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Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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Is Surya and Surya Narayana Upanishad the same or are they different

I was looking at Openn and found Sūryātharvaśirasupaniṣad and Sūryanārāyaṇopaniṣad. So are these two scriptures the same and if they're different how so? Also is the first Upanishad the Surya ...
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Is all of Vedas (Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishad) supposed to be completely infallible (errorless), authorless and eternal?

I have heard of the concept of Apaurasheya, being authorless, and that all of the six astika Darsanas considered Vedas either infallible or eternal or authorless. My question is, does that apply to ...
Suradoe Uchiha's user avatar
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When did the specific proper features and characteristics of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva start appearing in the Hindu literature?

Note: This is a research question. By specifc proper features and characteristics I mean Niravakasha Linga. My question is when did atleast a couple of the Niravakasha Lingas listed below, of Lord ...
Hari Kumar's user avatar
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What is the Śruti status (Prāmāṇya) and dating of Mahopaniṣat? Is it accepted by sects other than Vaishnava-s?

The text seems to be of a much later date than mukhya and other old upaniṣads complied before common era (BCE) e.g. Mahānārāyaṇa, Śvetāśvatara etc. as it is supposedly the conversation between Śuka ...
Śipiviṣṭa's user avatar
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1 answer
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Modernish books on Gita, Vedas/Upanishads for tweens/teens

Are there any modern books based on ancient Hindu texts suitable for children? I am looking for books that can answer questions about life and introduce spirituality to a child. Some books I've found ...
Kaushik Ghose's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
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Why Gaudiya Vaishnavas chant the Mahamantra from oppsite direction?

Gaudiya Vaishnavas consider the following 16-word mantra as the Mahamantra and always chant it. Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare This ...
Amritendu Mukhopadhyay's user avatar
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Why is Brahman identified with Shunya(Void) in the Mahopanishad?

In the Maha Upanishad we come across the following - शून्यं तत्प्रकृतिर्माया ब्रह्मविज्ञानमित्यपि । शिवः पुरुष ईशानो नित्यमात्मेति कथ्यते ॥ ६१॥ VI-61. That Brahman has been identified with emptiness(...
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Sources on Madhvacharya's Beliefs of Eternal Damnation and Pancha Bhedas

I like to know what scriptural verses Shri Madhvacharya used to point out that eternal damnation exists. I also like to know whether Shri Madhvacharya believed that each object is different from ...
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Who is Supreme Brahman?

In many Upanishad's such as the Skanda, Ganapati and Ganesha Upanishads, the principle deities of that Upanishad are proclaimed as the supreme Supreme Brahman but how can more than one deity be the ...
Rohan K's user avatar
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1 answer
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Do Any Puranas or Upanishads mention the 36 tattva system of Shaivism?

Do any Puranas or Upanishads mention the 36 tattva system of Shaivism? Or is the system purely Tantric/Agamic?
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Why does Narsimha Tapini Upanishad say that Knowledge of Maya leads to liberation?

Narasimha Tapini Upanishad states the following - स होवाच प्रजापतिर्माया वा एषा नारसिंही सर्वमिदं सृजति सर्वमिदं रक्षति सर्वमिदं संहरति । तस्मान्मायामेतां शक्तिं विद्याद्य एतां मायां शक्तिं वेद स पा...
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What is the Guhya Upanishad mentioned in the Kurma purana?

In The Kurma Purana, in a discourse between Himavan and Devi (Parvati), Himavan while praising the vibhutis of Devi praises her as follows - सर्वोपनिषदां देवि गुह्योपनिषदुच्यते । ईशानश्चासि कल्पानां ...
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When there is conflict between 2 scriptures which one wins?

When there is conflict between 2 scriptures which one wins? Put followings in order of authority: Vedas, Upanishads, Smritis, Ramayan, Mahabharat and Puranas
Kaushik's user avatar
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First refrence to the Prasthanatrayi?

What is the first reference to the Prasthanatrayi and are these three like the "Bible" or one book of Vedanta?
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My grandmom died on 4th of feb 24. My marriage has been fixed on march 29,30 2024. Can marriage can still happen?

my grandmom is dead (4th feb 24) and my marriage was fixed on 29,30 march 2024. When we ask pandits, everyone has their different opinions and we are so confused. Couple of them say can happen and ...
Siva Arigela's user avatar
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Why in Shiva Mahapuran the rajasik and the Tamasik and Satwik deities are different. Pls answer according to Vaishnava perspective

Vishnu, Rudra and I (Brahma) represent the Gunas. Siva is free from Gunas. He is the Supreme Brahman, the undecaying. Vishnu is of Sattva attribute, I (Brahma) am of Rajas attribute and Rudra is of ...
Tech Tat's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why Srimad Bhagavatam is not mentioned by Sri Ramanujacharya, Sri Yamunacharya and Sri Adi Shankaracharya. Why is that. Vaishnava answer pls

Why Srimad Bhagavatam is not mentioned by Sri Adi Shankaracharya, Sri Yamunacharya or Sri Ramanujacharya
Tech Tat's user avatar
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Why did Sri Adi Shankaracharya not consider Vaikuntha as eternal loka ? Pls answer according to Vaishnava perspective

Why did Sri Adi Shankaracharya said like this in Sarva Vedanta Siddhanta Sangrah सर्वस्यानित्यत्वे सावयवत्वेन सर्वतः सिद्धे । वैकुण्ठादिषु नित्यत्वमतिर्भ्रम एव मूढबुद्धीनाम् ॥ When it is established ...
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How to attain a state of Samadhi?

