Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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How can Brahman/consciousness be all pervading including living and non living things?

Brahman is defined as Existance,Consiouness and Bliss(Satchitananda). Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3 says Brahman is consciousness and pure awareness. Isa Upanishad 1 says its all pervading. 1)But how can ...
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Does God(s) hate anyone?

You would think that, because we are so insignificant to them, they would not bother to hate anyone, because humans can never be a threat to them (Gods).
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How Are Azhwaars Vishishtadvaitins?

I have heard that Azhvaars are Sriman Narayana Bhakthas.They sung in praise of him.They are not Vishishtadvaitins. Later Srivaishnava Acharyas(Ramanuja and his disciples) wrote commentaries to Azhvaar ...
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What is the authentic Nishpatthi (Etymology) of Samadhi?

According to Wikipedia, Various interpretations for the term's etymology are possible: sam, "together"; a, "toward"; stem of dadhati, "puts, places": "a putting or joining together;" sam, ...
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Why don't our Gods and Goddesses prevent Kali Yuga from happening?

Nothing to add here, but it is mandatory, so...
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Are shudras allowed to take up sanyasa?

Vedantins consider Sanyasa the path of liberation and most of their acharyas have taken up sanyasa in order to attain jnana. If so then are shudras also allowed to take up sanyasa for the pursuit of ...
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Can the existence of God be understood through yoga?

Are the metaphysical truths of Hinduism achievable through the different techniques of Yoga (like breath meditation) without any preconceived notions or are we to rationally believe in them first and ...
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What is Māyā according to Śaṃkara Vedānta? What are its characteristics?

Besides Śaṃkara Vedānta, Kaśmīri Śaivism, which is another monist/advaita school of Hinduism too talks about Māyā. According to it, the basic definition of Māyā is - मियते अनय इती माया। Meaning: ...
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What is meant by “Maya”? [duplicate]

In a book about Ramakrishna, he said that Kali Ma has cast an illusion called Maya, and that she observes the world from outside.
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Is there a permanent hell? [duplicate]

Madhvas believe in eternal hell, but what is the standard view (before the rise of Dvaita Vedanta)? If not, are souls that do not attain Moksha eternally trapped in this cycle of countless births and ...
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How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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What is the difference between concepts of Maya in Hinduism and Buddhism?

How is the illusion in Buddhism and Hinduism different?An author writes <<The concepts of maya, avidya, vyayaharika-satya and paramarthika-satya, advaya, prajna, the unreality of the universe ...
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Is there an English translation of Shri Vidyaranya's Sarva darshana sangraha online?

I know that there is a Sanskrit version of this book, which seems to cover all philosophy of the Indian subcontinent. So if any of you have the link to the English version online please post it here.
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How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
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How does Upadhi create Bheda in Abheda Brahman according to Advaita?

TLDR: It's easy to explain confusing a rope to be a snake. But how is spatial dimension imagined? Does Brahman have spatial dimension. If yes how is that not Bheda? If no, then how is spatial ...
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Do Advaitin's claim Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha?

While I discuss Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandanam in this question, his entrie argument against Advaita seems to rest on the fact that Advaitins claim that Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha (Self ...
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What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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What is the spatial status of Jeevatma according to Dwaitha Vedanta?

My information trading this comes exclusively from the lectures of Vidyavachaspathi Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru. In a lecture he said Dwaitha treats Jeevatma as an atom, that is Jeevatma is point ...
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Are there any answers from the School of Advaita to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana?

Does any Advaitin has answered or has answers to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana? MAYAVADA KHANDANA (Refer ESSENTIALS OF DASAPRAKARANA translated by Prof. K.T. Pandurangi) ...
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Can one do deeparadhana and pooja after 12pm? If not, why?

Is daily worship and deeparadhan after 12pm okay? Please give appropriate reasoning
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Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
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Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
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For Advaitins, what is the point of vedic chants?

Most nominal advaitins I know (and especially brahmin followers of the various Shankara maths) hold that chanting of vedic hymns is valuable. What's the point? I believe even the math gurus hold vedic ...
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How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
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Do you get to experience the “earthly joys” after Moksha, if you did not get to experience them before attaining Moksha?

By "earthy joys", I meant those that humans desire and want in their lives, such as leading the life of a householder, becoming a parent, nurturing your children, and above all, serving the ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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What is Sankara Vedànta explanation of Sarvam Khalvidam Brahm?

