Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

3
votes
2answers
126 views

Which schools of Indian philosophy consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (authorless) and which don't?

Are Vedānta and Mīmāṃsā the only schools that believe the Vedas to be apauruṣeya? Are there any other schools? And those that didn't believe this, did they agree with each other on the human ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

What does the term “Adhikarika Purusha” mean?

What is the meaning of the term "Adhikarika Purusha"? Is it the Vedic equivalent to Abrahamic prophets? Which scriptures mention this term? How is it related to Vedanta? Are there any examples of such ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

How to understand the concept of bodily diseases through Vedanta?

I want to know the proper way to understand and deal with bodily diseases such as alcoholism as viewed thru Vedanta. For example, if someone is part of a rehab group, they are expected to admit to ...
4
votes
1answer
123 views

Everything is a thought then why does this present moment feel so real?

I was listening to one of the YouTube lectures on Advaita(forget which one it was). It states that “past, present and future - all is just a thought in your brain. The only reason this very moment ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

Does nyaya or vaisheshikha school accept pratibhashik and paramarthik realities?

In one of the discourse I heard that Nyaya and Vaisheshikha accept 2 levels of reality. However Shankaracharya was the 1st one to refute this claim of 2 level realities and established the 3rd ...
9
votes
2answers
144 views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist?

Hindu philosophies, especially Vedanta, say there is 'the Self' which is the reason for the existence of our human body. However, science hasn't proven the existence of that. Moreover, according to ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Where is causal body in this analogy used by Swami Sarvapriyananda?

Listening to one of the talks by the swami. He explains the three States by using the following analogy of the sun and buckets filled with water. Sun: Witness Consciousness (ultimate reality, god, ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Where or Which Vedic Text's says “Vikriti Evam Prakriti”?

Herein Wikipedia it says:- Rigveda, one of the four canonical sacred texts of Hinduism says Vikriti Evam Prakriti (Sanskrit: विकृतिः एवम्‌ प्रकृति, meaning what seems unnatural is also natural),...
3
votes
4answers
240 views

Are there any hidden Vedantic or any other philosophical teachings in the stories of Mahabharata?

Is Mahabharata a mere Ithihasa or whether the stories of Mahabharata have any hidden esoteric or metaphorical meanings?
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Did Ramanujacharya or Nimbarkacharya meet Vyasa?

According to both Smartha and Madhwa traditions, Vyasa is said to have met Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya respectively, and even endorsed their commentaries on the Brahma Sutras. This is what ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Have there been any non-Vedantic commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita?

The Bhagavad Gita is considered one of the key principal text in the Vedanta school along with the Mukhya Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras. There have been many commentators on the text by members of ...
12
votes
2answers
202 views

Vedanta and Vishnu correlation

Except for Adi Shankara and Bhaskara, it is seen that all the Vedanta expounders are Vaishnavas viz. Ramanuja, Madhava, Chaitanya, Nimbarka and Vallabha. Is there any correlation of Vedanta and Vishnu?...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Does each of us have a causal body within us? [duplicate]

Causal Body is ignorance as per Advaita. Here's an article i came across that was posted on an advaita website. Here's the link- Article no. 1. There it's mentioned that causal body does not reside ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

How samskaras are manifested as per Vedanta philosophy?

How exactly the latent impressions that are submerged in our subconscious, arise at the surface of our conscious mind. I know they arise as vrittis or thought waves, but what triggers them to rise in ...
5
votes
2answers
179 views

What exactly is Sat & Asat?

Chidbhananda (an advaitin monk) in his Gita translation explained Sat & Asat. He explains that when Krishna told Arjuna that He's both sat & asat, Krishna was referring to saguna brahman. ...
4
votes
2answers
199 views

Different explanations of chitta & manas. Which one is true as per vedanta?

In Patanjali's 'Chittavarttinirodhah', the term chitta was taken as manas and meant mind and the whole tread was devoted to understanding the human mind. Most recent works use manas and chitta ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
7
votes
3answers
265 views

What are the different sources that describe vedangas or limbs of the vedas?

What is scriptural source (preferably vedic) of the term vedAnga? or In which acaryas' writing do we find the description that there are six limbs of the vedas or six Vedangas and what they enlist?
6
votes
1answer
169 views

Which is pronouncement of Lord mentioned in Vivekachudamani?

Vivekachudamani is one of the popular works of Adi Shankaracharya. 233th verse of Vivekachudamani is as follows: ईश्वरो वस्तुतत्त्वज्ञो न चाहं तेष्ववस्थितः । न च मत्स्थानि भूतानीत्येवमेव व्यची...
5
votes
0answers
75 views

Vedanta and Kundalini

Kundalini and Chakra are mentioned in many Hindu scriptures. But My question is specific to Vedanta. So Does Vedanta(Basically Main Upanishads) also talk/believe about/on chakras and kundalini concept ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Where do purva and Uttara mimamsa sutras claim that Vedas are eternal?

Did the writers of vedanta and purva mimansa sutras, badrayana and jaimini write about the eternal nature of the Vedas?
6
votes
0answers
79 views

What is the Guru Parampara of Suddhadvaita?

Among the doctrines of Vedanta, I know that Guru Parampara of Advaita (non-dualism) and Vishishtadvaita (qualified non-dualism) as follows: नारायणं पद्मभुवं वशिष्ठं शक्तिं च तत्पुत्रं पराशरं च व्या...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Is Naath Sampradaya on the verge of extinction?

The great Naath Sampradaya is a jewel of Hinduism. Saint Gyaneshwar from Maharashtra belonged to the Naath Sampradaya. But there has been no significant personality after him who preached Vedanta. Has ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Cause of Evil, as per Theistic Vedanta?

