Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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doubt about contradiction

In Upanishad it says "Uttisthata Jagrata Prapya Varannibodhata"/ "Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached" and in Gita, it says "Karmanye Vadhikaraste Ma Phaleshou ...
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Brihd Upanishad 3.9.4 says “Purusha Prana” not Organs (Karma-indriya). The same Upanishad is clear in using the term indriya in 6.4.5?

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 3.9.4 says “Purusha Prana” not Organs (Karma-indriya). The same Upanishad is very clear in using the term indriya in 6.4.5. There are 5 primary pranas & 5 Upa-pranas, ...
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Which book of Dr. Rangacharya throws light upon Shankara Vedanta?

The following lines are from a book of Dr. Rangacharya: "That the aim of Shankaracharya was to try to evolve what he himself took to be the teachings of the Upanishads out of the Vedanta Sutras ...
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Is it possible to learn the Vedas part time? Or is only through proper enrollment in a gurukul?

Do any scriptures support this? If so, which ones?
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Is Moksha eternal? (Rig Veda)

Dayananda Saraswati once cited Rig Veda 1.24.2, Samkhya Darshan 1.159, and Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.6 to suggest that Moksha is not eternal. Does that contradict Gita? Comments?
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Are there any contradicting things written in the scriptures/vedas?

I mean people used to perform some practises based on scriptures but later they were opposed by people and scriptures and thus the practises changed or completely banished? Do we have to take the ...
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How to Learn About Hinduism for Beginners

I am new to Hinduism and I find some of the philosophies interesting. What is the best way to go about it as a beginner?
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Advaita (Adi Shankara) School : Word to word meaning (bhashya) of Upanishads

I asked this question in Quora too but could not get any answers. I hope someone could help me. I love to read Upanishads bhashya translated as per Advaita School. I am looking for bhashyam where it ...
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Need of Atharvashikha Upanishad in English Translation with Sanskrit Sloka?

Where can I get Atharvashikha Upanishad in English Translation with Sanskrit Shloka in pdf form? Namah Shivay
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Where can I get AtharvaShiras Upanishad with Sanskrit & english translation?

Where can I get AtharvaShiras Upanishad in english translation with Sanskrit Sloka in pdf?
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What is the significance of the Mahavakyas in non-Shankara Advaitic philosophies?

As stated here the Mahavakyas are profound statements taken from the Upanishads. Now in Shankara’s Advaita philosophy one can understand why the Mahavakyas are called so, because the jiva realises his ...
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How can Advaithans proove that Nirguna Brahman permanently exists?

Its said in some Upanishads that there is no consciousness after death. Yajnavalkya says in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 2.4.12 " The self comes out as a separate entity from these elements, and this ...
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Is Chandogya 5.10.7 authentic?

It seems highly likely that verse 5.10.7 of Chandogya Upanishad is not authentic. The first reason is that there are multiple versions and manuscripts of the Chandogya Upanishad that do not have verse ...
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Are there any references to Formless-Ishvara in scriptures or in Advaitic teachings?

Brahman is essentially Nirguna and Ishwara is Saguna Brahman via Maya. Whenever I come across the term Ishvara, an image of either Vishnu or Shiva pops up in my mind. But I've also heard that Ishvara ...
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Which is truest source of dharma - Veda or Upnishads?

Which is truest source of dharma - Vedas or Upnishads ? Upnishads contains only phisophical verses while vedas have many types of verses including verses for sacrifice etc. Vedas are revealed texts ...
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Brahma Sutras or Upanishad quotation needed

Where in Brahma Sutras does it say Prutak Upadeshat Tad Gunasaratvad Tu Tad Vyapadesha Prajnavat Jeevo Binnaha Tatha Devaha Tathapi Jnanaroopataha Prochyate Bramha Rupena Na Tu Sarvaswaroopataha I ...
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Are all Upanishads shruti?

