Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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What is the earliest scripture mentioning the word Nirvāṇa?

The word nirvāṇa literally means extinguishment. It implies the extinguishment of self. Bhagwat Geeta also mentions the word, लभन्ते ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृषय: क्षीणकल्मषा:| छिन्नद्वैधा यतात्मान: सर्वभूतहि...
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Is there is difference between 'upanishad embedded' and 'upanishad attached'?

Is there is any difference between 'upanishad embedded in veda' and 'upanishad attached to Veda'? Please give any example.
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Is there any support in the vedas for the theory that all 3 gods are the same?

Great acharyas like Ramanujacharya have stated that Lord Narayana is the supreme being and other gods like Brahma and Shiva occupy subordinate positions. Yet many common people believe that all 3 gods ...
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What modern movements (like ISKON as an example) focus on the Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad, the only scripture attested by the scripture to be the best scripture [closed]

The Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad is the only scripture attested by scripture to be the best among the scriptures (See here: https://www.yogapedia.com/definition/9274/mandukya-upanishad). Most modern movements (...
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Why do sanyasa scriptures degrade women?

I found many anti-women verses in "so called" Sanyasa-upanishads. I am disappointed to see such hatred and prejudice towards women. Women are compared with objects, animals and what not ! ...
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Where does Shankaracharya cite the Narayana Upanishad in his Vishnu Sahasranama Bhashya?

The Narayana Upanishad (different from the Mahanarayana Upanishad), declares Narayana (Vishnu) to be the creator of Shiva and Brahma: NarayanAt brahmA jAyate NarayanAt rudro jAyate This Upanishad ...
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Are all worlds and existences except God temporary in Hinduism?

From what I can gather, the Vedas and Upanishads and Hinduism in general state that punishment via hell or rebirth in a bad state of life, and Heaven or rebirth in a good state are always temporary as ...
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Do the following incarnations of Vishnu have references in Rig Veda/ brAhmanAs/ Upanishads?

Many incarnations of Vishnu, including partial and full, were mentioned in Puranas. In Ramayana, Vamana and Parasurama were mentioned as incarnations of Vishnu, which is disputable. My area of ...
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197 views

Which is the best translation of the Upanishads in English?

I'm currently studying a course on Hindu scriptures and would love to read the Upanishads. Please can someone guide me to the best translation there is available. Many Thanks !
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Do any scriptures or commentaries support the idea that females should be able to pursue their education and career over marriage?

Could you suggest me some scriptures (Vedas, Upanishads, etc.) or commentaries that support the idea that females should be allowed to pursue their education and career over marriage? For example, ...
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Was absence of mention about brAhmanas, upanishads, aranyakas in Ramayana indicates that it had been composed much earlier to them?

I tried to find any mention of brAhmanas, upanishads, aranyakas in Ramayana, as they were supposed to have been composed in post vedic period, as Ramayana was. The following slokas are from 5th Sarga ...
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Upanishads books with word by word translation and contemplation

I am a beginner and I haven't found any books which have complete translation and contemplation.
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Is there a scriptural base, from other than the Veda and Puranas, to indicate that the Battle of the Ten Kings occurred?

There is already a question existing - Timeline of the battle of the ten kings in the Vedas. However, there are no answers posted yet and my question is different. It was mentioned in this wikipedia ...
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Why is Isha upanishad in two recensions?

It seems Isha upanishad is available in Kanva and Madhyandhina recensions. These two appear to be two shakas. How can same upanishad be available in two shakas? Which version is generally used while ...
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Muktika Upanishad

Narayana Upanishad listed as 18th out of 108 Upanishads in Muktika Upanishad which is discussion between Rama and Anjaneya. In 4th chapter of Narayana Upanishad, it’s said as Narayana as Devaki putra, ...
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Which scripture is Zakir Naik referring to here?

