Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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Who is the first person to quote verses from Uttara Khanda of Padma Purana targeting Shankara and his philosophy?

Uttara khanda, chapter 236 of Padma Purana classifies Puranas into three categories and attacks Shankara's Advaita by saying Shiva incarnated as Shankara to preach a doctrine that resembles Vedas but ...
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Advaita Epistemology

Can someone please recommend books on advaita epistemology. Suggestion of both classical and academic works would be equally helpful.
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What was Adi shankara s view on Puranas?

Puranas are the Scriptures of Hinduism which are accepted by some people and rejected by some people.There are 18 mahapuranas which are the most important. The basic theory that puranas are ...
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...
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Is there an English translation of Shri Vidyaranya's Sarvadarshana sangraha online?

I know that there is a Sanskrit version of this book, which seems to cover all philosophy of the Indian subcontinent. So if any of you have the link to the English version online please post it here....
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Is there an English translation of “Sarvartha Siddhi” by Vedanta Desika?

I'm looking for an English translation of "Sarvartha Siddhi" by Vedanta Desika. In fact I'm only interested in one part of it, "I.69", in which a reference to Yadavaprakasa and his theory of time is ...
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Why ignorance/believing causes suffering?

Ok, so I understand the concept of consciousness and it is awareness witnessing across 3 bodies namely physical, subtle and one corresponding to deep sleep. And since "we" are ignorant of it, we ...
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Who or what attains moksha?

When we talk about liberation among the living i.e the jeevanmukts, is it their aatman which has achieved realization? If not the aatman, that what/who? For those who have done good karma in this ...
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According to Dvaita, are there puranic examples where Ishwara(God) or anyone(Sages and Saints) who has turned anybody's Jeevatma into Jada?

As random as the question may seem, it was the response of a person, from Dvaitha school, to my question can God convert Jeeva into Jada? And he said "coming to your question of if Paramatma can ...
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What is the status of Gods other than Vishnu in Dwaita?

According to Dvaita, there are three categories. Jada, Jeeva and Ishwara. Now Ishwara is Narayana. What are other Gods or Devathas? Like Lakshmi, Brahma, Saraswathi, Rudra, Devi, Indra, Surya etc ...
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What is the Dvaitha world view?

I need some clarification about the ontological claims of Dvaitha Vedanta. Who created Jada and Jeevatma, did Ishwara create these or were they always existing? i.e anadhi? Did Vishnu create the ...
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Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
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What are the differences between Sri Vaishnavism and Kashmiri Shaivism?

I am aware that there are many differences in these two sampradayas. Kashmiri Shaivism being more monistic and Sri Vaishnavism qualified monism etc. In some ways I feel like Kashmiri Shaivism is more ...
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How exactly does creation happen for Dwaithis?

As Dwaitha professes athyanthika bheda between Jada, Jeeva and Ishwara. How is creation described? What are the origin of Jeeva and Jada, if they have one, and what are their qualities according to ...
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Has any Vedantin criticized this teaching of the Buddha?

According to Vedanta, a single self or jIva is the seat of consciousness. jIva as a single unit, is not further divisible. Buddhism, on the other hand, does not subscribe to the doctrine of a ...
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How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda ...
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What is the proof or argument for reality of brahman in advaita vedanta?

Some people write that the Brahman is the ultimate state of consciousness and everything we touch smell or observe are nothing but the different manifestation of this Brahman. However I am very ...
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Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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Books on Brahma Sutras

What are the best books to get started to learn Brahma Sutras. English translation of Sankara's commentary is what I am looking for. Has anyone read V Panoli's translation and please suggest your ...
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Do scriptures give a method to recognize a truly self-realized person/jivanmukta? [duplicate]

Some schools accept the concept of self-realization or jivanmukta. Advaita, for example, is one such school. Not all schools accept this concept, so this question is limited in scope to only those ...
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Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
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Are “antarAtmA” (inner self) and “antaryAmI” (inner controller) the same in vedAnta?

Answer might depend on the school of vedAnta. That is fine. I want to know the position of different schools.
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Where can I read Prasthana Trayi from Satya Sai school?

Satya Sai baba advocated Premadvaita and he explained the prasthana trayi very lucidly. Where can I read his works on bhagavad gita, upanishads and vedanta?
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Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
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What exactly are the 3 level Satya of Advaita? [duplicate]

Advaita explains PratibhAsika satya, VyavhArika satya and ParamArthika satya. What are these and how can one reach the ParamArthika satya ?
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What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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Who decided to include only three particular texts in the group called “Prasthanatrayi”? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: Prasthanatrayi (Sanskrit: प्रस्थानत्रयी, IAST: Prasthānatrayī), literally, three sources (or axioms), refers to the three canonical texts of Divine philosophy, especially of ...
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How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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What are the differences in the teachings of Gaudapada,Nagarjuna and Yajnavalkya? [closed]

I don't see much of a difference between them. If there is someone who has understood it well can you answer it?
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Is Dharma unreal in Vedanta?

