Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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75 views

Do the Vedic Samhitas mention the Mahakavyas?

The following are the 4 Mahakavyas, mentioned in the Upanishads, taking about the Advaita Philosophy: Prajñānam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) - "Insight is Brahman," or "Brahman is ...
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What are the verse in the Vedas and upanishades that support dualistic philosophy of dvaita vedanta?

Dvaita Vedanta is dualistic school of philosophy and interpretation of the Vedas and upanishades. Dvaita Vedanta is a dualistic interpretation of the Vedas which espouses dualism by theorizing the ...
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What are the reference from the vedas about Yuga, Manvantara and Kalpa? [duplicate]

There are 4 yugas and 1 yuga cycle is 43,200,000 years. Satya Yuga equals 1,728,000 Human years Treta Yuga equals 1,296,000 Human years Dvapara Yuga equals 864,000 Human years Kali Yuga equals 432,000 ...
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Why there is a contradiction between verse of brihadaranyaka upanishad?

Prajapati said to Himself: "Well, let Me make a firm basis for it (semen)." So He created woman. Having created her, He placed her below and worshipped her. Therefore one should worship a ...
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Gargi’s question to Yajnavalkya Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

In Janaka’s court Sage Yajnavalkya was questioned by his wife and student Gargi, but she refers to him by his name, Yajnavalkya, while asking the question. Is it not vedic custom to give respect and ...
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What is the interpretation of Kauśītakī Brāhmaṇa Upaṇiṣad 2:4?

Kauśītakī Brāhmaṇa Upaṇiṣad 2:4. Athāto daivaḥ smaro yasya priyo bubhūṣed yasyai vā yeṣām vaiteṣāṁ evaikasmin parvany etayaivāvr̥taita ājyahutīr juhoti “Now then, the intense longing of love ...
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Is Vedic God mortal?

अथेत्यभ्यमन्थत् स मुखाच्च योनेर्हस्ताभ्यां चाग्निमसृजत । तस्मादेतदुभयमलोमकमन्तरतो ऽलोमका हि योनिरन्तरतस् तद्यदिदमाहुर् अमुं यजामुं यजेत्येकैकं देवम् एतस्यैव सा विसृष्टिर् एष उ ह्येव सर्वे देवा अथ यत्कि...
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Which is the best translation for Shankracharya and Ramajuncharya commentary on Upnishads? [closed]

Which is the best translation for Shankracharya and Ramajuncharya commentary on Upnishads? I would prefer both hindi or English though I would prefer hindi more .
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Is the concept of “The Seamstress” found in the Vedas?

The Pali suttas of Buddhism only mention the Four Vedas as sacred Brahmin texts; giving the impression of both predating the Upanishad period. In the Pali suttas of Buddhism, there is an account of a ...
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Is distinguishing Body from Atman as Non Self and using terms like Anatma a Buddhist influence on Hinduism?

Prof Peter Harvey writes "Both Buddhism and Hinduism distinguish ego-related "I am, this is mine", from their respective abstract doctrines of "Anatta" and "Atman". ...
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Is there a divine law in Hinduism?

The vedas are the scripture of authority the highest. So do the vedas has a law or constitution that every one must follow to achieve salvation(Moksha) . Please give reference from vedas and upanishad ...
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Are humans superior to other animals according to Vedas, Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

Are humans really superior to other animals or are they equal?
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Are Upanishad word of God like gita and vedas?

Are uprarishad word of God like gita and vedas?
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What does सत्यमेव जयते mean?

In Hinduism we say सत्यमेव जयते. What does it mean? By simple translation it means that truth always wins, but I find many contradictions with this meaning. If truth always wins why are innocent ...
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अग्निः सजीवः अस्ति अथवा निर्जीवः (Is Agni alive or dead entity)? [duplicate]

According to Hinduism, things like stone etc are called निर्जीव or अचेतन (dead) because stone has no consciousness and it doesn't feel pain. The same goes for Agni, it looks like निर्जीव, but Veda ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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What is the correct interpretation of these verse from kaushitaki upanishad?

