Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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4
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2answers
112 views

Verses and Mantras in Veda/ any Hindu Scripture, which speak about Time, Space and Space-time relationship (Spacetime curvature) [closed]

Are there Verses/Mantras in Veda, any Hindu Scripture which speak about Time, speak about Space, speak about Space-time relationship (Space-time curvature) (I dont know what Spacetime Curvature is; I ...
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What are the three states of Yogi mentioned in Shvetashvatara Upanishad?

Shvetashvatara Upanishad 11th verse of 1st chapter: jñātvā devaṃ sarvapāśāpahāniḥ kṣīṇaiḥ kleśairjanmamṛtyuprahāṇiḥ । tasyābhidhyānāttṛtīyaṃ dehabhede viśvaiśvaryaṃ kevala ...
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1answer
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Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...
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Who is Saraswati's guru “Ambhini”?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas consisting of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions on ...
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1answer
46 views

Why is Isha upanishad in two recensions?

It seems Isha upanishad is available in Kanva and Madhyandhina recensions. These two appear to be two shakas. How can same upanishad be available in two shakas? Which version is generally used while ...
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Mahopanisad and the Samaveda recensions

The question is - in which recension of Sama Veda does The Mahopanisad occur? I didn't find it in the (currently available texts of) Ranayaniya, and Kauthuma,though this Upanisad is classified in the ...
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If purusha, prakriti and parmeshwar are eternal, did god not create them?

Once a Christian asked me this question that the Vedic deities did not create anything, because Hindu scriptures say that purusha(soul) and prakriti (matter) are eternal like god. Mahrishi Dayand ...
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60 views

Rangaramanujacharya's commentary on upanishads

Where can I find Sri Rangaramanujacharya's commentaries on the Upanishads?
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Two birds in a tree

At the beginning of chapter 3 of the Mundaka Upanishad, "Two birds of the same kind and inseparable as friends, cling to the same tree." What exactly do these two birds represent?
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How does dvaita philosophy explain aham brahmaasmi? [duplicate]

aham brahmaasmi (I am Brahman) is a famous upanishad sentence. Prima facie, this statement is advaita-friendly because it is saying that jeeva is same as Brahman. But the dvaita philosophy of ...
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Does Sankara Bhashyam exist for The Nrusimha Tapani Upanisad?

Does any one know of a source (preferably a publication in print) of 'Sri Sankara Bhashyam' for 'Sri Nrusimha Tapani Upanisad'? As a background - some people, possibly Vaishnavas, believe that 'Sri ...
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1answer
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What should be the daily schedule of a student preparing for an exam, according to Vedas and our ancient teachings? [closed]

I'm preparing for an exam and my mother told me that I should wake up at 3.30 in morning and chant this shloka and start studying कराग्रे वसते लक्ष्मीः करमध्ये सरस्वती । करमूले स्थिता गौरी मंगलं ...
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To which veda is the Mandukya Upanishad attributed?

To start my elaboration of my question, i am aware that the Mandukya Upanishad is traditionally attributed to the Atharva Veda. Nearly everywhere on the Internet, the text is attributed to Atharva ...
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Who was the earliest Vedic scholar to think that the Upanishads are not part of the Vedas?

It is a belief among some modern Hindus that the Upanishads in general are not part of the Vedas, nor are they Shruti (apaurusheya), and that they were authored after the Samhitas, which are the truly ...
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3answers
382 views

Can you subtract sin with enough virtue? Scriptural quotes/activities/instruction to wipe out any and all sin!

I'm well aware that everyone's driven by the 3 modes of material nature! Reading of ways to get rid of sin is very different from LIVING and DOING the ways to get rid of sin. For instance, if I'm a ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of this mantra from Chakshupanishad?

Does anyone know what is the meaning of following mantra? प्राण विखंडन मन्त्र - ।। ॐ तच्चक्षुर्देवहितं पुरस्ताच्छुक्रमुच्चरत्‌ हूं फट् ।। prāṇa vikhaṃḍana mantra - ।। oṃ taccakṣurdevahitaṃ ...
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What is the source of creation according to Upanishads?