In his website, Zakir Naik claims that the name Allah appears in Upanishads: "Allah" in Rigveda Book 2 Hymn I verse II Even in the Rigveda which is the most sacred scripture of the Hindus, one ...
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457 views

Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
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Timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vedas, and Upanishads

Can someone please give timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharta, Vedas, and Upanishads?
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Did the Battle of the Ten Kings really occur? [closed]

There is already a question existing - Timeline of the battle of the ten kings in the Vedas. However, there are no answers posted yet and my question is different. It was mentioned in this wikipedia ...
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Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
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Is Karma transferable from one person to another according to śruti (Vedas, Upaniṣads, etc.)?

The Mahābhārata narrates the story of King Somaka and his chief priest who conduct a human sacrifice but only the priest is seen spending time in hell for his actions. And as the conversation between ...
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Does the Garva (Garbha?) Upanishad contain the details of fertilisation that were carved on the walls of the temple in Tamil Nadu?

This site says that Stages of foetus development as per Garva (Garbha?) Upanishad, were carved in Sri Varamoortheeswarar Temple, Ariyathurai, Tamil Nadu, around some 3000 BC. The temple was said to be ...
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Brahma Sutra from Ganapatya or Shakta Standpoint?

Is their any commentary written on Brahma Sutra from a Ganapatya or Shakta Standpoint?
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The connection between Agni and Bhuloka, Vayu and Bhuvarloka, Surya and Svar loka

The Shikshavalli of the Taittiriya Upanishad mentions: भूरिति वा अग्निः । भुव इति वायुः । सुवरित्यादित्यः । मह इति चन्द्रमाः । चन्द्रमासा वाव सर्वाणि ज्योतीँषि महीयन्ते । What is the connection ...
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Vedas and their philosophy

As per my reading from Wikipedia, the mukhya Upanishads discuss the philosophy of vedas. The seeds of advaita and vishishtadvaita philosophies are found in these upanishads as per my limited readings. ...
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Do the Aitareya and Brihadaranyaka Upanishads correctly interpret two hymns of Vamadeva?

Let me preface this by saying that I don't intend to question the wisdom of the divine Upanishads; I'm just trying to resolve my confusion. As you can see in the Anukramani I provided in my answer ...
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Examples of human sacrifice in Hindu scripture

Are there any incidents of human sacrifice in Hindu scripture? If there are none, are there any examples where a human being was initially prepared to be sacrificed but later avoided due to some or ...
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What is the origin of Nishkama Karma (selfless action)?

I am interested to know where in the Vedas or Upanishad is the philosophy of Nishkama Karma i.e., giving up fruits of actions, mentioned? What is the origin of Karma Yoga as we know in the Gita?
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Any Vedantic messages from Karma Kanda of Vedas?

It is well known that Upanishads contain Vedantic statements, but I want to know Vedantic statement from Karma Kanda of Vedas if any.
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Is the statement 'Gods love the mysterious' also found in the Vedic Samhitas?

The following is from Aitareya Upanishad. तस्मादिदन्द्रो नामेदन्द्रो ह वै नाम। तमिदन्द्रं सन्तमिंद्र इत्याचक्षते परोक्षेण। परोक्षप्रिया इव हि देवाः परोक्षप्रिया इव हि देवाः ৷৷ 1.3.14 ৷৷ ...
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How can we explain love and hatred in spiritual parlance, particularly with reference to Advait Darshan?

For a seeker to appreciate and comprehend certain character traits are of utmost importance. Shall feel blessed if some blessed one could explain the philosophy of love and hatred in spiritual ...
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Why Vedas are called inferior in Upanishads?

As we all know that Upanishads were written to understand Vedas. Some great scholars also said that they are the branches of Vedas. My question is related to it. Yesterday in a library, I was reading ...
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Is it SPECIFICALLY mentioned in the Vedas, Agamas, Itihasa or Puranas that left-handed men are inherently evil?

