Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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158 views

Verses in Upanishads and vedas to remain Unaffected by bad company

There is a big hindrance of bad company on the path of spirituality.Most of the scriptures mention to avoid bad company. Swami Sivananda in this context says Aspirants generally complain: “We are ...
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505 views

What is the Vedic/Puranik meaning of 'Graha' and 'Nakshatra'

There has two confusing word in Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads etc. These are 'Graha' and 'Nakshatra'. In Vedas Surya(Sun) and Soma/Chandra(Moon) is Graha(planet). But we know that Sun and Moon are not ...
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Does the Atharvasiras derives this mantra from YajurVeda or quotes from other Veda?

Atharvasiras Upanishad is one of the ancient Upanishad and perhaps the only Upanishad which is quoted in DharmaShastras (like Gautama 19.12, Vasistha 22.9 etc.. ) It is a part of AtharvaVeda. The ...
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What is Krsna Paksh( Darkness) & Sukla Paksh(Brightness) in Bhagavad Gita?

This two term Krsna Paksh( Path of Darkness) and Sukla Paksh(Path of Brightness) are mentioned in Bhagvad-Gita, Here is Sloka śukla-kṛṣṇe gatī hyete jagataḥ śāśvate mate | ekayā yāty-anāvṛtim ...
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How do the traditional Vedic commentators interpret VajraSuchika Upanishad?

Traditional Vedanta commentators and Acharyas like Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya, etc always held that Varna system is based on birth. However, Vajrasuchika Upanishad goes to another extreme and ...
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280 views

Where is causal body in this analogy used by Swami Sarvapriyananda?

Listening to one of the talks by the swami. He explains the three States by using the following analogy of the sun and buckets filled with water. Sun: Witness Consciousness (ultimate reality, god, ...
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Is there is difference between 'upanishad embedded' and 'upanishad attached'?

Is there is any difference between 'upanishad embedded in veda' and 'upanishad attached to Veda'? Please give any example.
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If I consider only Isha Upanishad as infallible canonical pramana, will I be (scripturally) considered a valid Hindu/Sanatani?

Isha upanishad is only text which is samhita and upanishad both Isha upanishad is considered the first even among the principal upanishads Now, If I decide to consider only Isha upanishad as the ...
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499 views

Does the Vishishtadvaita school accept the Kaivalyopanishat? What is its status?

The Kaivalyopanishat reads like a Shiva-specific one with 'Uma sahayam parameshwaram ....' and also at the end specifies Sri Rudram as the means to attain to the goal. Is this acceptable to Vaishnavas ...
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228 views

Commentary on Kena Upanishad besides Shankara's?

Which commentaries of the Kena Upanishad exist? Besides Shankara's well-known commentary, are there other commentaries which are recommendable? EDIT: I did not find the answer to my specific ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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What are the three states of Yogi mentioned in Shvetashvatara Upanishad?

Shvetashvatara Upanishad 11th verse of 1st chapter: jñātvā devaṃ sarvapāśāpahāniḥ kṣīṇaiḥ kleśairjanmamṛtyuprahāṇiḥ । tasyābhidhyānāttṛtīyaṃ dehabhede viśvaiśvaryaṃ kevala ...
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Scriptural basis for Ramakrishna's claim about 'inner nerve of memory' (medhā nāḍī)

In The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna / Volume 1 / Rules for Householders and Monks, Ramakrishna Paramahansa makes the following claim. MAHIMA: Sir, why does a man become deluded by worldly ...
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Differences in explanation for this verse “Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante” which describe the parabrahman

In few upanyasams by Srivaishnava scholars, on the question of what is Brahman, I have come across this verse from Taittirīya Upanishad - Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante; yena jātāni jivanti; yat ...
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Connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas

Is there any connection between Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas? If there is a connection, any citation from scriptures of yesteryear's between the three?
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How does Advaita interpret the devatas to the Isha Upanishad mantras?

Advaita is a non dual philosophy which says there is no distinction between Jivatma and Paramatma (Brahman). There is only one soul which is Brahman. In the Isha Upanishad or Ishavasyopanishad which ...
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Sectarian Upanishads - Sruti or Smriti?

