Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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103 views

How many verses are there in the Mukhya Upanishads?

Wikipedia says the following 13 Upanishads are the Mukhya Upanishads: Isha Upanishad Kena Upanishad Kaṭha Upanishad Praṣna Upanishad Muṇḍaka Upanishad Māṇḍūkya Upanishad Taittirīya Upanishad Aitareya ...
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125 views

What are the dates of Subala and Mudgala Upanishads?

Scholarly opinion is as follows: https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Mudgala_Upanishad.html The author or composition date of Mudgala Upanishad is unknown. Jan ...
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120 views

Why do people perform rites and meditate if its a hindrance?

According to the īśā Upaniṣad and the latter Śrī Śaṅkarācārya (of Advaita) commentary: अन्धं तमः प्रविशन्ति येऽविद्यामुपासते । ततो भूय इव ते तमो य उ विद्यायां रताः ॥ andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ...
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What is this verse in Garbha Upanishad trying to say?

Garbha Upanishad mentions following: If the father’s seed is more potent, it becomes male; if the mother’s seed is stronger, it becomes female. If the seeds are equal, it becomes an intersexual....
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Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries on the Upanishads?

Sri Adi-Sankaracharya's commentaries on the Upanishads are most popular in present time. Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries available on the Upanishads?
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Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
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In which scripture does the word “Bhagavan” appear first?

We all know that the words Bhagavan and Ishwar are used in many Hindu scriptures. They give their meanings also. I want to know, in which scripture did the word "Bhagavan" appear first?
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What is the original Hare Krishna mahamantra [duplicate]

The Hare Krishna mahamantra which I have heard from my family and saints is the following: Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Wikipedia ...
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Is sannyasa a Vedic way of life? Is it recommended by the Vedas, the ten authentic Upanishads or Grhyasutras?

Sannyasa is BELIEVED to be the so called "fourth stage" of life, i.e after brahmacharya, grihastha, and vAnaprastha. However, when one has ALREADY moved to the forest in seclusion after retiring from ...
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Why the three levels of reality of Advaita Vedanta are not mentioned in any scriptures?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (Absolute reality) Vyāvahārika (Relative reality) Prāthibhāsika (unreality) Now, as far as I know, this concept is not ...
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How do the traditional Vedic commentators interpret VajraSuchika Upanishad?

Traditional Vedanta commentators and Acharyas like Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya, etc always held that Varna system is based on birth. However, Vajrasuchika Upanishad goes to another extreme and ...
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Are the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads revealed texts, or are they composed?

No Hindu disputes that the mantras in the Samhita part of the Vedas are direct revelations by Rishis. But what about the texts of the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads? These don't seem to be ...
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Do the Karma Kanda of Vedas themselves anywhere say performing rituals won't give us liberation?

Karma Kanda of Vedas, Vedangas are treated as Apara Vidhya and Upanishads are treated as Para Vidhya, since the former only give us rebirth and Upanishads provide us Knowledge of Brahman, through ...
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Differences in explanation for this verse “Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante” which describe the parabrahman

In few upanyasams by Srivaishnava scholars, on the question of what is Brahman, I have come across this verse from Taittirīya Upanishad - Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante; yena jātāni jivanti; yat ...
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How many upanishads were there traditionally?

As per Muktika Canon, there are 108 upanishads. Is it the exact number or this is just 108 important upanishads. I read elsewhere that each branch of 4 Vedas have one upanishad each. Traditionally, ...
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Why is Isha upanishad in two recensions?

It seems Isha upanishad is available in Kanva and Madhyandhina recensions. These two appear to be two shakas. How can same upanishad be available in two shakas? Which version is generally used while ...
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On what basis are 4 mahavakyas chosen?

There are many upanishadic statements. I want to know why these four only are considered mahavakyas? Prajnanam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) Aham Brahma Asmi (अहम् ब्रह्म अस्मि) Tat Tvam Asi (...
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On what basis Vedas, Upanishads etc. are named?

The names of Vedas are Rig, Sama,etc.. Similarly upanishads like Isha, Kena, Katha etc.. How exactly are they named the way they are? What about brahmanas, samhitas etc?
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Are the upanishads later to the Vedas?

This question is in connection with my previous question related to Puranas and upanishads. It is also a follow up to my another question. Chhāndogya Upanishad verses 7.1.2 and 7.1.4 mention the ...
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Any Vedantic messages from Karma Kanda of Vedas?

It is well known that Upanishads contain Vedantic statements, but I want to know Vedantic statement from Karma Kanda of Vedas if any.
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Which scripture is Zakir Naik referring to here?

In his website, Zakir Naik claims that the name Allah appears in Upanishads: "Allah" in Rigveda Book 2 Hymn I verse II Even in the Rigveda which is the most sacred scripture of the Hindus, one ...
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Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Are there any good editions of texts available online or offline that provide a side by side, comparative study of the commentaries on the Prasthana trayi (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita)?...
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Who is offering prayers in Isha Upanishad and to whom?

From the last few mantras in Isha Upanishad, it is clear that all mantras are offered as a prayer? Who is praying and to whom?
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As per Hindu scriptures does lord Śiva explicitly claim himself to be a deity that has to be worshiped?

Note: I have limited knowledge in these matters. But I am a curious person and go with reasoning. I want to know that in which all Hindu's divine/sacred scriptures lord Śiva has claimed or explicitly ...
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What does the word Shambhu mean? [closed]

Shambhu is modified word from Swayam bhu which means "Self Born" and is another name of Brahman or Purush from Upanishads. No other Deity is called Shambhu or has a Nirakaar form like Shiva Lingam. ...
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Are there any references to Niralambopanishat and SukaRahasyopanishat prior to Adi Shankaracharya?

