Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [surya]

Surya is the chief of the Navagraha, the nine Classical planets and important elements of Hindu astrology.

0
votes
1answer
108 views

What is the relation between Light (Suryadevta) and Air (Vayu)?

Sun is the Devata (Deity/Surya Deva) of Air (Vayu) and Sun travels on Air (vayu) as its chariot (Vayu rupi rath). If there is no air can the sun rays have speed?
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Can one look at the rising and setting sun during Sandhyavandanam?

According to scriptures, one should not look at the rising and setting sun. But what about during morning and evening Sandhyavandanam when one faces the sun and meditates on it? Is that the only ...
5
votes
1answer
365 views

Scripture(s) saying not to look at the sun during his rising and setting time

Consider the following statements of Bhishma from Anusasana Parva of Mahabharata One should never look at the rising sun, nor at the setting sun. Nor should one look at the sun when he is in ...
5
votes
0answers
46 views

What is Surya Kriya? What is its significance? How it is different from other related practices?

What is Surya Kriya? What is its significance? How it is different from other related practices? Is it part of Patanjali Sutras? I have not come across too many texts or videos explaining the same.
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Does the notion of the earth as a planet within the Solar System exist in scripture?

In other words, as an approximate sphere going round the Sun with other planets some closer to the Sun and some further away? Whether this modern view of the Solar System exists in scripture has not ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Surya Arghya ingredients mentioned in Ramayan and other scriptures?

Does anyone know what eight ingredients are mentioned in the Ramayana for Surya Arghya? I am also curious what other scriptures say about ingredients in Surya Arghya so mentioning those are welcome as ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

What are the benefits of offering Water to the Surya Dev (sun) in morning? [duplicate]

What are the benefits of doing Surya namaskar? By surya namaskar, I mean offering Water to the Surya Dev (sun) in morning? Personally, I have given water to Surya deva for 1 month and I'm not ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Why only water is used to give Arghya to Sun (Surya)? [duplicate]

I know that offering arghya to Sun (Surya) is a way of saying thank you to Sun (Surya) for provide such enormous amount of light & energy. My question is why only water is selected to offer ...
6
votes
0answers
54 views

Who was Rishi Etesha and why was he racing with Surya?

I had earlier asked a question on Indra taking away a wheel from Surya's chariot and from the answer by Pushkar it turned out that he had done that to help his friend Rishi Etesha: There was ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Who is the mother-in-law of Surya?

I have heard stories of Surya getting married to Vishwakarma's daughter but I don't know the name of Vishwakarma's wife. Who was she and what is her story?
7
votes
2answers
175 views

What is the difference between Sun and Sun God?

What is the difference between a graha and a deva in both astrological sense as well as in spiritual sense? For example when we say Sun (Surya), we mean the star (planet astrologically) but is it same ...
5
votes
1answer
355 views

Who is the daughter of Surya mentioned in Rig Veda 10.85?

The Rig Veda Book 10 Verse 85 describes the bridal of Sun-god's daughter who is called Surya as well: 6 Raibhi was her dear bridal friend, and Narasamsi led her home. Lovely was Sūrya's robe: she ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

When the Sun was lost?

Mahabharata: Adi Parva: Sambhava Parva says the illustrious Atri who illumined the world of old when the Sun was lost.. Where this story can be found in detail which tells when and why the Sun ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

How can Wind, Sun and Fire be living beings?

There are many hymns dedicated to Wind, Sun, Fire in the Vedas. There was also a yajna done to please them. Sun is called Aditya, meaning son of Aditi and Kashyapa Rishi. How can a star be born from a ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Does Kalpa coincide with age of Sun?

While searching for relation between the life span of Sun and present Shri Bramha Day, I came across a very interesting fact by calculations. The age of our Sun is nearly equal to Shri Bramha's day i....
8
votes
4answers
686 views

Why is Surya referred to as Martanda?

Rig Veda Book 10 Verse 72 mentions a curious story about Surya's birth: 7 When, O ye Gods, like Yatis, ye caused all existing things to grow, Then ye brought Sūrya forward who was lying hidden in ...
5
votes
1answer
493 views

Is the Purusha Suktam of the Yajurveda dedicated to Lord Aditya(Surya)

Chapter 31 of White Yajurveda contains the Purusha Suktam which tells us about the Supreme Nature of God. I have read that Lord Aditya is the deity of the Purusha Suktam. So does it means The Supreme ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

In any of the works of Adi Shankaracharya is it mentioned that any deity apart from Sriman Narayana to be supreme/Saguna Brahman/Ishwara?

