Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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What Vedanta philosophy is followed in Utkaliya Vaishnava of Mahapurusha Achyutananda of Odisha?

Achyutananda (and the other four saints) believed in a concept of God (Vishnu) as Shunya (emptiness, void, zero) called Shunya Purusha and/or Shunya Brahman. This shunya signifies a transcendental ...
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Does Atman in Turiya or Nirguna Brahman know itself or is aware of itself through subtle cognition state?

Advaitins say that Turiya is not a separate state that is found in isolation of three states (awake, dream, deep sleep) but it is the reality that is underlying all those. But this only caters to a ...
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What is the beginning of anadi karma?

Namaskaram, It is said that we are in samsara due to anadi karma. If anadi karma has an end, i.e. moksha, that means that is has to have a beginning too. What was the first incident that put jiva in ...
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What is the reason for which Advaita must exist? why can't Consciousness be many?

if we presume that matter is derived from consciousness(and this seems most likely),for what reason is this consciousness one instead of many?one could say that a world perceived as the same by all ...
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Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
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Why do some claim that madhyamika is compatible with vedanta,when consciousness is not a cause in madhyamika?

https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey claims sunyavaada is compatible with Upanishadic ideas. but in madhyamika,the 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air and Consciousness) are ...
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Is Srimad Bhagavatham the only commentary written by Vedavyasa himself on the Vedanta Sutras?

Vedanta-sutra is the original work of Vyasadeva, which contains the summary of four Vedas, 108 Upanisads, 18 Puranas. As stated in Garuda Purana, Srimad Bhagavatham is the natural commentary of Brahma ...
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the problems with an unchanging Atma in Advaita Vedanta?

The Samkhyas,wich influenced every major Hindu theology,asserted a static cause.a static Cause is logically unfathomable,and if it were the case that a static cause could exist,its effect to would be ...
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Is E-Book of Brahma Sutras by Dr.B.N.K Sharma available online?

Does anyone have link to the pdf ebook of The Brahmasūtras and Their Principal Commentaries: A Critical Exposition by Dr.B.N.K Sharma It's a three volume collection. Please do share it....
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Can anyone explain and prove Veda agama pramanya and its Apourusheyatva? [duplicate]

The core of Hinduism is Vedas. One can be regarded as Hindu only when he or she accepts Vedas. Vedas come under the category of Agama pramana or Shabdha pramana. Before it comes 1. Pratyaksha ...
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What is the authentic Nishpatthi (Etymology) of Samadhi?

According to Wikipedia, Various interpretations for the term's etymology are possible: sam, "together"; a, "toward"; stem of dadhati, "puts, places": "a putting or joining together;" sam, ...
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what does Jivatma mean

Is Shiva jivatma? Shiva does neither born or die. In the Vaishnav parampara, it is said that Siva is jivatma. Could you please illustrate this providing some relevant scripture from reliable ...
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Madhwacharya in English or Kannada?

Is a PDF version of Shri Madhwacharya Brahma Sutra Bhashya in English or Kannada available?
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Adi Shankaracharya in Kannada?

Is there any online link available with Shri Adi Shankaracharya's Brahma Sutra Bhashya in Kannada?
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What isJiva and jivatma ? what is the co- relationship between the two in accordance with the tenets of Advait vedant

I have been going through a lot of mention, discussion, opinion on the subject of my question ( Jiva and jivatma and their co- relationship) . Varied terms and terminology has been very liberally used ...
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Why only after brahmopadesham, marriages are done in Brahmins?

Some does Brahmopadesham to their kids at very early age and some in the middle and some just before marriage. But why is this mandatory before marriage? What if it’s not done at all?
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Is it suggested to read the “Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda”? [closed]

Or should we read/refer/practice/ to the originally written literature and do not go beyond that with anything. Background(in case): Complete beginner, I just started reading Bhagvad Geeta(2 days ...
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Analysis of the Brahmasutra which chooses best (according to author) interpretation of a verse from among interpretations of three major schools?

I want to know are there books that try to analyze Brahmasutra from an independent ,non-sectarian perspective or from Western perspective while also specifying views of major Vedantic schools. I know ...
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Are Sri Vaishnavas supposed to worship devatas during nitya karmas?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, one who has performed the Samashrayanam/Bharanyasam ritual (initiation into Pancharatra Agamas/Surrendering to Vishnu) is prohibited from worshiping Devatas like Shiva, ...
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Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana?

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana? This belief is popularized by the well known Sri Vaishnava blog ...
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Types of Dukkha

What are the three types of suffering in the Vedas and their Sanskrit words? Are there any descriptions of Dukkha that you know of in the Vedic canon?
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What are the objections of Vedantis for the Anumana proof of Ishwara?

The Vaisheshikas and Nayyayikas claim that Ishwara can be proved by Anumana like the potter creates pot, the creator has created the creation. What are the objections given by Vedantins(Advaithis or ...
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Is there an online English translated version of Parimala of Shri Appayya Dikshitar?

