Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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Is Krishna-Kali (a combined form of Krishna and Kali, worshipped in West Bengal) male or female?

It is NOT like Ardhanarishvara, which shows the left-side being Shiva, and the right being Parvati. Instead, Krishna-Kali is just one form, resembling both Kali and Krishna, without any indication of ...
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Are all Gods and Goddesses omnipresent?

NOTE: I am not just talking about Krishna, but all Devatās. Most answers here tend to be Vaishnava-centric, and only cite examples involving Krishna or Vishnu.
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How to co-relate Atman with Kundalini?

Vedanta philosophy states that samâdhi is obtained by realising one's identity with the soul(âtman) separate from the body & mind. Tantra philosophy, though not denying the existence of âtman ...
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How are the Vedas authorless according to Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta?

Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta consider vedas to be eternal and authoress. But if a book exists it must have an author. And what is the source of vedas according to these schools. They don't even believe vedas ...
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Do Upanishads say that they shouldn't be taught to people who don't study or ineligible to study Vedas?

Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.10 says "This is explained by the mantra “who perform the karma enjoined, who are srotriyas, who are centred in the Brahman (lower) and who with faith, offer oblations ...
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What are the differences between “Deva”, “Bhagavan”, and “Ishvara”?

All that I know is that "Deva"/"Devi" refers to individual Gods and Goddesses, but we also use the term "Ishvara" and "Bhagavan". Aren't these two terms just ...
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Do Gods know what we are thinking? [closed]

I am not just talking about our thoughts about them (deities), but just our thoughts in general, and the things that are in our minds (not talking about religion). I am asking this because deities are ...
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How can Brahman/consciousness be all pervading including living and non living things?

Brahman is defined as Existance,Consiouness and Bliss(Satchitananda). Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3 says Brahman is consciousness and pure awareness. Isa Upanishad 1 says its all pervading. 1)But how can ...
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Does God(s) hate anyone?

You would think that, because we are so insignificant to them, they would not bother to hate anyone, because humans can never be a threat to them (Gods).
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Why don't our Gods and Goddesses prevent Kali Yuga from happening?

Nothing to add here, but it is mandatory, so...
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Can the existence of God be understood through yoga?

Are the metaphysical truths of Hinduism achievable through the different techniques of Yoga (like breath meditation) without any preconceived notions or are we to rationally believe in them first and ...
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What is meant by “Maya”? [duplicate]

In a book about Ramakrishna, he said that Kali Ma has cast an illusion called Maya, and that she observes the world from outside.
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Is there a permanent hell? [duplicate]

Madhvas believe in eternal hell, but what is the standard view (before the rise of Dvaita Vedanta)? If not, are souls that do not attain Moksha eternally trapped in this cycle of countless births and ...
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How does Upadhi create Bheda in Abheda Brahman according to Advaita?

TLDR: It's easy to explain confusing a rope to be a snake. But how is spatial dimension imagined? Does Brahman have spatial dimension. If yes how is that not Bheda? If no, then how is spatial ...
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Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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Do Advaitin's claim Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha?

While I discuss Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandanam in this question, his entrie argument against Advaita seems to rest on the fact that Advaitins claim that Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha (Self ...
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Are there any answers from the School of Advaita to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana?

Does any Advaitin has answered or has answers to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana? MAYAVADA KHANDANA (Refer ESSENTIALS OF DASAPRAKARANA translated by Prof. K.T. Pandurangi) ...
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What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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Can one do deeparadhana and pooja after 12pm? If not, why?

Is daily worship and deeparadhan after 12pm okay? Please give appropriate reasoning
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Do you get to experience the “earthly joys” after Moksha, if you did not get to experience them before attaining Moksha?

By "earthy joys", I meant those that humans desire and want in their lives, such as leading the life of a householder, becoming a parent, nurturing your children, and above all, serving the ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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How is ISKCON different from Chinmaya Mission?

How is the philosophy followed by Iskcon different from Chinmaya Mission?
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For Advaitins, what is the point of vedic chants?

Most nominal advaitins I know (and especially brahmin followers of the various Shankara maths) hold that chanting of vedic hymns is valuable. What's the point? I believe even the math gurus hold vedic ...
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Quotes to prove similarity between Vedic Samhita and Upanishaic Vedantic Philosophy?

Is Vedanta the conclusion of Vedic Samhitas? Can we proove Vedantic Philosophy from Vedic Samhitas, Brahmanas and Araynakas??
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Do any Vedanta shastra explicitly tell that any phenomenon is possible?

In the universe we are living in, there are many scientific facts. Since science is always evolving and is particular to the time and place. There is no guarantee that the scientific facts will be ...
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Why did Swami Vivekanada say so?

"Even fighting in self-defense is wrong, though it is higher than fighting in aggression. There is no “righteous” indignation because indignation comes from not recognizing sameness in all things....
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How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...
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What is the difference between concepts of Maya in Hinduism and Buddhism?

How is the illusion in Buddhism and Hinduism different?An author writes <<The concepts of maya, avidya, vyayaharika-satya and paramarthika-satya, advaya, prajna, the unreality of the universe ...
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Do Vedas have these concepts?

