Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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Is the atman in every being eternally unique and fundamentally individual?

In the Gita Krishna uses the word soul seemingly ambiguously, as it might be taken to mean the universal soul in the first few chapters, and the individual soul in the later chapters when he is ...
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What exactly is meant in Saṅkara (Advaita) Vedānta when it declares that Brahman is Nirguṇa (attributeless)?

From this answer where it explains about Brahman being Nirguṇa & Guṇas (attributes) appearing due to Avidyā, the ācārya writes, तदेवमविद्यात्मकोपाधिपरिच्छेदापेक्षमेवेश्वरस्येश्वरत्वं सर्वज्ञत्वं ...
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What is mimamsa interpretation of upanishadic verses that are against ritualistic part of the Vedas?

The eighteen persons necessary for the performance of sacrifice are transitory and not permanent and karma in its nature inferior, has been stated as resting upon these. Those ignorant persons who ...
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Are minor Upaniṣads Shruti?

Upaniṣads like Maha Upaniṣad [linked with Samaveda], Narayana Upaniṣad [linked with Krishna Yajurveda] and Tejobindu Upaniṣad [linked with Yajurveda] all are minor Upaniṣads. So are they (minor ...
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What are some verses that are dedicated to nirguna Brahman in the Upanishads?

What are some verses that are dedicated to nirguna Brahman from the Upanishads?
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Verses similar to Gita 2:42 in the Vedas and Upanishads?

[BG 2:42] : Men of small knowledge are very much attached to the flowery words of the Vedas, which recommend various fruitive activities for elevation to heavenly planets, resultant good birth, power, ...
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Do any post-RigVedic deities appear in the principal upanishads?

I am taking Brhadaranyaka Upanishad Chandogya Upanishad Taittiriya Upanishad Aitereya Upanishad Kausitaki Upanishad Kena Upanishad Katha Upanishad Isha Upanishad Svetasvatara Upanishad Mundaka ...
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Do Mahavakyas and World as Illusion in Advaita contradict each other?

Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.1 says All this is Brahman. Everything comes from Brahman, everything goes back to Brahman, and everything is sustained by Brahman. One should therefore quietly meditate on ...
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Is the famous sanskrit phrase - Vasudhaiva Kuṭumbakam, found in the RigVeda and Maha Upanishad?

The famous Sanskrit phrase is almost used by many people as an an aphorism-maxim proverb, to signify the presence of global acceptability as an Indian value. Commonly translated as: Vasudhaiva ...
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Just like there is a Shiva Purana and Vishnu Purana, is there a Purana praising Brahma?

Title. I want a book about Brahma. It can be in the form of a Gita like Shiva Gita or Bhagavad Gita or it can be in the form of a Purana. Thanks.
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Is there any verse in the Vedas that talks about foreigners or foreign land?

Is there any verse in the Vedas or upanishades that talks about foreigners or foreign land, language, customs.
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Does the Katha Upanishad verse 2.3.1 contradict the immortality verses about Devatās?

ūrdhvamūlo'vākśākha eṣo'śvatthaḥ sanātanaḥ | tadeva śukraṃ tadbrahma tadevāmṛtamucyate | tasmiṃllokāḥ śritāḥ sarve tadu nātyeti kaścana | etadvaitat || 1 || Root up and branches down is this ancient ...
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Vedas are pan-geographic?

Are All Veda samhitas pan-geographic? That is, do veda samhitas pertain only to Bharatavarsha or to the entire world of creation. This doubt arises because of two things I find contradictory. Many ...
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Is Consiouness Eternal? Does it remain even after death (When we don't have a body?) If yes how can it be known?

Yajnavalkya says in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 2.4.12 " The self comes out as a separate entity from these elements, and this separateness is destroyed with them. After attaining this oneness it ...
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Learning the Vedas and other scriptures [closed]

I would like to read and learn our Hindu scriptures. I do not know where to start at. As I understand the primary source of all knowledge is from the Vedas. I have a very basic understanding of ...
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Dharma sandeham [duplicate]

1: I hear many people telling things like there is no need for women in periods to not work and be normal but sanatana dharmam strictly says women should not do any kind of work for those three day. 2:...
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Is the eternality of the Vedas contradicted by brihadaranyaka upanishad 2.4.10?

