Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
1answer
437 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “One without a second”?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Who developed the terminology of the Prasthanatrayi of the Vedanta school?

The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. Vedanta derives its teachings from three sources or authorities, known as the Prasthanatrayi or three starting points: The ...
7
votes
2answers
268 views

Why treat Guest as God (अतिथिदेवो भव)?

Taittiriya Upanishad 1.11 (Siksha Valli) declares that: मातृदेवो भव । पितृदेवो भव । आचार्यदेवो भव । अतिथिदेवो भव ॥ ४ ॥ mātṛdevo bhava | pitṛdevo bhava | ācāryadevo bhava | atithidevo bhava || ...
7
votes
1answer
903 views

What is Raja-yoga? Is it related to Jnana-Yoga?

There are three known classical yoga viz. Karma, Bhakti and Jnana. I recently found Raja-Yoga in this answer. So, What is Raja-Yoga? and Is there any relation between Raja-yoga and Jnana-Yoga? ...
7
votes
2answers
197 views

How many upanishads were there traditionally?

As per Muktika Canon, there are 108 upanishads. Is it the exact number or this is just 108 important upanishads. I read elsewhere that each branch of 4 Vedas have one upanishad each. Traditionally, ...
7
votes
1answer
855 views

Available sources for the 108 Upanishads?

Although we know that there are 108 Upanishads, only 12 are popular in discourse and it is said that most of the original copies of Upanishads were lost or stolen from Hindu mutts by the Western ...
7
votes
1answer
661 views

Is Lord Ganesha considered same as the ultimate truth and reality (Brahman)?

Many Texts associate OM with cosmic creation and that OM is everything. Ganesha is associated with OM and hence known as oṃkārasvarūpa (Aum is his form). The Ganapati Atharvashirsa states that Lord ...
7
votes
1answer
264 views

BG 14.8 - What is the source of the scriptural definition of “mode of ignorance”?

As you can see below, Prabhupāda, in his purport to BG 14.8, explains the "mode of ignorance" by citing a śloka from some scripture. Which scripture or 'literature' is he talking about? BG 14.8 ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

How much percent of one's income should be given to charity?

Daana has been praised in the Rig Veda and the Upanishads. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 5.2.3. says तदेतत्त्रयँ शिक्षेद् दमं दानं दयामिति essentially glorifying generosity, compassion and mental ...
7
votes
1answer
592 views

Lokayatas about Brahman and Atman

Do we know how the Lokayatas thought about the two fundamental concepts of the Upanishads Brahman and Atman? I understand that one original meaning of Brahman is "magic force", in Vedic times ...
7
votes
4answers
742 views

Why does the word “Atma” in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad refer to the mind rather than the actual Atma?

In Adhyaya 3 Brahmana 9 of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells Vidagdha Sakalya what the eleven Rudras are associated with: katame rudrā iti । daśeme puruṣe prāṇā ātmaikādaśas ...
7
votes
2answers
184 views

Who or what attains moksha?

When we talk about liberation among the living i.e the jeevanmukts, is it their aatman which has achieved realization? If not the aatman, that what/who? For those who have done good karma in this ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Does the Taittiriya Upanishad quote a hymn of the Sama Veda?

The Taittiriya Upanishad constitutes the Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Vallis (sections) of the Taittiriya Aranyaka of the Yajur Veda. The last of these is known as the Bhrigu Valli, and here is how it ...
7
votes
1answer
585 views

Is the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad part of the Brihad Aranyaka?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas which consist of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vedas, and Upanishads

Can someone please give timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharta, Vedas, and Upanishads?
7
votes
0answers
145 views

What is the source of “Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam”?

In which context of which Upanishad, the following statement is present? Bootha hitha yathartha bashanameva satyam Provide reference, if available. Watch this for a minute for more details (in ...
7
votes
0answers
47 views

Different methodologies for teaching to students and their sources

I have heard there are 20+ methodologies mentioned in some upanishads like Taittiriya about how to impart education/learning to students some go like: samvAda / discussion sambhAShana / group ...
7
votes
0answers
420 views

What do scriptures say about Lake Manasarovar?

