Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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22 views

Why is eating not included in Karmendriyas?

Karmendriyas literally means ‘organs of action’. Every human being is endowed with eleven indriyas or sense-organs. These organs are five jñānendriyas, five karmendriyas and a mind. The five ...
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What works currently attributable to Adi Shankara are actually authored by Abhinava Shankara?

The Kanchi Kamakoti mutt has given ample proof of Adi Shankara belonging to the 5th - 6th century BCE. There are many other historical evidences from different phases of his life, in support of such a ...
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Does Karana Sahareera belong to Sookshma Shareera or Karana Shareera?

I thought that Anandamaya Kosha belongs to Karana Shareera, infact I thought Anandamaya Shareera itself is Karana Shareera because it is said in Tattva Bodha, which is traditionally considered a work ...
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Question for Advaitins: If I am Brahman, then why do I (who is already Brahman) need to find out that I am Brahman? Who is this “I”?

I am Brahman. I need to find out that I am Brahman. But who is this “I”? “I” refers to Brahman. So, Brahman needs to find out that It (Brahman) is Brahman. This makes no sense.
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What would one realise if they meditated without knowledge of any Hindu metaphysics?

Are Vedanta and other systems derived purely through logic or do they have an experiential basis too?
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Brahmarishi Vishvamitra in Vedas and Itihasa

How is Brahmarishi Vishvamitra in the vedas different from what is mentioned about him in the itihasa?
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Moksha or Salvation in Vedas and Vedanta

Are there vedic ways to get mukti other than the vedantic ways ― Karma yoga, bhakti yoga, jñāna yoga, and raj yoga?
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Anandamaya kosha versus karana shareera

In advaita vedanta, they describe the body as being composed of 5 koshas :- Annamaya, Pranamaya , Manomaya , vigyanamaya, and Anandamaya There is another division into:- Sthula shareera, Sukshma ...
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Can anyone please provide me with a link or pdf of rig veda khilani for reading online.?

I have been searching rig veda Khilani or khila (which are later additional hymns to rig veda including shri suktam) for so many days, but I couldn't find it. So can anyone please provide me with the ...
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Do Vedas and the Vedic dharma regard plants & trees as living beings? [duplicate]

Vedas and the Vedic dharma are very old. People of those days are Most unlikely to have any concept of microbes, embryos present in eggs, fruits, and plant seeds, etc. Naturally, the sensible mind ...
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Understanding Purusha aspect of Brahman and the difference between the two. Also why is the Male God personified as Purusha?

Gist: Understanding the Purusha or chetana aspect of Brahman and reason for overlap between Brahman and Purusha as also the reason for personification of Purusha as only the male god. An answer to ...
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Do Vedāntācāryas really believe that scripture must be rejected if the controdict logic, including vedas? [duplicate]

If the “Scripture” (Shastra) contradicts empiricism and reason - the Scripture must be rejected - this is the view of the Vedāntācāryas.(Source) Is it really the view of Vedāntācāryas. Do this ...
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Anandamaya Kosha and Anand in Sat-chit-Ananda in advita vedanta

The word Anand in Sanskrit and other Indian languages (e.g. Hindi) translates to bliss. In vedanta philosophy there is a discussion of 5 koshas where the innermost kosha is Anandmaya kosha. So firstly ...
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What are Sat Chit and Ananda attributes of Nirguna Brahman?

Upanishads do say Brahman is formless. So how can formless Brahman be Sat(Existence) Chit(Consciousness) Ananda(Bliss)? Without attributes how can we define these 3 features for Brahman?
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Is there any difference between Nyaya's jnana yoga and advaita vedanta's jnana yoga?

Both Nyaya and advaita vedanta followes the path of knowledge(jnana). So do they differ from each other on the basis of the type of knowledge. According to advaita vedanta you need the knowledge of ...
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Did samakhys refuted the advaita vedanta's claim, existence of Brahman?

Since samkhya is a atheistic school, they reject God(Brahman) . But advaita vedanta believe in a God that is Brahman so did any Samkhya philosopher ever refuted advaita vedanta on existence of Brahman?...
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Do any advaita vedanta Sutra discribe heaven?

Do any advaita vedanta Sutra describes heaven and it pleasure? Do advaita vedanta believes that heaven is a state of mind or do they believe that heaven is a physical place some were in the universe ....
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What is the validity of the claim that Gaudiya Vaishnavism is superior to Advaita Vedanta?