As from a fire kindled with wet faggot diverse kinds of smoke issue, even so, my dear, the Rg-Veda, Yajur-Veda, Sama-Veda, Atharvahgirasa, history, mythology, arts, Upanishads, verses, aphorisms, ...
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What are the sastras or Vedas or Upanishads of taxashila or Nalanda University destroyed by foreigners? [closed]

I have heard most of the people saying some Greek, Persians etc invaded India and burnt Vedas Upanishads etc or the knowledge present in the form of books. Why and who destroyed them? And, what ...
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Where can I find upanishad's verse in vedas?

Upaniṣads are the part of vedas. Is it possible to find the verse of upanishad in vedas. For example : Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad Chapter I > Section IV - The Creation and Its Cause In the beginning,...
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Do Early Upanishads say World is Real and hence conflicting with Advaitha's doctrine of World as Unreal?

Richard Jones in his Morality and Shankara's Advaitha Vedanta writes The earlier Upanishads took the phenomena of the world to be real — Brahman is merely the root (KU II.3.1), “the real of the real” ...
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Is consciousness temporary? How can Brahman exist eternally?

After Moksha, since we don't have a body, we have no Consciousness or Existence , then how can we conclude that Brahman exists? Because Consciousness and Existence cease to exist after death. I am not ...
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When Mind and Space aren't Brahman why does Chandogya Upanishad ask to meditate on Mind and Space as Brahman?

The mind is Brahman—this worship is called adhyātma. Next is that called adhidaivata: Space is Brahman. That is, meditate on space as Brahman. These two ways of meditation are advised: adhyātma and ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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Do Upanishads say that they shouldn't be taught to people who don't study or ineligible to study Vedas?

Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.10 says "This is explained by the mantra “who perform the karma enjoined, who are srotriyas, who are centred in the Brahman (lower) and who with faith, offer oblations ...
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How can Brahman/consciousness be all pervading including living and non living things?

Brahman is defined as Existance,Consiouness and Bliss(Satchitananda). Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3 says Brahman is consciousness and pure awareness. Isa Upanishad 1 says its all pervading. 1)But how can ...
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What should be order of reading Hindu scriptures and texts for understanding Soul, God, Karm, Moksha and purpose of creation? [duplicate]

I do want to understand fundamental concepts like Soul, God, Karm, Moksh and of course purpose of this life or creation that include everything at more deeper and detailed level. I guess main sources ...
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Is there a contradiction between Atharvaveda 8.6.23 and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 6:4:18?

We ought to destroy those who eat cooked as well as uncooked meat, meat involving destruction of males and females, foetus and eggs.(Atharvaveda 8.6.23) So in this verse meat is bad. But He who ...
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What are some verses from upanishad that say God is all powerful or omnipotent?

What are some verses that clearly say God is all powerful from upanishad?
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Why is a major upanishad called “major upanishad”?

There are over 200 Upanishads but the traditional number is 108. Of them, only 10 are the principal Upanishads: Isha, Kena, Katha, Prashan, Mundaka, Mandukya, Tattiriya, Aitareya, Chhandogya and ...
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How has Hell been described in the Vedas and Upanishads?

How has Hell been described in the Vedas and Upanishads? Whether Hell has mental torture or physical torture?
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Do the Vedic Samhitas mention the Mahakavyas? [duplicate]

The following are the 4 Mahakavyas, mentioned in the Upanishads, taking about the Advaita Philosophy: Prajñānam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) - "Insight is Brahman," or "Brahman is ...
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What are the verse in the Vedas and upanishades that support dualistic philosophy of dvaita vedanta?

Dvaita Vedanta is dualistic school of philosophy and interpretation of the Vedas and upanishades. Dvaita Vedanta is a dualistic interpretation of the Vedas which espouses dualism by theorizing the ...
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What are the reference from the vedas about Yuga, Manvantara and Kalpa? [duplicate]

There are 4 yugas and 1 yuga cycle is 43,200,000 years. Satya Yuga equals 1,728,000 Human years Treta Yuga equals 1,296,000 Human years Dvapara Yuga equals 864,000 Human years Kali Yuga equals 432,000 ...
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Why there is a contradiction between verse of brihadaranyaka upanishad?

