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Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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2 answers
156 views

Adi Shankaracharya as the author of Vajrasuchika Upanishad

There is an Upanishad named Vajra-sūcika, which contains details about the nature of Brahmin Varna. It discusses the qualities of a Brahmin. I came to know about the existence of this Upanishad ...
1 vote
1 answer
56 views

Vedic Versus that Justify the Difference Between Various Types of Matter

I have been reading the following Wikipedia page on Dvaita Vedanta and came across the five great differences, two of them being the following: Between matter and jīvātman. Between various types of ...
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16 views

Is Surya and Surya Narayana Upanishad the same or are they different

I was looking at Openn and found Sūryātharvaśirasupaniṣad and Sūryanārāyaṇopaniṣad. So are these two scriptures the same and if they're different how so? Also is the first Upanishad the Surya ...
13 votes
1 answer
656 views

What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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0 answers
18 views

Is all of Vedas (Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka and Upanishad) supposed to be completely infallible (errorless), authorless and eternal?

I have heard of the concept of Apaurasheya, being authorless, and that all of the six astika Darsanas considered Vedas either infallible or eternal or authorless. My question is, does that apply to ...
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Which scripture contains the story of Mahidasa Aitareya?

There is one famous story of Mahidasa Aitareya in upanishad/purana. Which scripture described about him and his life? I suppose it is in Aitariya aranyaka but I am looking for exact reference. ...
1 vote
2 answers
192 views

When did the specific proper features and characteristics of Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva start appearing in the Hindu literature?

Note: This is a research question. By specifc proper features and characteristics I mean Niravakasha Linga. My question is when did atleast a couple of the Niravakasha Lingas listed below, of Lord ...
6 votes
1 answer
789 views

Scriptural basis for Ramakrishna's claim about 'inner nerve of memory' (medhā nāḍī)

In The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna / Volume 1 / Rules for Householders and Monks, Ramakrishna Paramahansa makes the following claim. MAHIMA: Sir, why does a man become deluded by worldly ...
3 votes
2 answers
218 views

How would a dualist respond to the following argument

How would a dualist respond to the following argument made by a nondualist? Brahman cannot be the knower of anything. To know and to understand involve time. There is a before and an after. The ...
10 votes
0 answers
773 views

References to the 5 kinds of moksha in the Vedas and commentaries explaining the verses as such

From this, the Subala Upanishad quoted here and the Virodhaparihara, mentioned here, ALL three, the technical meaning of Kaivalya I understand is one of the 4 purusharthas which involves meditating on ...
1 vote
0 answers
99 views

Sources on Madhvacharya's Beliefs of Eternal Damnation and Pancha Bhedas

I like to know what scriptural verses Shri Madhvacharya used to point out that eternal damnation exists. I also like to know whether Shri Madhvacharya believed that each object is different from ...
1 vote
2 answers
113 views

Where can I get true info about god?

They sing in songs that what you wish from God God fulfills it but when I see around the world doesn't send to work like that it means it's a false info, so where can I get true info about god and how ...
1 vote
4 answers
2k views

Why do Bramha sutras say that Shudras cannot listen to Vedas?

Bramahasutras mention that it is forbidden for Shudras to listen to Vedic Mantras. Any specific reason for this?
2 votes
3 answers
169 views

Why Gaudiya Vaishnavas chant the Mahamantra from oppsite direction?

Gaudiya Vaishnavas consider the following 16-word mantra as the Mahamantra and always chant it. Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare This ...
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56 views

What is the Śruti status (Prāmāṇya) and dating of Mahopaniṣat? Is it accepted by sects other than Vaishnava-s?

The text seems to be of a much later date than mukhya and other old upaniṣads complied before common era (BCE) e.g. Mahānārāyaṇa, Śvetāśvatara etc. as it is supposedly the conversation between Śuka ...
1 vote
2 answers
82 views

Why is Brahman identified with Shunya(Void) in the Mahopanishad?

In the Maha Upanishad we come across the following - शून्यं तत्प्रकृतिर्माया ब्रह्मविज्ञानमित्यपि । शिवः पुरुष ईशानो नित्यमात्मेति कथ्यते ॥ ६१॥ VI-61. That Brahman has been identified with emptiness(...
1 vote
1 answer
96 views

Modernish books on Gita, Vedas/Upanishads for tweens/teens

Are there any modern books based on ancient Hindu texts suitable for children? I am looking for books that can answer questions about life and introduce spirituality to a child. Some books I've found ...
1 vote
1 answer
126 views

Why Srimad Bhagavatam is not mentioned by Sri Ramanujacharya, Sri Yamunacharya and Sri Adi Shankaracharya. Why is that. Vaishnava answer pls

Why Srimad Bhagavatam is not mentioned by Sri Adi Shankaracharya, Sri Yamunacharya or Sri Ramanujacharya
2 votes
1 answer
127 views

Where is the scriptural reference (or evidence) that the Bhagavad Gita is an Upanishad?

