

What scriptures describe Mahabali stealing Vishnu’s crown and Garuda giving it to Krishna?

The Sri Vaishnava sect has two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Vadakalais follow the teachings of Vedanta Desikan, whereas Thenkalais follow the teachings of Pillai Lokacharya. My question is ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
3k views

How does one get initiated into Sri Vaishnavism?

How does a non-Sri Vaishnava get initiated into Sri Vaishnavism? What Sri Vaishnava Acharyas are there in the world today who initiate people?
Arnea Haseljic's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Third eye of Lord Narasimha

The Narasimhar sannidhi in Srirangam temple has Narasimha moorthy with a third eye like Shiva. Is the third eye of Lord Narasimha mentioned in any scriptures like Puranas or Upanishads?
Manoj Gowda's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
518 views

Why is Manavala Mamunigal covered with a hood of Adi Shesha?

Sri Vaishnava acharya Manava Mamunigal (also known as Varavara muni or Manavala Mahamunigal.) is always depicted to have covered with hoods of snake. The snake is Adi Shesha. There are many idols and ...
Sarvabhouma's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
5k views

What is the connection between Munitrayam and Swayamacharyas in Sri Vaishnavism?

As I discuss in this question, the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member) is divided into two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Now each of these sub-sects has a bunch of Mathams belonging to ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
333 views

What scriptures describe these four types of living beings?

The Paratvadi Panchakam is a five-verse poem by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Nadadur Ammal In praise of the five types of manifestations of Vishnu described in the Pancharatra Agamas: Para, Vyuha, ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
338 views

Did Vedanta Desikan debate Tuvarapati Kavalar?

The Sri Vaishnava sect has two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Vadakalais follow the teachings of Vedanta Desikan, whereas Thenkalais follow the teachings of Pillai Lokacharya. Now the Vedanta ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
696 views

References to the 5 kinds of moksha in the Vedas and commentaries explaining the verses as such

From this, the Subala Upanishad quoted here and the Virodhaparihara, mentioned here, ALL three, the technical meaning of Kaivalya I understand is one of the 4 purusharthas which involves meditating on ...
Adiyarkku's user avatar
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9 votes
0 answers
462 views

How does Ramanujacharya interpret a quote from Upavarsha's ancient Vritti?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What scriptures describe Krishna granting Moksha to Ghantakarna, a Pishacha who killed a rishi?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The Alwars are crucially important figures in ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
460 views

Who founded "Pushti mArga" and how is it different than "Vaishnavism"?

Typically in Gujarat region of India, the devotees of Shrinathji follow "Pushti mArga". I would like to know: Who founded it & when? How is it different than conventional Vaishnavism?
Vishakha's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
850 views

How do Sri Vaishnavas interpret the "Vedas are not Vedas" quote in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

In Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory evidence, Anumana or reasoning, and Shabda or revelation/scripture. But as I discuss in this ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do Sri Vaishnavas believe the Nachiketa Yagna grants Moksha by itself?

Perhaps the most famous story from the Upanishads is the story of Nachiketa, told in the Katha Upanishad of the Yajur Veda. Nachiketa was the young son of the sage Vajashravas (who may or may not be ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
274 views

What scriptures describe the layers of the Earth mentioned by Engalalwan?

This verse in Amsha 1 Adhyaya 4 of the Vishnu Purana describes the aftermath of Vishnu’s incarnation Varaha rescuing the Earth from the water: Uttishtatah tasya jalaardra kuksheh mahaa varaahasya ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

What scriptures describe Krishna hiding from Yashoda in Dadhipandan's yogurt pot?

As I discuss in this question, the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya once visited the town of Thirukkolur in order to see the Vaithamanidhi Perumal Vishnu temple, when he saw a little girl ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar

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