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Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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1answer
363 views

What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What is Turiya and how can we realize it?

While reading Vivekachudamani, commentaries on some of the Mukhya Upanishads, (Jnaneshwari) Bhagavad Gita & Yoga Vasistha, I found that they are talking about the different state of Chitt viz. ...
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Why people of Bengal worship Durga also during Basanti Puja?

There is a festival in Bengal region named Basanti Puja in which Bengali people worship Goddess Durga but why they worship Maa Durga in Basanti Puja also,whereas they have time to worship Goddess ...
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What sect believes in an Ishwara-stream with a different Ishwara in every age?

As I discuss in this question, the Isha Upanishad has a special property that other Upanishads don't: it's part of the Samhitas of the Vedas. In any case, here's the first verse of the Isha Upanishad: ...
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Who was Shwetaketu's biological father?

One of the most famous parts of the Chandogya Upanishad is the dialogue of the sage Uddalaka Aruni with his son Shwetaketu. (It's known as the Sad Vidya, and it's one of the 32 Brahma Vidyas.) It is ...
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351 views

Why do some Shaiva Siddhantins believe the Shwetashwatara Upanishad contradicts the Brahma Sutras?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (as I discuss here and here) and ...
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278 views

Has the Paramatmika Upanishad ever been translated into English?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas which consist of mantras heard from the gods; Brahmanas, ...
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2answers
247 views

Regulations on women in Vedic India

I have come across a lot of more-religious-less-historic books pertaining to history, which claim that the position of women from the beginning of Vedic civilisation, was ascribed by the scriptures, ...
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Is Krishna mentioned in the Chandogya Upanishad?

This chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad makes a rather curious statement: taddhaitadghor āṅgirasaḥ kṛṣṇāya devakīputrāyoktvovācāpipāsa eva sa babhūva so'ntavelāyāmetattrayaṃ ...
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When did Rama tell Hanuman the Muktika Upanishad?

I've read the Wikipedia article on Muktika Upanishad which contains the list of 108 Upanishads. There it is written that: The canon is part of a dialogue between Rama and Hanuman. Rama proposes to ...
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What is Raja-yoga? Is it related to Jnana-Yoga?

There are three known classical yoga viz. Karma, Bhakti and Jnana. I recently found Raja-Yoga in this answer. So, What is Raja-Yoga? and Is there any relation between Raja-yoga and Jnana-Yoga? ...
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683 views

Available sources for the 108 Upanishads?

Although we know that there are 108 Upanishads, only 12 are popular in discourse and it is said that most of the original copies of Upanishads were lost or stolen from Hindu mutts by the Western ...
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Where in the Mahanarayana Upanishad is the Nyasa Vidya, the path of surrender to Vishnu?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
4
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425 views

Where are Madhvacharya's Puranic quotes describing the path to Moksha?

In verse 8.24 of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna says this: Those who know the Supreme Brahman attain that Supreme by passing away from the world during the influence of the fiery god, in the light, at an ...
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545 views

Where is the Vedic verse quoted by the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad about Brahman entering the body as a bird?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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1answer
606 views

Was tele-porting mentioned in ancient indian scriptures?

As shown in various TV shows and movies, was teleporting done as per ancient scriptures.
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Difference between Jeeva and Atman

I have read in an forum that Jeeva means Soul or individual self. Typically it contains seven layers(koshas).It is the one who was shackled in prakriti(Maya). On death of physical body it gets new ...
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6answers
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Approach to the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Jnana)

I want to get/achieve/realize/attain the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Aatman & Brahman). And I think Jnana path is perfect for this. And I believe if one truly achieves Jnana, then one gets moksha ...
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How is semen helpful in Self Realisation?

I would like to know how is semen helpful in Self-realisation? Some people masturbate and waste a lot of semen. If it is preserved, what kind of benefit do they get over the people who masturbate ? ...
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Why is Vedanta called so and what is its relationship with Upanishads?

I know that the word Vendanta has two parts 'Veda' and 'Anta'. Anta means end. I have read that Vedanta is nothing but Updanishads. I have seen people using the term Veda and Vedanta as if they are ...
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What are 8 sacrificial cups with a vedic deity

While reading Brahma Upanishad I encountered following line from verse 2 And that state which he does not give up for a next one is called the waking state. (He carries all these states within ...
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How was the Madhu Vidya passed down before Dadhichi?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Who is the deity who escorts you to Brahmaloka?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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What is the best way to attain Moksha (God-realization) in Hinduism?

According to many different scriptures (Vedas, Upanishads, Gita) that I have read, I am having a hard time understanding the general consensus for the path towards God-realization. Each book has a ...
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Does Hinduism forbid worshiping idols or images of God as some of its scriptures suggest?

Do Hindu religious scriptures strictly forbid worshiping and making idols/images of God? Who started making idols and images of God for the first time and why? If God forbids making idols/images then ...
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Why did Indra deliver Sanyasis to the wolves as the Kaushitaki Upanishad says?

In chapter 3 of the Kaushitaki Upanishad, the prince Pratardana, son of the famous king Divodasa and seer of a Vedic hymn as I discuss here, dies and goes to Devaloka (heaven), where he meets Indra. ...
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What is the (potentially lost) text of the Jabalas quoted by Adi Shankaracharya?