According to the Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition, when Sri Chaitanya was in Varanasi, he defeated Prakashananda Saraswati, the famous Vedantin. Showing this event, Vaishnavas claim that their philosophy ...
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Understanding Maya or Prakriti as the Supreme Goddess. Or the difference between the two. Also why is a female goddess personified as Maya?

Gist: Understanding Prakriti or Maya. Is she Jada or chetana or both. Since supreme goddess is Maya, Maya is not necessarily a bad or scary thing as is commonly stated. this answer too speaks very ...
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Who is Isvara? Is it just another name of Saguna Brahman? Or he is different from both Saguna and Nirguna Brahman?

I understand the difference between Nirguna and Saguna Brahman. But I am confused about Isvara. Who is Isvara? Is it just another name of Saguna Brahman? Or he is different from both Saguna and ...
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Reference from Shankaracharya's Prasnatraya for Panchayatna Puja?

Can anyone quote Shankaracharya's Bhasya in Prasnatraya to prove Non Duality between 5 Devas(Vishnu Shiva Devi Ganesha Surya) or Panchayatna Puja? Note : I am aware of quote in Mahabharata but I want ...
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Why is Veda Vyasa Siddhanta different from Vedanta Siddhanta in Sarva Siddhanta Sangraha?

I recently came across the book called Sarva Siddhanta Sangraha which is claimed to be written by Shri Adi Shankaracharya. Was this book written by Adi Shankaracharya? And, in the contents, Veda ...
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Which Vedic ashrama is compulsory for all Sanatanis?

We know of four Vedic ashramas: Brahmacharya, Grihastha, Vanaprastha & Sannyasa. Of these, only the 2nd one (Grihastha) seems to be meant for all varnas. The first, the third, and the fourth ones ...
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The Akshar-Purushottam darshan concludes that there are two distinct Brahmans. Is this conclusion supported by scriptures?

Akshar-Purushottam darshan is the youngest branch of Hindu Philosophy. It is based on the teachings of Sri Swaminarayan. Following the tradition, Sadhu Bhadreshdas composed commentaries on ...
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How is Adi Shankaracharya's Philosophy is it called Mayavadi Philosophy as called by many?

The Vaishnavas call the philosophy proposed by Adi Shankaracharya to be Mayavadi. On what basis is that said and is it correct if not why?
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How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
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Is English translation of Laghu Chandrika of Gauda Brahmananda Saraswathi available online?

Laghu Chandrika is supposed to be a famous book studied by Advaitins. It is reply to Tarangini(Dvaita) which is reply to Advaita Siddhi(Advaita) which is a reply to Nyayamrita(Dvaita) There is also ...
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What is Akhyati vada of Prabhakara school and how does it compare with Anirvacaniya khyati of Advaitins?

Here, this is what's said of Akhyati Vada A-Khyati Advocated by Prabhakara school of Purva-Mimamsa. Does not admit of error in the logical sense. No logical distinction between knowledge and ...
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Did Madhusudhana Saraswathi, in his Advaitha Siddhi depart and deviate from the opinions of Adi Shankaracharya regarding Advaita philosophy?

BNK Sharma, a well known scholar and author belonging to Dwaita school of Vedanta has written this in his book Advaita Siddhi vs Nyayamrita, an up to date appraisal. Here's the excerpt Is this true? ...
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What exactly is Abhinava Anyatha Khyati of Madhwas?

Khyativada is the theory of error in Hindu an Indic philosophies There are eight other Khyatis (Refer for detailed information) Atma-Khyati A-Khyati Sadasat-khyati Anirvachniya-khyati Asat-Khyati ...
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How is Nirguna Brahman Nirguna if he is Sachidananda?

We know that Nirguna Brahman is Sat, Chit and Ananda. Are not Sat, Chit and Anandas themselves gunas? As they are qualities. Reference, Tattva Bodha of Shri Shankaracharya.
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Has any advaitic teacher said that learning advaita only at the word level is useless?

The 4 Mahakavyas or Great saying of Advaita Vedanta are as follows: Prajñānam Brahma (प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म) - "Insight is Brahman," or "Brahman is insight” - (Aitareya Upanishad 3.3 of ...
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If Veda vakyams are "eternal" because they are repeated every kalpa, then why can't other vakyams also be eternal because they are repeated?