There are many Upanishads. I just want to know: What is the source of creation according to Upanishads? What is exactly written on the scriptures?
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What is the source of “Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam”?

In which context of which Upanishad, the following statement is present? Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam Provide reference, if available. Watch this for a minute for more details (in ...
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How was the Madhu Vidya passed down before Dadhichi?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Is the statement 'Gods love the mysterious' also found in the Vedic Samhitas?

The following is from Aitareya Upanishad. तस्मादिदन्द्रो नामेदन्द्रो ह वै नाम। तमिदन्द्रं सन्तमिंद्र इत्याचक्षते परोक्षेण। परोक्षप्रिया इव हि देवाः परोक्षप्रिया इव हि देवाः ৷৷ 1.3.14 ৷৷ ...
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Are people really punished for their bad deeds?

In this world people commit many bad deeds in their day to day life. Some on extreme level, but still those people live their life happily. There are many historical examples of such people for ...
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Liberated souls come back [duplicate]

Do the souls which attained moksha in this creation again come back to earth to undergo birth and death process in the next creation which takes place after mahapralay?
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English Transliteration of Vedas and Upanishads

Translations of the Vedas and Upanishads are available in great numbers online, but unfortunately, the transliteration of Vedas is rare to find. Thus, I would like to know where can I find the ...
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Is there is difference between 'upanishad embedded' and 'upanishad attached'?

Is there is any difference between 'upanishad embedded in veda' and 'upanishad attached to Veda'? Please give any example.
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Relationship between waking state and dreaming state?

Our Upanishads talk about four different states, out of which the two are: Waking state, which basically is the reality experienced externally in the outer world and Dreaming state, which basically ...
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Why agni is known as jaatavedas? [duplicate]

A shloka of Kena Upanishad says: tey agnim abruvan jaataveda etad vijaanihi kim etad yaksham iti tatheti Agni – Fire, is called jaatavedas – ‘the knower of the Vedas.’ My question: Why is agni ...
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What are the various etymological derivations for the word “Upanishad”?

One I have found myself from a commentary on one Upanishad. It says the word is derived like this: Upa (meaning near)+ Nishanna (specially present). So, "near which, sons, animals-like fruits of ...
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639 views

What is Raja-yoga? Is it related to Jnana-Yoga?

There are three known classical yoga viz. Karma, Bhakti and Jnana. I recently found Raja-Yoga in this answer. So, What is Raja-Yoga? and Is there any relation between Raja-yoga and Jnana-Yoga? ...
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Who or what attains moksha?

When we talk about liberation among the living i.e the jeevanmukts, is it their aatman which has achieved realization? If not the aatman, that what/who? For those who have done good karma in this ...
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Interpreting Bhagavad Gita verse 8.16

I do know that according to Upanishads, All the higher Lokas except Brahma Loka, are subjected to circumgyration/reparation (birth-rebirth). From Chhandogya Upanishad 4.15.5: अथ यदु चैवास्मि...
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5answers
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Vedas and their philosophy

As per my reading from Wikipedia, the mukhya Upanishads discuss the philosophy of vedas. The seeds of advaita and vishishtadvaita philosophies are found in these upanishads as per my limited readings. ...
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Is the Sankhya Darshana/Philosophy prior to Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

We know that there are Six Aastika Philosophy (Shad Darshana) : Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshiki,Mimamsa and Vedanta based on Vedas. In many verses of Bhagavad Gita, the word Sankhya is found ; ...
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Timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vedas, and Upanishads

Can someone please give timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharta, Vedas, and Upanishads?
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Scriptural basis for Ramakrishna's claim about 'inner nerve of memory' (medhā nāḍī)

In The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna / Volume 1 / Rules for Householders and Monks, Ramakrishna Paramahansa makes the following claim. MAHIMA: Sir, why does a man become deluded by worldly ...
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What is the meaning of Katha(कठ) in Katha Upanishad?

