Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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How was the Madhu Vidya passed down before Dadhichi?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What is the source of “Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam”?

In which context of which Upanishad, the following statement is present? Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam Provide reference, if available. Watch this for a minute for more details (in ...
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Different methodologies for teaching to students and their sources

I have heard there are 20+ methodologies mentioned in some upanishads like Taittiriya about how to impart education/learning to students some go like: samvAda / discussion sambhAShana / group ...
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What do scriptures say about Lake Manasarovar?

I have heard it said that Lord Shiva abides in yoga on Mt. Kailasha and that darśana thereof destroys attachment to delusion. I found information about Mt. Kailash in the question How is Mount ...
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What classes of scripture are claimed to be apaurusheya?

It is well known that Vedas are claimed to be apaurusheya or not of human origin. Hindu scripture has been continuously produced since the Veda-Samhitas – Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, Itihasas, ...
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Are the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads revealed texts, or are they composed?

No Hindu disputes that the mantras in the Samhita part of the Vedas are direct revelations by Rishis. But what about the texts of the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads? These don't seem to be ...
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125 views

How many upanishads were there traditionally?

As per Muktika Canon, there are 108 upanishads. Is it the exact number or this is just 108 important upanishads. I read elsewhere that each branch of 4 Vedas have one upanishad each. Traditionally, ...
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What is the earliest reference to the “yo vapyetam” verse of the Katha Upanishad?

The first chapter of the Katha Upanishad, in the recensions commented on by Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya, has 29 verses. But the recension of the Katha Upanishad commented on by the Sri ...
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185 views

Who agrees with Kumarila Bhatta that the Chandogya Upanishad refers to magical powers?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
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189 views

Where is the Sama Veda quote referenced in the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
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391 views

Why do some Shaiva Siddhantins believe the Shwetashwatara Upanishad contradicts the Brahma Sutras?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (as I discuss here and ...
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343 views

Has the Paramatmika Upanishad ever been translated into English?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas which consist of mantras heard from the gods; Brahmanas, ...
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646 views

What is the story regarding birth of Surya

I want to know the Puranic inscriptions regarding birth of Surya. How sun planet was created? When it was created? Why he is sometimes considered as direct expansion of Vishnu?
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What kings passed on the Panchagni Vidya of the Upanishads?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
5
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0answers
569 views

Where is the allusion to Venkateshwara in the Taittiriya Upanishad?

During British rule, the town of Tirupati including its world-renowned Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple came to be controlled by the East India Company, starting in 1801. And the first East India ...
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What are the three states of Yogi mentioned in Shvetashvatara Upanishad?

Shvetashvatara Upanishad 11th verse of 1st chapter: jñātvā devaṃ sarvapāśāpahāniḥ kṣīṇaiḥ kleśairjanmamṛtyuprahāṇiḥ । tasyābhidhyānāttṛtīyaṃ dehabhede viśvaiśvaryaṃ kevala ...
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192 views

Scriptural basis for Ramakrishna's claim about 'inner nerve of memory' (medhā nāḍī)

In The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna / Volume 1 / Rules for Householders and Monks, Ramakrishna Paramahansa makes the following claim. MAHIMA: Sir, why does a man become deluded by worldly ...
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Differences in explanation for this verse “Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante” which describe the parabrahman

In few upanyasams by Srivaishnava scholars, on the question of what is Brahman, I have come across this verse from Taittirīya Upanishad - Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante; yena jātāni jivanti; yat ...
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What is the Patra and Mukha mentioned in Isha Upanishad?

Ishavasya Upanishad of Shukla Yajurveda (actaully it's the last part of the Samhita itself) has the following verse-15: Quoting with Adi Shankaracharya's Bhashya from Wisdom Library: हिरण्मयेन पा...
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Connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas

Is there any connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas? If there is a connection, any citation from scriptures of yesteryear's between the three?
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How does Advaita interpret the devatas to the Isha Upanishad mantras?

Advaita is a non dual philosophy which says there is no distinction between Jivatma and Paramatma (Brahman). There is only one soul which is Brahman. In the Isha Upanishad or Ishavasyopanishad which ...
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What's the difference between Veda, Purana, upanishad, Smritis, Granth?

All these were written by great sages. When one sage writes something great then how his creation is being categorized among them? Means, if he writes something then after completion, how is it ...
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Is Muktika Upanishad genuine?

How can Muktika be genuine when it lists later day upanishads like Kali santarana ? How can it list vedas which were revealed later, eg: Shukla yajur veda releaved during the end of Dwapara yuga ...
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387 views

Unity in Diversity concept in ancient Hindu scriptures?

Bhārata Bhāgya Vidhātā (Bangali : Dispenser of the destiny of India) is a five-stanza Bramho hymn in Bengali language  Here dedicated to Supreme divine God or Parabrahma who is the dispenser of the ...
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Muktika canon and Telugu anthology

Wikipedia's many articles on Upanishads (e.g Brahma Upanishad, etc. many minor Upanishads) says: In the Telugu anthology of 108 Upanishads of the Muktika canon, narrated by Rama to Hanuman, this ...
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Where are Madhvacharya's Puranic quotes describing the path to Moksha?

In verse 8.24 of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna says this: Those who know the Supreme Brahman attain that Supreme by passing away from the world during the influence of the fiery god, in the light, at an ...
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192 views

What is the (potentially lost) text of the Jabalas quoted by Adi Shankaracharya?

In his commentary on Adhyaya 4 Pada 1 Sutra 3 of the Brahma Sutras, Adi Shankaracharya presents a number of scriptural quotes to support his Advaita view that the individual soul of jivatma is the ...
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Who is the seer of the “food hymn” of the Yajur Veda?