Are all 108 Upanishads considered shruti? Or is it just the Mukhya Upanishads that are considered shruti?
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Are there resources that categorize verses from Prasthanatrayi, mainly Upanishads, for the study of Advaita Vedanta?

I'm looking for sources that have compiled verses from Upanishads or Prakarana Grantha based on a broad outline of Advaita Vedanta. For instance, verses related to - Brahman, Maya, Ishvara, Avastha-...
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How to get more punya and attain moksha

I've listened that there are 2 separate accounts of Karma: Like one is for Papa (sins) and one is for Punya. Both get accumulated as per our activities. Only when both are equal, we get Moksha. My ...
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Cross reference to Svetaswara Upanisad Chapter 1 Verse 4

The Svetaswara Upanisad Chapter 1, Verse 4 goes like this "We perceive Him as a wheel with one axis, three tiers, sixteen ends, fifty spokes, twenty counter spokes, the six sets of eight, whose ...
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The need for Puranas and Upanishads

The 4 Vedas stand as the 4 pillars of the Sanathana Dharmam as these 4 Vedas have every knowledge( both Para and Apara Vidya), then why were other Puranas and Upanishads composed? I am reading Garuda ...
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Is Lord Rama an avatar of Vishnu as per any Upanishads?

Ram Rahasya Upanishad: Lord Ganesha, Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Durga.... Lord Narayana, Lord Narasimha, Lord Vasudeva, Lord Varaha, Lord Lakshmana.... are the angas of Lord Rama. So Lord Ram is ...
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Adi Shankaracharya as the author of Vajrasuchika Upanishad

There is an Upanishad named Vajra-sūcika, which contains details about the nature of Brahmin Varna. It discusses the qualities of a Brahmin. I came to know about the existence of this Upanishad ...
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How do Madhwas explain Taittiriya Upanishad 2.1.1?

Madhwas hold that Akasha was not created and it was eternally present. But Taittiriya Upanishad, Brahmananda Valli, First Shloka (2.1.1) says तस्मा॒द्वा ए॒तस्मा॑दा॒त्मन॑ आका॒शः सम्भू॑तः । Tasmadva ...
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Proof of past eternity of souls in Vedas and Upanishads

The past eternity of souls, that is, the concept that souls have always existed from eternity is clearly well attested in Bhagavat Gita न त्वेवाहं जातु नासं न त्वं नेमे जनाधिपाः | न चैव न भविष्याम: ...
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What is the difference for a Mandir to be erected on the left bank vs right bank of a river?

What is the difference for a Mandir to be erected on the left bank vs right bank of a river? Is it related to the Deity, or perhaps to the place? Do the Vedas, Upanishads or various Agamas prescribe ...
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Does god (Ishwar) incarnate in this cosmic material world? Please provide reference from Vedas!

Is incarnation of god mentioned in any of the 4 Vedas? could you please provide reference with Shloka and it's meaning? Many thanks!
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I am interested in reading ved and upnishad, but dont know from were ti start from? [duplicate]

I have some ebook ved and upnishad, from were to strart reading?
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Source of Soul being a reflection of God or Bimba Prathibimba Vada in Vedas or Upanishads?

Praribimbavada is a vedantic argument which says God is the original image and all souls are the reflections of his image. Where is it given anywhere in the Vedas or Upanishads that Soul is a ...
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Concerning Samanya Upanishads

Have Ramanujacharya , Madhvacharya quoted /cited in their granthaas(works) from Samanya(minor) Upanishads?Do we have any of their view point on Samanya Upanishads.
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Question on Patanjali Yoga Sutras

Dear Friends, I am going to study Patanjali Yoga Sutra after some days but before that, I want to check it's authenticity because in this Video , the Acharya ji, who have very good knowledge about ...
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Are there criteria for a scripture to be called an Upanishad?

For example there is a Taittriya Aranyaka and a Taittriya Upanishad and a Taittriya Brahmana. What criteria allow the Upanishad to be called that?
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If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists?

