Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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Why does God allow us to suffer?

If God is a force of good then why is there so much suffering in this world? I thought I had understood the answer to this question after watching this video. Basically it says that if we ...
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Approach to the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Jnana)

I want to get/achieve/realize/attain the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Aatman & Brahman). And I think Jnana path is perfect for this. And I believe if one truly achieves Jnana, then one gets moksha ...
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What is the need of creation?

Questions How was the Universe created? and What is the source of creation according to Upanishads? talk about many aspects of creation. But my questions are: What is the need of creation? Why Brahma ...
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Are Upanishad's really parts of the Vedas?

While the hymns of the Vedas emphasize rituals and the Brahmanas serve as a liturgical manual for those Vedic rituals, the spirit of the Upanishads is inherently opposed to ritual. The older ...
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How was the Madhu Vidya passed down before Dadhichi?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What is the best way to attain Moksha (God-realization) in Hinduism?

According to many different scriptures (Vedas, Upanishads, Gita) that I have read, I am having a hard time understanding the general consensus for the path towards God-realization. Each book has a ...
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What are Mahavakyas?

I heard that तत्त्वमसि (Tat Tvam Asi) is the Mahavakya. So, I want to know what are the Mahavakyas and which are they?
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Vedas and their philosophy

As per my reading from Wikipedia, the mukhya Upanishads discuss the philosophy of vedas. The seeds of advaita and vishishtadvaita philosophies are found in these upanishads as per my limited readings. ...
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Which Upanishads are quoted in sage Vyasa's Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas which consist of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions ...
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Names of female scholars from Vaidic and Upanishadic times, or “Brahmavadinis”

Wikipedia provides the names of some of the "Brahmavadinis" (ब्रह्मवादिनी) or female scholars of ancient times, who studied topics related to brahman (ब्रह्म) and took part in debates and discussions ...
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Interpreting Bhagavad Gita verse 8.16

I do know that according to Upanishads, All the higher Lokas except Brahma Loka, are subjected to circumgyration/reparation (birth-rebirth). From Chhandogya Upanishad 4.15.5: अथ यदु चैवास्मि...
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According to Hinduism, who am I?

I have spent good time understanding what is Atma or Self. Scriptures say Self is in every being and every being is in Self. However if someone asks me "Who am I?" then what should be my response? ...
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What order should I read the Vedas and Upanishads in?

Is there any particular order in which I should read the Vedas and Upanishads? If so, in which order should a starter read for better understanding of the aspects stated in them?
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What all Hindu scriptures advocate The Golden Rule? And what is the oldest Hindu scripture to advocate it?

According to Wikipedia, The Golden Rule, treat others as you treat yourself, is common to most world religions. Here are a couple of references from Hindu scripture: One should never do that to ...
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Want to know about Brahmaloka

While reading Mukhya Upanishads, I found there are many verses that say who does Upasana upon Brahman or Om, is led up or reach/attain to Brahmaloka. Example: (Verses from Sanskritdocuments and ...
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Who is Saraswati's guru “Ambhini”?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas consisting of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions on ...
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Are the 3 gunas mentioned in the Vedas?

Are the 3 gunas, namely, sattva, rajas, tamas mentioned in the Vedas? I know they are mentioned throughout the Smrtis, notably the Puranas, Bhagavad Gita, and the Sankhya Smriti. In fact, the 3 gunas ...
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What exactly is meant in Saṅkara (Advaita) Vedānta when it declares that Brahman is Nirguṇa (attributeless)?

From this answer where it explains about Brahman being Nirguṇa & Guṇas (attributes) appearing due to Avidyā, the ācārya writes, तदेवमविद्यात्मकोपाधिपरिच्छेदापेक्षमेवेश्वरस्येश्वरत्वं सर्वज्ञत्वं ...
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What is Dharma according to Veda or Upanishad?