Is there online English e book of Parimala which is an extended commentary on Kalpataru, which is in turn an extended commentary on Bhamathi which is again a commentary on Brahma Sutra Bhashya of ...
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Is there any scriptural ( Vedic or Puranic ) reference for all matter coming from Akasha and Prana?

In Raja Yoga, page number 26, Swami Vivekananda says this: At the beginning of creation there is only this Akaca; at the end of the cycle, the solids, the liquids, and the gases all melt into ...
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Regarding showing that universe is in the consciousness in Shankar's Aparokshanubhuti

In Aparokshanubhuti, Shankara shows that we are not the body nor the mind by giving various techniques like Drig, Drishya, Viveka etc. But after that, he discards whatever he said and by giving ...
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What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
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What's the oldest advaita ashram or mathas?

The title is the question. But I know Shankara mathas are the oldest, I'm not considering them for this question.
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Do the Devata Kanda sutras declare that Narayana is Brahman?

The Devata Kanda sutras were written by Rishi Kasakrtsna and form the middle portion of the Mimamsa shastra. The first portion is the well known purva mimamsa sutras, and the later portion is the well ...
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Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana most closely? [closed]

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana (Vedavyasa), the author of the Brahma Sutras, most closely? For examples, Advaitins believe it was Shankaracharya: The Upanishads, as ...
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On the mandukya upanishad and the state of deep sleep

The question is how do we know that turiyam persists in the deep sleep state? The Mandukya Upanishad suggests that we inhabit 3 identifiable sources of consciousness that is namely and a 4th one ...
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How does one go from unrealised paramatma or Brahman to atma and body?

This might be a classical question and it might be interpreted as an argument against vedanta but I'll put my thoughts here and invite you to discuss: My awareness is limited to my personal body. I ...
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131 views

On which basis Adi Shankaracharya was considered shivavtar? [duplicate]

What is the reference of consider bhagwatpad Adi Shankaracharya to be an incarnation of shiva ? Did he proclaimed himself to be so anywhere ?
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Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...
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How widespread are “advaita vedanta” followers among modern Hindus? [closed]

How widespread are secular beliefs based on advaita vedanta among the modern Sanatan dharma population? I was under the impression this was a major movement, but I seem to hear hints otherwise.
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What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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Who is the culprit of all this Prapancha when I was, is and shall continue to be ONE?

Who was responsible or what was responsible for making me forget who I am? How did this Universe start when there were no two? How did I separate myself from myself and create this Prapancha?
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On the status of other religions, between the sages of Advaita and the scriptures

The "modern" sages of the Advaita are part of the Traditionalist School: for them, the other religions are other valid paths to the Absolute. I will quote from Sri Râmakrishna to illustrate ...
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What are the 14 layers of the mind

I had read somewhere that in the vedas the awareness can be divided into four categories, i.e chitta (consciousness/conscience), manas (heart/want/desire), aham (ego) and buddhi (intelligence). Each ...
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What are the different sub schools of Advaitha?

I have heard that there are three subschools of Advaitha Vedanta. They are 1. Varthika 2. Vivarana 3. Bhamathi Are there more sub schools? Can you briefly summarize the main ...
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Where can I get English or Kannada translation of Khandanatraya of Shri Madhwacharya?

If you have online links of one or more of Khandanatraya Granthams of Shri Madhwacharya with Kannada or English translation, please share it. Khandanatraya: 1. Mayavada khandana 2. Upadhi khandana 3. ...
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What is the spatial status of Jeevatma according to Dwaitha Vedanta?

My information trading this comes exclusively from the lectures of Vidyavachaspathi Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru. In a lecture he said Dwaitha treats Jeevatma as an atom, that is Jeevatma is point ...
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Is there a second to me? Are you (seperate from me) real?

Atma is one no doubt, but the people around me also have the same athma and the rest of individuality left in them is jada. My question is Does the person reading this question have any separate ...
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How can dualists belong to dashanami Sampradaya?

The title is the question. The question arises with Vijayindra Tirtha and Sri Vadiraja Tirtha. It was Shankara who created the dashanami Sampradaya, right? He wanted to propagate the advaita vedanta ...
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What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
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Is there any non-Advaita interpretation of Yoga Vasistha?

Yoga Vasistha is usually considered an advaitic text but is there any non-advatic interpretation of this holy text?
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Is there any English translation available for Tattvartha Deepa Nibandha?

I am looking for this text for a while now. I have searched the internet thoroughly but I could not find it. Does anybody know where can I find the work mentioned in the title, in English, as an e ...
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Who is the first person to quote verses from Uttara Khanda of Padma Purana targeting Shankara and his philosophy?

Uttara khanda, chapter 236 of Padma Purana classifies Puranas into three categories and attacks Shankara's Advaita by saying Shiva incarnated as Shankara to preach a doctrine that resembles Vedas but ...
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Advaita Epistemology

Can someone please recommend books on advaita epistemology. Suggestion of both classical and academic works would be equally helpful.
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What was Adi Shankara's view on Puranas?

Puranas are the scriptures of Hinduism which are accepted by some people and rejected by some people. There are 18 Mahapuranas which are the most important. The basic theory that puranas are ...
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...

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