Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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137 views

How many sages are referred to in the badrayana vyasa's Brahma sutras?

I know badrayana at more than one place cites jaiminis view in Brahma sutras, but there were other sages who wrote sutras and smritis after the culmination of Mahabharata, like deval, kapila etc how ...
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Which hindu scriptures support the (modern) concept of manifesation

There is a lot of propagation of the concept of LAW OF ATTRACTION in today's world. I also find Wikipedia mentioning that Hinduism has significantly contributed to the creation of this (new age) ...
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How come Vyasa rejected Panchratra Agamas in Vedanta Sutras yet referred back to Bhagavad Gita which is also considered to be a Panchratra scripture?

Badrayana/Vyasa refuted the Bhagavata view yet Mahabharata contains Pancharatra tradition passing down, as well as a Pancharatra scripture, Vyasa refers back to Bhagavad Gita too, which is also ...
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Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists then why do saints like Shankaracharyas and others strive to realise Brahman and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman ...
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How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

Is there a mention of commentaries on the Brahma Sutras before Adi Shankaracharya? How many commentaries on these works have survived? Please provide list from the existing commentaries as well as ...
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Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
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According to vedanta from where does jivaatma originates?

Origin and end of jivatma?? Is it created or can the atma divide? what happens to atma in nirvana or moksha, how did it come to be, how can it be eternally fragmented from the supreme? How did the ...
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Are badrayana and ved vyas the same person? [duplicate]

Please cite evidence from the sutras, smritis for your inference
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Shunya (nothingness) vs Purna (fullness) — How to reconcile the seemingly contradictive statements in Uttara Gita?

In the Uttara Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 35 describes the Atma as ऊर्ध्वशून्यमधःशून्यं मध्यशून्यं यदात्मकम् । सर्वशून्यं स आत्मेति समाधिस्थस्य लक्षणम् ॥ When (one perceives) the Atma is ...
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According to vedanta what causes a person to wake up from Sushupti state?

According to Vedanta the jiva experiences three states viz Jagrat (waking state) Svapna (dreaming state) Sushupti (deep sleep state) My question is regarding the third state that is Susupti. ...
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Why Arjuna did not attain moksha/mukti despite the upadesha of GeetA?

GeetA is considered to be the "moksha shAstra" mainly by the vedantins and they have also conferred it the title or Gitopanishad. It also forms the core of Vedanta as it is the part of the prasthana ...
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What do hindus think about parbrahm or brahman/parabrahm? Why don't they directly pray to parbrahm?

I am a Sikh by birth and also by choice, having read many scriptures. Although I consider gurbani as my sole and soul guide, I am also pretty impressed by vedantic philosophy and upanishads, which in ...
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What substances cause prophetic dreams?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Where do the Vedas describe dreaming of a black-skinned man?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why does the Pancharatra Agamas contradict the Vedanta Sutras?

As per the Pancharatra Agamas which are followed by the Sri Vaishnava community, there is no restriction for followers and learners based on varna. Shudras even serve as priests in the Vaishnava ...
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Are Vedanta Sutras post Buddhist origin?

It is believed that badarAyana is the author of these aphorism which are related to vedAnta. Now there is mention of all the existing philosophies orthodox and heterodox in these sutras. The ...
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Do non-Advaita Vedanta philosophies also believe that buddhi is part of Prakruti/Pradhana?

Do Vedanta philosophies other than Advaita also believe that Buddhi is part of Prakriti/Pradhana and not part of/is individual self? If yes, how do liberated beings think in Vaikuntha?
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Is there any mention of geeta before sankara bhashya?

Gita is believed to be a chief text of vedanta. It is one of the three fundamental texts of vedanta. It is said that the first mention and commentary of gita is done by sankara which is about 1000 ...
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Which commentator interprets Gaudapada's word Chitta as Chaitanya?

In this lecture, Swami Paramarthananda, an Advaitin, discusses Adi Shankaracharya's refutation of Yogachara Buddhism in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. He says that Yogachara Buddhism and Advaita may seem ...
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Moksha in the Vedas (excluding the Upanishads)

Note that this is not a dup of this question, since the answers I expect are not from the Upanishads. I have two questions based on my (poor) understanding of a few posts in this site. They are ...
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Did Adi Shankara say that women and low castes cannot attain moksha?

According to a Facebook post, Adi Shankara taught his followers that women and low caste people are exempted from attaining moksha. This is what the bizarre post said: Vedanta holds that this ...
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Why does geeta call vedas as traigunya vishaya?

The famous verse of geeta is delivered as an upadesha which says arjuna that vedas are subject of trigunas and hence he should go beyond vedas i.e trigunas. त्रैगुण्यविषया वेदा निस्त्रैगुण्यो भवा...
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What is vedAdi?

It is believed by the vedantins that the upanishad are called as veda-anta because they are the concluding part of the vedas. So my question is If there is something called as vedanta then what is ...
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Does any doctrine/philosophy believe that Jiva emerges from (and merges into) Brahman?