Among Vedantins; Advait is a widely followed philosophy. The famous quote of Shree Adi Shankaracharya goes: Brahma Satya, Jagat Mithya. Now many Advaitins have mentioned that the verse was not ...
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What are the qualities of Brahman according to Upanishads?

According the major Upanishads what are the qualities of the Brahman? Note: Not interested in any cliche like 'Brahman is attributeless' because attributelessness itself is an attribute hence makes ...
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What is the Patra and Mukha mentioned in Isha Upanishad?

Ishavasya Upanishad of Shukla Yajurveda (actaully it's the last part of the Samhita itself) has the following verse-15: Quoting with Adi Shankaracharya's Bhashya from Wisdom Library: हिरण्मयेन पा...
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Where is causal body in this analogy used by Swami Sarvapriyananda?

Listening to one of the talks by the swami. He explains the three States by using the following analogy of the sun and buckets filled with water. Sun: Witness Consciousness (ultimate reality, god, ...
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Why does chandogya upanishad use kannada-telugu words?

In the Chandogya Upanishad, the word “मटची” “maTacI” is used to describe famine in the Kuru kingdom. “मटचीहतेषु कुरुष्वाटिक्या सह जायया उषस्तिर्ह चाक्रायण इभ्यग्रामे प्रद्राणक उवास” (1.10.1). ...
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What is the final message conveyed by Shvetashvatara Upanishad? [closed]

Upanishads are long texts. So it is useful to know to know the final message and implement the same in our day to day life.
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Connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas

Is there any connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas? If there is a connection, any citation from scriptures of yesteryear's between the three?
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What is Kaivalya Moksha?

Here in Muktika Upanishads, Rama describes Kaivalya Moksha is ultimate. What is it? Is it merging into existence of Brahman? I-i-15-17. Hanuman: Rama, sages speak differently: some say there is ...
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Are only the hymns of the Vedas considered apaurusheya, or are the Upanishads considered apaurusheya as well? [duplicate]

I've read multiple times that the Vedas are considered to be without error, and I was wondering whether the same thing is thought of the Upanishads that are often claimed to be part of the Vedas.
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Do the Vedas teach that Brahman is a conscious being?

Do the Vedas speak of Brahman as a being that is able to think and perform actions? Or is Brahman more like an inanimate thing, except immaterial?
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What do the Vedas say is the relation or difference between Ishwar and Brahman? [duplicate]

The Vedas appear to speak of one Ishwar that manifests as other beings, but it also speaks of Brahman being one. I'm confused as to what Ishwar is, and why Ishwar differs from Brahman. Is Brahman the ...
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Why is Mandukya Upanishad considerd to be the most important among all Upanishads?

Upanishads are the most significant scriptures in the philosophy of Sanatana Dharma. They constitute the essence of Vedas and also known as Vedanta. We know that there are many Upanishads but 108 are ...
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What is the source of “Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam”?

In which context of which Upanishad, the following statement is present? Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam Provide reference, if available. Watch this for a minute for more details (in ...
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Can someone provide a link to verses and their respective English translation of Brihad-Jabala & Bhasma-jabala Upanishad

Can someone provide link to verse to verse translations of Brihad Jabala Upanishad and Bhasma Jabala Upanishad There should be verse in Sanskrit with corresponding translation in English.
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Different methodologies for teaching to students and their sources

I have heard there are 20+ methodologies mentioned in some upanishads like Taittiriya about how to impart education/learning to students some go like: samvAda / discussion sambhAShana / group ...
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How is the all pervading God said to reside in the Daharakasha?

It is understood that the space within the heart, which is the corresponding microscopic form of the macroscopic form of Space, is known in metaphysical terms as Daharakasha(tiniest cosmos). The all ...
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Is the 6th section/Putramantha Brahmana of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad shruti?

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 6.4.7: If she does not willingly yield her body to him, he should buy her with presents. If she is still unyielding, he should strike her with a stick or with his hand ...
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Is Goddess Mahakali stated to be superior to Lord Vishnu in Sruti?

Certain Shaktas (followers of the Goddess, ie Shakti) used to quote verses from some Upanishads on Goddess Mahakali and her relation to the Lord Vishnu/Narayana/Krishna. Thus they quote the Devi ...
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Guidance to read and understand Hinduism [duplicate]

I have keen interest in Hinduism and I want to read all the vedas and upnishads. So I have some questions to start : Best resource to teach myself sanskrit so that I can understand vedas and ...
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What do scriptures say about Lake Manasarovar?

I have heard it said that Lord Shiva abides in yoga on Mt. Kailash and that darśana thereof destroys attachment to delusion. I found information about Mt. Kailash in the question How is Mount Kailash,...
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Searching for Brahmopanishad

My great grandmother used to chant Brahmopanishad. Its wordings were: Kalatrayaa bodhitam brahma; Sarvakaala bodhitam brahma..."Could someone tell me where I can find this upanishad?
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Does any principal upanishad advocate devotion to a personal God?

According to Wiki: "Bhakti in Indian religions is "emotional devotionalism", particularly to a personal god or to spiritual ideas" Do any principal upanishads recommend devotion to a personal God?
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Is there is difference between 'upanishad embedded' and 'upanishad attached'?

Is there is any difference between 'upanishad embedded in veda' and 'upanishad attached to Veda'? Please give any example.
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If I consider only Isha upanishad as infallible canonical pramana , and none others; then i am scripturally valid hindu/sanatani or not?

1) Isha upanishad is only text which is samhita and upanishad both 2) Isha upanishad is considered the first even among the principal upanishads Now, If I decide to consider only Isha upanishad as ...
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Are the upanishads later to the puranas?

In some places it is mentioned that some of the main upanishad like chandogya and brihadaranyaka mention about the puranas. What are the references where puranas are referred in upanishad? If indeed ...