If Parameshvara is svatantra karta as per Vedanta, and if everything pre decided as per lords will, whatever we're doing is God doing actually, so is he the Cause of Evil
3
votes
1answer
117 views

If I consider only Isha upanishad as infallible canonical pramana , and none others; then i am scripturally valid hindu/sanatani or not?

1) Isha upanishad is only text which is samhita and upanishad both 2) Isha upanishad is considered the first even among the principal upanishads Now, If I decide to consider only Isha upanishad as ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Are the ancient commentator Dramidacharya's descendants Sri Vaishnavas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
votes
1answer
41 views

What are the arguments of vedanta sutras against pAshupata sect?

Vedanta Sutras and its commentaries are said to be critical of pashupata sect. I think the second chapter talks about this in detail. What are the arguments raised against this school?
4
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the view of Vedanta sect on yoga and sankhya?

I have heard that in the vedanta sutras there is some criticism about yoga and sankhya sects. However in geeta we find that yoga is the main.subject and there are also chapters like sankhya yoga. ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

What are the similarities between Svabhavika Bhedabheda Vedanta and Advaita Vedanta philosophies?

As some of you might be knowing, the renowned Sri Vaishnava acharya, Ramanujacharya before becoming a Sri Vaishnava, was a disciple of a Vaishnavite named Yadava Prakasha who propounded the Svabhavika ...
7
votes
3answers
217 views

Why does Sankhya consider Prakriti as the root cause?

Are there any arguments provided by Sankhya school to hold Prakriti (Mula Prakriti or Pradhana), and not other things like atoms or consciousness, as the root cause of the universe? Maybe somewhere in ...
4
votes
2answers
242 views

Are the Vedanta Sutras Smriti or Shruti?

Vedanta Sutras, as you must be knowing, is the primary text of the most popular philosophical school of Hinduism i.e. the Vedanta school. Written by Badarayana Vyasa, it is summary of all the ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

Where do ramanuja and shankara quote the sutras from devata kanda sutras?

At which place in their commentaries do they mention about the sutras?
7
votes
3answers
328 views

Why does Adi shankaracharya think that self cannot perceive a relation between itself and avidya?

Adi Shankara's doctrine of Maya is very widely known specially among the Vedantins; according to which all the dualities are perceived by self owing to ignorance(avidya) and that self is one without a ...
7
votes
2answers
217 views

Why are we under Maya and Avidya if we are Brahman?

According to Advaita Vedanta, we i.e. Jivas are all Brahman in reality but are under Maya and Avidya. I want to know how Maya and Avidya came into Brahman? P.S. I am aware that Maya has no beginning....
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Is Brahman originally formless in Vishishtadvaita, Dvaita and Dvaitadvaita?

ISKCON which advocates Achintya-Bheda-Abheda, believes that the impersonal Brahman is an expansion of the Personal Brahman i.e. Krishna as you can see in the following web article: The Vedic texts ...
6
votes
1answer
74 views

Has Swami Vivekananda discussed regarding the refutation of Yoga Darshana in Vedanta Sutras?

For many times I have this question in my mind. Me and my father (who believes in Yoga from yonghood) often debates on which is the ultimate way to be followed between the Upanishads and Raja Yoga. ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

Is there a known English translation or Commentary on the Agastya Shakti Sutras

I have found a set of Shakti Sutras written by Agastya here. What is present there are the Sanskrit verses. Many other websites mention that it is related to Srividhya Upasana and a profound Shakta ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

According to advaita vedanta how can a formless entity/god do Lila?

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. How can a formless entity enjoy Lila? Doesn't it sound too nihilistic? (Note: Lila can also be ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita formless/impersonal? [duplicate]

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is seen to be devoid of all qualities and hence, impersonal/formless. Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita impersonal/formless?
5
votes
1answer
238 views

Do Vedanta Sutras contradict Vedas on whether mantras can be heard by Shudras?

Shukla Yajurveda 26.2 states: May I speak the sacred word to the masses of the people (janebhya) (1) to the Brahmana, Kshatriya, to the Shudra and the Arya (2) and to our own men and the strangers (...
6
votes
2answers
184 views

How do Neo-Vedantists intepret Vedanta Sutras 1.3.38?

Neo-Vedantists as we know, believe people of all varnas are eligible to study the Vedas. Notable examples of such people include the great Swami Vivekananda. However, Vedanta declares that Shudras are ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Can someone explain the philosophy of avibhagadvaita?

How is it different from advaita and vishistadvaita, and how does it reconcile yoga and Sankhya with vedanta?
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How many sages are referred to in the badrayana vyasa's Brahma sutras?

I know badrayana at more than one place cites jaiminis view in Brahma sutras, but there were other sages who wrote sutras and smritis after the culmination of Mahabharata, like deval, kapila etc how ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Which hindu scriptures support the (modern) concept of manifesation

There is a lot of propagation of the concept of LAW OF ATTRACTION in today's world. I also find Wikipedia mentioning that Hinduism has significantly contributed to the creation of this (new age) ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How come Vyasa rejected Panchratra Agamas in Vedanta Sutras yet referred back to Bhagavad Gita which is also considered to be a Panchratra scripture?

Badrayana/Vyasa refuted the Bhagavata view yet Mahabharata contains Pancharatra tradition passing down, as well as a Pancharatra scripture, Vyasa refers back to Bhagavad Gita too, which is also ...
0
votes
0answers
184 views

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna? [duplicate]

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna, to derive his philosophical treatise? What is the view of the mainstream Hindu scholars and historians concerning this? This ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists, then why do saints, Shankaracharyas, and others strive to realise Brahman, and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman itself ...
9
votes
2answers
311 views

How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

Is there a mention of commentaries on the Brahma Sutras before Adi Shankaracharya? How many commentaries on these works have survived? Please provide list from the existing commentaries as well as ...