I finished reading कठ (Katha) Upanishad sometime back but did not find any mention of "कठ" anywhere in the Upanishad itself. Dictionary has four meanings: Distress Name of the sage Pupil of sage ...
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What other yoga scriptures has kak bushundi or bhushundi maharaj gifted to mankind?

Kak bushundi or bushunda maharaj or kagabujandar as he is referred to in south India has written yogic scriptures such as Kagabujandar upanishad. Kagabujandar pernum noel kaviyam 1000 Yoga vashista ...
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What are Mahavakyas?

I heard that तत्त्वमसि (Tat Tvam Asi) is the Mahavakya. So, I want to know what are the Mahavakyas and which are they?
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Can one learn the Upanishads (Jnana Kanda) without learning Karma Kanda of Vedas?

Can a person learn Jnana Kanda of Vedas without learning the Karma Kanda? Is there any rule like one should learn the Samhithas and Brahmanas first, then only he can proceed to Jnana kanda?
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Is there anything in our scriptures where it says something similar to “As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he”

I've read the major parts of the Bhagavad Gita where my interpretation is that 'Anyone who is attached to the FRUITS of the reward, he will dwell in misery always'. Now I'm reading many books like '...
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1answer
170 views

Just like there is a Shiva Purana and Vishnu Purana, is there a Purana praising Brahma?

Title. I want a book about Brahma. It can be in the form of a Gita like Shiva Gita or Bhagavad Gita or it can be in the form of a Purana. Thanks.
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Who is the first commentator Vishvesvara on Gopala Tapani upanishad?

The first commentator and the only pre gaudiya commentator on Gopala Tapani Upanishad is Vishvesvara. I could find no information about him. His' is mix of monism and theistic commentary as Gopala ...
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780 views

Names of female scholars from Vaidic and Upanishadic times, or “Brahmavadinis”

Wikipedia provides the names of some of the "Brahmavadinis" (ब्रह्मवादिनी) or female scholars of ancient times, who studied topics related to brahman (ब्रह्म) and took part in debates and discussions ...
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Where is the concept of Prapatti/Saranagati mentioned in the mukhya upanishads, as per the Sri Vaishnava interpretation?

Srivaishnavas, followers of Ramanuja, believe in the concept of prapatti or Saranagati, where, if I understand correctly, God himself becomes the savior after the devotee surrenders completely to God. ...
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Mention of “Bhagavan” in Upanishads

Brahman / Brahma is frequently mentioned in the Upanishads as in the famous statement from Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.1: सर्वं खल्विदं ब्रह्म sarvam khalvidam brahma All this is Brahman Is the ...
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1answer
87 views

What are the details of this process of identifying a thief in the scriptures?

'A red-hot axe was placed before two persons accused of theft charge and both were asked to touch the axe one by one. The thief got his hand burnt while the other one remained unhurt' the above is ...
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196 views

Are Mundaka and Mandukya Upanishads one and the same?

I had mistaken Mandukyam and Mundakam as different pronounciations of the title of the same upanishads, but just recently learnt that they are infact different. My questions are as follows: What are ...
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1k views

Why is lord Dattatreya called Pisacha

Lord Dattatreya is referred to as बालोन्मत्त्पिशाच in many scriptures. The word itself is made up of three words 1) बाल- Literally meaning the child (It is a jeevanmukta lakshana) 2)...
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80 views

Where can I read Prasthana Trayi from Satya Sai school?

Satya Sai baba advocated Premadvaita and he explained the prasthana trayi very lucidly. Where can I read his works on bhagavad gita, upanishads and vedanta?
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What is the earliest reference to the “yo vapyetam” verse of the Katha Upanishad?

The first chapter of the Katha Upanishad, in the recensions commented on by Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya, has 29 verses. But the recension of the Katha Upanishad commented on by the Sri ...
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Why Does Torture Exist? [duplicate]

please give me your best explanation from a spiritual point of view (from Brahman's point of view). I am not talking about what can be called "meaningful pain." I am speaking of meaningless pain, ...