Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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159 views

Why only after brahmopadesham, marriages are done in Brahmins?

Some does Brahmopadesham to their kids at very early age and some in the middle and some just before marriage. But why is this mandatory before marriage? What if it’s not done at all?
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What isJiva and jivatma ? what is the co- relationship between the two in accordance with the tenets of Advait vedant

I have been going through a lot of mention, discussion, opinion on the subject of my question ( Jiva and jivatma and their co- relationship) . Varied terms and terminology has been very liberally used ...
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How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

Is there a mention of commentaries on the Brahma Sutras before Adi Shankaracharya? How many commentaries on these works have survived? Please provide list from the existing commentaries as well as ...
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Why isn't there one Absolute Reality?

This is just to elicit opinion/discussion. There is no ''answer" to it really. You can choose to close it. But it is something that I always wondered about. In the annals of Sanaatana Dharma why isn'...
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What is Purva Mimansa Arthavada

Arthavada is a term associated with the least famous Purva Mimansa established by Rishi Jaimini. What is Arthavada and how does Uttara Mimansa counteract against this Arthavada?
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What was Adi Shankara's view on Puranas?

Puranas are the scriptures of Hinduism which are accepted by some people and rejected by some people. There are 18 Mahapuranas which are the most important. The basic theory that puranas are ...
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Is it suggested to read the “Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda”? [closed]

Or should we read/refer/practice/ to the originally written literature and do not go beyond that with anything. Background(in case): Complete beginner, I just started reading Bhagvad Geeta(2 days ...
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1answer
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Analysis of the Brahmasutra which chooses best (according to author) interpretation of a verse from among interpretations of three major schools?

I want to know are there books that try to analyze Brahmasutra from an independent ,non-sectarian perspective or from Western perspective while also specifying views of major Vedantic schools. I know ...
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What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
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What is the Dvaitha world view?

I need some clarification about the ontological claims of Dvaitha Vedanta. Who created Jada and Jeevatma, did Ishwara create these or were they always existing? i.e anadhi? Did Vishnu create the ...
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1answer
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Are Sri Vaishnavas supposed to worship devatas during nitya karmas?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, one who has performed the Samashrayanam/Bharanyasam ritual (initiation into Pancharatra Agamas/Surrendering to Vishnu) is prohibited from worshiping Devatas like Shiva, ...
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Can we become God?

Can we become God? Most people believe that the Gods that we are worshipping are fixed and no human can reach the state of God. Is this true? If a person is born and lives as the purest one and ...
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1answer
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Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana?

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana? This belief is popularized by the well known Sri Vaishnava blog ...
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Types of Dukkha

What are the three types of suffering in the Vedas and their Sanskrit words? Are there any descriptions of Dukkha that you know of in the Vedic canon?
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Is there any scriptural ( Vedic or Puranic ) reference for all matter coming from Akasha and Prana?

In Raja Yoga, page number 26, Swami Vivekananda says this: At the beginning of creation there is only this Akaca; at the end of the cycle, the solids, the liquids, and the gases all melt into ...
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Regarding showing that universe is in the consciousness in Shankar's Aparokshanubhuti

In Aparokshanubhuti, Shankara shows that we are not the body nor the mind by giving various techniques like Drig, Drishya, Viveka etc. But after that, he discards whatever he said and by giving ...
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According to Dvaita, are there puranic examples where Ishwara(God) or anyone(Sages and Saints) who has turned anybody's Jeevatma into Jada?

As random as the question may seem, it was the response of a person, from Dvaitha school, to my question can God convert Jeeva into Jada? And he said "coming to your question of if Paramatma can ...
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What's the oldest advaita ashram or mathas?

The title is the question. But I know Shankara mathas are the oldest, I'm not considering them for this question.
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Is there a second to me? Are you (seperate from me) real?

Atma is one no doubt, but the people around me also have the same athma and the rest of individuality left in them is jada. My question is Does the person reading this question have any separate ...
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Do the Devata Kanda sutras declare that Narayana is Brahman?

The Devata Kanda sutras were written by Rishi Kasakrtsna and form the middle portion of the Mimamsa shastra. The first portion is the well known purva mimamsa sutras, and the later portion is the well ...
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Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana most closely? [closed]

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana (Vedavyasa), the author of the Brahma Sutras, most closely? For examples, Advaitins believe it was Shankaracharya: The Upanishads, as ...
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Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...
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On the mandukya upanishad and the state of deep sleep

The question is how do we know that turiyam persists in the deep sleep state? The Mandukya Upanishad suggests that we inhabit 3 identifiable sources of consciousness that is namely and a 4th one ...
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How does one go from unrealised paramatma or Brahman to atma and body?

This might be a classical question and it might be interpreted as an argument against vedanta but I'll put my thoughts here and invite you to discuss: My awareness is limited to my personal body. I ...
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Why did Vedvyasa mention his shishya Jaimini's opinion/saying in Brahma Sutra?

I started reading the BrahmaSutra and have completed 1.2. I found Vedavyasa mentions Jaimini in his sutra: साक्षादप्यविरोधं जैमिनिः।।1.2.28।। Jaimini (declares that there is) no contradiction ...
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Where can I find side by side compilation of Vedanta Sutras and the corresponding verses from Srimad Bhagavatam?

