Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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Why is Veda Vyasa Siddhanta different from Vedanta Siddhanta in Sarva Siddhanta Sangraha?

I recently came across the book called Sarva Siddhanta Sangraha which is claimed to be written by Shankaracharya. Was this book written by Adi Shankaracharya? And, in the contents, Veda Vyasa ...
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Which Vedic ashrama is compulsory for all Sanatanis?

We know of four Vedic ashramas: Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha & Sannyasa. Of these, only the 2nd one (Grihastha) seems to be meant for all varnas. The first, the third, and the fourth ones ...
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The Akshar-Purushottam darshan concludes that there are two distinct Brahmans. Is this conclusion supported by scriptures?

Akshar-Purushottam darshan is the youngest branch of Hindu Philosophy. It is based on the teachings of Sri Swaminarayan. Following the tradition, Sadhu Bhadreshdas composed commentaries on ...
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How is Adi Shankaracharya's Philosophy is it called Mayavadi Philosophy as called by many?

The Vaishnavas call the philosophy proposed by Adi Shankaracharya to be Mayavadi. On what basis is that said and is it correct if not why?
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How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
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Is English translation of Laghu Chandrika of Gauda Brahmananda Saraswathi available online?

Laghu Chandrika is supposed to be a famous book studied by Advaitins. It is reply to Tarangini(Dvaita) which is reply to Advaita Siddhi(Advaita) which is a reply to Nyayamrita(Dvaita) There is also ...
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What is Akhyati vada of Prabhakara school and how does it compare with Anirvacaniya khyati of Advaitins?

Here, this is what's said of Akhyati Vada A-Khyati Advocated by Prabhakara school of Purva-Mimamsa. Does not admit of error in the logical sense. No logical distinction between knowledge and ...
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Did Madhusudhana Saraswathi, in his Advaitha Siddhi depart and deviate from the opinions of Adi Shankaracharya regarding Advaita philosophy?

BNK Sharma, a well known scholar and author belonging to Dwaita school of Vedanta has written this in his book Advaita Siddhi vs Nyayamrita, an up to date appraisal. Here's the excerpt Is this true? ...
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What exactly is Abhinava Anyatha Khyati of Madhwas?

Khyativada is the theory of error in Hindu an Indic philosophies There are eight other Khyatis (Refer for detailed information) Atma-Khyati A-Khyati Sadasat-khyati Anirvachniya-khyati Asat-Khyati ...
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How is Nirguna Brahman Nirguna if he is Sachidananda?

We know that Nirguna Brahman is Sat, Chit and Ananda. Are not Sat, Chit and Anandas themselves gunas? As they are qualities. Reference, Tattva Bodha of Shri Shankaracharya.
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Has any advaitic teacher said that learning advaita only at the word level is useless?

The 4 Mahakavyas or Great saying of Advaita Vedanta are as follows: Prajñānam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) - "Insight is Brahman," or "Brahman is insight” - (Aitareya Upanishad 3.3 of ...
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If Veda vakyams are “eternal” because they are repeated every kalpa, then why can't other vakyams also be eternal because they are repeated?

Some people say that the veda-vakyams are eternal because they are repeated every kalpa. So vakyams like "yathA purvam akalpayat" (he created the universe just as before) are eternal. But so ...
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Why would Brahman force the events of the Vedas to occur in an eternal loop just to make the Vedas eternal?

Of the 6 astika darshanas, Vedanta holds that the veda-vakyams (Vedic sentences) are themselves literally eternal. This means that veda-vakyams like: agnimile purohitam yajnasya devam rtvijam.... etc....
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Is Consiouness Eternal? Does it remain even after death (When we don't have a body?) If yes how can it be known?

Yajnavalkya says in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 2.4.12 " The self comes out as a separate entity from these elements, and this separateness is destroyed with them. After attaining this oneness it ...
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What is the Jiva Atma? What is the Paramatma? Are they Different? Is the Jiva-Atma the Mind, Or Are They Different? [duplicate]

Basically, the title are my questions. I have heard the jiva atma and the paramatma used interchangeably, but then they are separated in, for instance, Vaishnavism. Is it the case that when we are in ...
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Who is Writing This? Who am I? [duplicate]

When I write this, is it the mind that is making me write this, or the Self? Is the mind always consciously achieved? Is the self never perceived consciously? Was the true Arjun (the Self) listening ...
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According to Smarta, all of three of the “Trimurti” are equal. But why isn't Brahma given the same significance as Vishnu and Shiva?

Even Puri Shankaracharya said that chanting the name of Narayana and Shiva would have the same benefits. However, why don't anyone give such importance to Brahma?
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Ma Kali in the form of a child in my dream: Is there any meaning to this? [closed]

In our dreams, we might see things that we think of while awake, or things that we like to think of. I don't suppose this one in particular had any meaning to it; most probably it was just like any ...
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Acceptability of Kundalini Shakti and Chakras across Hinduism?

How well is the concept of Kundalini Shakti, the body Chakras, the nāḍīs and subsequently their role in the attainment of Mokṣa (in its various types and levels of hierarchies across different ...
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Do Early Upanishads say World is Real and hence conflicting with Advaitha's doctrine of World as Unreal?

Richard Jones in his Morality and Shankara's Advaitha Vedanta writes The earlier Upanishads took the phenomena of the world to be real — Brahman is merely the root (KU II.3.1), “the real of the real” ...
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Do Mahavakyas and World as Illusion in Advaita contradict each other?

Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.1 says All this is Brahman. Everything comes from Brahman, everything goes back to Brahman, and everything is sustained by Brahman. One should therefore quietly meditate on ...
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How do Hindus perceive the world? [duplicate]

Every Hindu believes that he lives in his own world, created by his imagination (Mayan prism), and that all people in his world are just imaginary characters (illusion), in which there are no thoughts,...
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Is consciousness temporary? How can Brahman exist eternally?

After Moksha, since we don't have a body, we have no Consciousness or Existence , then how can we conclude that Brahman exists? Because Consciousness and Existence cease to exist after death. I am not ...
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Is Krishna-Kali (a combined form of Krishna and Kali, worshipped in West Bengal) male or female?

It is NOT like Ardhanarishvara, which shows the left-side being Shiva, and the right being Parvati. Instead, Krishna-Kali is just one form, resembling both Kali and Krishna, without any indication of ...
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Are all Gods and Goddesses omnipresent?

NOTE: I am not just talking about Krishna, but all Devatās. Most answers here tend to be Vaishnava-centric, and only cite examples involving Krishna or Vishnu.
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How to co-relate Atman with Kundalini?

Vedanta philosophy states that samâdhi is obtained by realising one's identity with the soul(âtman) separate from the body & mind. Tantra philosophy, though not denying the existence of âtman ...
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How are the Vedas authorless according to Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta?

Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta consider vedas to be eternal and authoress. But if a book exists it must have an author. And what is the source of vedas according to these schools. They don't even believe vedas ...
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Do Upanishads say that they shouldn't be taught to people who don't study or ineligible to study Vedas?

Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.10 says "This is explained by the mantra “who perform the karma enjoined, who are srotriyas, who are centred in the Brahman (lower) and who with faith, offer oblations ...
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What are the differences between “Deva”, “Bhagavan”, and “Ishvara”?

All that I know is that "Deva"/"Devi" refers to individual Gods and Goddesses, but we also use the term "Ishvara" and "Bhagavan". Aren't these two terms just ...
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Do Gods know what we are thinking? [closed]

I am not just talking about our thoughts about them (deities), but just our thoughts in general, and the things that are in our minds (not talking about religion). I am asking this because deities are ...
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How can Brahman/consciousness be all pervading including living and non living things?

Brahman is defined as Existance,Consiouness and Bliss(Satchitananda). Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3 says Brahman is consciousness and pure awareness. Isa Upanishad 1 says its all pervading. 1)But how can ...
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Does God(s) hate anyone?

You would think that, because we are so insignificant to them, they would not bother to hate anyone, because humans can never be a threat to them (Gods).
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Why don't our Gods and Goddesses prevent Kali Yuga from happening?

Nothing to add here, but it is mandatory, so...
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Can the existence of God be understood through yoga?

Are the metaphysical truths of Hinduism achievable through the different techniques of Yoga (like breath meditation) without any preconceived notions or are we to rationally believe in them first and ...
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What is meant by “Maya”? [duplicate]

In a book about Ramakrishna, he said that Kali Ma has cast an illusion called Maya, and that she observes the world from outside.
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Is there a permanent hell? [duplicate]

Madhvas believe in eternal hell, but what is the standard view (before the rise of Dvaita Vedanta)? If not, are souls that do not attain Moksha eternally trapped in this cycle of countless births and ...
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How does Upadhi create Bheda in Abheda Brahman according to Advaita?

TLDR: It's easy to explain confusing a rope to be a snake. But how is spatial dimension imagined? Does Brahman have spatial dimension. If yes how is that not Bheda? If no, then how is spatial ...
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Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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Do Advaitin's claim Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha?

While I discuss Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandanam in this question, his entrie argument against Advaita seems to rest on the fact that Advaitins claim that Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha (Self ...
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Are there any answers from the School of Advaita to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana?

Does any Advaitin has answered or has answers to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana? MAYAVADA KHANDANA (Refer ESSENTIALS OF DASAPRAKARANA translated by Prof. K.T. Pandurangi) ...
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What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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Can one do deeparadhana and pooja after 12pm? If not, why?

Is daily worship and deeparadhan after 12pm okay? Please give appropriate reasoning
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Do you get to experience the “earthly joys” after Moksha, if you did not get to experience them before attaining Moksha?

By "earthy joys", I meant those that humans desire and want in their lives, such as leading the life of a householder, becoming a parent, nurturing your children, and above all, serving the ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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How is ISKCON different from Chinmaya Mission?

How is the philosophy followed by Iskcon different from Chinmaya Mission?
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For Advaitins, what is the point of vedic chants?

Most nominal advaitins I know (and especially brahmin followers of the various Shankara maths) hold that chanting of vedic hymns is valuable. What's the point? I believe even the math gurus hold vedic ...
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Quotes to prove similarity between Vedic Samhita and Upanishaic Vedantic Philosophy?

Is Vedanta the conclusion of Vedic Samhitas? Can we proove Vedantic Philosophy from Vedic Samhitas, Brahmanas and Araynakas??
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Do any Vedanta shastra explicitly tell that any phenomenon is possible?

In the universe we are living in, there are many scientific facts. Since science is always evolving and is particular to the time and place. There is no guarantee that the scientific facts will be ...
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Why did Swami Vivekanada say so?

"Even fighting in self-defense is wrong, though it is higher than fighting in aggression. There is no “righteous” indignation because indignation comes from not recognizing sameness in all things....
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How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...

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