Some people say the Bhagavad Gita to be an Upanishad like Srila Prabhupada in his introduction to the Bhagavad Gita styling it as Gitopanisad. So do any scriptures say the Bhagavad Gita to be an ...
10 votes
4 answers
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What is Kaivalya Moksha?

Here in Muktika Upanishads, Rama describes Kaivalya Moksha is ultimate. What is it? Is it merging into existence of Brahman? I-i-15-17. Hanuman: Rama, sages speak differently: some say there is only ...
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0 answers
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Who is Supreme Brahman?

In many Upanishad's such as the Skanda, Ganapati and Ganesha Upanishads, the principle deities of that Upanishad are proclaimed as the supreme Supreme Brahman but how can more than one deity be the ...
2 votes
1 answer
73 views

Do Any Puranas or Upanishads mention the 36 tattva system of Shaivism?

Do any Puranas or Upanishads mention the 36 tattva system of Shaivism? Or is the system purely Tantric/Agamic?
4 votes
3 answers
228 views

Turya (state) Beyond waking state, dreaming state and sleeping state

In many Upanishads concerning liberation, it is said that an enlightened man (or jivanmukta) is beyond three states: Sleeping, Waking, and Dreaming states (e.g. Mandukya Upanishad). Some excerpts as ...
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3 answers
656 views

Who is the lord in Svetasvatara Upanishad 6.18?

Svetasvatara Upanishad 6.18 : Seeking Liberation, I take refuge in the Lord, the revealer of Self—Knowledge, who in the beginning created Brahma and delivered the Vedas to Him. Who is the lord in ...
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1 answer
78 views

Complete Maithili Maha Upanishad

Complete Maithili Maha Upanishad which is found in Narada Panchratra Valmiki Samhita
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Why does Narsimha Tapini Upanishad say that Knowledge of Maya leads to liberation?

Narasimha Tapini Upanishad states the following - स होवाच प्रजापतिर्माया वा एषा नारसिंही सर्वमिदं सृजति सर्वमिदं रक्षति सर्वमिदं संहरति । तस्मान्मायामेतां शक्तिं विद्याद्य एतां मायां शक्तिं वेद स पा...
1 vote
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What is the Guhya Upanishad mentioned in the Kurma purana?

In The Kurma Purana, in a discourse between Himavan and Devi (Parvati), Himavan while praising the vibhutis of Devi praises her as follows - सर्वोपनिषदां देवि गुह्योपनिषदुच्यते । ईशानश्चासि कल्पानां ...
4 votes
2 answers
547 views

Sectarian Upanishads - Sruti or Smriti?

I know that Vedas are Sruti, including its embedded texts - Samhitas, Aranyakas, Brahmanas and Upanishads. And also that each Upanishad is linked to each Veda. Tell me, if Upanishads are Sruti, then ...
0 votes
1 answer
84 views

When there is conflict between 2 scriptures which one wins?

When there is conflict between 2 scriptures which one wins? Put followings in order of authority: Vedas, Upanishads, Smritis, Ramayan, Mahabharat and Puranas
1 vote
1 answer
142 views

Why did Sri Adi Shankaracharya not consider Vaikuntha as eternal loka ? Pls answer according to Vaishnava perspective

Why did Sri Adi Shankaracharya said like this in Sarva Vedanta Siddhanta Sangrah सर्वस्यानित्यत्वे सावयवत्वेन सर्वतः सिद्धे । वैकुण्ठादिषु नित्यत्वमतिर्भ्रम एव मूढबुद्धीनाम् ॥ When it is established ...
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

First refrence to the Prasthanatrayi?

What is the first reference to the Prasthanatrayi and are these three like the "Bible" or one book of Vedanta?
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0 answers
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My grandmom died on 4th of feb 24. My marriage has been fixed on march 29,30 2024. Can marriage can still happen?

my grandmom is dead (4th feb 24) and my marriage was fixed on 29,30 march 2024. When we ask pandits, everyone has their different opinions and we are so confused. Couple of them say can happen and ...
1 vote
0 answers
95 views

Are Upanishads religous texts?

Are Upanishads religious texts ? Or Are they "philosophical" texts ? Does it contains words of gods ? I have hear that Upnishads are just words of teachers of ancient India, who during free ...
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Why in Shiva Mahapuran the rajasik and the Tamasik and Satwik deities are different. Pls answer according to Vaishnava perspective

Vishnu, Rudra and I (Brahma) represent the Gunas. Siva is free from Gunas. He is the Supreme Brahman, the undecaying. Vishnu is of Sattva attribute, I (Brahma) am of Rajas attribute and Rudra is of ...
2 votes
5 answers
482 views

Is Chandogya 5.10.7 authentic?

