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Questions tagged [vedas]

Vedas are the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four vedas viz., Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. They were compiled by Sage Vyasa.

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Which are those 400 words of Veda not known or understood to even Yaska?

Nirukta is one of six Vedangas which are very essential to completely understand Vedas. Nirukta is the the study of origin of Sanskrit words i.e etymology which is very useful for understanding and ...
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833 views

What form did Vishnu take in the Battle of Ten Kings?

According to the Rig Veda Anukramani, the seer of Mandala 7 of the Rig Veda is the sage Vashishta, and in the following verse from Mandala 7, Vasishta addresses Vishnu: What was there to be blamed ...
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685 views

Does Sadashiva ride a tortoise?

In this excerpt from the Manava Shrauta Sutras, a text associated with the Yajur Veda, a certain ritual for worshiping Shiva is described. As part of this ritual, the five-headed form of Shiva is ...
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Where do the Vedas mention sacrificing vegetable seeds rather than goats?

As I discuss in this question, one of the early movements that was important in the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
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How was the Madhu Vidya passed down before Dadhichi?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Who is Saraswati's guru “Ambhini”?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas consisting of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions on ...
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How much of Vedic Mathematics is related to Veda?

As a mathematics student, I know that Vedic mathematics is elementary level mathematics and mainly consists of some calculation techniques. How much of it is related to Vedas? In which Veda can it be ...
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What are the main gotras and the upagotras among Brahmins?

I would like to know the names of the original gotras. I have seen online different lists of gotras (sometimes up to 100+). I would like to know if there is a tree diagram of gotras and upagotras ...
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Do the Brahmanas of the Rig Veda mention Brahma and Vishnu's contest?

This excerpt from the Vidyeshwara Samhita of the Shiva Purana relates a famous story involving a contest between Brahma and Vishnu. (To read the whole Shiva Purana, see my answer here.) In this ...
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What happened to Vishnu's incarnation Narayana after his Pancharatra Yagna?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the most prominent incarnations of Vishnu in ancient times was the sage Narayana, twin brother of the sage Nara and son of Yama god of death. Nara and Narayana ...
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What are the 14 layers of the mind

I had read somewhere that in the vedas the awareness can be divided into four categories, i.e chitta (consciousness/conscience), manas (heart/want/desire), aham (ego) and buddhi (intelligence). Each ...
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Is Rig-parisishta a real supplement rig veda?

Does Rig-parisishta a real supplement to Rig Veda? Origin of doubt: Rig-parisishta (the supplement to the Rig Veda): radhaya madhavo devo madhavenaiva radhika/ vibhrajante janeshu. Meaning: ...
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239 views

Did Agni curse Vedic mantras to become ineffective?

I have heard a story that a sankalpa (solemn vow) to destroy the snake race was taken during Janmajeya's snake sacrifice (yajna). But as that sankalpa couldn't be fulfilled as the yajna was stopped by ...
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Who is the god Pratyanika worshipped before Hindu marriages?

In this chapter of the Shankhayana Grihya Sutras, a text associated with the Rig Veda, part of the Hindu marriage ceremony is described. In preparing the bride for the marriage, the bride's family ...
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Is Shiva's son Kartikeya the rishi of two hymns of the Rig Veda?

As I discuss in this answer, how the Vedas originated is that from time immemorial, sages known as Dhristas have heard sacred verses directly from the gods during a state of Tapasya (deep meditation). ...
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What is the significance of frogs in the Vedas?

Rigveda 7.103 is a hymn dedicated to frogs. 1 They who lay quiet for a year, the Brahmans who fulfil their vows, The Frogs have lifted up their voice, the voice Parjanya hath inspired. 2 ...
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Are there any references for claims that “purush sukta in Rigveda” is an interpolation?

Many people claim that as per many scholarly studies and references, "purush sukta in Rigveda is an interpolation" Can somebody provide references to such scholarly studies and references ?
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Who gave Vajra or thunderbolt to Indra - Dadhichi or Usana?

In puranas Dadhichi is primarily known for sacrificing his life so the Devas, or benevolent celestial beings, could make the weapon called "Vajra" from his bones. After being driven out from Svarga, ...
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Who was Rishi Etesha and why was he racing with Surya?

I had earlier asked a question on Indra taking away a wheel from Surya's chariot and from the answer by Pushkar it turned out that he had done that to help his friend Rishi Etesha: There was ...
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Sarasvatii - a goddess or a river first?

Historians (Marxists) claim that Rig Vedic Sarasvati is an imaginary river born out of minds of Rig Vedic Rishis, because there is no physical evidence of this river as Yamuna has. We, the adherent ...
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What is the oldest text on Gandharva Veda?

In this answer, it is told that Gandharva Veda (Music Theory) is one of the four Upa Vedas, the other three being Ayurveda, Dhanurveda and Arthashastra. What is the oldest text on Gandharva Veda?...
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Who were the Vedic composers (qualitatively)?

I am seeking something different from all that has already been touched upon. I am aware of the fact that Vedas are 'Apaurusheya' and 'Anaadi' and that they were revealed to the sages by the Gods ...
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Where is the injunction to do Sandhyavandanam found in the Vedas?

I know the injunction for Dvijas to do Sandhyavandanam is found in the Manusmriti, but where is this injunction found in the Vedas? The Gayatri mantra is found in the Vedas, but where is the ...
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What classes of scripture are claimed to be apaurusheya?

It is well known that Vedas are claimed to be apaurusheya or not of human origin. Hindu scripture has been continuously produced since the Veda-Samhitas – Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, Itihasas, ...
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What is the story of Indra, Kutsa & the Gandharva?