He going by the path by which the immortal gods travel reaches the world of Agni (fire), then to the world of Vayu (air), then to the world of Varuna, then to the world of Aditya (sun), then to the ...
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Why did God choose India? [duplicate]

I know that God is all pervading according to Advaita Vedanta, but I want to know why the Vedas and Upanishads originated in India and why the puranas revolve around the Indian region.
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What is a sin in Hinduism and what do vedas and upanishad say about it [duplicate]

Is there any God give law in Hinduism. If not how can we distinguish between good and evil. Please give reference.
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Is Rearing and selling fish for meat a sin?

I want to start a fish Rearing business. I understand that meat is tamasic and eating it effects the guna of human body. But isn't the soul same in case of whether if it is an animal or a plant. How ...
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Is there any mention of evil ghost or atma or spirits in the Vedas, Upanishads and Gita? [duplicate]

Is there any mention of exorcism in the Vedas, Upanishads and Gita? Can a ghost attack a human? Can a ghost have a gender? Can they remember their life(when they were living)? Can they interfere with ...
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What is the concept of God according to hindusim? [duplicate]

I a confused because Shiv puran say Shiva is the supreme God. Bhagavata gita say Krishna is supreme God. Vedas say Indra is supreme God. Upanishad say the God is one without second. But on the other ...
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Why do Bramha sutras say that Shudras cannot listen to Vedas?

Bramahasutras mention that it is forbidden for Shudras to listen to Vedic Mantras. Any specific reason for this?
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Which other texts apart from Shri Bhagvad Gita talk about the indestructible nature of human soul/atman?

I was wondering that Hinduism had so many different sects for different deities, was this belief of the soul being indestructible followed by Vaishnavism? also lord Shiva has been called the destroyer ...
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What is karma as described in the Upanishads and in Mahabharata?

To my understanding karma is what you get when you don't do dharma. I want to understand this with the example of Krishna, the very embodiment of dharma. What did he do to get such seemingly bad karma,...
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Good translation of the Upanishads? [closed]

Can anyone recommend a good translation of the principal Upanishads, preferably a book I can order. Thanks.
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How to refute the article claiming Buddhism influenced Upanishads

Especially Part 4-It claims Buddhism influenced Upanishads and they are post-Buddhist and lists many contemporaries of Upanishadic Sages during Buddha's time. http://bps.lk/olib/wh/...
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Shlokas about “time, pradhana, maya are eternal” from the third person's view

Srila Prabhupada wrote that the Supreme Lord, souls, prakriti and time are eternal in the Bhagavad Gita introduction. So, I need the shlokas which tell that "time is eternal", "pradhana ...
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Are Samvada sooktham and aikyamathya sooktham the same?

What is the difference between Samvada sooktha and Aikyamathya sooktha?
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Vedas are pan-geographic?

Are All Veda samhitas pan-geographic? That is, do veda samhitas pertain only to Bharatavarsha or to the entire world of creation. This doubt arises because of two things I find contradictory. Many ...
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Koshas are both Brahman and Maya?

In chapter 3 of the Taittiriya Upanishad, the koshas are said to be Brahman. But aren't the koshas also Maya, given their suffixes (eg "manomaya")? Also, aren't the koshas anatman?
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A question about gods [closed]

if I attain turiya state, do gods exist on that loka or not? because I do know that turiya is unmanifested state and we're indiffrent from Narayana/Purusha and we're very himself in turiya, and gods ...
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Please translate Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10 [closed]

Namaste. Could someone translate this: tasmād etad brahma nāma-rūpam annaṁ ca jāyate [Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10] , please.
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Commentaries by Tantrika Acharyas on Mukhya Upanishads

Did Any Acharya like Bhaskaracharya, Utapaladeva, Abhinavagupta etc. from Tantrika sect write their own commentary on Mukhya Upanishads? If yes, Please share the link to the book/text.
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What is the earliest scripture mentioning the word Nirvāṇa?

The word nirvāṇa literally means extinguishment. It implies the extinguishment of self. Bhagwat Geeta also mentions the word, लभन्ते ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृषय: क्षीणकल्मषा:| छिन्नद्वैधा यतात्मान: सर्वभूतहि...
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Where does Shankaracharya cite the Narayana Upanishad in his Vishnu Sahasranama Bhashya?