I have heard it said that Lord Shiva abides in yoga on Mt. Kailasha and that darśana thereof destroys attachment to delusion. I found information about Mt. Kailash in the question How is Mount ...
7
votes
0answers
116 views

What classes of scripture are claimed to be apaurusheya?

It is well known that Vedas are claimed to be apaurusheya or not of human origin. Hindu scripture has been continuously produced since the Veda-Samhitas – Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, Itihasas, ...
6
votes
3answers
12k views

How is semen helpful in Self Realisation?

I would like to know how is semen helpful in Self-realisation? Some people masturbate and waste a lot of semen. If it is preserved, what kind of benefit do they get over the people who masturbate ? ...
6
votes
1answer
211 views

How can you roll up space?

I came across this quote: Only when space is rolled up like a piece of leather will there be an end to suffering apart from knowing god - Svetasvatara Upanisad, VI 20 The quote is in a Science ...
6
votes
3answers
629 views

Why is a major upanishad called “major upanishad”?

There are over 200 Upanishads but the traditional number is 108. Of them, only 10 are the principal Upanishads: Isha, Kena, Katha, Prashan, Mundaka, Mandukya, Tattiriya, Aitareya, Chhandogya and ...
6
votes
3answers
420 views

Can you subtract sin with enough virtue? Scriptural quotes/activities/instruction to wipe out any and all sin!

I'm well aware that everyone's driven by the 3 modes of material nature! Reading of ways to get rid of sin is very different from LIVING and DOING the ways to get rid of sin. For instance, if I'm a ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Where does Atithi Devo Bhava (Guests are equal to Gods) come from?

According to Indian culture, Guests (Atithis) are treated as equal to the God. Did this originate from Hinduism? If so in which text/scripts is this quote mentioned?
6
votes
2answers
247 views

Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Are there any good editions of texts available online or offline that provide a side by side, comparative study of the commentaries on the Prasthana trayi (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita)?...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What can I do to reduce anger, greed, lust, fear and ego? [duplicate]

As per Hindu scriptures, What are the things one can do in daily life that would reduce anger, greed, lust, fear and ego over time? Please don't say "surrender yourself to the lord" that's not what I ...
6
votes
2answers
216 views

Is the statement 'Gods love the mysterious' also found in the Vedic Samhitas?

The following is from Aitareya Upanishad. तस्मादिदन्द्रो नामेदन्द्रो ह वै नाम। तमिदन्द्रं सन्तमिंद्र इत्याचक्षते परोक्षेण। परोक्षप्रिया इव हि देवाः परोक्षप्रिया इव हि देवाः ৷৷ 1.3.14 ৷৷ ...
6
votes
1answer
392 views

How do the Vedas describe Moksha?

It is commonly seen that in many Vedanta texts and discourses we hear of moksha. I have also asked a related question here. I want to know how does the Vedas describe moksha? Are there any ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the Chandogya Upanishad foretell the birth of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?

Gaudiya Vaishnavas, a sect that includes the popular organization ISKCON, believe that their founder Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was an incarnation of Vishnu. In this article from ISKCON's publication Back ...
6
votes
2answers
238 views

Relationship between waking state and dreaming state?

Our Upanishads talk about four different states, out of which the two are: Waking state, which basically is the reality experienced externally in the outer world and Dreaming state, which basically ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

Brahman and gods

What is the relation between gods of vedas and brahman or tad ekam? How do they relate to each other? I have read Aurobindo's Secret of Vedas partly, but still not clear. Why are deities worshipped ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is sage Bhrigu called the son of Varuna the ocean god?

The Taittirya Upanishad makes up the seventh, eighth, and ninth Vallis (sections) of the Taittirya Aranyaka of the Yajur Veda. The last of these three Vallis is called the Bhrigu Valli, and this how ...
6
votes
1answer
766 views

Why is Mandukya Upanishad considerd to be the most important among all Upanishads?

Upanishads are the most significant scriptures in the philosophy of Sanatana Dharma. They constitute the essence of Vedas and also known as Vedanta. We know that there are many Upanishads but 108 are ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

What is the importance of Bhrigu Kunda?

In Mahabharata, Anushashan Parva, SECTION XXV, it is mentioned that by bathing in Bhrigu Kunda after fasting of three days, Brahmanacide (Brahma hatya) sin can be removed as I discuss in my answer ...
6
votes
1answer
949 views

How do Vaishnavites understand the Rudrahṛdayopaniṣad?