Srimad Bhagavatam is considered natural commentary of Vedanta Sutras by Gaudiya Vaishnavas. That is the reason Gaudiya school didn't explicitly subscribe to Vedanta school till 17th century. Then for ...
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On which basis Adi Shankaracharya was considered shivavtar? [duplicate]

What is the reference of consider bhagwatpad Adi Shankaracharya to be an incarnation of shiva ? Did he proclaimed himself to be so anywhere ?
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How widespread are “advaita vedanta” followers among modern Hindus? [closed]

How widespread are secular beliefs based on advaita vedanta among the modern Sanatan dharma population? I was under the impression this was a major movement, but I seem to hear hints otherwise.
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What is the validity of Authoritativeness of vedas?

Pramana is defined as that which is the means of valid knowledge ( Prama) In general three Pramanas are accepted by all vedantins. Prtyaksha ( Perception) Anumana ( Inference ) Sabda ( Verbal ...
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What is the context of Adi Shankara's statement “Woman is the gateway to hell” found in his work Prashnottari?

While reading the article "Bhoga, Moksha and Jivanmukti in Tantra" on Kamakotimandali, i was surprised to know that in one of his works Adi Shankara said "Women are like the gates to hell". I want to ...
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What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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Who is the culprit of all this Prapancha when I was, is and shall continue to be ONE?

Who was responsible or what was responsible for making me forget who I am? How did this Universe start when there were no two? How did I separate myself from myself and create this Prapancha?
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On the status of other religions, between the sages of Advaita and the scriptures

The "modern" sages of the Advaita are part of the Traditionalist School: for them, the other religions are other valid paths to the Absolute. I will quote from Sri Râmakrishna to illustrate ...
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Where can I get English or Kannada translation of Khandanatraya of Shri Madhwacharya?

If you have online links of one or more of Khandanatraya Granthams of Shri Madhwacharya with Kannada or English translation, please share it. Khandanatraya: 1. Mayavada khandana 2. Upadhi khandana 3. ...
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What are the 14 layers of the mind

I had read somewhere that in the vedas the awareness can be divided into four categories, i.e chitta (consciousness/conscience), manas (heart/want/desire), aham (ego) and buddhi (intelligence). Each ...
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How can dualists belong to dashanami Sampradaya?

The title is the question. The question arises with Vijayindra Tirtha and Sri Vadiraja Tirtha. It was Shankara who created the dashanami Sampradaya, right? He wanted to propagate the advaita vedanta ...
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How was the Madhu Vidya passed down before Dadhichi?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Is there any non-Advaita interpretation of Yoga Vasistha?

Yoga Vasistha is usually considered an advaitic text but is there any non-advatic interpretation of this holy text?
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What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
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Why ignorance/believing causes suffering?

Ok, so I understand the concept of consciousness and it is awareness witnessing across 3 bodies namely physical, subtle and one corresponding to deep sleep. And since "we" are ignorant of it, we ...
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Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

Let us see some of the accusations of vedantins SANKARA’S ACCUSERS Bhaskara (9th Century CE), the propounder of bhedabheda-siddhanta was one of the earliest Indian philosophers to attack Mayavada. ...
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Who is the first person to quote verses from Uttara Khanda of Padma Purana targeting Shankara and his philosophy?

Uttara khanda, chapter 236 of Padma Purana classifies Puranas into three categories and attacks Shankara's Advaita by saying Shiva incarnated as Shankara to preach a doctrine that resembles Vedas but ...
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Is there any English translation available for Tattvartha Deepa Nibandha?

I am looking for this text for a while now. I have searched the internet thoroughly but I could not find it. Does anybody know where can I find the work mentioned in the title, in English, as an e ...
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lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brh. Su. - 2.1.33] - The creation is merely a sport of Brahman

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. So does it look like God created us for fun?
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Advaita Epistemology

Can someone please recommend books on advaita epistemology. Suggestion of both classical and academic works would be equally helpful.
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...
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Is there an English translation of “Sarvartha Siddhi” by Vedanta Desika?

I'm looking for an English translation of "Sarvartha Siddhi" by Vedanta Desika. In fact I'm only interested in one part of it, "I.69", in which a reference to Yadavaprakasa and his theory of time is ...
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Who or what attains moksha?

When we talk about liberation among the living i.e the jeevanmukts, is it their aatman which has achieved realization? If not the aatman, that what/who? For those who have done good karma in this ...
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Shunya (nothingness) vs Purna (fullness) — How to reconcile the seemingly contradictive statements in Uttara Gita?

In the Uttara Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 35 describes the Atma as ऊर्ध्वशून्यमधःशून्यं मध्यशून्यं यदात्मकम् । सर्वशून्यं स आत्मेति समाधिस्थस्य लक्षणम् ॥ When (one perceives) the Atma is ...
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What is the Guru Parampara of Suddhadvaita?

Among the doctrines of Vedanta, I know that Guru Parampara of Advaita (non-dualism) and Vishishtadvaita (qualified non-dualism) as follows: नारायणं पद्मभुवं वशिष्ठं शक्तिं च तत्पुत्रं पराशरं च व्या...

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