It seems highly likely that verse 5.10.7 of Chandogya Upanishad is not authentic. The first reason is that there are multiple versions and manuscripts of the Chandogya Upanishad that do not have verse ...
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How to attain a state of Samadhi?

How can one attain a higher state of consciousness or samadhi?
2 votes
2 answers
472 views

Difference between astika and nastika

What is the difference between astika and nastika. I used to think Who believes in God and who don't ; but in many places they say who believes in Vedanta and who don't please clarify my doubts. Say ...
2 votes
2 answers
127 views

Explain the metaphysics (the nature of Ultimate Reality) of the Upanisads as expressed in the metaphor of the “chariot” and the “two birds”.?

Critically explain the metaphysics ( the nature of Ultimate Reality ) of the Upanisads as expressed in the metaphor of the “chariot” and the “two birds”. Clearly bring out their differences. What ...
3 votes
4 answers
214 views

How to Learn About Hinduism for Beginners

I am new to Hinduism and I find some of the philosophies interesting. What is the best way to go about it as a beginner?
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Can anyone chant Langulopanishad?

Salutations to everyone and the one who encompasses all! I recently stumbled upon something called Langulopanishad which is an integral part of Atharvana Veda. By birth I'm a sudra so I'm not that ...
1 vote
1 answer
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As per Upanishads, do people who attain Brahman also acquire its properties like omniscience and omnipotence?

I was reading S. Radhakrishnan's Indian Philosophy, and there, in the chapter 'Philosophy of Upanishads' he says that when a person attains Brahman, that is, it merges with Brahman, that person then ...
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Cosmology in Hindu text

So I have a few questions. Number one what is the shape of the Earth as per Hindu text and what represents the current planet Earth? I know people have interpreted Bharatvarsha and Bharatkhanda to ...
1 vote
0 answers
109 views

What is the difference for a Mandir to be erected on the left bank vs right bank of a river?

What is the difference for a Mandir to be erected on the left bank vs right bank of a river? Is it related to the Deity, or perhaps to the place? Do the Vedas, Upanishads or various Agamas prescribe ...
2 votes
3 answers
417 views

The gods don't protect like a shepherd with a stick, why should we worship them?

This with reference to a verse from Mahabharata: न देवा दण्डमादाय रक्षन्ति पशुपालवत् । यं तु रक्षितुमिच्छन्ति बुद्ध्या संविभजन्ति तम् ॥ विदुरनीति ३-४० Translation: The gods don't protect like a ...
1 vote
0 answers
34 views

reference request for verse: Satvam tatvam para tvam cha tvat tryam hanakina tritatva rupini Radha sa api Radhika

Trying to find the reference for this verse: Satvam tatvam para tvam cha tvat tryam hanakina tritatva rupini Radha sa api Radhika सत्वं तत्वं पर त्वं च त्वत त्र्यम हनकिना त्रितत्व रूपिणी राधा सापि रा...
2 votes
0 answers
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which upanishad is this shloka from ? Iti cha 'pahatapāpmādasya cha guṇā na bhūtakāśe sambhavanti jīvā saṅkāpi nivaritā

I am trying to find the upanishad from which this shloka occurs: Iti cha 'pahatapāpmādasya cha guṇā na bhūtakāśe sambhavanti jīvā saṅkāpi nivaritā इति च ऽपहतपाप्मादस्य च गुणा न भूतकाशे सम्भवन्ति जी...
1 vote
0 answers
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Aadi Jagadguru Shankaracharya: where is this shloka from ? - parasyeva brahmaṇaḥ praveśa śravaṇā tādātmyo upadeśā ca

Hi Trying to identify from where this shloka is: parasyeva brahmaṇaḥ praveśa śravaṇā tādātmyo upadeśā ca परस्येव ब्रह्मणः प्रवेश श्रवणा तादात्मयो उपदेशा च अरस्येव (arasyeva): Like the sap, as in the ...
0 votes
0 answers
34 views

As per Advaita, Atman/Self/Brahman is unborn and doesnt "pass" away when body dies? What is the reference for it?

As per Advaita Vedanta, its the Sukshma Sharira(Subtle Body/Mind) which reincarnates after a body dies and Atman/Brahman/Self does not "pass away" or "leave" when body dies. But in ...
3 votes
2 answers
72 views

Laya Yoga: Upanishad References

Laya Yoga - references in Upanishads. I've heard that the methods of creation of mantras (beeja mantras specifically) follow from laya yoga where they use petals of certain chakras (or nadis) OR hear ...
0 votes
1 answer
28 views

Brahm sutra number for pashvādabhis cha vīśekā

I am trying to identify the brahmsutra chapter and verse number for this verse pashvādabhis cha vīśekā पश्वादभिस च विशेका I came across this sloka in a lecture so might not have converted into text ...

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