How do Vaishnavites understand the Rudrahṛdayopaniṣad? An English translation of this upaniṣad says: “Rudra is the embodiment of all devas. All devas are merely different manifestations of Sri Rudra ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

What is the meaning of Katha(कठ) in Katha Upanishad?

I finished reading कठ (Katha) Upanishad sometime back but did not find any mention of "कठ" anywhere in the Upanishad itself. Dictionary has four meanings: Distress Name of the sage Pupil of sage ...
6
votes
1answer
141 views

Can one learn the Upanishads (Jnana Kanda) without learning Karma Kanda of Vedas?

Can a person learn Jnana Kanda of Vedas without learning the Karma Kanda? Is there any rule like one should learn the Samhithas and Brahmanas first, then only he can proceed to Jnana kanda?
6
votes
2answers
732 views

Who is the deity who escorts you to Brahmaloka?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
6
votes
1answer
234 views

Who decided to include only three particular texts in the group called “Prasthanatrayi”? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: Prasthanatrayi (Sanskrit: प्रस्थानत्रयी, IAST: Prasthānatrayī), literally, three sources (or axioms), refers to the three canonical texts of Divine philosophy, especially of ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Do the Karma Kanda of Vedas themselves anywhere say performing rituals won't give us liberation?

Karma Kanda of Vedas, Vedangas are treated as Apara Vidhya and Upanishads are treated as Para Vidhya, since the former only give us rebirth and Upanishads provide us Knowledge of Brahman, through ...
6
votes
1answer
178 views

What is the Patra and Mukha mentioned in Isha Upanishad?

Ishavasya Upanishad of Shukla Yajurveda (actaully it's the last part of the Samhita itself) has the following verse-15: Quoting with Adi Shankaracharya's Bhashya from Wisdom Library: हिरण्मयेन पा...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

Are the upanishads later to the Vedas?

This question is in connection with my previous question related to Puranas and upanishads. It is also a follow up to my another question. Chhāndogya Upanishad verses 7.1.2 and 7.1.4 mention the ...
6
votes
0answers
110 views

Are the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads revealed texts, or are they composed?

No Hindu disputes that the mantras in the Samhita part of the Vedas are direct revelations by Rishis. But what about the texts of the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads? These don't seem to be ...
6
votes
0answers
425 views

Why do some Shaiva Siddhantins believe the Shwetashwatara Upanishad contradicts the Brahma Sutras?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (as I discuss here and ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did Adi Sankaracharya compare the color of Ishwara's eyes to that of monkey's nates?

While commenting on the verse "tasya yatha kapyasam pundarikamevamakshini" in his bhashya on the Chandogya Upanishad, Shankara describes the eyes of Ishwara as: eyes of that golden Purusha are like ...
5
votes
1answer
728 views

Aham Brahmasmi and Advaita Vedanta

In Advaita Vedanta, The famous Mahavakyas out of the four is अहं ब्रह्म अस्मिति,from Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10 of the Yajur Veda, which means "I am Brahman" or "I am Divine". There are various ...
5
votes
2answers
381 views

In Hinduism, are you not supposed to be happy?

From what I'm gathering, you are not supposed to be "bad" obviously, but it also seems that you are not supposed to be "happy" either? Am I getting this right? [edit] Are we to exist without karma, ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the Vedas technically? How can Upanishads be called Vedas when some parts are neither revelations nor hymns dedicated to any specific deity?

It is believed that the Vedas are the revelations from the Almighty to the seers in exalted states of consciousness. Further, it is also believed that the Vedas are authorless. Keeping these ...
5
votes
2answers
415 views

What are the qualities of Brahman according to Upanishads?

According the major Upanishads what are the qualities of the Brahman? Note: Not interested in any cliche like 'Brahman is attributeless' because attributelessness itself is an attribute hence makes ...
5
votes
1answer
929 views

Is Adi Shankaracharya's Kena Upanishad Vakya Bhashya available in English?

Generally the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya has only given one Bhashya or commentary for each of the Mukhya or primary Upanishads. But in the case of the Kena Upanishad, he composed two ...

1
2
3 4 5
7