Questions tagged [surya]

Surya is the chief of the Navagraha, the nine Classical planets and important elements of Hindu astrology.

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17
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5answers
9k views

Why is Lord Surya also called Suryanarayana?

Narayana (Nara+Aayna) is the one who rests on water. But why is this Narayana, epithet of Lord Vishnu, used as suffix for Lord Surya, the Sun God? Is there any story behind this name?
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Why was Surya killed by Lord Shiva?

I heard of an incident in which Suryadev was once killed by Lord Shiva. Can somebody explain to me what is this incident and what Surya's mistake was? And also, please let me know how he became alive ...
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2answers
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Which scriptures or Vedic hymns declare the Sun as the Supreme God (Brahman)?

Most of the Indian philosophies establish hierarchies of their interest of Gods. Like There are many Lord Vishnus ( MahaVishnu- Supreme Brahman ) & Similarly many Lord Shivas ( Brahman is usually ...
14
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3answers
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What is the use of chanting Aditya Hridayam?

How to chant Aditya Hrudayam? How does it help in life? What is the story behind this?
14
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1answer
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What is the story of surya's wives?

I know Surya is associated with Sanjana and Chayya but I have known so many variations of the story from local books. So I want to know what is the story of Surya's wife from scriptures, are ...
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Do any Deities, other than the Pancha Mahadevatas, have Swayambhu representations?

The Pancha Mahadevatas are Ganapaty,Shiva,Vishnu,Devi(Ambika) & Surya. There is a Smarta tradition of worshiping them together in the Panchayatana Puja..In this Puja instead of idols or images of ...
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2answers
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Which Scriptures contain the verse “Arogyam bhaskarad ichcheth”?

First line of the following verse is used in Ayurveda and Surya Namaskaras to substantiate significance of Lord Surya as bestower of good health. Arogyam bhaskarad ichcheth Sriyam ichcheth ...
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Why is Surya referred to as Martanda?

Rig Veda Book 10 Verse 72 mentions a curious story about Surya's birth: 7 When, O ye Gods, like Yatis, ye caused all existing things to grow, Then ye brought Sūrya forward who was lying hidden in ...
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3answers
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Who is Suvarchala? Is she wife or daughter of Sun God?

There are several stories of Hanuman being married or a bachelor. A question was already asked before on this site. Some say that Hanuman promised Sun that he will marry his daughter Suvarchala when ...
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Why did Indra steal a wheel from the chariot of Surya?

The Rigved verse 5.29.10 talks about an interesting incident: 9 What time ye came with strong steeds swiftly speeding, O Uśanā and Indra, to the dwelling, Thou camest thither -conquering together ...
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1answer
746 views

Before Aruna, who was the Sun God's charioteer?

Chapter 16 – Verses 22 and 23 of Adi Parva of Mahabharata in Aastika Parva states विशिष्टम् बलमीप्सन्त्या पञ्चवर्षशतात् परः | एवं शप्त्वा ततः पुत्रो विनितामन्तरिक्षगः || २२ ||** अरुणो ...
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Why is Karna special in Mahabharata?

Like the 5 pandavas, Karna is also a son of deva. But he is mentioned as having more qualities than any single Pandava or even as having all the qualities of 5 Pandavas. So the question is : What ...
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1answer
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How did Samba, Krishna's son, get relieved from Curse of Krishna?

Samba was Lord Krishna and Jamabavati son. Samba was born from Amsa of Lord Shiva. Lord Krishna wanted to end His Yadava clan (who were attendants of Lord Vishnu in Vaikunta) as His innumerable ...
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Benefits of “Suryaopassna” (सूर्योपासना) or Sun worship described in Vedas and upanishdas?

"Suryopasana" (सूर्योपासना) ie. Worship of Surya deva or Sun god is very ancient tradition of Hinduism. We can find it's origins in our Vedas. Lot's of mantras are there about Surya Deva or Sun god in ...
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Who did Indra receive a prophecy from in a golden ship?

This excerpt from the Baudhayana Shrauta Sutras, a text associated with the Yajur Veda, describes an interesting story involving a war between the Devas and the Asuras: When gods and demons fought ...
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What is the story of Savitṛ deity?

What is the story of Savitṛ deity? I am really confused between him and Surya, are they related? As per Wikipedia: Savitr disappeared as an independent deity from the Hindu pantheon after the end ...
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Which scriptures describe the chariot of Sun God?