If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists? And if it does exist, then isn't "existence" one of its attributes (guna)? Then how can we say Brahman is ...
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Is there any commentary on principal Upanishads following the Samkhya doctrine?

I know that writing commentaries on Upanishads are the job of Vedantins. However, I personally feel Upanishads can be elegantly explained by the Samkhya doctrine. Just wondering whether some Samkhya ...
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Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta?

Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta ?
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In Which language Upanishads are written - Classical Sanskrit or Vedic Sanskrit?

I want to know in which language Upanishads are written ? - Defunct Vedic Sanskrit or Normal Classical Sanskrit . I am asking this as Vedic sanskrit is defunct language , so it has not been 100 ...
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Why are there contrasting creation stories in Hinduism?

I have so far read two contrasting creation stories in Hindu mythology. One was in the book Shakti Mantras by Thomas Ashley-Farrand, where Sri Brahma, seated on a lotus, grew out of Sri Narayana's ...
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Is the name 'Rama' same as the 2 Syllabled Rama mantra?

What is the 2 syllabled mantra of Lord Rama in the Rama Rahasya Upanishad? Is it same as the name 'Rama' which we use in daily life? If yes , then 1.Does that mean we are indirectly chanting the ...
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The best and easiest way to learn the Bhagwad Geeta [closed]

Which is the best and easiest way to learn the Bhagwad Geeta? And other Epics, Vedas and scriptures etc, in both audiovisual forms etc.
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Can the 4 inner sheaths be destroyed upon Self-realization?

We all know that the physical body or annamaya kosha perishes. But what about the 4 inner sheaths like, pranamaya, manomaya, vijnanamaya and anandamaya koshas. Do they perish when moksha is attained? ...
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What is the reference in Vāstusūtra Upaniṣad which mentions significance of Murthi worship?

I came accross an answer on Quora regarding Vāstusūtra Upaniṣad that it mentiones the significance of Murthi (or idol) worship as an inducive step in making a devotee contemplate about the formless ...
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Are 'Subtle Realms' mentioned in the Vedic scriptures?

Is there any scriptural support for the existence of completely non-physical realms? If so, is there a Sanskrit term for it? Sukshma Loka?
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Are there any unabridged upanishads in simple English?

Few years back when i asked for unabridged editions of the major upanishads with an explanation or commentary in simple English, someone recommended me Muni Narayana Prasad's translation.  I went to ...
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How many creation stories are there in Shastras?

Unlike the Abrahamic religions which gives us an account of only one creation story in their holy scriptures, Hinduism on the other hand has more than one creation story. How many such stories are ...
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Is there an Upanishad called Panchakshari Upanishad?

Came across this on the Internet: Link Never heard of this before. Which Veda has this Upanishad?
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Can you read the Upanishads without yagnopavit?

Some translated versions of the Upanishads are available widely and read by non dvijas as well. Can I read a Hindi translation?
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References to the 5 kinds of moksha in the Vedas and commentaries explaining the verses as such

From this, the Subala Upanishad quoted here and the Virodhaparihara, mentioned here, ALL three, the technical meaning of Kaivalya I understand is one of the 4 purusharthas which involves meditating on ...
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What did Adi shankara tell about jagat in bhashya granthas?

Many people talk about jagat which is mentioned in prakarana grantha. I would like to know what Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya has said about jagat in bhashya granthas like Brahma Sutra bhashya, ...
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Ramana Maharshi and Free Will

I have been listening to a Q&A session with David Godman in which he states that Ramana believed that everything in our lives is predetermined from birth and that we only have two choices to ...
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Query on the Mandukya Upanishad, verse no. two?

Here's the second verse of Mandukya Upanishad. I have looked at a number of translations and I'm still unclear as to what verse two is saying. What is it that subsists in the four states? Is it Atman,...

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