I know that the question asked before What is dharma? but the question and answer shows what Dharma is according to Bhagavad Gita. I am interested in the explanation of Dharma according to shruti. So,...
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What are the various etymological derivations for the word “Upanishad”?

One I have found myself from a commentary on one Upanishad. It says the word is derived like this: Upa (meaning near)+ Nishanna (specially present). So, "near which, sons, animals-like fruits of ...
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Why did Indra deliver Sanyasis to the wolves as the Kaushitaki Upanishad says?

In chapter 3 of the Kaushitaki Upanishad, the prince Pratardana, son of the famous king Divodasa and seer of a Vedic hymn as I discuss here, dies and goes to Devaloka (heaven), where he meets Indra. ...
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On what basis are 4 mahavakyas chosen?

There are many upanishadic statements. I want to know why these four only are considered mahavakyas? Prajnanam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) Aham Brahma Asmi (अहम् ब्रह्म अस्मि) Tat Tvam Asi (...
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What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Is Krishna mentioned in the Chandogya Upanishad?

This chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad makes a rather curious statement: taddhaitadghor āṅgirasaḥ kṛṣṇāya devakīputrāyoktvovācāpipāsa eva sa babhūva so'ntavelāyāmetattrayaṃ ...
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“Karmanye vadhikaraste Ma Phaleshu Kadachana” Similar shlokas from Vedas and Upanishadas?

कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन। मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि॥ २-४७ Karmanye vadhikaraste Ma Phaleshu Kadachana । Ma Karmaphalaheturbhurma Te Sangostvakarmani ।। Meaning- ...
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What is Turiya and how can we realize it?

While reading Vivekachudamani, commentaries on some of the Mukhya Upanishads, (Jnaneshwari) Bhagavad Gita & Yoga Vasistha, I found that they are talking about the different state of Chitt viz. ...
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When did Rama tell Hanuman the Muktika Upanishad?

I've read the Wikipedia article on Muktika Upanishad which contains the list of 108 Upanishads. There it is written that: The canon is part of a dialogue between Rama and Hanuman. Rama proposes to ...
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Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
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Is the Sankhya Darshana/Philosophy prior to Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads?

We know that there are Six Aastika Philosophy (Shad Darshana) : Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshiki,Mimamsa and Vedanta based on Vedas. In many verses of Bhagavad Gita, the word Sankhya is found ; ...
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What is the difference between living beings and dead matter according to scriptures?

I am trying to understand from a spiritual point of view what distinguishes the dead from the living. I read in Bhagavad Geeta 7.5 that there is an inferior and superior nature of the self. The ...
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Is “The Law Of attraction” found In Hindu Scriptures?

The law of attraction is the belief that by focusing on positive or negative thoughts people can bring positive or negative experiences into their Life. For an example a persons wants to buy a car, ...
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Who is offering prayers in Isha Upanishad and to whom?

From the last few mantras in Isha Upanishad, it is clear that all mantras are offered as a prayer? Who is praying and to whom?
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How do Dvaitins interpret this verse of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is a part of the Shukla Yajur Veda. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad contains this verse (1.4.10): ब्रह्म वा इदमग्र आसीत्, तदात्मानमेवावेत् ‘अहं ब्रह्मास्मि’ इति । तस्मात् ...
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What is the origin of Ganapathi Atharvasheersh?

Where do we find the Ganapati Atharvasheersh in scriptures? What is the meaning of the word 'Atharvsheersh'. Who is the writer of it (Rishi Ganak or Atharvan)?
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How is the all pervading God said to reside in the Daharakasha?

It is understood that the space within the heart, which is the corresponding microscopic form of the macroscopic form of Space, is known in metaphysical terms as Daharakasha(tiniest cosmos). The all ...
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Why pain and suffering? [duplicate]

We see a lot of conflicts, accidents, diseases, poverty, pain and suffering around us in our day to day life. I often wonder why god created so much misery and so little goodness. What is His plan ...
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Why is the state of shushupti (deep sleep) called prajnanaghana (mass of consciousness)?

