Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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597 views

Are the Nishada and Rathakara castes eligible for the Vedas and Jnana?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why is Vedanta called so and what is its relationship with Upanishads?

I know that the word Vendanta has two parts 'Veda' and 'Anta'. Anta means end. I have read that Vedanta is nothing but Updanishads. I have seen people using the term Veda and Vedanta as if they are ...
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What do hindus think about parbrahm or brahman/parabrahm? Why don't they directly pray to parbrahm?

I am a Sikh by birth and also by choice, having read many scriptures. Although I consider gurbani as my sole and soul guide, I am also pretty impressed by vedantic philosophy and upanishads, which in ...
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What are the principal differences on siddhanta basics, and details, between tradional vedantists and neo-vedantists?

Although my personal experience has been limited to observing some rather intense debates between traditional advaitins and neo-advaitins, this differentiation seems to have been extended to ...
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What is the Hindu(mainly Vedantic) opinion of lying to do good in the world?

Manu Smriti (4.138) सत्यं ब्रूयात् प्रियं ब्रूयान्न ब्रूयात् सत्यमप्रियम् । प्रियं च नानृतं ब्रूयादेष धर्मः सनातनः ॥ १३८ ॥ satyaṃ brūyāt priyaṃ brūyānna brūyāt satyamapriyam | priyaṃ ca ...
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Is Brahman sentient in Advaita Vedanta?

If Brahman is Consciousness and Omniscient, then he should be sentient also since both are indiscernible.
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How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
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Is Hinduism one continuous stream of thought over time? [closed]

The Vedas, Upanishads, Ithihasas and Puranas were authored over a period of around 2000 years with thousands of people being the authors. This is what modern historians have concluded and though one ...
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Attributes of God according to Madhva and Shankara

The following passage is from Everitt's Book "The non-existence of God". I propose then provisionally to adopt the following understanding of the term ‘God’: he is the creator and preserver of ...
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Different explanations of chitta & manas. Which one is true as per vedanta?

In Patanjali's 'Chittavarttinirodhah', the term chitta was taken as manas and meant mind and the whole tread was devoted to understanding the human mind. Most recent works use manas and chitta ...
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Is Brahman (as described by Adi Shankara) mentioned in the vedas?

I was having discussion with in vedanta study group and there was an argument stated that "Brahman" as mentioned by Adi Shankara was not a concept mentioned in any of 4 vedas and that Shankara had a ...
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What is a broad summary of the differences and similarities between Bhaktic and Vedantic Hinduism? [closed]

Eastern Orthodox theologian, David Bentley Hart mentioned during an interview that he is able to reconcile the Christian Trinity with "certain schools of Bhaktic Hinduism and Vedanta". This got me ...
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Why Arjuna did not attain moksha/mukti despite the upadesha of GeetA?

GeetA is considered to be the "moksha shAstra" mainly by the vedantins and they have also conferred it the title or Gitopanishad. It also forms the core of Vedanta as it is the part of the prasthana ...
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Which schools of Indian philosophy consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (authorless) and which don't?

Are Vedānta and Mīmāṃsā the only schools that believe the Vedas to be apauruṣeya? Are there any other schools? And those that didn't believe this, did they agree with each other on the human ...
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What does the term “Adhikarika Purusha” mean?

What is the meaning of the term "Adhikarika Purusha"? Is it the Vedic equivalent to Abrahamic prophets? Which scriptures mention this term? How is it related to Vedanta? Are there any examples of such ...
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How to understand the concept of bodily diseases through Vedanta?

I want to know the proper way to understand and deal with bodily diseases such as alcoholism as viewed thru Vedanta. For example, if someone is part of a rehab group, they are expected to admit to ...
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Is there any mention of geeta before sankara bhashya?

Gita is believed to be a chief text of vedanta. It is one of the three fundamental texts of vedanta. It is said that the first mention and commentary of gita is done by sankara which is about 1000 ...
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What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world is ...
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Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
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Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Everything is a thought then why does this present moment feel so real?

I was listening to one of the YouTube lectures on Advaita(forget which one it was). It states that “past, present and future - all is just a thought in your brain. The only reason this very moment ...
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Is moksha related to immortality?

Many vedAntins quote the following verse while talking of VedAnta and samnyAsa. na karmana na prajaya dhanena tyagenaike amrutatvamanashuh | parena nakam nihitam guhayam vibhrajate yadyatayo ...
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How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
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Does nyaya or vaisheshikha school accept pratibhashik and paramarthik realities?

In one of the discourse I heard that Nyaya and Vaisheshikha accept 2 levels of reality. However Shankaracharya was the 1st one to refute this claim of 2 level realities and established the 3rd ...
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On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist? [duplicate]

Hindu philosophies, especially Vedanta, say there is 'the Self' which is the reason for the existence of our human body. However, science hasn't proven the existence of that. Moreover, according to ...
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Are there any hidden Vedantic or any other philosophical teachings in the stories of Mahabharata?

Is Mahabharata a mere Ithihasa or whether the stories of Mahabharata have any hidden esoteric or metaphorical meanings?
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Where is causal body in this analogy used by Swami Sarvapriyananda?