I know that Vedas are Sruti, including its embedded texts - Samhitas, Aranyakas, Brahmanas and Upanishads. And also that each Upanishad is linked to each Veda. Tell me, if Upanishads are Sruti, then ...
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What's the difference between Veda, Purana, upanishad, Smritis, Granth?

All these were written by great sages. When one sage writes something great then how his creation is being categorized among them? Means, if he writes something then after completion, how is it ...
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Is Muktika Upanishad genuine?

How can Muktika be genuine when it lists later day upanishads like Kali santarana ? How can it list vedas which were revealed later, eg: Shukla yajur veda releaved during the end of Dwapara yuga ...
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Unity in Diversity concept in ancient Hindu scriptures?

Bhārata Bhāgya Vidhātā (Bangali : Dispenser of the destiny of India) is a five-stanza Bramho hymn in Bengali language  Here dedicated to Supreme divine God or Parabrahma who is the dispenser of the ...
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Muktika canon and Telugu anthology

Wikipedia's many articles on Upanishads (e.g Brahma Upanishad, etc. many minor Upanishads) says: In the Telugu anthology of 108 Upanishads of the Muktika canon, narrated by Rama to Hanuman, this ...
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What is the (potentially lost) text of the Jabalas quoted by Adi Shankaracharya?

In his commentary on Adhyaya 4 Pada 1 Sutra 3 of the Brahma Sutras, Adi Shankaracharya presents a number of scriptural quotes to support his Advaita view that the individual soul of jivatma is the ...
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Who is the seer of the “food hymn” of the Yajur Veda?

The Taittiriya Upanishad ends with a description of what happens to souls after they attain Moksha: [H]e sits down singing this Sâman (of Brahman): "Hâvu, hâvu, hâvu! I am food (object), I am ...
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What is the earliest scripture mentioning the word Nirvāṇa?

The word nirvāṇa literally means extinguishment. It implies the extinguishment of self. Bhagwat Geeta also mentions the word, लभन्ते ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृषय: क्षीणकल्मषा:| छिन्नद्वैधा यतात्मान: सर्वभूतहि...
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Why Vedas are called inferior in Upanishads?

As we all know that Upanishads were written to understand Vedas. Some great scholars also said that they are the branches of Vedas. My question is related to it. Yesterday in a library, I was reading ...
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What does सत्यमेव जयते mean?

In Hinduism we say सत्यमेव जयते. What does it mean? By simple translation it means that truth always wins, but I find many contradictions with this meaning. If truth always wins why are innocent ...
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Why agni is known as jaatavedas? [duplicate]

A shloka of Kena Upanishad says: tey agnim abruvan jaataveda etad vijaanihi kim etad yaksham iti tatheti Agni – Fire, is called jaatavedas – ‘the knower of the Vedas.’ My question: Why is agni ...
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Influence of the classical Upanishads on the belief of the maiority of contemporary Hindus

Nearly every book about the classical Upanishads emphasizes their importance for every Hindu. The Upanishads are considered part of Shruti. My question asks for the relevance of the Upanishads for ...
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Do the following incarnations of Vishnu have references in Rig Veda/ brAhmanAs/ Upanishads?

Many incarnations of Vishnu, including partial and full, were mentioned in Puranas. In Ramayana, Vamana and Parasurama were mentioned as incarnations of Vishnu, which is disputable. My area of ...
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Scriptural source for the Subhāṣita that says 'treat others' wives as your mother'

The other day I was listening to a discourse on Rāmāyaṇa ‡ where the speaker points out that although it is very simple for anyone to say सत्यं वद । धर्मं चर ॥ § (Speak truth, follow dharma.), but ...
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Are people really punished for their bad deeds?

In this world people commit many bad deeds in their day to day life. Some on extreme level, but still those people live their life happily. There are many historical examples of such people for ...
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Examples of human sacrifice in Hindu scripture

Are there any incidents of human sacrifice in Hindu scripture? If there are none, are there any examples where a human being was initially prepared to be sacrificed but later avoided due to some or ...
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What is the best way to start learning the Upanishads for beginners and in what order? [duplicate]

Is there any good and authentic source where English version of the Upanishads are available.
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Which Upanishad says that gods don't want humans to realise their true nature?

