Questions tagged [vedas]

Vedas are the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four vedas viz., Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. They were compiled by Sage Vyasa.

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Which are those 400 words of Veda not known or understood to even Yaska?

Nirukta is one of six Vedangas which are very essential to completely understanding Vedas. Nirukta is the study of the origin of Sanskrit words i.e etymology which is very useful for understanding and ...
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How was the Madhu Vidya passed down before Dadhichi?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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14 votes
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What are the main gotras and the upagotras among Brahmins?

I would like to know the names of the original gotras. I have seen online different lists of gotras (sometimes up to 100+). I would like to know if there is a tree diagram of gotras and upagotras ...
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What are the 14 layers of the mind

I had read somewhere that in the vedas the awareness can be divided into four categories, i.e chitta (consciousness/conscience), manas (heart/want/desire), aham (ego) and buddhi (intelligence). Each ...
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What happened to Vishnu's incarnation Narayana after his Pancharatra Yagna?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the most prominent incarnations of Vishnu in ancient times was the sage Narayana, twin brother of the sage Nara and son of Yama god of death. Nara and Narayana ...
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10 votes
0 answers
266 views

Timeline of the battle of the ten kings in the Vedas

What is the timeline of the battle of the 10 kings mentioned in the Vedas? What are the circumstances that lead to the battle and also, what is the best account(translated) of the events surrounding ...
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10 votes
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Devas(Gods) and their digestive system

According to Brahmanda purana, brahma commensed creation in this following chronological order [Bh Purana - Quote 25 - 50]. Prākrta Creations (pertaining to Prakruti) Mahat -- Great Principle ...
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9 votes
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References to the 5 kinds of moksha in the Vedas and commentaries explaining the verses as such

From this, the Subala Upanishad quoted here and the Virodhaparihara, mentioned here, ALL three, the technical meaning of Kaivalya I understand is one of the 4 purusharthas which involves meditating on ...
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9 votes
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What do scriptures say about Lake Manasarovar?

I have heard it said that Lord Shiva abides in yoga on Mt. Kailasha and that darśana thereof destroys attachment to delusion. I found information about Mt. Kailash in the question How is Mount ...
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9 votes
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741 views

What Mleccha languages are used in the Vedas according to Purva Mimamsa?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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9 votes
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Who is the god Pratyanika worshipped before Hindu marriages?

In this chapter of the Shankhayana Grihya Sutras, a text associated with the Rig Veda, part of the Hindu marriage ceremony is described. In preparing the bride for the marriage, the bride's family ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Are there any references for claims that "purush sukta in Rigveda" is an interpolation?

Many people claim that as per many scholarly studies and references, "purush sukta in Rigveda is an interpolation" Can somebody provide references to such scholarly studies and references ?
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Does the different texts within Vedas follow a certain hierarchy or any known order of authority?

In Vedas there are texts such as Aranyakas, Brahmanas, Upanisads, Samhitas etc. so in the case of differing views of various texts is there a certain order of which text view should be taken first? ...
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preserving Agnihotra in present days?

I have heard in olden days, People used to preserve the Agni used in marriage ritual and the same agni was used for cremation of the same pair wedded. My question is, how this Agni was preserved and ...
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Who gave Vajra or thunderbolt to Indra - Dadhichi or Usana?

In puranas Dadhichi is primarily known for sacrificing his life so the Devas, or benevolent celestial beings, could make the weapon called "Vajra" from his bones. After being driven out from Svarga, ...
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8 votes
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Who was Rishi Etesha and why was he racing with Surya?

I had earlier asked a question on Indra taking away a wheel from Surya's chariot and from the answer by Pushkar it turned out that he had done that to help his friend Rishi Etesha: There was ...
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Are any stories available for the sons of Sarama that serve Yama?

Sarama is the female dog that is mentioned in many Vedic verses as the helper of the gods and is especially associated with Indra. Her children are also mentioned in some verses as being assistants of ...
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8 votes
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What is the oldest text on Gandharva Veda?

