Questions tagged [vedanta]

Vedanta is one of the āstika schools of Hindu philosophy, based on the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.

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What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
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Was Madhvacharya influenced by Islam or another Abrahamic religion?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta philosophy. This school, unlike the other schools of Vedanta, believes: God, souls, and the universe are all eternally distinct and ...
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How do different Vedantic philosophies prove the existence of the soul?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Brahma Sutras where it says Brahman is the material cause of the universe?

The school of Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya believes that Brahman is not the material cause of the universe, but only the efficient cause. But at the end of chapter 2, section 2, the Brahma ...
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How many Brahma Sutras are there?

The wikipedia page on Brahma Sutras says there are 555 verses. In the book that I have, Brahma Sutras According to Sri Ramanuja, by Swami Vireswarananda and Swami Adidevananda, published by Advaita ...
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How do different Astika schools prove the existence of God?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
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What is the means of attaining Moksha according to the different Astika schools?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
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What defines the Vedanta school? [duplicate]

What defines the Vedanta school from other schools? Is it believing that meditating on Brahman gives moksha? Is it the acceptance of the Prasthana Trayi (Upanisashads, Vedanta Sutras, Bhagavad Gita)?
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What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman according to Dvaitadvaita & Dvaita?

According to Adi Shankara, Nirguna Brahman is a God who without any attributes. According to Ramanuja and Chaitanya, it is a God without negative qualities. What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman ...
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What does Vishishtadvaita Vedanta say about hallucinations?

To begin with first, illusions and hallucinations are different. An illusion is a: a distortion of the senses, revealing how the brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation. ...
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Why are only 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita?

The 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita philosophy are Pratyaksha, Anumana, and Shabda. How come the others like Upamana (Comparison), Arthapatti (Necssary Assumption), Anupalabdhi (Non-...
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If there is a conflict between Pratyaksha pramana and Sruti, which one takes precedence according to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta?

Most schools of Vedanta accept only 3 sources of right knowledge (or pramana): Pratyaksha (empiricism/observation), Anumana (inference/reasoning), and Shabda (scriptures). According to Vedanta: ...
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How does one interpret the Brahma Sutras, when the Sutras by themselves are vague?

Because the Brahma Sutras are almost impossible to understand without the appropriate context, and because very few people read them without the help of a commentary (like that of Ramanuja's or ...
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Did Vedavyasa ever write his own commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The Brahma Sutras were compiled by Vedavyasa, and subsequent acharyas such as Ramanujacharya have written commentaries on them. But is it known if Vyasa ever wrote his own commentary on them?
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What does Vallabhacharya's Shuddhadvaita Vedanta say about Nirguna Brahman?

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is the supreme. What does Vallabhacharya of the Pushtimarga sect say about Nirguna Brahman?
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Which Upanishadic verse says that the very object of pleasure/beauty will turn into a object of pain or frustration?

I remember reading in some book related to Upanishad, probably one by Swami Sivananda of Rishkesh a quote something to the effect of this : Whichever is the object/source of pleasure today, will turn ...
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How can one know their dharma?

Living one's dharma seems to be paramount, but first I must discover what my dharma is. I was born and reared in the West, so how can I discover my dharma? I have read the Gita and it helped me ...
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How can Advaita Vedanta's Nirguna Brahman even exist? [duplicate]

According to Shankaracharya, Ishvara, the world, and Saguna Brahman, are ultimately unreal. Only Nirguna Brahman is real. But what does it mean to be Nirguna or "without qualities"? Something that ...
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Who is Ishwar according to Advait Vedanta - Lord Shiva or Vishnu?

Ishwar is Saguna Brahman who has created the world out of Maya according to Advait Vedanta. Although Ishwar too is illusion according to it, who is Ishwar actually - Lord Shiva or Vishnu as both can ...
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What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta?

What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta? What did He think of Advaita, Dvaita & Vishishtadvaita philosophies?
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Where can I read online the Vedanta Sutras along with commentaries of Ramanujacharya, Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya in English?

I am looking to read the Vedanta Sutras along with the commentaries of the 3 great acharyas of all time: Ramanujacharya, Adi Shankaracharaya and Madhvacharya, in English. Can somebody provide me with ...
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What causes eternal soul to get embodied into a body and come into material world at all?