How can one attain a higher state of consciousness or samadhi?
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Can anyone chant Langulopanishad?

Salutations to everyone and the one who encompasses all! I recently stumbled upon something called Langulopanishad which is an integral part of Atharvana Veda. By birth I'm a sudra so I'm not that ...
narasimhadri's user avatar
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As per Upanishads, do people who attain Brahman also acquire its properties like omniscience and omnipotence?

I was reading S. Radhakrishnan's Indian Philosophy, and there, in the chapter 'Philosophy of Upanishads' he says that when a person attains Brahman, that is, it merges with Brahman, that person then ...
Suradoe Uchiha's user avatar
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Cosmology in Hindu text

So I have a few questions. Number one what is the shape of the Earth as per Hindu text and what represents the current planet Earth? I know people have interpreted Bharatvarsha and Bharatkhanda to ...
Haridasa's user avatar
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The gods don't protect like a shepherd with a stick, why should we worship them?

This with reference to a verse from Mahabharata: न देवा दण्डमादाय रक्षन्ति पशुपालवत् । यं तु रक्षितुमिच्छन्ति बुद्ध्या संविभजन्ति तम् ॥ विदुरनीति ३-४० Translation: The gods don't protect like a ...
Maheshan M's user avatar
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Vedic Versus that Justify the Difference Between Various Types of Matter

I have been reading the following Wikipedia page on Dvaita Vedanta and came across the five great differences, two of them being the following: Between matter and jīvātman. Between various types of ...
Debbie's user avatar
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As per Advaita, Atman/Self/Brahman is unborn and doesnt "pass" away when body dies? What is the reference for it?

As per Advaita Vedanta, its the Sukshma Sharira(Subtle Body/Mind) which reincarnates after a body dies and Atman/Brahman/Self does not "pass away" or "leave" when body dies. But in ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
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Aadi Jagadguru Shankaracharya: where is this shloka from ? - parasyeva brahmaṇaḥ praveśa śravaṇā tādātmyo upadeśā ca

Hi Trying to identify from where this shloka is: parasyeva brahmaṇaḥ praveśa śravaṇā tādātmyo upadeśā ca परस्येव ब्रह्मणः प्रवेश श्रवणा तादात्मयो उपदेशा च अरस्येव (arasyeva): Like the sap, as in the ...
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which upanishad is this shloka from ? Iti cha 'pahatapāpmādasya cha guṇā na bhūtakāśe sambhavanti jīvā saṅkāpi nivaritā

I am trying to find the upanishad from which this shloka occurs: Iti cha 'pahatapāpmādasya cha guṇā na bhūtakāśe sambhavanti jīvā saṅkāpi nivaritā इति च ऽपहतपाप्मादस्य च गुणा न भूतकाशे सम्भवन्ति जी...
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reference request for verse: Satvam tatvam para tvam cha tvat tryam hanakina tritatva rupini Radha sa api Radhika

Trying to find the reference for this verse: Satvam tatvam para tvam cha tvat tryam hanakina tritatva rupini Radha sa api Radhika सत्वं तत्वं पर त्वं च त्वत त्र्यम हनकिना त्रितत्व रूपिणी राधा सापि रा...
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2 votes
1 answer
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where is this sloka from: "Jīvana muktā api punar bandhanaṁ jānatī karma bhī "

I am trying to identify the source of this shloka, Jīvana muktā api punar bandhanaṁ jānatī karma bhī जीवन मुक्ता अपि पुनर बंधनं जानती कर्म भी researched online but couldn't find anything relevant, ...
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unicode char for gvaṁ and how it is pronounced correctly

Wanted to know how the word gvaṁ ग्वं pronounced correctly and written represented in unicode, For example in this sloka स विश्वकृद्विश्वविदात्मयोनिर्ज्ञः कालकारो गुणी सर्वविद्‌ यः। प्रधा...
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1 answer
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Are there any sampradayas that subscribe to Advaita and gyan yoga?