I have mainly seen Adi Shankaracharya calling Narayana to be the only supreme/Saguna Brahman/Ishwara whereas his followers i.e. Smarthas believe that Adi Shankaracharya saw Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, Surya, ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the meaning of Sūrya Maṇḍala Stōtram?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32TGOFRIVmE It appears to be from Bhaviṣya Purāṇa because it ends with: ... sūryamaṇḍalasustrōtraṃ yaḥ paṭhēt satataṃ naraḥ | sarvapāpaviśuddhātmā ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Authentic text of Surya Siddhanta English Translation

Are there any authentic text of Surya Siddhanta English Translation ? The following seem to be commonly available ones in Internet, Surya - Siddhanta, By Ed. By S. Jain E. Burgees The Surya-...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

What is the relation of Surya & Yama with Agni?

Rig Veda Book 10, Hymn 21 is dedicated to Agni and mentions the following: 4 O Agni, what thou deemest wealth, Victorious and Immortal One! Bring thou to give us vigour,—at your glad carouse -...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Goddess Parvathi hiding the sun

Is there a story where Goddess Parvathi hides the sun when Shiva is talking to her?A friend of mine insists that there is such a story.
3
votes
0answers
126 views

Why were the Mandehas cursed to try to eat the Sun every day?

Sandhyavandhanam is a ritual that all Brahmanas (in fact all Dvijas) are required to perform three times a day. This chapter of the Vishnu Purana describes one reason why Sandhyavandhanam is done, ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

What is the story of the Naga Padmanabha dragging the chariot of Surya?

The SECTION CCCLVII of Shanti Parva of Mahabharat talks about a Brahmin who goes to meet a renowned Naga Padmanabha only to be told by his wife that he was out on an important errand which is quite ...
7
votes
1answer
764 views

What are the seven rays of the sun?

In Chapter 45, Uttarabhaga of Kurma Purana, seven rays of sun is mentioned सप्तरश्मिरथो भूत्वा समुत्तिष्ठन्दिवाकरः। असह्यरशिमर्भवति पिबन्नम्भो गभस्तिभिः॥ १४॥ Thereafter, the sun with his ...
7
votes
1answer
112 views

Who did Indra receive a prophecy from in a golden ship?

This excerpt from the Baudhayana Shrauta Sutras, a text associated with the Yajur Veda, describes an interesting story involving a war between the Devas and the Asuras: When gods and demons fought ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Which scriptures or Vedic hymns declare the Sun as the Supreme God (Brahman)?

Most of the Indian philosophies establish hierarchies of their interest of Gods. Like There are many Lord Vishnus ( MahaVishnu- Supreme Brahman ) & Similarly many Lord Shivas ( Brahman is usually ...
9
votes
1answer
627 views

Before Aruna, who was the Sun God's charioteer?

Chapter 16 – Verses 22 and 23 of Adi Parva of Mahabharata in Aastika Parva states विशिष्टम् बलमीप्सन्त्या पञ्चवर्षशतात् परः | एवं शप्त्वा ततः पुत्रो विनितामन्तरिक्षगः || २२ ||** अरुणो ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

How can Karna, the son of a god, be associated with the origin of Pitri Paksh?

I was checking out the legends associated with the Pitri Paksh or Shraadh rituals and it led me to the story of Karna which goes like this: When the legendary donor Karna died in the epic ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Why do Hindus only count Umbra as the eclipse?

Hindu calendar only includes Umbra as an eclipse. Penumbra (here B) can affect a wider area of place and last longer as well. Partial eclipse also occurs in the Penumbra. So why is only Umbra counted ...
7
votes
2answers
563 views

Why did Indra steal a wheel from the chariot of Surya?

The Rigved verse 5.29.10 talks about an interesting incident: 9 What time ye came with strong steeds swiftly speeding, O Uśanā and Indra, to the dwelling, Thou camest thither -conquering together ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Will Lord Surya Die?

If the Sun loses fuel, does that correspond to Surya the Sun god getting old? If the Sun burns out, does that correspond to Surya dying? What does Hindu scripture have to say on the subject of Surya ...
2
votes
1answer
767 views

Hindu scriptures say Sun moves in a Chariot pulled by horses. What does this mean?

Rig Veda 1.50.8, 1.50.1 O, Bright sun, a chariot named harit with seven horses takes you to sky. Bhagavata Purana also says the same. But Sun cannot physically travel in Chariot.
6
votes
0answers
55 views

What are the “Daśa bhāskara kṣetrās”?

Srisailam is one of the most ancient kshetras in our country. There are legends associated with this sacred place. Srisailam is one of only three kshetras which is a jyotirlinga Kshetra and also a ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Which scriptures describe the chariot of Sun God?