In his commentary on Adhyaya 4 Pada 1 Sutra 3 of the Brahma Sutras, Adi Shankaracharya presents a number of scriptural quotes to support his Advaita view that the individual soul of jivatma is the ...
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What is the story regarding birth of Surya

I want to know the Puranic inscriptions regarding birth of Surya. How sun planet was created? When it was created? Why he is sometimes considered as direct expansion of Vishnu?
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Dependability and Independability of jIiva

1 . Is jIiva completely independent? 2 . completely dependent? 3 . Partial Independent? If jIiva is completely independent, then what is role of Vidhi Nishedas? what about nitya karmas?. if jIiva has ...
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1answer
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Why is lord Dattatreya called Pisacha

Lord Dattatreya is referred to as बालोन्मत्त्पिशाच in many scriptures. The word itself is made up of three words 1) बाल- Literally meaning the child (It is a jeevanmukta lakshana) 2)...
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Where is the passage about silence and Brahman preserved by Adi Shankaracharya?

In this excerpt from his book "Spiritual Heritage of India", Swami Prabhavananda quotes a number of passages from the Upanishads concerning the indescribability of Brahman. In particular, he says ...
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Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
3
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0answers
344 views

What does the Vedas and Upanishads say about Ayam and Atma?

What does the Vedas and Upanishads say about the nature of Ayam and Atma and how are they different from Purusha and Prakriti?
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Does Madhvacharya correctly attribute the Mandukya Upanishad and Gaudapada's commentary to Varuna and Brahma?

The shortest of all the Upanishads is known as the Mandukya Upanishad. It's only twelve verses long, and it isn't mentioned much in Hindu scripture, but it grew into prominence after Gaudapada, the ...
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Is there any English versions available for Dara Shikoh's 50 Upanishadic translations?

Dara Shikoh's translations of 50 out of 108 Upanishads is said to be the most authentic source of the Upanishads available to date. Which is the best book available in the market which compiles all of ...
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382 views

Who is Saraswati's guru “Ambhini”?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas consisting of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions on ...
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679 views

What kings passed on the Panchagni Vidya of the Upanishads?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
4
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1answer
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What is the meaning of 'fifth' in the following shloka?

भयद्सग्निस्तपति भयात्तपति सूर्यः || भयादिन्द्रश्च वायुश्च मृतुर्धावति पञ्चम: ||३|| Kathopanishad Chapter 2 valli (shloka/verse) 3 Meaning: From fear of bramhan fire burns, from fear(of ...
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Why does God allow us to suffer?

If God is a force of good then why is there so much suffering in this world? I thought I had understood the answer to this question after watching this video. Basically it says that if we ...
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Who is the seer of the “food hymn” of the Yajur Veda?

The Taittiriya Upanishad ends with a description of what happens to souls after they attain Moksha: [H]e sits down singing this Sâman (of Brahman): "Hâvu, hâvu, hâvu! I am food (object), I am ...
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How do Vaishnavites understand the Rudrahṛdayopaniṣad?

How do Vaishnavites understand the Rudrahṛdayopaniṣad? An English translation of this upaniṣad says: “Rudra is the embodiment of all devas. All devas are merely different manifestations of Sri Rudra ...
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Is there solid proof of Hindu scripture? [closed]

Is there solid proof of Hindu scripture--namely, the Sruti (श्रुति) scriptures like the Vedas (वेदाः) and the upanishads (उपनिषदः)? How do we know what they say is correct? Some of you might say--"...
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Does the Taittiriya Upanishad quote a hymn of the Sama Veda?

The Taittiriya Upanishad constitutes the Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Vallis (sections) of the Taittiriya Aranyaka of the Yajur Veda. The last of these is known as the Bhrigu Valli, and here is how it ...
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What is the source of creation according to Upanishads?

There are many Upanishads. I just want to know: What is the source of creation according to Upanishads? What is exactly written on the scriptures?
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Do the Aitareya and Brihadaranyaka Upanishads correctly interpret two hymns of Vamadeva?

Let me preface this by saying that I don't intend to question the wisdom of the divine Upanishads; I'm just trying to resolve my confusion. As you can see in the Anukramani I provided in my answer ...
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What is the use of learning Upanishads?

I would like to know what is the use of reading the Upanishads. I ask this because, in order to realize the self and the Supreme being one must experience it. And all of those experiences are written ...
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Does the Chandogya Upanishad foretell the birth of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?

Gaudiya Vaishnavas, a sect that includes the popular organization ISKCON, believe that their founder Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was an incarnation of Vishnu. In this article from ISKCON's publication Back ...
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Whose commentaries on the Vedas and Upanishads are most followed?

There are many people who write commentaries on the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita etc. Whose commentaries is most followed. Also where can I get all of those Upanishads and Vedas in English? ...
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What order should I read the Vedas and Upanishads in?

Is there any particular order in which I should read the Vedas and Upanishads? If so, in which order should a starter read for better understanding of the aspects stated in them?
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Who developed the terminology of the Prasthanatrayi of the Vedanta school?

The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. Vedanta derives its teachings from three sources or authorities, known as the Prasthanatrayi or three starting points: The ...