Listening to one of the talks by the swami. He explains the three States by using the following analogy of the sun and buckets filled with water. Sun: Witness Consciousness (ultimate reality, god, ...
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How do Neo-Vedantists intepret Vedanta Sutras 1.3.38?

Neo-Vedantists as we know, believe people of all varnas are eligible to study the Vedas. Notable examples of such people include the great Swami Vivekananda. However, Vedanta declares that Shudras are ...
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Did Ramanujacharya or Nimbarkacharya meet Vyasa?

According to both Smartha and Madhwa traditions, Vyasa is said to have met Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya respectively, and even endorsed their commentaries on the Brahma Sutras. This is what ...
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Why are we under Maya and Avidya if we are Brahman?

According to Advaita Vedanta, we i.e. Jivas are all Brahman in reality but are under Maya and Avidya. I want to know how Maya and Avidya came into Brahman? P.S. I am aware that Maya has no beginning....
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Does each of us have a causal body within us? [duplicate]

Causal Body is ignorance as per Advaita. Here's an article i came across that was posted on an advaita website. Here's the link- Article no. 1. There it's mentioned that causal body does not reside ...
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Have there been any non-Vedantic commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita?

The Bhagavad Gita is considered one of the key principal text in the Vedanta school along with the Mukhya Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras. There have been many commentators on the text by members of ...
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How samskaras are manifested as per Vedanta philosophy?

How exactly the latent impressions that are submerged in our subconscious, arise at the surface of our conscious mind. I know they arise as vrittis or thought waves, but what triggers them to rise in ...
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Where in the Mahanarayana Upanishad is the Nyasa Vidya, the path of surrender to Vishnu?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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What exactly is Sat & Asat?

Chidbhananda (an advaitin monk) in his Gita translation explained Sat & Asat. He explains that when Krishna told Arjuna that He's both sat & asat, Krishna was referring to saguna brahman. ...
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Why does Sankhya consider Prakriti as the root cause?

Are there any arguments provided by Sankhya school to hold Prakriti (Mula Prakriti or Pradhana), and not other things like atoms or consciousness, as the root cause of the universe? Maybe somewhere in ...
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Why does Adi shankaracharya think that self cannot perceive a relation between itself and avidya?

Adi Shankara's doctrine of Maya is very widely known specially among the Vedantins; according to which all the dualities are perceived by self owing to ignorance(avidya) and that self is one without a ...
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Is Atma the same as the body?

What logical arguments do our scriptures advance to show that Atma is not something material like the body? How do the six astika schools of Hindu Philosophy(Mimamsa, Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika ...
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K.S. Bhagavan's critique of Adi Shankara

An Indian writer named K.S. Bhagavan published in 1982 a book entitled Shankaracharya and Reactionary Philosophy = ಶಂಕರಾಚಾರ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರತಿಗಾಮಿತನ. I heard that Bhagavan criticized Adi Shankara in ...
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According to advaita vedanta how can a formless entity/god do Lila?

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. How can a formless entity enjoy Lila? Doesn't it sound too nihilistic? (Note: Lila can also be ...
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What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
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Why does geeta call vedas as traigunya vishaya?

The famous verse of geeta is delivered as an upadesha which says arjuna that vedas are subject of trigunas and hence he should go beyond vedas i.e trigunas. त्रैगुण्यविषया वेदा निस्त्रैगुण्यो भवा...
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What is the difference between jeevatma and kaarana sareera

What is the difference between jeevatma and kaarana sareera (causal body)?
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Which is pronouncement of Lord mentioned in Vivekachudamani?

Vivekachudamani is one of the popular works of Adi Shankaracharya. 233th verse of Vivekachudamani is as follows: ईश्वरो वस्तुतत्त्वज्ञो न चाहं तेष्ववस्थितः । न च मत्स्थानि भूतानीत्येवमेव व्यची...
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What is the view of Vedanta sect on yoga and sankhya?

I have heard that in the vedanta sutras there is some criticism about yoga and sankhya sects. However in geeta we find that yoga is the main.subject and there are also chapters like sankhya yoga. ...
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Do Vedanta Sutras contradict Vedas on whether mantras can be heard by Shudras?

Shukla Yajurveda 26.2 states: May I speak the sacred word to the masses of the people (janebhya) (1) to the Brahmana, Kshatriya, to the Shudra and the Arya (2) and to our own men and the strangers (...
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Where do purva and Uttara mimamsa sutras claim that Vedas are eternal?

Did the writers of vedanta and purva mimansa sutras, badrayana and jaimini write about the eternal nature of the Vedas?
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Does Advaita accept vamchara followers?

Advaita is philosophy Propagated by Adi Shankaracharya, Adi shankaracharya/Advaita(original) accepts Vedas and Vedanta Prashnatrayi(Bramha Sutras, Shrimad Bhagwad Gita,Upanishads) Scriptures while he(...
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Cause of Evil, as per Theistic Vedanta?

If Parameshvara is svatantra karta as per Vedanta, and if everything pre decided as per lords will, whatever we're doing is God doing actually, so is he the Cause of Evil
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What percentage of Hindus belong to a sect that subscribes to the Vedanta school?

Indian schools of philosophy are traditionally divided into two categories, Astika and Nastika. Astika schools accept the authority of the Vedas as divinely revealed truth (shruti), whereas Nastika ...

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