The Taittiriya Upanishad ends with a description of what happens to souls after they attain Moksha: [H]e sits down singing this Sâman (of Brahman): "Hâvu, hâvu, hâvu! I am food (object), I am ...
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To which veda is the Mandukya Upanishad attributed?

To start my elaboration of my question, i am aware that the Mandukya Upanishad is traditionally attributed to the Atharva Veda. Nearly everywhere on the Internet, the text is attributed to Atharva ...
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Who is the first commentator Vishvesvara on Gopala Tapani upanishad?

The first commentator and the only pre gaudiya commentator on Gopala Tapani Upanishad is Vishvesvara. I could find no information about him. His' is mix of monism and theistic commentary as Gopala ...
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In garbha upanishad, in what way the seven types of colors were classified? And what are the significant of it?

In garbha upanishad it says, the colors are basically of seven types viz., white, red, black, smoky gray, yellow and golden white.” What are these seven types? How these are categories in 7 types?
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How does Arya Samaj intepret Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 2.3.1?

As some of you must be knowing, Arya Samaj is a Hindu organisation that rejects the notion of idol worship and teaches God is only formless. This is due to the controversial verses in the Yajurveda ...
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Is the Madhyandina Shakha of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad available in English?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four parts: Samhitas, which consist of mantras addressed to the Devas; Brahmanas, which consist of instructions for public Yagnas; ...
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81 views

Why certain impurities (related to birth/death) are considered to be as ever lasting in a Sannyasi's life?

The Maitreya Upanishad, which is regarded as one of the Sannyasa Upanishads, gives two interesting reasons as to why a Sannyasi can not perform Sandhya worship. Among which,one reason is related to ...
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What is the difference between Eswaran and Sivaperuman?

Upanishads says Easwaran is our god and he has no shape and can't feel it on your senses , we pray lord shiva is our first and almost god,he has shapes and lingam, did lord Shiva is creation of ...
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kamajayi mudra and it's implications on celibacy

how can I use kamajayi mudra to become a means of aid in my celibacy?can i use it in the course of simple breathing meditation..or do i have to do a separate kind of affirmation meditation?
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Are two Jnana-related Vedic hymns of Vamadeva ever used in Yagnas?

As you can see in the Anukramani I provided in my answer here, the sage who heard most of the hymns in the Fourth Mandala of the Rig Veda was the sage Vamadeva, a descendant of the sage Gautama. Two ...
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Do the scriptures say anything about the very rapid abnormal changes happening right now?

So called Western Industrial Revolution happened only 200 years ago as compared to millions of years of human existence on earth. The period of 200 years is extremely short in front of duration of ...
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Who was Shwetaketu's biological father?

One of the most famous parts of the Chandogya Upanishad is the dialogue of the sage Uddalaka Aruni with his son Shwetaketu. (It's known as the Sad Vidya, and it's one of the 32 Brahma Vidyas.) It is ...
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Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
3
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0answers
393 views

What does the Vedas and Upanishads say about Ayam and Atma?

What does the Vedas and Upanishads say about the nature of Ayam and Atma and how are they different from Purusha and Prakriti?
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Is there a scriptural base, from other than the Veda and Puranas, to indicate that the Battle of the Ten Kings occurred?

There is already a question existing - Timeline of the battle of the ten kings in the Vedas. However, there are no answers posted yet and my question is different. It was mentioned in this wikipedia ...
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Is it SPECIFICALLY mentioned in the Vedas, Agamas, Itihasa or Puranas that left-handed men are inherently evil?

Scriptures say that our left hand is not to be used for eating, drinking and puja rituals like feeding idols. Some cultures say its bad to eat, drink or do auspicious things by using the left hand. ...
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141 views

Which is the saraswati rahasya upanishad among the given two?

I came across two texts: The first one The second one Yet they both say that they're saraswati rahasya upanishad, and they're slightly different. Which one is the correct one or are they ...
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Mahopanisad and the Samaveda recensions

The question is - in which recension of Sama Veda does The Mahopanisad occur? I didn't find it in the (currently available texts of) Ranayaniya, and Kauthuma,though this Upanisad is classified in the ...
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What other yoga scriptures has kak bushundi or bhushundi maharaj gifted to mankind?

Kak bushundi or bushunda maharaj or kagabujandar as he is referred to in south India has written yogic scriptures such as Kagabujandar upanishad. Kagabujandar pernum noel kaviyam 1000 Yoga vashista ...
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Can Kshatriyas teach Brahmanas some Brahma Vidyas?

According to Hindu scripture, only Brahmanas can teach the Vedas and knowledge that directly comes from Vedic texts: Manu 1.88 - For the Brāhmaṇas he ordained teaching, studying, sacrificing and ...
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201 views

Is Goddess Mahakali stated to be superior to Lord Vishnu in Sruti?

Certain Shaktas (followers of the Goddess, ie Shakti) used to quote verses from some Upanishads on Goddess Mahakali and her relation to the Lord Vishnu/Narayana/Krishna. Thus they quote the Devi ...
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VirAja Homa Mantra of Maha Narayana Upanishad

I would be glad if anyone please post the VirAja Homa Manthra text of Maha Narayana Upanishad in English with right connotation.
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Where are the Sanskrit texts of Upanishads referred by Dara Shikoh?

Wikipedia states : Dara Shikoh subsequently developed a friendship with the seventh Sikh Guru, Guru Har Rai. Dara Shikoh devoted much effort towards finding a common mystical language between ...