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Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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Where is the concept of Prapatti/Saranagati mentioned in the mukhya upanishads, as per the Sri Vaishnava interpretation?

Srivaishnavas, followers of Ramanuja, believe in the concept of prapatti or Saranagati, where, if I understand correctly, God himself becomes the savior after the devotee surrenders completely to God. ...
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Mention of “Bhagavan” in Upanishads

Brahman / Brahma is frequently mentioned in the Upanishads as in the famous statement from Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.1: सर्वं खल्विदं ब्रह्म sarvam khalvidam brahma All this is Brahman Is the ...
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Do upanishads speak about disposition based varna (caste) rather than birth based?

In following blog there is an article on vajra suchi upanishad which has some statements regarding disposition based varna vs birth based varna. This upanishad is believed to be a vedantic text. What ...
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What are the details of this process of identifying a thief in the scriptures?

'A red-hot axe was placed before two persons accused of theft charge and both were asked to touch the axe one by one. The thief got his hand burnt while the other one remained unhurt' the above is ...
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Are Mundaka and Mandukya Upanishads one and the same?

I had mistaken Mandukyam and Mundakam as different pronounciations of the title of the same upanishads, but just recently learnt that they are infact different. My questions are as follows: What are ...
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1answer
71 views

Are people really punished for their bad deeds?

In this world people commit many bad deeds in their day to day life. Some on extreme level, but still those people live their life happily. There are many historical examples of such people for ...
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What is the earliest reference to the “yo vapyetam” verse of the Katha Upanishad?

The first chapter of the Katha Upanishad, in the recensions commented on by Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya, has 29 verses. But the recension of the Katha Upanishad commented on by the Sri ...
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63 views

Where can I read Prasthana Trayi from Satya Sai school?

Satya Sai baba advocated Premadvaita and he explained the prasthana trayi very lucidly. Where can I read his works on bhagavad gita, upanishads and vedanta?
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Why Does Torture Exist? [duplicate]

please give me your best explanation from a spiritual point of view (from Brahman's point of view). I am not talking about what can be called "meaningful pain." I am speaking of meaningless pain, ...
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Who decided to include only three particular texts in the group called “Prasthanatrayi”? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: Prasthanatrayi (Sanskrit: प्रस्थानत्रयी, IAST: Prasthānatrayī), literally, three sources (or axioms), refers to the three canonical texts of Divine philosophy, especially of ...
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Can Kshatriyas teach Brahmanas some Brahma Vidyas?

According to Hindu scripture, only Brahmanas can teach the Vedas and knowledge that directly comes from Vedic texts: Manu 1.88 - For the Brāhmaṇas he ordained teaching, studying, sacrificing and ...
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58 views

In Which Upanishad Can I Find The Story of the Creation of the Universe by Brahman?

I only know a very basic narrative of the Brahman mythology - Brahman splits itself into Trimurti (Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu) and Trimurti give rise to countless other forms and consciousness. ...
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Is everything fixed and I (as a limited individual) am not the doer in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty? [duplicate]

Is everything fixed in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty and the so called 'doer-ship of limited individuals'? Is there free-will or is life just a movie that we are forced to watch?
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Why according to Vyasadeva, Shaiva-mata is inconsistent with the Vedas?

In our Vedas/ Upanishads, Vishnu/Narayana, Shiva/Rudra and Uma/Devi are all names of the Supreme Godhead. They same holds for different Puranas also. Why does then Vyasadeva declare the Shaiva Mata ...
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In garbha upanishad, in what way the seven types of colors were classified? And what are the significant of it?

In garbha upanishad it says, the colors are basically of seven types viz., white, red, black, smoky gray, yellow and golden white.” What are these seven types? How these are categories in 7 types?
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How many verses are there in the Mukhya Upanishads?

Wikipedia says the following 13 Upanishads are the Mukhya Upanishads: Isha Upanishad Kena Upanishad Kaṭha Upanishad Praṣna Upanishad Muṇḍaka Upanishad Māṇḍūkya Upanishad Taittirīya Upanishad Aitareya ...
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What are the dates of Subala and Mudgala Upanishads?