सप्ताश्व रथमारूढम् प्रचंडम् कश्यपात्मजम् | श्वेत पद्मधरम् देवम् तम् सूर्यम् प्रणमाम्यहम् || saptāśva rathamārūḍham pracaṁḍam kaśyapātmajam | śvēta padmadharam dēvam tam sūryam praṇamāmyaham |...
10
votes
3answers
7k views

Who is Suvarchala? Is she wife or daughter of Sun God?

There are several stories of Hanuman being married or a bachelor. A question was already asked before on this site. Some say that Hanuman promised Sun that he will marry his daughter Suvarchala when ...
6
votes
0answers
428 views

What is the story of Savitṛ deity?

What is the story of Savitṛ deity? I am really confused between him and Surya, are they related? As per Wikipedia: Savitr disappeared as an independent deity from the Hindu pantheon after the end ...
1
vote
0answers
2k views

Why did surya not accept shani as his son?

Surya had three wives, Samjna, Rajni and Prabha. Surya and Samjna had two sons and a daughter. The eldest son was Vaivasvata Manu. And the remaining two offspring were twins named Yama and Yamuna. ...
1
vote
1answer
486 views

Can rituals like 'Tila tarpana' be performed on “Ratha sapthami” day?

What rituals have to be done and what activities/celebrations/rituals should NOT be done and who has to do what on Ratha sapthami day? Can we perform "Tila tarpana" on Ratha sapthami day for fathers ...
11
votes
2answers
479 views

Which Scriptures contain the verse “Arogyam bhaskarad ichcheth”?

First line of the following verse is used in Ayurveda and Surya Namaskaras to substantiate significance of Lord Surya as bestower of good health. Arogyam bhaskarad ichcheth Sriyam ichcheth ...
5
votes
1answer
315 views

Does the sect Sauram still exist?

Does Sauram - the sect of Lord Surya being Supreme Being, still exists? One of my Bengali friends are Saurite. If they are still existing, when did the community got declined? What are their holy ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How did Samba, Krishna's son, get relieved from Curse of Krishna?

Samba was Lord Krishna and Jamabavati son. Samba was born from Amsa of Lord Shiva. Lord Krishna wanted to end His Yadava clan (who were attendants of Lord Vishnu in Vaikunta) as His innumerable ...
13
votes
0answers
1k views

Do any Deities, other than the Pancha Mahadevatas, have Swayambhu representations?

The Pancha Mahadevatas are Ganapaty,Shiva,Vishnu,Devi(Ambika) & Surya. There is a Smarta tradition of worshiping them together in the Panchayatana Puja..In this Puja instead of idols or images of ...
5
votes
2answers
373 views

What is the mythological significance of ritually giving water to sun after bathing?

What is the mythological significance of ritually giving water to sun after bathing?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Benefits of “Suryaopassna” (सूर्योपासना) or Sun worship described in Vedas and upanishdas?

"Suryopasana" (सूर्योपासना) ie. Worship of Surya deva or Sun god is very ancient tradition of Hinduism. We can find it's origins in our Vedas. Lot's of mantras are there about Surya Deva or Sun god in ...
4
votes
1answer
641 views

What are the name of Hindu months based on Sun-god?

This question The story behind Names of Hindu calender Months? describes the popular name of Hindu months. These are as follows: Chaitra, Vaiśākha, Jyeṣṭha, Āṣāḍha, Śrāvaṇa, Bhādrapada, Ashvin, ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the origin of twelve Surya namaskar mantra?

I know that there are 12 Surya namaskar mantra that are also described in question here Correct way of Surya namaskar?. But I want to know what is the origin of Surya namskar mantra? Which scripture ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Why Aruna doesn't have legs and how did he become charioteer of Surya?

Lord Surya Narayana's Ratha Saradhi (Charioteer) Aruna doesn't have both legs. What exactly is the story behind losing his legs and becoming ratha saradhi of lord Surya?
6
votes
0answers
1k views

Where is the mention of Surya Loka(सूर्य लोकं) in Hinduism?

One of the famous stotras for Lord Surya in Hinduism is श्रीसूर्याष्टकम् (Surya ashtakam). In the last line of this सूर्याष्टकम्, there is a mention of Surya Loka. स्त्रीतैलमधुमांसानि ये त्यजन्ति ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

How is the position of Surya and Chandra related to Amavasya and Poornima?

As far as I understand, in Jyotisha, Amavasya and Poornima are being related to the positions of Surya (Sun) and Chandra (Moon). What is this relationship? How do these positions change in between an ...