Rigveda Book 8 Hymn 1 mentions the following: 11 When Sūra wounded Etaśa, with Vāta's rolling winged car. Indra bore Kutsa Ārjuneya off, and mocked Gandharva. the unconquered One. 12 He ...
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Is there temple worship in the Vedas?

Do Vedas talk of temples? Were there any temples in the Vedic era? If yes what are some of the references? If no then is temple worship a post Vedic concept?
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What Mleccha languages are used in the Vedas according to Purva Mimamsa?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What scriptures describe the love story of the sage Shyavashva Atreya?

As you can see in the Rig Veda Anukramani in my answer here, the sage who heard Rig Veda Book 5 Hymn 61 from the gods is Shyavashva Atreya. Here is what the hymn says in part: 1 O heroes lordliest ...
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Timeline of the battle of the ten kings in the Vedas

What is the timeline of the battle of the 10 kings mentioned in the Vedas? What are the circumstances that lead to the battle and also, what is the best account(translated) of the events surrounding ...
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Who is the seer of the Nila Sukta, the Vedic hymn to Vishnu's wife Nila Devi?

Most people know about Radha, who is said to be Krishna's lover and his favorite among the Gopis, whom Krishna spent time with during his childhood in Vrindavan and Gokulam. Yet the Sri Vaishnava sect ...
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Where do the Vedas say that a single Vajapeya Yagna will make you the next Indra?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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683 views

Is it possible to read and understand Vedas without guru?

As per my knowledge there are four Vedas and Upanishads are the gist of Vedas and the different Vedanta schools of thought are commentary on Vedas. Is it possible to understand Vedas without the help ...
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What were the Vedic stories recited during the Ashwamedha Yagna?

Many Vedic Yagnas (fire-rituals) would last for months or even years, so it was customary to take breaks at regular intervals, and during those breaks a story would often be recited. In fact, it was ...
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230 views

Devas(Gods) and their digestive system

According to Brahmanda purana, brahma commensed creation in this following chronological order [Bh Purana - Quote 25 - 50]. Prākrta Creations (pertaining to Prakruti) Mahat -- Great Principle ...
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What is the earliest reference to the Asura Mahabali?

In modern times, Vishnu's most popular incarnations are Rama and Krishna. But that was not always the case; in ancient times Vishnu was most popularly associated with his incarnation as Vamana the ...
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Did Dasharatha fight against the same demon Shambara described in the Rig Veda?

In the Ayodhya Kanda of the Ramayana, Kaikeyii's evil servant Manthara convinces Kaikeyii to exile Rama and make her son Bharata as king. Manthara reminds Kaikeyii that she had received two boons ...
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What is the story of the Ashwini Kumaras measuring the Earth?

Book 12 Hymn 1 of the Atharvana Veda is called the Bhumi Sukta, and it's dedicated to Bhumidevi the goddess of the Earth. Here is what one of the verses says: She whom the Asvins measured out, ...
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How to convert a given Vikram Samvat date into corresponding Gregorian Date?

I want to convert particularly, Shravan Shuklapaksha Dwitiya of Vikram Samvat 667 into its corresponding Gregorian date. link: Vikram Samvat
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Is there a mention of Nava-Durga in Vedic scriptures?

The Wikipedia page on Ma Katyayini mentions: She is first mentioned in the Taittiriya Aranyaka part of the Yajurveda. Skanda Purana mentions her being created out of the spontaneous anger of Gods, ...
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Which scripture claims to be essence of all Aranyakas?

Each Veda has been subclassified into four major text parts – the Samhitas, the Aranyakas, the Brahmanas, and the Upanishads. Now, Essence of all Samhitas --> compiled as Devata Kanda Sutras ...
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Where I can find the English translation of Sayana's commentary on entire Vedas?

I have seen a post where links to Sayana's commentary on Vedas in Sanskrit are there. But I want the English translation. Can somebody please post the links?
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Does the concept of multiverse exist in vedas?

Does the concept of multiverse exist in vedas just like puranas in samhitas,aranyakas,brahmanas and major upnishads. I think it's a puranic concept if i am right then give evidences that establish ...
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216 views

KalaSarpa Dosha - A Myth or Reality in Astrology?

What exactly is the Kala Sarpa Dosha or Yoga? Does it actually exist in Vedic astrology? According to Astrology, what is the mystery behind this?
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Which verses in the Vedas describe humans as the same as Pashus?

I remember seeing some Vedic verses related to this (either in Rig or Atharva Veda) and they were either talking about all animals and in that humans were too there or like that only but thinking (...
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Why is the Vedic Indra so different from the Puranic Indra?

Vedas glorify Indra as a hero but most Puraans show him in a bad light? For example: Indra's cheating Vritra after befriending him Indra's killing of Namuchi The Ahalya episode Indra ...
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What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
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202 views

Are the planets of our solar system ( like Brihaspati, Shukra, Chandra etc) Devas or the abodes of the respective Devas?

We all know that Brihaspati is Teacher of Devas. Shukracharya is also teacher of Daityas. Mangal Deva etc. Are also Deva. So are the planets and sun moon just their abodes or is Surya Deva really a ...
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139 views

Is Vedic Vishnu the same as Puranic Vishnu?

Are there any references in the Vedas which suggest that the Vishnu, as described by the Puranas is the same as that of the Vedic? Because in some places Vishnu is referred as one among the Adityas (...
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Sukthams with khilams from Rigveda?

I am deeply interested in receiving any printed Rig-Vedic hymns with khila vaakyams (supplement verses) arranged with swaras (tone for recitation). EDIT: What are "khila vaakyams"? FYI: We have ...
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What was the period when vedic scriptures were put in written form?

Vedic scriptures were originally in oral form only. In which period were the scriptures put in written form?