Scholarly opinion is as follows: https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Mudgala_Upanishad.html The author or composition date of Mudgala Upanishad is unknown. Jan ...
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Why do people perform rites and meditate if its a hindrance?

According to the īśā Upaniṣad and the latter Śrī Śaṅkarācārya (of Advaita) commentary: अन्धं तमः प्रविशन्ति येऽविद्यामुपासते । ततो भूय इव ते तमो य उ विद्यायां रताः ॥ andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ...
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What is this verse in Garbha Upanishad trying to say?

Garbha Upanishad mentions following: If the father’s seed is more potent, it becomes male; if the mother’s seed is stronger, it becomes female. If the seeds are equal, it becomes an intersexual....
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Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries on the Upanishads?

Sri Adi-Sankaracharya's commentaries on the Upanishads are most popular in present time. Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries available on the Upanishads?
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Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
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In which scripture does the word “Bhagavan” appear first?

We all know that the words Bhagavan and Ishwar are used in many Hindu scriptures. They give their meanings also. I want to know, in which scripture did the word "Bhagavan" appear first?
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What is the original Hare Krishna mahamantra [duplicate]

The Hare Krishna mahamantra which I have heard from my family and saints is the following: Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Wikipedia ...
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Is sannyasa a Vedic way of life? Is it recommended by the Vedas, the ten authentic Upanishads or Grhyasutras?

Sannyasa is BELIEVED to be the so called "fourth stage" of life, i.e after brahmacharya, grihastha, and vAnaprastha. However, when one has ALREADY moved to the forest in seclusion after retiring from ...
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155 views

Why the three levels of reality of Advaita Vedanta are not mentioned in any scriptures?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (Absolute reality) Vyāvahārika (Relative reality) Prāthibhāsika (unreality) Now, as far as I know, this concept is not ...
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How do the traditional Vedic commentators interpret VajraSuchika Upanishad?

Traditional Vedanta commentators and Acharyas like Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya, etc always held that Varna system is based on birth. However, Vajrasuchika Upanishad goes to another extreme and ...
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Are the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads revealed texts, or are they composed?

No Hindu disputes that the mantras in the Samhita part of the Vedas are direct revelations by Rishis. But what about the texts of the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads? These don't seem to be ...
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Do the Karma Kanda of Vedas themselves anywhere say performing rituals won't give us liberation?

Karma Kanda of Vedas, Vedangas are treated as Apara Vidhya and Upanishads are treated as Para Vidhya, since the former only give us rebirth and Upanishads provide us Knowledge of Brahman, through ...
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Differences in explanation for this verse “Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante” which describe the parabrahman

In few upanyasams by Srivaishnava scholars, on the question of what is Brahman, I have come across this verse from Taittirīya Upanishad - Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante; yena jātāni jivanti; yat ...
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How many upanishads were there traditionally?

As per Muktika Canon, there are 108 upanishads. Is it the exact number or this is just 108 important upanishads. I read elsewhere that each branch of 4 Vedas have one upanishad each. Traditionally, ...
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Why is Isha upanishad in two recensions?

It seems Isha upanishad is available in Kanva and Madhyandhina recensions. These two appear to be two shakas. How can same upanishad be available in two shakas? Which version is generally used while ...
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On what basis are 4 mahavakyas chosen?

There are many upanishadic statements. I want to know why these four only are considered mahavakyas? Prajnanam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) Aham Brahma Asmi (अहम् ब्रह्म अस्मि) Tat Tvam Asi (...
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89 views

On what basis Vedas, Upanishads etc. are named?

The names of Vedas are Rig, Sama,etc.. Similarly upanishads like Isha, Kena, Katha etc.. How exactly are they named the way they are? What about brahmanas, samhitas etc?
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Are the upanishads later to the Vedas?

This question is in connection with my previous question related to Puranas and upanishads. It is also a follow up to my another question. Chhāndogya Upanishad verses 7.1.2 and 7.1.4 mention the ...
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Any Vedantic messages from Karma Kanda of Vedas?