This source (page 214 (5)), which is also cited in the Wikipedia page for Dharma, says : In the Yoga system the dharma is real; in the Vedanta it is unreal (vivarta). What does this mean in the ...
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What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya really try to make people'Bhagavad-vimukhi' as claimed the Gaudiya Vaishnavas?

According to the sloka of Padma-Purana quoted in Sri Chaitanya Charitamrita, Sri Adi Sankaracharya deluded people by preaching a false doctrine and made them away (vimukha) from God : According to ...
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Is the sannyasa lineage of Sri Adi Shankara Vedic or tantric?

According a biographer of Sri Ramakrishna (Vaikunthanath Sannyal : Sri Sri Ramakrishna Leelamrita), in the Vedic age, there were no FORMAL sannyasa. It was started by Sri Adi Sankaracharya 'most ...
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Are we already at infinite time?

It is a common point across all vedantic darshanas that the universe undergoes cyclic creation and destruction. There are infinite such cycles going back in time and infinite such cycles are yet to ...
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Is it possible for the Vedas to have been authored?

According to Purva Mimamsa and Vedanta, the Vedas are eternal and unauthored. That is, the Vedic words and sentences were not composed or created by any sentient being, human or divine. Yamunacharya, ...
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How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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What is the REAL MEANING of cutting Maa Kali by sword of Jnana by Sri Ramakrishna during Advaita Sadhana?

As per Sri Sri Ramakrishna-Leelaprasanga, Sri Ramakrishna while doing medidation under the guidance of Totapuri, cut Maa Kali in two pieces by the sword of jnana when She appeared before Him. He ...
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Gaudiya vaishnava on maayavaada

From some Bengali Gaudiya vaishnavas i heard popular saying "sunle Mayavad Hobe sorbonash" Is this mentioned in any authentic text of gaudiya school or books like Caitanya charitamrita?
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What is Vyasa's exact stand on the tetrad of Divine Manifestation?

Swami Vivekananda asked Pramadadas Mitra in a letter on August 17, 1889: "Vyasa makes out in the Vedanta-Sutras that it is wrong to worship the tetrad of divine manifestation, Vâsudeva, Sankarshana,...
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Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta?

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta as equivalent to traditional Vedanta? Have any of the Shankaracharya heads of these Peethams said anything regarding Neo-...
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Where can I read the works of Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu online?

Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu was a Vishishtadvaitin turned Advaitin and he is said to have refuted the interpretations of Sri Bhashyam of Ramanujacharya especially in his works "Sankara Sankara ...
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How do the traditional Vedic commentators interpret VajraSuchika Upanishad?

Traditional Vedanta commentators and Acharyas like Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya, etc always held that Varna system is based on birth. However, Vajrasuchika Upanishad goes to another extreme and ...
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What are the philosophical differences between the Vivarana and Bhamati schools of Advaita Vedanta?

It seems that from this question that the Advaita Vedantic school of Adi Shankaracharya has two divisions- the Vivarana school of Prakasatman and the Bhamati school of Vachaspati Misra. What are the ...
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Does the subtle body carry the prana airs after the death of the physical vessel?

The scripture 'Vedanta Sara' states that, the subtle body houses the 5 subtle jnanendriyas, 5 subtle karmendriyas, manas, buddhi, chitta, ahamkara and also the 5 prana airs. VS-77-87: These verses ...
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Can't Shudras read the Bhagavad Gita?

It is well known that Vedanta Sutras prohibit Shudras from Jnana by saying Smritis prohibit them from having Upanayana. But Bhagavad Gita is a book which contains Vedantic statements. As Vedanta ...
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If there is a contradiction between Pratyaksha Pramana and Sabda Pramana, which one is more authoritative according to Advaita and Dvaita Vedanta?

According to this answer if there is a contradiction between Pratyaksha and Sruti(Like scriptures say fire is cold but we perceive fire is hot), only Pratyaksha is more authoritative according to ...
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Is Neo-Vedanta a modern modification of Hinduism?

According to this article, Neo-Vedanta is a modern interpretation of Hinduism that incorporates Western values. The author says this: During this short span of time in the 19th century, the ancient ...
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Is Neo-Vedanta a sect of Hinduism?

Is Neo-Vedanta a sect of Hinduism? This wikipedia article says this: Neo-Vedanta..... are terms to characterize interpretations of Hinduism that developed in the 19th century. Some scholars ...
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On what basis are 4 mahavakyas chosen?

There are many upanishadic statements. I want to know why these four only are considered mahavakyas? Prajnanam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) Aham Brahma Asmi (अहम् ब्रह्म अस्मि) Tat Tvam Asi (...