From Mandukya Upanishad V: यत्र सुप्तो न कञ्चन कामं कामयते न कञ्चन स्वप्नं पश्यति तत् सुषुप्तम् । सुषुप्तस्थान एकीभूतः प्रज्ञानघन एवानन्दमयो ह्यानन्दभुक् चेतो मुखः प्राज्ञस्तृतीयः पादः ॥ ५॥ ...
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As per Hindu scriptures does lord Śiva explicitly claim himself to be a deity that has to be worshiped?

Note: I have limited knowledge in these matters. But I am a curious person and go with reasoning. I want to know that in which all Hindu's divine/sacred scriptures lord Śiva has claimed or explicitly ...
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What does hinduism say about oneness of god? [duplicate]

What does Hinduism say about oneness of god and imagelessness of god? Doesn't it say in the vedas? From Brahmasutra: Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan Meaning: there is no god but one ...
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Is sannyasa a Vedic way of life? Is it recommended by the Vedas, the ten authentic Upanishads or Grhyasutras?

Sannyasa is BELIEVED to be the so called "fourth stage" of life, i.e after brahmacharya, grihastha, and vAnaprastha. However, when one has ALREADY moved to the forest in seclusion after retiring from ...
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Benefits of “Suryaopassna” (सूर्योपासना) or Sun worship described in Vedas and upanishdas?

"Suryopasana" (सूर्योपासना) ie. Worship of Surya deva or Sun god is very ancient tradition of Hinduism. We can find it's origins in our Vedas. Lot's of mantras are there about Surya Deva or Sun god in ...
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Difference between Jeeva and Atman

I have read in an forum that Jeeva means Soul or individual self. Typically it contains seven layers(koshas).It is the one who was shackled in prakriti(Maya). On death of physical body it gets new ...
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What is Kaivalya Moksha?

Here in Muktika Upanishads, Rama describes Kaivalya Moksha is ultimate. What is it? Is it merging into existence of Brahman? I-i-15-17. Hanuman: Rama, sages speak differently: some say there is only ...
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If one simply needs to understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead,then why many people dedicate their lives in the studying of the Vedas?

Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad (3.2.3) Our relationship with the Supreme Lord is never advanced by simple study of the Vedas. There are many Māyāvādī sannyāsīs fully engaged in studying the Vedas, Vedānta-sūtra ...
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Why treat Guest as God (अतिथिदेवो भव)?

Taittiriya Upanishad 1.11 (Siksha Valli) declares that: मातृदेवो भव । पितृदेवो भव । आचार्यदेवो भव । अतिथिदेवो भव ॥ ४ ॥ mātṛdevo bhava | pitṛdevo bhava | ācāryadevo bhava | atithidevo bhava || ...
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Where is the concept of Prapatti/Saranagati mentioned in the mukhya upanishads, as per the Sri Vaishnava interpretation?

Srivaishnavas, followers of Ramanuja, believe in the concept of prapatti or Saranagati, where, if I understand correctly, God himself becomes the savior after the devotee surrenders completely to God. ...
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How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “One without a second”?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
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Do Sri Vaishnavas believe the Nachiketa Yagna grants Moksha by itself?

Perhaps the most famous story from the Upanishads is the story of Nachiketa, told in the Katha Upanishad of the Yajur Veda. Nachiketa was the young son of the sage Vajashravas (who may or may not be ...
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Whose commentaries on the Vedas and Upanishads are most followed?

There are many people who write commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita etc. Whose commentaries is most followed. Also where can I get all of those Upanishads and Vedas in English? ...
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What is Raja-yoga? Is it related to Jnana-Yoga?

There are three known classical yoga viz. Karma, Bhakti and Jnana. I recently found Raja-Yoga in this answer. So, What is Raja-Yoga? and Is there any relation between Raja-yoga and Jnana-Yoga? ...

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