There are numerous bhakti yoga-based sampradayas in India, especially Vaishnavas. They keep bhakti and puranic texts forefront (which I don't really see among other Hindu sects). Are there any ...
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Brahm sutra number for pashvādabhis cha vīśekā

I am trying to identify the brahmsutra chapter and verse number for this verse pashvādabhis cha vīśekā पश्वादभिस च विशेका I came across this sloka in a lecture so might not have converted into text ...
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2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Reference Request [Upanishads]: Chitta and Vrittis

Are there any good references that discuss the concepts of Chitta and Vrittis used primarily in Samkhya Philosophy in Upanishads? To the best of my knowledge, Upanishads are advaitic majorly. How Yoga ...
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1 vote
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How does Vedanta differentiate between reflected consciouness(Chidabhasa) and pure consciouness(Chit)?

Pure consciousness is said to be the source of reflected consciousness. How does Vedanta try to separate the mixture of mind and reflected consciousness from pure consciousness and establish the "...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
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is there any referance of SWAMINARAYAN in Ved, Puran, Upnishad, Ramayan, Mahabharat etc Hindu Shashtras?

Thay first claimed SWAMINARAYAN as a revolutionary saint. After a little success they claimed him as an Avtar of Shri Krishna. After some time they claimed him to be even higher (SUPREME / SARVOPARI) ...
Rshikesh RSS's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
72 views

Laya Yoga: Upanishad References

Laya Yoga - references in Upanishads. I've heard that the methods of creation of mantras (beeja mantras specifically) follow from laya yoga where they use petals of certain chakras (or nadis) OR hear ...
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4 votes
3 answers
228 views

Turya (state) Beyond waking state, dreaming state and sleeping state

In many Upanishads concerning liberation, it is said that an enlightened man (or jivanmukta) is beyond three states: Sleeping, Waking, and Dreaming states (e.g. Mandukya Upanishad). Some excerpts as ...
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seeking melodic veda mantra recitations

I'm interested in locating Veda mantras with precise pronunciation of all alphabets (swar + akshar), akin to a melodious recitation. A notable example is the recitation of this Veda mantra from the ...
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Complete Maithili Maha Upanishad

Complete Maithili Maha Upanishad which is found in Narada Panchratra Valmiki Samhita
Veer Bhadra's user avatar
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How does Advaita Vedanta assert and prove the eternality of cognition of Non dual Atman?

This article [1] says Śāntarakṣita has however refuted the Upanishadic non-dualism in the Tattva Sangraha’ chapter 7, section 5. In his refutation of the Upanishadic view he has referred to the ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

Why and how do Advaitans reconcile that one's true nature is Atman/Brahman alone?

While I understand that Upanishads try to reconcile and prove logically that Atman is the true witness, why can't it be that Subtle body alone is our true nature ? Where and when was this subtle body ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
54 views

How to experience consciousness in every experience?

Swami Sarvapriyananda writes in "Sat Chit Ananda: The Philosophy of the Upanishads ", " Your true Self Chit , is not an experience, yet all experiences shine in Chit.Chit is the ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
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How does Advaitic realization of Brahman help improve concentration,overcome anxiety,depression,stress, jealousy, helplessness, guilt and sufferings?

How does Advaitic realization of the world as the appearance in consciousness help in manifesting divine qualities and tackling above challenges? People might desire some or other unfulfilled things ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
91 views

Scriptural verses that mention whether sleeping during the day is a sin or has negative consequences

I am currently reading the Prashna Upanisad. Verse 1.5 reveals that the sun is associated with prana: आदित्यो ह वै प्राणो रयिरेव चन्द्रमा रयिर्वा एतत्सर्वं यन्मूर्तं चामूर्तं च तस्मान्मूर्तिरेव रयिः ॥...
Debbie's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
479 views

Difference between astika and nastika

What is the difference between astika and nastika. I used to think Who believes in God and who don't ; but in many places they say who believes in Vedanta and who don't please clarify my doubts. Say ...
quanity's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Who were some of the most powerful asuras? [closed]

Powerful here is defined in terms of "who could only be subdued with the greatest effort by Devas and Gods." In your answer- please reference ashtadasha purana, vedas, any popular hindu epic,...
Sainith Yamsani's user avatar
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Are there any principal Upanishads that don't mention the caste system?

Among Isha, Kena and Katha, Prashna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Tattiriya, Aitareya, Chhandogya and Brihadaranyaka upanishads, which, if any, don't mention the caste system at all?.
S K's user avatar
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Do any principal Upanishads unequivocally advocate for the birth-based caste system?

Apparently, Sankara cites the Rig Vedic Purusha Sukta while commenting about the caste system advocated in the Bhagavad Gita. But since the Vedas are regarded as apara vidya in comparison to the ...
S K's user avatar
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2 answers
253 views

What were Adi Shankara's views on Vedic Samhitas?

Some books keep mentioning that Karma Kanda is 'inferior' to Jnana Kanda. Well, Samhita in Vedas refers to ritual part. So did Adi Shankaracharya denounce Samhitas? Is there any explicit reference? Or ...
Samhitha's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
218 views

How would a dualist respond to the following argument

How would a dualist respond to the following argument made by a nondualist? Brahman cannot be the knower of anything. To know and to understand involve time. There is a before and an after. The ...
Debbie's user avatar
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