The Narayana Upanishad (different from the Mahanarayana Upanishad), declares Narayana (Vishnu) to be the creator of Shiva and Brahma: NarayanAt brahmA jAyate NarayanAt rudro jAyate This Upanishad ...
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Are all worlds and existences except God temporary in Hinduism?

From what I can gather, the Vedas and Upanishads and Hinduism in general state that punishment via hell or rebirth in a bad state of life, and Heaven or rebirth in a good state are always temporary as ...
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Upanishads books with word by word translation and contemplation

I am a beginner and I haven't found any books which have complete translation and contemplation.
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Do any scriptures or commentaries support the idea that females should be able to pursue their education and career over marriage?

Could you suggest me some scriptures (Vedas, Upanishads, etc.) or commentaries that support the idea that females should be allowed to pursue their education and career over marriage? For example, ...
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Muktika Upanishad

Narayana Upanishad listed as 18th out of 108 Upanishads in Muktika Upanishad which is discussion between Rama and Anjaneya. In 4th chapter of Narayana Upanishad, it’s said as Narayana as Devaki putra, ...
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Do the following incarnations of Vishnu have references in Rig Veda/ brAhmanAs/ Upanishads?

Many incarnations of Vishnu, including partial and full, were mentioned in Puranas. In Ramayana, Vamana and Parasurama were mentioned as incarnations of Vishnu, which is disputable. My area of ...
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Is there a scriptural base, from other than the Veda and Puranas, to indicate that the Battle of the Ten Kings occurred?

There is already a question existing - Timeline of the battle of the ten kings in the Vedas. However, there are no answers posted yet and my question is different. It was mentioned in this wikipedia ...
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Did the Battle of the Ten Kings really occur? [closed]

There is already a question existing - Timeline of the battle of the ten kings in the Vedas. However, there are no answers posted yet and my question is different. It was mentioned in this wikipedia ...
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Does the Garva (Garbha?) Upanishad contain the details of fertilisation that were carved on the walls of the temple in Tamil Nadu?

This site says that Stages of foetus development as per Garva (Garbha?) Upanishad, were carved in Sri Varamoortheeswarar Temple, Ariyathurai, Tamil Nadu, around some 3000 BC. The temple was said to be ...
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Brahma Sutra from Ganapatya or Shakta Standpoint?

Is their any commentary written on Brahma Sutra from a Ganapatya or Shakta Standpoint?
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Is Karma transferable from one person to another according to śruti (Vedas, Upaniṣads, etc.)?

The Mahābhārata narrates the story of King Somaka and his chief priest who conduct a human sacrifice but only the priest is seen spending time in hell for his actions. And as the conversation between ...
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Is it SPECIFICALLY mentioned in the Vedas, Agamas, Itihasa or Puranas that left-handed men are inherently evil?

Scriptures say that our left hand is not to be used for eating, drinking and puja rituals like feeding idols. Some cultures say its bad to eat, drink or do auspicious things by using the left hand. ...
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Why is the moon referenced with the Vyahriti Mahah?

The Shikshavalli of the Taittiriya Upanishad mentions: भूरिति वा अग्निः । भुव इति वायुः । सुवरित्यादित्यः । मह इति चन्द्रमाः । चन्द्रमासा वाव सर्वाणि ज्योतीँषि महीयन्ते । Why is moon equated with ...
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The connection between Agni and Bhuloka, Vayu and Bhuvarloka, Surya and Svar loka

The Shikshavalli of the Taittiriya Upanishad mentions: भूरिति वा अग्निः । भुव इति वायुः । सुवरित्यादित्यः । मह इति चन्द्रमाः । चन्द्रमासा वाव सर्वाणि ज्योतीँषि महीयन्ते । What is the connection ...
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What is the origin of Nishkama Karma (selfless action)?

I am interested to know where in the Vedas or Upanishad is the philosophy of Nishkama Karma i.e., giving up fruits of actions, mentioned? What is the origin of Karma Yoga as we know in the Gita?

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