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Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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What is the proof or argument for reality of brahman in advaita vedanta?

Some people write that the Brahman is the ultimate state of consciousness and everything we touch smell or observe are nothing but the different manifestation of this Brahman. However I am very ...
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Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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Books on Brahma Sutras

What are the best books to get started to learn Brahma Sutras. English translation of Sankara's commentary is what I am looking for. Has anyone read V Panoli's translation and please suggest your ...
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Do upanishads speak about disposition based varna (caste) rather than birth based?

In following blog there is an article on vajra suchi upanishad which has some statements regarding disposition based varna vs birth based varna. This upanishad is believed to be a vedantic text. What ...
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Do scriptures give a method to recognize a truly self-realized person/jivanmukta? [duplicate]

Some schools accept the concept of self-realization or jivanmukta. Advaita, for example, is one such school. Not all schools accept this concept, so this question is limited in scope to only those ...
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Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
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Are “antarAtmA” (inner self) and “antaryAmI” (inner controller) the same in vedAnta?

Answer might depend on the school of vedAnta. That is fine. I want to know the position of different schools.
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Where can I read Prasthana Trayi from Satya Sai school?

Satya Sai baba advocated Premadvaita and he explained the prasthana trayi very lucidly. Where can I read his works on bhagavad gita, upanishads and vedanta?
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Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
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What exactly are the 3 level Satya of Advaita? [duplicate]

Advaita explains PratibhAsika satya, VyavhArika satya and ParamArthika satya. What are these and how can one reach the ParamArthika satya ?
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What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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Who decided to include only three particular texts in the group called “Prasthanatrayi”? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: Prasthanatrayi (Sanskrit: प्रस्थानत्रयी, IAST: Prasthānatrayī), literally, three sources (or axioms), refers to the three canonical texts of Divine philosophy, especially of ...
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How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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What are the differences in the teachings of Gaudapada,Nagarjuna and Yajnavalkya? [closed]

I don't see much of a difference between them. If there is someone who has understood it well can you answer it?
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105 views

Is Dharma unreal in Vedanta?

This source (page 214 (5)), which is also cited in the Wikipedia page for Dharma, says : In the Yoga system the dharma is real; in the Vedanta it is unreal (vivarta). What does this mean in the ...
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What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya really try to make people'Bhagavad-vimukhi' as claimed the Gaudiya Vaishnavas?

According to the sloka of Padma-Purana quoted in Sri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Sri Adi Sankaracharya deluded people by preaching a false doctrine and made them away (vimukha) from God : According to ...
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Is the sannyasa lineage of Sri Adi Shankara Vedic or tantric?

According a biographer of Sri Ramakrishna (Vaikunthanath Sannyal : Sri Sri Ramakrishna Leelamrita), in the Vedic age, there were no FORMAL sannyasa. It was started by Sri Adi Sankaracharya 'most ...
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Are we already at infinite time?

It is a common point across all vedantic darshanas that the universe undergoes cyclic creation and destruction. There are infinite such cycles going back in time and infinite such cycles are yet to ...
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Is it possible for the Vedas to have been authored?

According to Purva Mimamsa and Vedanta, the Vedas are eternal and unauthored. That is, the Vedic words and sentences were not composed or created by any sentient being, human or divine. Yamunacharya, ...
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How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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What is the REAL MEANING of cutting Maa Kali by sword of Jnana by Sri Ramakrishna during Advaita Sadhana?

As per Sri Sri Ramakrishna-Leelaprasanga, Sri Ramakrishna while doing medidation under the guidance of Totapuri, cut Maa Kali in two pieces by the sword of jnana when She appeared before Him. He ...
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Gaudiya vaishnava on maayavaada

From some Bengali Gaudiya vaishnavas i heard popular saying "sunle Mayavad Hobe sorbonash" Is this mentioned in any authentic text of gaudiya school or books like Caitanya charitamrita?
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What is Vyasa's exact stand on the tetrad of Divine Manifestation?

Swami Vivekananda asked Pramadadas Mitra in a letter on August 17, 1889: "Vyasa makes out in the Vedanta-Sutras that it is wrong to worship the tetrad of divine manifestation, Vâsudeva, Sankarshana,...
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Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta?

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta as equivalent to traditional Vedanta? Have any of the Shankaracharya heads of these Peethams said anything regarding Neo-...
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Where can I read the works of Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu online?

Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu was a Vishishtadvaitin turned Advaitin and he is said to have refuted the interpretations of Sri Bhashyam of Ramanujacharya especially in his works "Sankara Sankara ...
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How do the traditional Vedic commentators interpret VajraSuchika Upanishad?

Traditional Vedanta commentators and Acharyas like Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya, etc always held that Varna system is based on birth. However, Vajrasuchika Upanishad goes to another extreme and ...
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What are the philosophical differences between the Vivarana and Bhamati schools of Advaita Vedanta?