It is well known that Upanishads contain Vedantic statements, but I want to know Vedantic statement from Karma Kanda of Vedas if any.
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Which scripture is Zakir Naik referring to here?

In his website, Zakir Naik claims that the name Allah appears in Upanishads: "Allah" in Rigveda Book 2 Hymn I verse II Even in the Rigveda which is the most sacred scripture of the Hindus, one ...
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Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Are there any good editions of texts available online or offline that provide a side by side, comparative study of the commentaries on the Prasthana trayi (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita)?...
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Who is offering prayers in Isha Upanishad and to whom?

From the last few mantras in Isha Upanishad, it is clear that all mantras are offered as a prayer? Who is praying and to whom?
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As per Hindu scriptures does lord Śiva explicitly claim himself to be a deity that has to be worshiped?

Note: I have limited knowledge in these matters. But I am a curious person and go with reasoning. I want to know that in which all Hindu's divine/sacred scriptures lord Śiva has claimed or explicitly ...
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What does the word Shambhu mean? [closed]

Shambhu is modified word from Swayam bhu which means "Self Born" and is another name of Brahman or Purush from Upanishads. No other Deity is called Shambhu or has a Nirakaar form like Shiva Lingam. ...
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Are there any references to Niralambopanishat and SukaRahasyopanishat prior to Adi Shankaracharya?

Among Vedantins; Advait is a widely followed philosophy. The famous quote of Shree Adi Shankaracharya goes: Brahma Satya, Jagat Mithya. Now many Advaitins have mentioned that the verse was not ...
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151 views

What are the qualities of Brahman according to Upanishads?

According the major Upanishads what are the qualities of the Brahman? Note: Not interested in any cliche like 'Brahman is attributeless' because attributelessness itself is an attribute hence makes ...
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What is the Patra and Mukha mentioned in Isha Upanishad?

Ishavasya Upanishad of Shukla Yajurveda (actaully it's the last part of the Samhita itself) has the following verse-15: Quoting with Adi Shankaracharya's Bhashya from Wisdom Library: हिरण्मयेन पा...
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1answer
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Where is causal body in this analogy used by Swami Sarvapriyananda?

Listening to one of the talks by the swami. He explains the three States by using the following analogy of the sun and buckets filled with water. Sun: Witness Consciousness (ultimate reality, god, ...
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Why does chandogya upanishad use kannada-telugu words?

In the Chandogya Upanishad, the word “मटची” “maTacI” is used to describe famine in the Kuru kingdom. “मटचीहतेषु कुरुष्वाटिक्या सह जायया उषस्तिर्ह चाक्रायण इभ्यग्रामे प्रद्राणक उवास” (1.10.1). ...
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What is the final message conveyed by Shvetashvatara Upanishad? [closed]

Upanishads are long texts. So it is useful to know to know the final message and implement the same in our day to day life.
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148 views

Connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas

Is there any connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas? If there is a connection, any citation from scriptures of yesteryear's between the three?
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567 views

What is Kaivalya Moksha?

Here in Muktika Upanishads, Rama describes Kaivalya Moksha is ultimate. What is it? Is it merging into existence of Brahman? I-i-15-17. Hanuman: Rama, sages speak differently: some say there is ...
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1answer
135 views

Translation of excerpt from Madhva Bhashya on Mandukya Upanishad [closed]

Following is taken from Madhva Bhashya on Mandukya Upanishad Agama karika 6 to 9: तां सृष्टिं बहुधा प्राहुः ज्ञानिनोऽज्ञानिनस्तथा । विष्णर्विकृतिमायाति महदादिस्वरूपीणीम् । तत्तद्विविधभूतिरस्तु ...
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Are only the hymns of the Vedas considered apaurusheya, or are the Upanishads considered apaurusheya as well? [duplicate]

I've read multiple times that the Vedas are considered to be without error, and I was wondering whether the same thing is thought of the Upanishads that are often claimed to be part of the Vedas.