In this answer, it is told that Gandharva Veda (Music Theory) is one of the four Upa Vedas, the other three being Ayurveda, Dhanurveda and Arthashastra. What is the oldest text on Gandharva Veda?...
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What classes of scripture are claimed to be apaurusheya?

It is well known that Vedas are claimed to be apaurusheya or not of human origin. Hindu scripture has been continuously produced since the Veda-Samhitas – Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads, Itihasas, ...
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Where do Vedas state that Destiny is the nature of Time?

Shiva Purana Kailasha Samhita chapter 13 (13.29-30) states; मायां तु प्रकृतिं विद्यादिति माया श्रुतीरिता । तज्जान्येतानि तत्त्वानि श्रुत्युक्तानि न संशय ।।29 It has been propounded in the ...
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8 votes
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Is Rig-parisishta a real supplement rig veda?

Does Rig-parisishta a real supplement to Rig Veda? Origin of doubt: Rig-parisishta (the supplement to the Rig Veda): radhaya madhavo devo madhavenaiva radhika/ vibhrajante janeshu. Meaning: Among all ...
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8 votes
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What were the Vedic stories recited during the Ashwamedha Yagna?

Many Vedic Yagnas (fire-rituals) would last for months or even years, so it was customary to take breaks at regular intervals, and during those breaks a story would often be recited. In fact, it was ...
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7 votes
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85 views

Which festivals trace their origin stories to Vedas

There are many hindu festivals. Most of them derive their origin in Itihaasa (Ramayana and Mahabharata) and Puranas. So, are there any festivals that have their origin in Vedas ?
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Which scripture claims to be essence of all Aranyakas?

Each Veda has been subclassified into four major text parts – the Samhitas, the Aranyakas, the Brahmanas, and the Upanishads. Now, Essence of all Samhitas --> compiled as Devata Kanda Sutras ...
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Where I can find the English translation of Sayana's commentary on entire Vedas?

I have seen a post where links to Sayana's commentary on Vedas in Sanskrit are there. But I want the English translation. Can somebody please post the links?
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7 votes
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391 views

What is the story of Indra, Kutsa & the Gandharva?

Rigveda Book 8 Hymn 1 mentions the following: 11 When Sūra wounded Etaśa, with Vāta's rolling winged car. Indra bore Kutsa Ārjuneya off, and mocked Gandharva. the unconquered One. 12 He ...
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7 votes
1 answer
317 views

Who were the witches whom Indra crushed to death?

Rigved Verse 1.133 mentions this curious story: WITH sacrifice I purge both earth and heaven: I burn up great she-fiends who serve not Indra, Where throttled by thy hand the foes were ...
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7 votes
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Are the planets of our solar system ( like Brihaspati, Shukra, Chandra etc) Devas or the abodes of the respective Devas?

We all know that Brihaspati is Teacher of Devas. Shukracharya is also teacher of Daityas. Mangal Deva etc. Are also Deva. So are the planets and sun moon just their abodes or is Surya Deva really a ...
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7 votes
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In which worship are these organs mentioned in YajurVeda offered to Lord Shiva?

Association of various bodily organs to Lord Shivas AsthaMurty form (8 forms) are mentioned in YajurVeda. Here is passage from YajurVeda Taittariya Samhita 1.4.36: चित्तम् संतानेन भवं यक्ना रुद्र ...
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7 votes
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What scriptures describe the love story of the sage Shyavashva Atreya?

As you can see in the Rig Veda Anukramani in my answer here, the sage who heard Rig Veda Book 5 Hymn 61 from the gods is Shyavashva Atreya. Here is what the hymn says in part: 1 O heroes lordliest ...
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7 votes
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Where do the Vedas say that a single Vajapeya Yagna will make you the next Indra?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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7 votes
0 answers
594 views

How does Purva Mimamsa explain mentions of human beings in the eternal Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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7 votes
0 answers
1k views

What is the earliest reference to the Asura Mahabali?