Soul is eternal and either part of God(Madhava) or Brahma itself(Advaita).why it comes to this world? According to Christians -original sin and apple story. But according to Hinduism- Avidya or ...
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World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...
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Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Did Vyasa and Baudhayana believe in 10 Pramanas and 8 Pramanas respectively?

The Manimekalai is a 6th century Tamil epic poem composed by the Buddhist poet Chithalai Chathanar. It talks about philosophy a lot, which given its early date means that it gives a rare glimpse into ...
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Who believes in 10 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Do Advaitins believe that Vishnu appeared before Gaudapada?

The most prominent thinker associated with the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were ...
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Do all Vedantic philosophies agree on the number of Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Did the Samkhya school believe that destroying plants in Yagnas is a sin?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
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What is Kumarila Bhatta's view of the relation between Jivatma and Paramatma?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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How do the Vedas describe Moksha?

It is commonly seen that in many Vedanta texts and discourses we hear of moksha. I have also asked a related question here. I want to know how does the Vedas describe moksha? Are there any ...
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Is moksha related to immortality?

Many vedAntins quote the following verse while talking of VedAnta and samnyAsa. na karmana na prajaya dhanena tyagenaike amrutatvamanashuh | parena nakam nihitam guhayam vibhrajate yadyatayo ...
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What is the actual definition of Vedanta?

There are many versions of Vedanta available and most of them have drastic differences and contradictions. So is Vedanta is a loosely coined term or does it have a concrete definition? What is its ...
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How has the Vedanta school refuted Mimamsa arguments for multiple omnipresent souls?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Did Shabaraswami invent the Mimamsa theory of multiple omnipresent souls?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What scripture contains the verse “Rupashabdavibhagacha”?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Which philosophy is the most popular in Hinduism?

I have read in this forum that "Vedanta" if by far the most popular philosophy of Hinduism. There many who believe that the Yoga is the most popular one and there are also other philosophies based ...
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Which Pancharatra text has controversial statements on Vedas?

It is known that Adi Shankara had presented the view that Pancharatra is not in accordance with the Vedas in his commentaries. I want to know how many such verses are there in the agama which is ...
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What is Purva Mimansa Arthavada

Arthavada is a term associated with the least famous Purva Mimansa established by Rishi Jaimini. What is Arthavada and how does Uttara Mimansa counteract against this Arthavada?
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Do the Vedas themselves talk about the jnAna and karma kAnda?

There is a popular belief that the Vedas have section like jnana kanda and karma kanda. Is there any such statement in the Vedas which talks of such kAndams?
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Who is commentator Pishacha on Brahma Sutras?

Narayana Panditacharya gave a list of 21 commentators on the Brahma Sutras who preceded Madhvacharya. Here is the screenshot of 21 commentators: I want to know who is this commentator Pishacha? The ...
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Are shudras allowed to take up sanyasa?

Vedantins consider Sanyasa the path of liberation and most of their acharyas have taken up sanyasa in order to attain jnana. If so then are shudras also allowed to take up sanyasa for the pursuit of ...
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What are the Vedas technically? How can Upanishads be called Vedas when some parts are neither revelations nor hymns dedicated to any specific deity?

It is believed that the Vedas are the revelations from the Almighty to the seers in exalted states of consciousness. Further, it is also believed that the Vedas are authorless. Keeping these ...
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What references are there to Vamana's ancient Tika on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Avataravaada and vedanta, are there any contradiction?

What is stance of Vedanta on the concept of avatara? Does Vedanta support that god comes to earth in form of a human?
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Did Vishnuswami write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in my question here, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main ...
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Does Geeta have gender and caste discrimination verses?

In Geeta, Chapter 9 verses 32 and 33 have implications related to the superiority of particular varna and gender over the others. The verse states that "EVEN Women and Shudra can attain God". Does ...
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Is Atma the same as the body?

What logical arguments do our scriptures advance to show that Atma is not something material like the body? How do the six astika schools of Hindu Philosophy(Mimamsa, Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika ...
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How do non-vedanta darshanas deal with shruti statements about Brahman?

Vedanta schools extensively deal with the concept of brahman. What do non-vedanta schools like nyaya-vaishesika, samkhya-yoga etc say about shruti statements about Brahman? How do they reconcile ...

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