Prajapati said to Himself: "Well, let Me make a firm basis for it (semen)." So He created woman. Having created her, He placed her below and worshipped her. Therefore one should worship a ...
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Gargi’s question to Yajnavalkya Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

In Janaka’s court Sage Yajnavalkya was questioned by his wife and student Gargi, but she refers to him by his name, Yajnavalkya, while asking the question. Is it not vedic custom to give respect and ...
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How does Arya Samaj intepret Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 2.3.1?

As some of you must be knowing, Arya Samaj is a Hindu organisation that rejects the notion of idol worship and teaches God is only formless. This is due to the controversial verses in the Yajurveda ...
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What is the interpretation of Kauśītakī Brāhmaṇa Upaṇiṣad 2:4?

Kauśītakī Brāhmaṇa Upaṇiṣad 2:4. Athāto daivaḥ smaro yasya priyo bubhūṣed yasyai vā yeṣām vaiteṣāṁ evaikasmin parvany etayaivāvr̥taita ājyahutīr juhoti “Now then, the intense longing of love ...
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Is Vedic God mortal?

अथेत्यभ्यमन्थत् स मुखाच्च योनेर्हस्ताभ्यां चाग्निमसृजत । तस्मादेतदुभयमलोमकमन्तरतो ऽलोमका हि योनिरन्तरतस् तद्यदिदमाहुर् अमुं यजामुं यजेत्येकैकं देवम् एतस्यैव सा विसृष्टिर् एष उ ह्येव सर्वे देवा अथ यत्कि...
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Which is the best translation for Shankracharya and Ramajuncharya commentary on Upnishads? [closed]

Which is the best translation for Shankracharya and Ramajuncharya commentary on Upnishads? I would prefer both hindi or English though I would prefer hindi more .
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What does सत्यमेव जयते mean?

In Hinduism we say सत्यमेव जयते. What does it mean? By simple translation it means that truth always wins, but I find many contradictions with this meaning. If truth always wins why are innocent ...
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Is the concept of “The Seamstress” found in the Vedas?

The Pali suttas of Buddhism only mention the Four Vedas as sacred Brahmin texts; giving the impression of both predating the Upanishad period. In the Pali suttas of Buddhism, there is an account of a ...
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Is there a divine law in Hinduism?

The vedas are the scripture of authority the highest. So do the vedas has a law or constitution that every one must follow to achieve salvation(Moksha) . Please give reference from vedas and upanishad ...
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Is distinguishing Body from Atman as Non Self and using terms like Anatma a Buddhist influence on Hinduism?

Prof Peter Harvey writes "Both Buddhism and Hinduism distinguish ego-related "I am, this is mine", from their respective abstract doctrines of "Anatta" and "Atman". ...
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Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
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Are humans superior to other animals according to Vedas, Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

Are humans really superior to other animals or are they equal?
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Are Upanishad word of God like gita and vedas?

Are uprarishad word of God like gita and vedas?
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अग्निः सजीवः अस्ति अथवा निर्जीवः (Is Agni alive or dead entity)? [duplicate]

According to Hinduism, things like stone etc are called निर्जीव or अचेतन (dead) because stone has no consciousness and it doesn't feel pain. The same goes for Agni, it looks like निर्जीव, but Veda ...
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What is the correct interpretation of these verse from kaushitaki upanishad?

He going by the path by which the immortal gods travel reaches the world of Agni (fire), then to the world of Vayu (air), then to the world of Varuna, then to the world of Aditya (sun), then to the ...
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Why did God choose India? [duplicate]

I know that God is all pervading according to Advaita Vedanta, but I want to know why the Vedas and Upanishads originated in India and why the puranas revolve around the Indian region.
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Is Rearing and selling fish for meat a sin?

I want to start a fish Rearing business. I understand that meat is tamasic and eating it effects the guna of human body. But isn't the soul same in case of whether if it is an animal or a plant. How ...

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