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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about terms and jargon used in Hinduism.

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What is Purva Mimansa Arthavada

Arthavada is a term associated with the least famous Purva Mimansa established by Rishi Jaimini. What is Arthavada and how does Uttara Mimansa counteract against this Arthavada?
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Why did SriSailapurna say Sri Ramanuja's brother that Lord Shiva is 'Lila-dveshi'?

I read in a biography of Sri Ramanujacharya that SriSailapurna asked Sri Ramanuja's brother Govinda, who was a devotee of Lord Shiva, to discard Shiva and worship Narayana instead, as Lord Shiva is '...
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Is there any difference between 'ajna chakra' and the 'third eye' of a human?

When I try to know more about the stages of a yogi, I read more discussions about a chakra named Ajna. There are numerous mentions of this chakra in several scriptures. Lalitha Sahastranaama also ...
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What are all the entities that are induced by ones kula (कुल)?

The word कुल is used across scriptures in different contexts. I am using the meaning of family here. Many entities are induced in an individual born in a kula. I want to know all the entities that are ...
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Sanskrit references for the usage of the word varna for a given sense

The word Varna has been used by scriptures in different senses/meanings based on the context. This question is restricted to the usage of Varna in Humans only. I know at least five senses: Varna ...
hanugm's user avatar
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How exactly do we define devotion?

I would like to understand the definition of the term 'devotion' from two different perspective: Bachelor person (brahmchari) Married person Reason is that as a bachelor you are free to opt for any ...
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If Hinduism is not the same as Sanatana Dharma, in what way are they different?

That the names Hinduism was given by foreigners means nothing. After all, "India" is a foreign-origin name. Sanatana Dharma by definition extends back to the remotest past and would live forever. ...
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What is the relation between Niti , Nyaya and Dharma?

Ruling Lands of great Kings are said to be complete in Niti , Nyaya and Dharma without any decline. While solving problems, these three must be there in judgement and one must only live considering ...
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What is the fundamental difference between 'lok' and 'jagat'?

We generally refer Jagat to our physical universe. I think there is no ambiguity about it. Hence, Jagat is the same for all living beings living in the same physical universe with a physical body. But,...
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Is it proper to call "world in swapna" as srusti?

There are three avasthas for humans: Jagrath, Swapna, and Sushuphi. In Jagrath avastha, srusthi of Brahma exists and humans experience their karma in the srusthi. In Swapna avastha also there are ...
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What is the difference between 'chetana' and 'chaitanya'?

We generally come across these two words in the scriptures. For example, you can see both in Lalitha sahastranaamas. Although they look similar, the meanings of both are different. Afaik, Chaitanya ...
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What exactly is Vamachara?

For any great verses or naamas in scriptures, there can be different kinds of interpretations. Dharmic, vedic etc., are the types of interpretations. I heard that there can be another type of ...
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Which scriptures should be suffixed with the term Samhita?

According to the Wikipedia Samhita literally means "put together, joined, union", a "collection", and "a methodically, rule-based combination of text or verses". Samhita ...
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What is the meaning of mahavakya and how was/is it used?

What is the meaning of mahavakya? What was/is it used for, I mean what is its importance? What does mahavakya convey? This is not specifically with respect to Advaita Vedanta, but in general whichever ...
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Difference between Palankarta and Palanhaara

We all are aware of the fact that Lord Vishnu is Palankarta because he takes care of all the lokas like a mother and protects them like a father. He plays Father and Mother role for all lokas. He is ...
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Are Merkaba and Sri Yantra the same thing?

I was reading an article about Merkaba and it says: A merkaba is a star tetrahedron, a three dimensional 8 pointed star made from two triangular pyramids, one pointing up and the other down. ...
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What is the source of “mananāt trāyatē iti mantrah”?

Definition of Mantra: “mananāt trāyatē iti mantrah” (मननात् त्रायते इति मंत्रः) That which protects/releases by repetition/contemplation is called a Mantra. The sustained repetition/contemplation (...
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What exactly is Hrudayam?

There are several similar and related terms in the scriptures of Sanatana Dharma. But there will be subtle differences between those terms. Manas, Chitta, buddhi, Hrudayam are one such example. ...
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Meaning of chitraguptha and its corresponding entity in Jiva

Chitragupta, according to widely known belief, is a god who stays near Yama and records all the karma of an individual. The actual meaning of Yama, according to a dictionary is The one who decides ...
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Is akshaya(अक्षय) used as substitute of thousands (numbers) any where?

Akshaya in Hindu texts is generally translated as everlasting, forever etc., Does Akshaya is used anywhere in the scriptures as a substitute for large numbers (hundreds, thousands etc.,)?
hanugm's user avatar
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Simple definition of karma according to Hinduism

I wanted to ask about the simple definition of karma according to Hinduism. In most websites or sources I've come across Karma means Action/Deed, but on one website it says "Karma means only good ...
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Is the period of one muhurta fixed, and what is the ghatika which is mentioned in panchanga?

Muhurta is considered approximately 48 minutes. But it is determined as 1/30 of the day, so if the length of the day is changing will the period of muhurta also change? Also, panchanga mentions ghati ...
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What is the essential difference between Śaraṇāgati (शरणागति) and Prapatti (प्रपत्ति)?

Sanskrit Kosha dictionary gives:- Śaraṇāgati (शरणागति): surrender Prapatti (प्रपत्ति): Pious resignation or devotion. Shri Shailacarya (18th century) uses the words interchangeably in Chapter 18 ...
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What exactly can be the concept of possessing in this context?

We frequently encounter the phenomenon of "someone possessing the others" in the scriptures. One example can be found here. I provided below another example of kali possessing Nala. "...
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Are static and mobile mounts of Gods called by different names?

Vishnu lies on Adisesha but uses Garuda to move around. Garuda is called "vahana" I believe, but how about Sesha? What is Sesha considered?
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What is the meaning of demon names: yAtudAnAs and AtatAyins?

Demons are also called yAtudAnAs and AtatAyins. What are the meanings of these two terms and why demons are called so.
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Is the notion of "Godhead" opposed to Vaishnavite theology?

Wiki of Godhead in Christianity says: Godhead (or godhood), is the divinity or substance (ousia) of the Christian God, the substantial impersonal being of God, as opposed to the individual persons ...
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Difference between Danam and Dharma?

What is the difference between danam and dharma I cannot find out the difference in any of the scriptures as Karna is called the dana warrior and Yudhishthira is called of dharma Can anyone help me.......
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is the term baba mentioned in scriptures?

we the have titles called BABA for saints like Neem karoli Baba Sai Baba Satya Sai Baba Baba Ramdev Is scriptures talks about this baba term and what does it mean? Could any saint be given baba titles?...
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Are many peetadhipathis pseudo Vedantists?

The term Pseudo Vedantist has been explained by Swami Sivananda in an article called "Pseudo-Vedantic Student". Vedanta in the hands of raw and unregenerate persons who lack purity and ...
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What is meant by bhaya(fear) yogi?

What is meant by bhaya yogi? And is the term bhaya yogi anywhere mentioned in scriptures?
hanugm's user avatar
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What is the meaning of the word 'Gītā (गीता)'?

Well, it's a no-brainer that etymologically, the word 'gītā' literally means 'that which is sung or chanted'. However, by that logic even Rāmacaritamānasa is sung or chanted, or even a daily ārtī (आरती...
Vivikta's user avatar
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