The meaning of this Mahàkàvya is All that is Brahm alone. Now question arises what All that is here in the eyes of Sankara Vedàntin? As we know that world is mere a mirage in Sankara Vedànta, then ...
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Quotes to prove similarity between Vedic Samhita and Upanishaic Vedantic Philosophy?

Is Vedanta the conclusion of Vedic Samhitas? Can we proove Vedantic Philosophy from Vedic Samhitas, Brahmanas and Araynakas??
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Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

I want to learn & study the Advaita Vedanta. So, which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta? In other words which are the major text/scripture related to Advaita Vedanta. I know ...
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What are three Sharira and their relation to five Kosha?

I heard three Sharira mentioned in some texts viz. स्थूल शरिर (Sthula Sharira) सूक्ष्म शरिर (Sukshma Sharira) कारन शरिर (Karan Sharira) Let me ask some questions about them. What are these three ...
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Is it possible for the Vedas to have been authored?

According to Purva Mimamsa and Vedanta, the Vedas are eternal and unauthored. That is, the Vedic words and sentences were not composed or created by any sentient being, human or divine. Yamunacharya, ...
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How is ISKCON different from Chinmaya Mission?

How is the philosophy followed by Iskcon different from Chinmaya Mission?
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What are the different sub schools of Advaitha?

I have heard that there are three subschools of Advaitha Vedanta. They are 1. Varthika 2. Vivarana 3. Bhamathi Are there more sub schools? Can you briefly summarize the main ...
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Do any Vedanta shastra explicitly tell that any phenomenon is possible?

In the universe we are living in, there are many scientific facts. Since science is always evolving and is particular to the time and place. There is no guarantee that the scientific facts will be ...
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Why did Swami Vivekanada say so?

"Even fighting in self-defense is wrong, though it is higher than fighting in aggression. There is no “righteous” indignation because indignation comes from not recognizing sameness in all things....
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Who is the Bhashyakara who pretended to criticize Pancharatra?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important to the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
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How to refute the article claiming Buddhism influenced Upanishads

Especially Part 4-It claims Buddhism influenced Upanishads and they are post-Buddhist and lists many contemporaries of Upanishadic Sages during Buddha's time. http://bps.lk/olib/wh/...
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Do Vedas have these concepts?

Karma,Maya,Atman,Brahman,Moksha,Reincarnation and Indriya Nigraha(Sence Control) are they present in Vedic Samhitas?(Not Upanishads only Samhitas)
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Why does the Universe exist?

If I am Brahman as Shankara states: I am other than name, form and action. My nature is ever free! I am Self, the supreme unconditioned Brahman. I am pure Awareness, always non-dual. — Adi ...
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How do the traditional Vedic commentators interpret VajraSuchika Upanishad?

Traditional Vedanta commentators and Acharyas like Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya, etc always held that Varna system is based on birth. However, Vajrasuchika Upanishad goes to another extreme and ...
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A question about gods [closed]

if I attain turiya state, do gods exist on that loka or not? because I do know that turiya is unmanifested state and we're indiffrent from Narayana/Purusha and we're very himself in turiya, and gods ...
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Is it vedanta that reconciled all the religions(ways) in Bharat during dwapara and thretha yuga?

In Mahabharata and Ramayana, we can find wide variety of traditions, rituals. Each one was encouraged. We can see the shaktism, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Saura etc., So, we can say that there are ...
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In Advaita Vedanta, after realizing one's true nature, does one develop dissociated identity/apathy to their body?

When one realizes the Brahman, the role of the body as just a physical vessel to travel through the transactional reality becomes apparent. So in that case, does one start to havea dissociated ...
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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How do orthodox Hindus interpret these Vedic mantras that seem to suggest that the Rishis authored the mantras?

It has been asserted that these mantras suggest that the Rishis authored the Vedic mantras: RV 1.61.4: asmā idu stomaṃ saṃ hinomi rathaṃ na taṣṭeva — “For him, I design this hymn, just as a carpenter ...
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What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Hinduism and Buddhism is that the first defends Ātman theory whereas the second defends Anātman theory. Shankara is known for having debated (and won) with ...
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How many Shaivite commentaries on the Brahma Sutras are there?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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How to (How do YOU) Deal with Rajasic and Tamasic People? [duplicate]

I am newbie to Advaita Vedanta. I have completed few Upanishads, almost all Hamsa Gita, some chapters of Ashtavakra Gita and now I am studying Bhagavad Gita. - Sorry about this chronology, but this is ...

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