It seems that from this question that the Advaita Vedantic school of Adi Shankaracharya has two divisions- the Vivarana school of Prakasatman and the Bhamati school of Vachaspati Misra. What are the ...
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Does the subtle body carry the prana airs after the death of the physical vessel?

The scripture 'Vedanta Sara' states that, the subtle body houses the 5 subtle jnanendriyas, 5 subtle karmendriyas, manas, buddhi, chitta, ahamkara and also the 5 prana airs. VS-77-87: These verses ...
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Can't Shudras read the Bhagavad Gita?

It is well known that Vedanta Sutras prohibit Shudras from Jnana by saying Smritis prohibit them from having Upanayana. But Bhagavad Gita is a book which contains Vedantic statements. As Vedanta ...
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If there is a contradiction between Pratyaksha Pramana and Sabda Pramana, which one is more authoritative according to Advaita and Dvaita Vedanta?

According to this answer if there is a contradiction between Pratyaksha and Sruti(Like scriptures say fire is cold but we perceive fire is hot), only Pratyaksha is more authoritative according to ...
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Is Neo-Vedanta a modern modification of Hinduism?

According to this article, Neo-Vedanta is a modern interpretation of Hinduism that incorporates Western values. The author says this: During this short span of time in the 19th century, the ancient ...
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Is Neo-Vedanta a sect of Hinduism?

Is Neo-Vedanta a sect of Hinduism? This wikipedia article says this: Neo-Vedanta..... are terms to characterize interpretations of Hinduism that developed in the 19th century. Some scholars ...
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On what basis are 4 mahavakyas chosen?

There are many upanishadic statements. I want to know why these four only are considered mahavakyas? Prajnanam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) Aham Brahma Asmi (अहम् ब्रह्म अस्मि) Tat Tvam Asi (...
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What exactly is dehi according to advaita and vaishnava school?

People of Advaita sect believe that Atman never remains locked or trapped IN the body. The same thing has been said by many hindoos in quora as well. (They are followers of advaita). If what the ...
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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What are the principal differences on siddhanta basics, and details, between tradional vedantists and neo-vedantists?

Although my personal experience has been limited to observing some rather intense debates between traditional advaitins and neo-advaitins, this differentiation seems to have been extended to ...
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Where can I find side by side compilation of Vedanta Sutras and the corresponding verses from Srimad Bhagavatam?

Srimad Bhagavatam is considered natural commentary of Vedanta Sutras by Gaudiya Vaishnavas. That is the reason Gaudiya school didn't explicitly subscribe to Vedanta school till 17th century. Then for ...
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Any Vedantic messages from Karma Kanda of Vedas?

It is well known that Upanishads contain Vedantic statements, but I want to know Vedantic statement from Karma Kanda of Vedas if any.
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Is Brahman sentient in Advaita Vedanta?

If Brahman is Consciousness and Omniscient, then he should be sentient also since both are indiscernible.
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What is the Hindu(mainly Vedantic) opinion of lying to do good in the world?

Manu Smriti (4.138) सत्यं ब्रूयात् प्रियं ब्रूयान्न ब्रूयात् सत्यमप्रियम् । प्रियं च नानृतं ब्रूयादेष धर्मः सनातनः ॥ १३८ ॥ satyaṃ brūyāt priyaṃ brūyānna brūyāt satyamapriyam | priyaṃ ca ...
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How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
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Is Hinduism one continuous stream of thought over time? [closed]

The Vedas, Upanishads, Ithihasas and Puranas were authored over a period of around 2000 years with thousands of people being the authors. This is what modern historians have concluded and though one ...
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Attributes of God according to Madhva and Shankara

The following passage is from Everitt's Book "The non-existence of God". I propose then provisionally to adopt the following understanding of the term ‘God’: he is the creator and preserver of ...
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Is Brahman (as described by Adi Shankara) mentioned in the vedas?

I was having discussion with in vedanta study group and there was an argument stated that "Brahman" as mentioned by Adi Shankara was not a concept mentioned in any of 4 vedas and that Shankara had a ...
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What is a broad summary of the differences and similarities between Bhaktic and Vedantic Hinduism? [closed]

Eastern Orthodox theologian, David Bentley Hart mentioned during an interview that he is able to reconcile the Christian Trinity with "certain schools of Bhaktic Hinduism and Vedanta". This got me ...
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160 views

Which schools of Indian philosophy consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (authorless) and which don't?

Are Vedānta and Mīmāṃsā the only schools that believe the Vedas to be apauruṣeya? Are there any other schools? And those that didn't believe this, did they agree with each other on the human ...
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What does the term “Adhikarika Purusha” mean?

What is the meaning of the term "Adhikarika Purusha"? Is it the Vedic equivalent to Abrahamic prophets? Which scriptures mention this term? How is it related to Vedanta? Are there any examples of such ...
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How to understand the concept of bodily diseases through Vedanta?

I want to know the proper way to understand and deal with bodily diseases such as alcoholism as viewed thru Vedanta. For example, if someone is part of a rehab group, they are expected to admit to ...