Questions tagged [vedas]

Vedas are the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four vedas viz., Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. They were compiled by Sage Vyasa.

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Which mantras should be recited to properly worship Lord Rudra?

Apart from Gayatri mantra ॐ तत्पुरुषाय विद्महे महादेवाय धीमहि तन्नो रुद्रः प्रचोदयात्॥ Om Tatpurushaya Vidmahe Mahadevaya Dhimahi Tanno Rudrah Prachodayat॥ and Rudram- Chamakam and Namakam. Are ...
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Do any verses in the Vedas declare Agni to be the Highest Brahman?

After seeing this answer, I wish to know whether there are any verses declare Agni to be Highest Brahman (since he is frequently mentioned as Indra). Are there any such verses?
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How can Wind, Sun and Fire be living beings?

There are many hymns dedicated to Wind, Sun, Fire in the Vedas. There was also a yajna done to please them. Sun is called Aditya, meaning son of Aditi and Kashyapa Rishi. How can a star be born from a ...
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Is the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad part of the Brihad Aranyaka?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas which consist of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions ...
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Is Astrology mentioned in Vedas?

Please give references. If not, then why do people believe in it, or why is it used in marriage ?
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Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Do the Vedas prohibit idol worship?

It is a very controversial thing about this verses along the religious websites, especially non-Hindu websites, they are claiming that idol worship is prohibited in Hinduism. They are arguing with ...
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How is Lord Shiva revealed in the Rig Veda?

Vedas are revealed scriptures without authors. They contain revelations of many things. In the hymns of respective deities, various characters of that respective deities are revealed. Regarding Lord ...
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What order should I read the Vedas and Upanishads in?

Is there any particular order in which I should read the Vedas and Upanishads? If so, in which order should a starter read for better understanding of the aspects stated in them?
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Which are the methodologies for interpreting Vedas?

Recetly I read that Sayanacharya's Bhashya on Vedas is Yajnika or ritualistic interpretation. So, I want to know what are the schools or means of interpretation of Vedas?
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What is the story of the gods disappearing from the Earth?

The Agnihotra is a twice-daily Vedic Yagna that is required to be performed by all Dvijas. (It's not as commonly practiced nowadays, because it can be substituted with Naivedyam, which constitutes a ...
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What Mleccha languages are used in the Vedas according to Purva Mimamsa?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Where do the Vedas mention sacrificing vegetable seeds rather than goats?

As I discuss in this question, one of the early movements that was important in the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
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Who is the father of Indra?

I've always heard about the mother of the devas or precisely Indra that is Aditi. But who according to Hinduism is the father of Indra?
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Are Upanishad's really parts of the Vedas?

While the hymns of the Vedas emphasize rituals and the Brahmanas serve as a liturgical manual for those Vedic rituals, the spirit of the Upanishads is inherently opposed to ritual. The older ...
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Were Ganesh and Kartikeya mentioned in Vedas? Is Ganapati Elder to Kartikeya?

Kartikeya was mentioned in the Ramayana, but not Ganapati and his First Adoration in Pujas. Kaartikeya as mentioned in Srimad Ramayana is the same character as mentioned in Srimad Bhagavad Gita. ...
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Is it possible to read and understand Vedas without guru?

As per my knowledge there are four Vedas and Upanishads are the gist of Vedas and the different Vedanta schools of thought are commentary on Vedas. Is it possible to understand Vedas without the help ...
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What scriptures describe Indra defeating Asuras using Dadhichi's old horse head?

As you can see in the Rig Veda Anukramani in my answer here, Rig Veda Book 1 Hymn 84 was heard by the sage Gautama and it's addressed to Indra. In any case, here are two of the verses of the hymn: ...
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Who is vAk (the speech) in Rig Veda 10:125?

The Rig Veda hymn 10:125 tells about the supreme Goddess. So is this hymn addressed to Goddess DurgA or the female power Of Universe (Shakti) Or vAk (वाक्), the speech? Who is vAk Goddess described ...
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Is sannyasa a Vedic way of life? Is it recommended by the Vedas, the ten authentic Upanishads or Grhyasutras?

Sannyasa is BELIEVED to be the so called "fourth stage" of life, i.e after brahmacharya, grihastha, and vAnaprastha. However, when one has ALREADY moved to the forest in seclusion after retiring from ...
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What are the earliest references to Bhakti Yoga?

From my understanding the Bhakti movement did not start until around 700 - 1000 CE in Tamil Nadu. My understanding of Bhakti is that it is a pure, selfless love towards a deity. A path which can ...
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Names of female scholars from Vaidic and Upanishadic times, or "Brahmavadinis"

Wikipedia provides the names of some of the "Brahmavadinis" (ब्रह्मवादिनी) or female scholars of ancient times, who studied topics related to brahman (ब्रह्म) and took part in debates and discussions ...
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Is the Rig Veda Purusha Suktam hymn an interpolation?

Is the Rig Veda Purusha Suktam hymn an interpolation? Western scholars and Indologists think so, especially the part about caste. Here's what wikipedia says on Varna: This Purusha Sukta varna ...
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Who is the Brahmana changed into a woman in the Rig Veda?

As you can see in the Rig Veda Anukramani compiled in my answer here, Book 8 Hymn 33 of the Rig Veda was heard from the gods by the sage Medhyatithi, a descendant of the sage Kanva, and it's addressed ...
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Did the destruction of Daksha's sacrifice also happen in present Vaivasvata Manvantara?