Karma,Maya,Atman,Brahman,Moksha,Reincarnation and Indriya Nigraha(Sence Control) are they present in Vedic Samhitas?(Not Upanishads only Samhitas)
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How to refute the article claiming Buddhism influenced Upanishads

Especially Part 4-It claims Buddhism influenced Upanishads and they are post-Buddhist and lists many contemporaries of Upanishadic Sages during Buddha's time. http://bps.lk/olib/wh/...
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Why does the Universe exist?

If I am Brahman as Shankara states: I am other than name, form and action. My nature is ever free! I am Self, the supreme unconditioned Brahman. I am pure Awareness, always non-dual. — Adi ...
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A question about gods [closed]

if I attain turiya state, do gods exist on that loka or not? because I do know that turiya is unmanifested state and we're indiffrent from Narayana/Purusha and we're very himself in turiya, and gods ...
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How do orthodox Hindus interpret these Vedic mantras that seem to suggest that the Rishis authored the mantras?

It has been asserted that these mantras suggest that the Rishis authored the Vedic mantras: RV 1.61.4: asmā idu stomaṃ saṃ hinomi rathaṃ na taṣṭeva — “For him, I design this hymn, just as a carpenter ...
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In Advaita Vedanta, after realizing one's true nature, does one develop dissociated identity/apathy to their body?

When one realizes the Brahman, the role of the body as just a physical vessel to travel through the transactional reality becomes apparent. So in that case, does one start to havea dissociated ...
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How to (How do YOU) Deal with Rajasic and Tamasic People? [duplicate]

I am newbie to Advaita Vedanta. I have completed few Upanishads, almost all Hamsa Gita, some chapters of Ashtavakra Gita and now I am studying Bhagavad Gita. - Sorry about this chronology, but this is ...
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Books on Philosophy of Advaita Vedanta [duplicate]

Book recommendations for a beginner to understand philosophy of Advaita Vedanta in English or English translation of works.
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Is it vedanta that reconciled all the religions(ways) in Bharat during dwapara and thretha yuga?

In Mahabharata and Ramayana, we can find wide variety of traditions, rituals. Each one was encouraged. We can see the shaktism, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Saura etc., So, we can say that there are ...
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Where does Shankaracharya cite the Narayana Upanishad in his Vishnu Sahasranama Bhashya?

The Narayana Upanishad (different from the Mahanarayana Upanishad), declares Narayana (Vishnu) to be the creator of Shiva and Brahma: NarayanAt brahmA jAyate NarayanAt rudro jAyate This Upanishad ...
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What Vedanta philosophy is followed in Utkaliya Vaishnava of Mahapurusha Achyutananda of Odisha?

Achyutananda (and the other four saints) believed in a concept of God (Vishnu) as Shunya (emptiness, void, zero) called Shunya Purusha and/or Shunya Brahman. This shunya signifies a transcendental ...
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Does Atman in Turiya or Nirguna Brahman know itself or is aware of itself through subtle cognition state?

Advaitins say that Turiya is not a separate state that is found in isolation of three states (awake, dream, deep sleep) but it is the reality that is underlying all those. But this only caters to a ...
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What is the beginning of anadi karma?

Namaskaram, It is said that we are in samsara due to anadi karma. If anadi karma has an end, i.e. moksha, that means that is has to have a beginning too. What was the first incident that put jiva in ...
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What is the reason for which Advaita must exist? why can't Consciousness be many?

if we presume that matter is derived from consciousness(and this seems most likely),for what reason is this consciousness one instead of many?one could say that a world perceived as the same by all ...
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Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
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Why do some claim that madhyamika is compatible with vedanta,when consciousness is not a cause in madhyamika?

https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey claims sunyavaada is compatible with Upanishadic ideas. but in madhyamika,the 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air and Consciousness) are ...
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Is Srimad Bhagavatham the only commentary written by Vedavyasa himself on the Vedanta Sutras?

Vedanta-sutra is the original work of Vyasadeva, which contains the summary of four Vedas, 108 Upanisads, 18 Puranas. As stated in Garuda Purana, Srimad Bhagavatham is the natural commentary of Brahma ...
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the problems with an unchanging Atma in Advaita Vedanta?

The Samkhyas,wich influenced every major Hindu theology,asserted a static cause.a static Cause is logically unfathomable,and if it were the case that a static cause could exist,its effect to would be ...
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Is E-Book of Brahma Sutras by Dr.B.N.K Sharma available online?

Does anyone have link to the pdf ebook of The Brahmasūtras and Their Principal Commentaries: A Critical Exposition by Dr.B.N.K Sharma It's a three volume collection. Please do share it....
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Can anyone explain and prove Veda agama pramanya and its Apourusheyatva? [duplicate]

The core of Hinduism is Vedas. One can be regarded as Hindu only when he or she accepts Vedas. Vedas come under the category of Agama pramana or Shabdha pramana. Before it comes 1. Pratyaksha ...
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What is the authentic Nishpatthi (Etymology) of Samadhi?

According to Wikipedia, Various interpretations for the term's etymology are possible: sam, "together"; a, "toward"; stem of dadhati, "puts, places": "a putting or joining together;" sam, ...
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what does Jivatma mean

Is Shiva jivatma? Shiva does neither born or die. In the Vaishnav parampara, it is said that Siva is jivatma. Could you please illustrate this providing some relevant scripture from reliable ...

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