सप्ताश्व रथमारूढम् प्रचंडम् कश्यपात्मजम् | श्वेत पद्मधरम् देवम् तम् सूर्यम् प्रणमाम्यहम् || saptāśva rathamārūḍham pracaṁḍam kaśyapātmajam | śvēta padmadharam dēvam tam sūryam praṇamāmyaham |...
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What does Samaveda verse 1.6.1.4.5 mean?

Sāmaveda 1.6.1.4.5 (the 527th verse of the Sāmaveda) reads: सोमः पवते जनिता मतीनां जनिता दिवो जनिता पृथिव्याः । जनिताग्नेर्जनिता सूर्यस्य जनितेन्द्रस्य जनितोत विष्णोः ।। sōmaḥ pavate janitā ...
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What are the seven rays of the sun?

In Chapter 45, Uttarabhaga of Kurma Purana, seven rays of sun is mentioned सप्तरश्मिरथो भूत्वा समुत्तिष्ठन्दिवाकरः। असह्यरशिमर्भवति पिबन्नम्भो गभस्तिभिः॥ १४॥ Thereafter, the sun with his ...
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Who was Chhati Maiya?

There is a festival in Bihar named Chhat Puja in which people go to rivers, take bath and worship Lord Surya. They also worship a goddess called Chhati Maiya and that is why this festival name is ...
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201 views

What is the difference between Sun and Sun God?

What is the difference between a graha and a deva in both astrological sense as well as in spiritual sense? For example when we say Sun (Surya), we mean the star (planet astrologically) but is it same ...
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Who was Rishi Etesha and why was he racing with Surya?

I had earlier asked a question on Indra taking away a wheel from Surya's chariot and from the answer by Pushkar it turned out that he had done that to help his friend Rishi Etesha: There was ...
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What is the story of the Naga Padmanabha dragging the chariot of Surya?

The SECTION CCCLVII of Shanti Parva of Mahabharat talks about a Brahmin who goes to meet a renowned Naga Padmanabha only to be told by his wife that he was out on an important errand which is quite ...
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1answer
240 views

How can Karna, the son of a god, be associated with the origin of Pitri Paksh?

I was checking out the legends associated with the Pitri Paksh or Shraadh rituals and it led me to the story of Karna which goes like this: When the legendary donor Karna died in the epic ...
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1answer
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What is Ratha Saptami?

What is Ratha Saptami? Is there any reference in our scriptures regarding its celebrations. What is the significance keeping the Arka patram (Calotropis Gigantea i.e Erukku leaves)on the head while ...
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How can Wind, Sun and Fire be living beings?

There are many hymns dedicated to Wind, Sun, Fire in the Vedas. There was also a yajna done to please them. Sun is called Aditya, meaning son of Aditi and Kashyapa Rishi. How can a star be born from a ...
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Did our ancestors calculate the distance between Prithvi (Earth) and Surya (Sun) correctly?

In Hanuman Chalisa, it is said: जुग सहस्र जोजन पर भानू। लील्यो ताहि मधुर फल जानू॥ १८ ॥ meaning: The Sun is at thousand yojanas(a unit of measurement of distance), and thought of it as a sweet ...
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What are the “Daśa bhāskara kṣetrās”?

Srisailam is one of the most ancient kshetras in our country. There are legends associated with this sacred place. Srisailam is one of only three kshetras which is a jyotirlinga Kshetra and also a ...
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Where is the mention of Surya Loka(सूर्य लोकं) in Hinduism?

One of the famous stotras for Lord Surya in Hinduism is श्रीसूर्याष्टकम् (Surya ashtakam). In the last line of this सूर्याष्टकम्, there is a mention of Surya Loka. स्त्रीतैलमधुमांसानि ये त्यजन्ति ...
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Who is the mother-in-law of Surya?

I have heard stories of Surya getting married to Vishwakarma's daughter but I don't know the name of Vishwakarma's wife. Who was she and what is her story?
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What is the mythological significance of ritually giving water to sun after bathing?

What is the mythological significance of ritually giving water to sun after bathing?
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What is the origin of twelve Surya namaskar mantra?

I know that there are 12 Surya namaskar mantra that are also described in question here Correct way of Surya namaskar?. But I want to know what is the origin of Surya namskar mantra? Which scripture ...
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How is the position of Surya and Chandra related to Amavasya and Poornima?