Some people say that the veda-vakyams are eternal because they are repeated every kalpa. So vakyams like "yathA purvam akalpayat" (he created the universe just as before) are eternal. But so ...
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Why would Brahman force the events of the Vedas to occur in an eternal loop just to make the Vedas eternal?

Of the 6 astika darshanas, Vedanta holds that the veda-vakyams (Vedic sentences) are themselves literally eternal. This means that veda-vakyams like: agnimile purohitam yajnasya devam rtvijam.... etc....
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Is Consiouness Eternal? Does it remain even after death (When we don't have a body?) If yes how can it be known?

Yajnavalkya says in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 2.4.12 " The self comes out as a separate entity from these elements, and this separateness is destroyed with them. After attaining this oneness it ...
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What is the Jiva Atma? What is the Paramatma? Are they Different? Is the Jiva-Atma the Mind, Or Are They Different? [duplicate]

Basically, the title are my questions. I have heard the jiva atma and the paramatma used interchangeably, but then they are separated in, for instance, Vaishnavism. Is it the case that when we are in ...
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Who is Writing This? Who am I? [duplicate]

When I write this, is it the mind that is making me write this, or the Self? Is the mind always consciously achieved? Is the self never perceived consciously? Was the true Arjun (the Self) listening ...
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According to Smarta, all of three of the "Trimurti" are equal. But why isn't Brahma given the same significance as Vishnu and Shiva?

Even Puri Shankaracharya said that chanting the name of Narayana and Shiva would have the same benefits. However, why don't anyone give such importance to Brahma?
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Acceptability of Kundalini Shakti and Chakras across Hinduism?

How well is the concept of Kundalini Shakti, the body Chakras, the nāḍīs and subsequently their role in the attainment of Mokṣa (in its various types and levels of hierarchies across different ...
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Do Early Upanishads say World is Real and hence conflicting with Advaitha's doctrine of World as Unreal?

Richard Jones in his Morality and Shankara's Advaitha Vedanta writes The earlier Upanishads took the phenomena of the world to be real — Brahman is merely the root (KU II.3.1), “the real of the real” ...
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Do Mahavakyas and World as Illusion in Advaita contradict each other?

Chandogya Upanishad 3.14.1 says All this is Brahman. Everything comes from Brahman, everything goes back to Brahman, and everything is sustained by Brahman. One should therefore quietly meditate on ...
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How do Hindus perceive the world? [duplicate]

Every Hindu believes that he lives in his own world, created by his imagination (Mayan prism), and that all people in his world are just imaginary characters (illusion), in which there are no thoughts,...
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Is consciousness temporary? How can Brahman exist eternally?

After Moksha, since we don't have a body, we have no Consciousness or Existence , then how can we conclude that Brahman exists? Because Consciousness and Existence cease to exist after death. I am not ...
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Is Krishna-Kali (a combined form of Krishna and Kali, worshipped in West Bengal) male or female?

It is NOT like Ardhanarishvara, which shows the left-side being Shiva, and the right being Parvati. Instead, Krishna-Kali is just one form, resembling both Kali and Krishna, without any indication of ...
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Are all Gods and Goddesses omnipresent?

NOTE: I am not just talking about Krishna, but all Devatās. Most answers here tend to be Vaishnava-centric, and only cite examples involving Krishna or Vishnu.
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How to co-relate Atman with Kundalini?

Vedanta philosophy states that samâdhi is obtained by realising one's identity with the soul(âtman) separate from the body & mind. Tantra philosophy, though not denying the existence of âtman ...
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How are the Vedas authorless according to Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta?

Mīmāṃsā and Vedanta consider vedas to be eternal and authoress. But if a book exists it must have an author. And what is the source of vedas according to these schools. They don't even believe vedas ...
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Do Upanishads say that they shouldn't be taught to people who don't study or ineligible to study Vedas?

Mundaka Upanishad 3.2.10 says "This is explained by the mantra “who perform the karma enjoined, who are srotriyas, who are centred in the Brahman (lower) and who with faith, offer oblations ...
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What are the differences between "Deva", "Bhagavan", and "Ishvara"?

All that I know is that "Deva"/"Devi" refers to individual Gods and Goddesses, but we also use the term "Ishvara" and "Bhagavan". Aren't these two terms just ...
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Do Gods know what we are thinking? [closed]

I am not just talking about our thoughts about them (deities), but just our thoughts in general, and the things that are in our minds (not talking about religion). I am asking this because deities are ...

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