According to Advaita, ultimately there is no difference between Jiva and Brahman. The individuality of Jivas are perceived due to the ignorance. (Actually Jiva never originates according to Gaudapada ...
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What are the important texts/scriptures of VisistAdvaita Vedanta?

The central texts common to the various Vedanta schools are Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita collectively referred to as Prasthanatrayi1. Another central text of VisistAdvaita is Nathamuni'...
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Should one regard deities as Superior and Inferior as per Adi Shankara?

Adi Shankara is the upholder of Advaita (Non-dual) philosophy. There is popular belief among Advaitins that one shouldn't differentiate between Gods as they all are same. But is this thing ...
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What Vedanta philosophy is followed by Varkari Vaishnavas?

Which Vedanta philosophy is followed by people belonging to the Varkari sect?
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Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
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On what grounds did RAmAnuja wished to accept KAnchipurNa as a guru?

It is known that Kanchipurna was one of the gurus of Ramanuja. Kanchipurna was a non brahmin and Ramnuja was from a brahmin family. At another instance, Kanchi Purna refused to accept Ramanuja ...
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Do any of the Vaishnava Agamas recommend any Vedantic philosophies like Vishishtha Advaita or any other?

Do any authentic Vaishnava Agama texts directly or explicitly recommend any Vedantic philosophies like the Advaita philosophy or any other?
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How do different Astika schools prove the existence of the soul?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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What is the context of Adi Shankara's statement “Woman is the gateway to hell” found in his work Prashnottari?

While reading the article "Bhoga, Moksha and Jivanmukti in Tantra" on Kamakotimandali, i was surprised to know that in one of his works Adi Shankara said "Women are like the gates to hell". I want to ...
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Whose incarnation was Sri NimbArka?

One of the early propagator of vaishnavism in India who predated Sri rAmAnuja and Sri Madhwa was the propagator of dvaita-advaita, Sri NimbArka. This sect is also known as bheda-abheda. Whose avatar ...
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How do non-advaitians interpret Bhagavata Purana 12.5.11?

This verse 12.5.11-12 is found in the final teachings of Sukadeva Goswami. It seems Advaitic in its meaning and essence. Suka instructs King Parikshit: अहं ब्रह्म परं धाम ब्रह्माहं परं पदम् एवं समी...
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What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
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Was Madhvacharya influenced by Islam or another Abrahamic religion?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta philosophy. This school, unlike the other schools of Vedanta, believes: God, souls, and the universe are all eternally distinct and ...
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How do different Vedantic philosophies prove the existence of the soul?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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1answer
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Brahma Sutras where it says Brahman is the material cause of the universe?

The school of Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya believes that Brahman is not the material cause of the universe, but only the efficient cause. But at the end of chapter 2, section 2, the Brahma ...
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How many Brahma Sutras are there?

The wikipedia page on Brahma Sutras says there are 555 verses. In the book that I have, Brahma Sutras According to Sri Ramanuja, by Swami Vireswarananda and Swami Adidevananda, published by Advaita ...
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How do different Astika schools prove the existence of God?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
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What is the means of attaining Moksha according to the different Astika schools?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
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What defines the Vedanta school? [duplicate]

What defines the Vedanta school from other schools? Is it believing that meditating on Brahman gives moksha? Is it the acceptance of the Prasthana Trayi (Upanisashads, Vedanta Sutras, Bhagavad Gita)?
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What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman according to Dvaitadvaita & Dvaita?

According to Adi Shankara, Nirguna Brahman is a God who without any attributes. According to Ramanuja and Chaitanya, it is a God without negative qualities. What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman ...
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What does Vishishtadvaita Vedanta say about hallucinations?

To begin with first, illusions and hallucinations are different. An illusion is a: a distortion of the senses, revealing how the brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation. ...
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Why are only 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita?

The 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita philosophy are Pratyaksha, Anumana, and Shabda. How come the others like Upamana (Comparison), Arthapatti (Necssary Assumption), Anupalabdhi (Non-...
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If there is a conflict between Pratyaksha pramana and Sruti, which one takes precedence according to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta?

Most schools of Vedanta accept only 3 sources of right knowledge (or pramana): Pratyaksha (empiricism/observation), Anumana (inference/reasoning), and Shabda (scriptures). According to Vedanta: ...
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How does one interpret the Brahma Sutras, when the Sutras by themselves are vague?

Because the Brahma Sutras are almost impossible to understand without the appropriate context, and because very few people read them without the help of a commentary (like that of Ramanuja's or ...
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Did Vedavyasa ever write his own commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The Brahma Sutras were compiled by Vedavyasa, and subsequent acharyas such as Ramanujacharya have written commentaries on them. But is it known if Vyasa ever wrote his own commentary on them?
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What does Vallabhacharya's Shuddhadvaita Vedanta say about Nirguna Brahman?

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is the supreme. What does Vallabhacharya of the Pushtimarga sect say about Nirguna Brahman?
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Which Upanishadic verse says that the very object of pleasure/beauty will turn into a object of pain or frustration?

I remember reading in some book related to Upanishad, probably one by Swami Sivananda of Rishkesh a quote something to the effect of this : Whichever is the object/source of pleasure today, will turn ...

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