It is a well-known event that Mahadeva destroys the sacrifice of Daksha when Devi Sati destroys herself in the sacrifice. But it happened in the Pitri Kalpa. Destruction of Yajna of Daksha is the ...
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Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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Metrical restoration of Gayatri Mantra

Wikipedia states that a metrically restored version of Gayatri Mantra would have "váreṇiyam" instead of "vareṇyaṃ" i.e, tát savitúr váreṇiyam bhárgo devásya dhīmahi dhíyo yó naḥ pracodáyāt ...
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Are the Vedas timeless?

Yajur Veda 19.37 Cleanse me the Fathers who enjoy Soma! Grandfathers make me clean! May Great-grandfathers cleanse me with a sieve that brings a century. May my Grandfathers cleanse me, may my ...
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In which veda(s) is Ayurveda included?

Ayurveda is the Sub-Veda among four Veda(s). My question is which Veda is the primary Veda of Ayurveda? Please explain!
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Which scriptures mention about Sutak dosha (various prohibitions on child birth)?

Generally there are various prohibitions when a child is born in a family. It goes upto several days like 11 days which is called Sutak period. There are also various community rules regarding no. of ...
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Who is sage Ganaka, the seer of so many mantras to Ganesha?

This excerpt from the Narada Purana describes a certain mantra called the Ganesha Nyasa, a hymn to Ganesha. Here's the preamble to that mantra: The matrikas of Ganesha have Ganaka as its sage, the ...
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I want to know the actual meaning of 'Na tasya pratima asti' (Yajurveda 32.3)

I want to know the actual meaning of Na tasya pratima asti (Yajurveda 32.3). I am searching for the precise answer but unable to find it.
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Timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Vedas, and Upanishads

Can someone please give timelines of Ramayana, Mahabharta, Vedas, and Upanishads?
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Where do purva and Uttara mimamsa sutras claim that Vedas are eternal?

Did the writers of vedanta and purva mimansa sutras, badrayana and jaimini write about the eternal nature of the Vedas?
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Why did Agni serve as the priest for two kings?

In my question here, I discussed an excerpt from the Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda which lists various kings who have performed the Rajasuya Yagna, the ritual to become an emperor. Now here is ...
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Are Varna and Caste same or different?

Varnas are mentioned in Vedas. There are four varnas. On the other hand, there are many castes and sub-castes. Many posts on this forum use varna and caste as interchangeable word. Many resources on ...
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Why Manushya bali (Human Sacrifice) was practised in ancient times?

Recently, I read an article which describes rituals like Manushya bali (Human Sacrifice) known as पुरुष-मेध (Purusha Medha). That article also claims that this practice is defined in the Vedas. Why ...
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Where do Vedas state Universe being a projection in space-time?

Vedas state about Cyclic nature of time as discussed in answer here. But are there any statement in Vedas which state about Universe being projected as space-time ? As a sidenote, Adi Shankaracharya ...
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What does the Suvarna Gharma Anuvaka of the Taittiriya Aranyaka mean?

As I discuss in this question, the Srimad Bhagavatam contains the Uddhava Gita, a discourse similar to the Bhagavad Gita between Krishna and his relative Uddhava on the proper way to live one's life. ...
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Unedited works of Sayana on Veda

According to the Wikipedia article on Sayana from the Vijayanagara Empire, he wrote a commentary on the Vedas. It also states that his commentary on Rigveda was edited and published by Max Müller. I'...
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Does Veda has more than one Samhita regarding to Shakha?

As I've discussed here, we know that ancient Rishi heard Vedic hymns in the state of Tapasya (deep mediation) which are called Shruti/Vedas. Vedas are divided into two parts Samhita - the (mantra) ...
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How many different Chandas are there in the Vedas?

Explain briefly about Chandas and Abhimanya Devthas. Like for Gaythri mantra its Gaythri Chands, Savitha Devaatha Rshi is Vishwa Mitra One Chandas how many letters one should refer or add for ...
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What form did Vishnu take in the Battle of Ten Kings?

According to the Rig Veda Anukramani, the seer of Mandala 7 of the Rig Veda is the sage Vashishta, and in the following verse from Mandala 7, Vasishta addresses Vishnu: What was there to be blamed ...
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Is Soma Really a drink Or a Metaphor For Vedic Immortality?

Soma is considered a Juice which was Prepared by our Ancestors by Herbs of the leave of a plant.It is one of the most famous Drink In Vedas And In Rig veda whole Mandal 9 Is attributed to it. But ...
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Do the Brahmanas of the Rig Veda mention Brahma and Vishnu's contest?

This excerpt from the Vidyeshwara Samhita of the Shiva Purana relates a famous story involving a contest between Brahma and Vishnu. (To read the whole Shiva Purana, see my answer here.) In this ...
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Is Brihaspati the one who helped Indra's incarnation Indra Vaikuntha?

Most people only know about incarnations of Vishnu, and perhaps incarnations of Brahma (which I discuss here) and incarnations of Shiva. But Indra has also taken incarnations, for instance as ...
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What are the differences among Rakshasas, Daityas, Danawas, Pisachas?

Puranas say that these species are born from different wives of Maharshi Kashyapa. Kashyapa + Danu = Danavas Kashyapa + Diti = Daityas Kashyapa + Krodhavasa = Pisachas In Hymn 87 of the tenth ...
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Why is the Vedic Indra so different from the Puranic Indra?

Vedas glorify Indra as a hero but most Puraans show him in a bad light? For example: Indra's cheating Vritra after befriending him Indra's killing of Namuchi The Ahalya episode Indra ...
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Swara signs and Vedas

What is the basis of intonation marks with respect to vedic chantings? Why does it not applicable in puranic or Geeta chanting?
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What are the basic facts and summary of what the Rigveda is about?

I'd like to know more about the ancient book Rigveda. However, I think I need some basic information on this book first before I start to read it - so any shortcuts on what would be some good ...

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