As far as I understand, in Jyotisha, Amavasya and Poornima are being related to the positions of Surya (Sun) and Chandra (Moon). What is this relationship? How do these positions change in between an ...
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1answer
378 views

Scripture(s) saying not to look at the sun during his rising and setting time

Consider the following statements of Bhishma from Anusasana Parva of Mahabharata One should never look at the rising sun, nor at the setting sun. Nor should one look at the sun when he is in ...
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Who is the daughter of Surya mentioned in Rig Veda 10.85?

The Rig Veda Book 10 Verse 85 describes the bridal of Sun-god's daughter who is called Surya as well: 6 Raibhi was her dear bridal friend, and Narasamsi led her home. Lovely was Sūrya's robe: she ...
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1answer
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Is the Purusha Suktam of the Yajurveda dedicated to Lord Aditya(Surya)

Chapter 31 of White Yajurveda contains the Purusha Suktam which tells us about the Supreme Nature of God. I have read that Lord Aditya is the deity of the Purusha Suktam. So does it means The Supreme ...
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1answer
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Does the sect Sauram still exist?

Does Sauram - the sect of Lord Surya being Supreme Being, still exists? One of my Bengali friends are Saurite. If they are still existing, when did the community got declined? What are their holy ...
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1answer
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Surya Arghya ingredients mentioned in Ramayan and other scriptures?

Does anyone know what eight ingredients are mentioned in the Ramayana for Surya Arghya? I am also curious what other scriptures say about ingredients in Surya Arghya so mentioning those are welcome as ...
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Correct procedure of giving Arghya to Surya according to our scriptures?

What is the correct procedure of giving Arghya to Surya/Sun God according to our scriptures? Arghya is a form of worship where water sometimes with different ingredients are offered to the Sun. I ...
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What is Surya Kriya? What is its significance? How it is different from other related practices?

What is Surya Kriya? What is its significance? How it is different from other related practices? Is it part of Patanjali Sutras? I have not come across too many texts or videos explaining the same.
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What is the relation of Surya & Yama with Agni?

Rig Veda Book 10, Hymn 21 is dedicated to Agni and mentions the following: 4 O Agni, what thou deemest wealth, Victorious and Immortal One! Bring thou to give us vigour,—at your glad carouse -...
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What is the story regarding birth of Surya

I want to know the Puranic inscriptions regarding birth of Surya. How sun planet was created? When it was created? Why he is sometimes considered as direct expansion of Vishnu?
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When the Sun was lost?

Mahabharata: Adi Parva: Sambhava Parva says the illustrious Atri who illumined the world of old when the Sun was lost.. Where this story can be found in detail which tells when and why the Sun ...
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1answer
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What are the name of Hindu months based on Sun-god?

This question The story behind Names of Hindu calender Months? describes the popular name of Hindu months. These are as follows: Chaitra, Vaiśākha, Jyeṣṭha, Āṣāḍha, Śrāvaṇa, Bhādrapada, Ashvin, ...
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1answer
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Why Revantha the youngest Son of Sun god went to Vishnu's abode?

Why "Revantha" the youngest son of Sun god went to Vishnu's abode?
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1answer
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What is the proper time to recite the Aditya Hrudayam?

What is the proper time for recitation of this stotra? Is it forbidden to listen/chant Aaditya Hrudayam after sunset?
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Authentic text of Surya Siddhanta English Translation

Are there any authentic text of Surya Siddhanta English Translation ? The following seem to be commonly available ones in Internet, Surya - Siddhanta, By Ed. By S. Jain E. Burgees The Surya-...
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1answer
215 views

In any of the works of Adi Shankaracharya is it mentioned that any deity apart from Sriman Narayana to be supreme/Saguna Brahman/Ishwara?

I have mainly seen Adi Shankaracharya calling Narayana to be the only supreme/Saguna Brahman/Ishwara whereas his followers i.e. Smarthas believe that Adi Shankaracharya saw Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, Surya, ...
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1answer
558 views

What are the benefits of offering Water to the Surya Dev (sun) in morning? [duplicate]

What are the benefits of doing Surya namaskar? By surya namaskar, I mean offering Water to the Surya Dev (sun) in morning? Personally, I have given water to Surya deva for 1 month and I'm not ...
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1answer
138 views

Why do Hindus only count Umbra as the eclipse?

Hindu calendar only includes Umbra as an eclipse. Penumbra (here B) can affect a wider area of place and last longer as well. Partial eclipse also occurs in the Penumbra. So why is only Umbra counted ...