Scriptures say that our left hand is not to be used for eating, drinking and puja rituals like feeding idols. Some cultures say its bad to eat, drink or do auspicious things by using the left hand. ...
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What do scriptures say about Lake Manasarovar?

I have heard it said that Lord Shiva abides in yoga on Mt. Kailasha and that darśana thereof destroys attachment to delusion. I found information about Mt. Kailash in the question How is Mount ...
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Why is the moon referenced with the Vyahriti Mahah?

The Shikshavalli of the Taittiriya Upanishad mentions: भूरिति वा अग्निः । भुव इति वायुः । सुवरित्यादित्यः । मह इति चन्द्रमाः । चन्द्रमासा वाव सर्वाणि ज्योतीँषि महीयन्ते । Why is moon equated with ...
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Where in the Rig Veda are the 10 Upanishads?

Here it suggests there are 10 Upanishads embedded in the Rig Veda. I have scoured Google but have not found anything saying something like "The 10 Upanishads of the Rig Veda are located in Hymns #X, #...
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Verses in Upanishads and vedas to remain Unaffected by bad company

There is a big hindrance of bad company on the path of spirituality.Most of the scriptures mention to avoid bad company. Swami Sivananda in this context says Aspirants generally complain: “We are ...
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What is the text called Mantra Upanishad chanted by Manu as per Bhagavata Purana?

In the 8th Canto (Skandha) of Bhagavata Purana, Shukadeva described stories of diffrent Manus to king Parikshita. In the story of 1st Svayambhu Manu, it is narrated that he practiced austere penance ...
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Sri Vaishnava English commentary to Upanishads other than Dr N.S. Anantha Rangacharya

Is anyone aware of alternative English translations to the principal Upanishads other than the one by Dr. N.S. Anantha Rangacharya for the bhashya by Ranga Ramanuja Muni? I know there is one for ...
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Are the 3 gunas mentioned in the Vedas?

Are the 3 gunas, namely, sattva, rajas, tamas mentioned in the Vedas? I know they are mentioned throughout the Smrtis, notably the Puranas, Bhagavad Gita, and the Sankhya Smriti. In fact, the 3 gunas ...
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Existence of Hinduism

I have heard that people will be less spiritually inclined at the end of kaliyuga. The world will refurbish again to a utopian model of Satvayuga. Are there any references which states that Hinduism ...
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Does Sankara Bhashyam exist for The Nrusimha Tapani Upanisad?

Does any one know of a source (preferably a publication in print) of 'Sri Sankara Bhashyam' for 'Sri Nrusimha Tapani Upanisad'? As a background - some people, possibly Vaishnavas, believe that 'Sri ...
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Are Upanishad's really parts of the Vedas?

While the hymns of the Vedas emphasize rituals and the Brahmanas serve as a liturgical manual for those Vedic rituals, the spirit of the Upanishads is inherently opposed to ritual. The older ...
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Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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Alternative of Stoicism in Hinduism?

Any alternative to Stoicism in Hinduism, Which book or philosophy in Hinduism is close to Stoicism.. What do you think of Stoicism.. Do you find anything wrong with Stoicism, when you look at it ...
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Which is the saraswati rahasya upanishad among the given two?

I came across two texts: The first one The second one Yet they both say that they're saraswati rahasya upanishad, and they're slightly different. Which one is the correct one or are they ...
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time and venue for learning the puranas

I found few puranas online and I really enjoy learning vedic stories/scriptures which contain not only a nice story in themselves but hidden with immense knowledge and wisdom. I wonder if it is a ...
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What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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198 views

Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Are there any good editions of texts available online or offline that provide a side by side, comparative study of the commentaries on the Prasthana trayi (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita)?...
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Any statements in Vedas and the principal Upanishads that deny Vishnu as God?

Any statements in the Vedas and in the upanishads limited to only principal upanishads that deny Vishnu being God. I am looking for specific statements for eg: like this one for Indra: Out of His ...

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