In modern times, Vishnu's most popular incarnations are Rama and Krishna. But that was not always the case; in ancient times Vishnu was most popularly associated with his incarnation as Vamana the ...
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6 votes
0 answers
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Method/ philosophy to attain moksha, concept of Brahman in the Shaiva Agamas, and link to Vedas

Please read the main 3 questions, additional are secondary questions. The Shaiva Agamas, 28 in number, having 204 supporting Upagamas, are said to be revealed by the five faces of Rudra Bhagavan ...
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6 votes
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How do the Vedas sing, at the beginning middle and end, of Brahman?

(At least read the main Question portion, the explanation before it and the note below it are very long) One has to understand a scripture gets its sanctity when it is attributed to wholly to Brahman. ...
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6 votes
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How to convert a given Vikram Samvat date into corresponding Gregorian Date?

I want to convert particularly, Shravan Shuklapaksha Dwitiya of Vikram Samvat 667 into its corresponding Gregorian date. link: Vikram Samvat
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6 votes
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139 views

Are the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads revealed texts, or are they composed?

No Hindu disputes that the mantras in the Samhita part of the Vedas are direct revelations by Rishis. But what about the texts of the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Upanishads? These don't seem to be ...
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6 votes
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Does the concept of multiverse exist in vedas?

Does the concept of multiverse exist in vedas just like puranas in samhitas,aranyakas,brahmanas and major upnishads. I think it's a puranic concept if i am right then give evidences that establish ...
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6 votes
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481 views

Any examples of remarried widows (punarbhū) in Hindu scripture?

Here are the dictionary meanings of the word पुनर्भू (punarbhū): mfn. being renewed, restored to life or youth RV. AV. f. a virgin widow re-married AV. &c f. re-existence W. I'm ...
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6 votes
0 answers
721 views

Have the Baudhayana Grihya Sutras ever been translated into English?

There are six Vedangas or supplements to the Vedas: Siksha or prounciation, Chandas or poetic meter, Vyakarana or grammar, Nirukta or etymology, Kalpa or rituals, and Jyotisha or astrology. My ...
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6 votes
0 answers
212 views

What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
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6 votes
0 answers
216 views

Is Vedic Vishnu the same as Puranic Vishnu?

Are there any references in the Vedas which suggest that the Vishnu, as described by the Puranas is the same as that of the Vedic? Because in some places Vishnu is referred as one among the Adityas (...
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6 votes
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783 views

What does hinduism say about exorcism

What are views of different sects of hinduism ( like Shaivism, Shaktism, etc) about exorcism and is there any vedic reference to it?
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Why do the Vedas give multiple figures for the distance between Earth and Devaloka?

The distance from the Earth to various heavenly bodies is mainly a subject discussed in the Puranas. In this answer, I discuss how the distance from the Earth to Devaloka is given as 100,000 Yojanas ...
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6 votes
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297 views

Is there any method to change your veda and sutras?

Dwija varnas i.e. Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas use specific sutras(known as GrhyaSutras from specific vedas for doing sandhyakarma, and shraddhakarma etc for e.g. A rigvedi brahmin who belongs to ...
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6 votes
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What are the Pratishthasara and Vijnanalalita Agamas of Vaishnavism?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
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6 votes
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5k views

Was Sukracharya ever the guru of the gods?

In the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata, Vaishampayana describes to Janamejeya the lineage of the gods, Asuras, and other beings, and in particular he says this about Sukracharya: The learned Sukra is ...
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6 votes
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What is the story of the Ashwini Kumaras measuring the Earth?

Book 12 Hymn 1 of the Atharvana Veda is called the Bhumi Sukta, and it's dedicated to Bhumidevi the goddess of the Earth. Here is what one of the verses says: She whom the Asvins measured out, ...
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6 votes
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What is the story of Lakshmi's son Chikleeta?

The Khilani of the Rig Veda contains the famous Sri Sukta, a hymn to Lakshmi goddess of wealth. This is what verses 11-12 of the Sri Sukta say: Sloka 11: We are the progeny of our forefather, Sage ...
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6 votes
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Who is the figure Aktakshya, quoted in the Shatapatha Brahmana of the Yajur Veda?

The Shatapatha Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, in a passage that simultaneously discusses the creation of the world and the way to properly conduct a yagna (fire-ritual), quotes two individuals concerning ...
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