Which Upanishad says that gods don't want men to discover their true nature because if they did, men would become the very self of the gods. Does anyone recognize this?
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Where does Shankaracharya cite the Narayana Upanishad in his Vishnu Sahasranama Bhashya?

The Narayana Upanishad (different from the Mahanarayana Upanishad), declares Narayana (Vishnu) to be the creator of Shiva and Brahma: NarayanAt brahmA jAyate NarayanAt rudro jAyate This Upanishad ...
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Does Sankara Bhashyam exist for The Nrusimha Tapani Upanisad?

Does any one know of a source (preferably a publication in print) of 'Sri Sankara Bhashyam' for 'Sri Nrusimha Tapani Upanisad'? As a background - some people, possibly Vaishnavas, believe that 'Sri ...
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600 views

Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
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What kind of scripture is Vyasa's BrahmaSutras technically?

From Kamakoti.org In the Brahmasutra, on which there are commentaries according to the various philosophical schools, Vyasa presents in an extremely terse form the substance of the ten (...
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What is the use of learning Upanishads?

I would like to know what is the use of reading the Upanishads. I ask this because, in order to realize the self and the Supreme being one must experience it. And all of those experiences are written ...
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Do the Vedic Samhitas mention the Mahakavyas? [duplicate]

The following are the 4 Mahakavyas, mentioned in the Upanishads, taking about the Advaita Philosophy: Prajñānam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) - "Insight is Brahman," or "Brahman is ...
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327 views

Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries on the Upanishads?

Sri Adi-Sankaracharya's commentaries on the Upanishads are most popular in present time. Are there any Gaudiya Vaishnava commentaries available on the Upanishads?
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On what basis Vedas, Upanishads etc. are named?

The names of Vedas are Rig, Sama,etc.. Similarly upanishads like Isha, Kena, Katha etc.. How exactly are they named the way they are? What about brahmanas, samhitas etc?
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Is the 6th section/Putramantha Brahmana of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad shruti?

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 6.4.7: If she does not willingly yield her body to him, he should buy her with presents. If she is still unyielding, he should strike her with a stick or with his hand ...
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What is Unmanifest & what is Person? And what's the difference?

Katha Upanishad Valli 3 says such. 7. Higher than the senses is the mind; Higher than the mind is the essence; Higher than the essence is the immense self; Higher than the immense is the ...
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How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “Brahma Ved Brahmaiva Bhavati”?

From Mundaka Upanishad, Mundaka-3, Khanda-2 Verse-9: स यो ह वै तत् परमं ब्रह्म वेद ब्रह्मैव भवति नास्याब्रह्मवित्कुले भवति । तरति शोकं तरति पाप्मानं गुहाग्रन्थिभ्यो विमुक्तोऽमृतो भवति ॥ ९॥ ...
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Is there a contradiction between Atharvaveda 8.6.23 and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 6:4:18?

We ought to destroy those who eat cooked as well as uncooked meat, meat involving destruction of males and females, foetus and eggs.(Atharvaveda 8.6.23) So in this verse meat is bad. But He who ...
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115 views

Where in the Rig Veda are the 10 Upanishads?

Here it suggests there are 10 Upanishads embedded in the Rig Veda. I have scoured Google but have not found anything saying something like "The 10 Upanishads of the Rig Veda are located in Hymns #X, #...
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Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...
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150 views

In Which Upanishad Can I Find The Story of the Creation of the Universe by Brahman?

I only know a very basic narrative of the Brahman mythology - Brahman splits itself into Trimurti (Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu) and Trimurti give rise to countless other forms and consciousness. ...
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203 views

Dependability and Independability of jIiva

1 . Is jIiva completely independent? 2 . completely dependent? 3 . Partial Independent? If jIiva is completely independent, then what is role of Vidhi Nishedas? what about nitya karmas?. if jIiva has ...

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