Questions tagged [vishishtadvaita]

Questions about Vishishtadvaita (literally "Advaita with uniqueness; qualifications") , a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Sri Ramanujacharya that describes the self and universe as an essential (non-separable) part of Brahman.

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How do Advaitins respond to the Vishishtadvaitic argument that attaining the state of Kaivalya does not lead to liberation?

In this Vishishtadvaitc work called Siddhanta sangraha, the author Sri Shailacharya, a Vishishtadvaitin of the Rāmānuja school argues- One who is interested in kaivalya-bhoga is included in amumukṣu ...
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Is Brahman beyond Advaita, Dvaita, and Visistha-advaita? If so, why have the great acharyas restrained themselves by these concepts?

Garuda Purana preta khanda chapter 49 states. अद्वैतं केचिदिच्छन्ति द्वैतमिच्छन्ति चापरे । समं तत्त्वं न जानन्ति द्वैताद्द्वैतविवर्जितम् ॥ २,४९.९२ ॥ Some Desire Advaita, others desire Dvaita. Neither ...
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What are the principal upanishads according to different Vedanta sects?

I was wondering whether different Vedanta sects (Advaita, Vishishtadvaita, Dvaita, Dvaitadvaita, Achintya-bhedabhed-vada, shuddhadvaita and Akshar-purushottama) agree on the number of principal ...
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Did Sri Ramanujacharya attain nirvikalpa Samadhi

Did Sri Ramanujacharya ever attain nirvikalpa samadhi or Dharmamegha samadhi and at last Maha Samadhi ?
Tech Tat's user avatar
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Did Ramunaja allow lower-Caste Sri Vaishnavas inside temples

I now many temples had rules as to who can and cannot enter and a hygiene code as well which may not have been followed by some lower varnas. Apart from the inner chamber where the murti resides (for ...
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Where can I find copies of Bodhayana Vritti and Bodhayana Vritti by Kuresha?

Sri Ramanuja went to Kashmir with Kuresha, his disciple, to read and write commentary on Bramasurtras, based on Bodhayana Vritti which was a short commentary already written on it. He wanted the ...
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Birth of Sri Vaishnavism

I want to know when Sri Vaishnavism came into existence, and whether it was before the bhakti movement or after.
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2 votes
1 answer
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Reference for Azhwars in english/ Hindi

The Azhwars are a group of 12 vaishnava saints from Tamizh Nadu, I want to know if there is any group of texts which covers the various aspects of their life. Has any traditional scholar before Shri ...
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Is there any Vedantic teacher or organisation who uses pure reasoning to explain Vedanta?

I fully believe in the Upanishads. But, is there any teacher who teaches Vedanta, using pure reasoning? I am interested to learn. Thanks.
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Jayanthi Determination of Gurus

Yesterday (25th April 2023),was Sri Ramanujar Jayanthi (Chithirai Thiruvadhirai) and Sri Sankara Jayanthi (Vaishaka Panchami). Why is the birth of one Guru based on Star and the other Guru based on ...
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Is it true that the scriptural texts denying the attributes of Brahman are of greater authority than those affirming attributes?

I was reading Sampathkumaran's translation of Gita Bhashya by Sri Ramanuja. I found this written in the commentary of 2.13. I wonder if this is true.
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Did Advaitins like Shridhara Swami and Swami Amalananda go against Adi Shankara's Brahma Sutra Bhashya regarding Pancharatra Agams?

Shri Adi Shankaracharya, famously in the Brahma Sutra Bhashya CHAPTER TWO: AVIRODHA ADHYAYA Section 2: Utpattyasambhavadhikaranam: Topic 8 (Sutras 42-45) clearly says On account of the impossibility ...
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While eating among devotees

While eating food among devotees, what is the permission word to ask the elder, when we finish and get up before they complete eating?
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What is the significance of the Mahavakyas in non-Shankara Advaitic philosophies?

As stated here the Mahavakyas are profound statements taken from the Upanishads. Now in Shankara’s Advaita philosophy one can understand why the Mahavakyas are called so, because the jiva realises his ...
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Research Question: Is there a pattern of ordering of Purvapaksha and Siddhanta in Brahma Sutras?

Brahma Sutras are divided into Adhikaranas Or topics each dealing with a particular part of the philosophy. The Adhikaranas have one or more sutras. Purvapaksha sutras are the opinions of the objector ...
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What is the form of Ishwara according to Advaita? [duplicate]

NOTE: I'm not asking about Brahman which is attribute less. I'm asking about Saguna Brahman or Ishwara according to the orthodox Advaita Vedanta of Shri Adi Shankaracharya. Here this blog says ...
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Concerning Samanya Upanishads

Have Ramanujacharya , Madhvacharya quoted /cited in their granthaas(works) from Samanya(minor) Upanishads?Do we have any of their view point on Samanya Upanishads.
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What do Advaitins mean by the term 'absolute' and vishisht-advaitins mean by the term 'qualified'?

I was reading a few sample pages of a book, where the author gives an introduction of the two monistic schools of vedanta, namely advaita and vishisht-advaita. While doing so he used terms like "...
The Crimson Universe's user avatar
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When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Gunas as in Tri-gunas or Gunas as in properties or attributes?

When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Guna as in Tri-guna (Satva, Raja, Tamas) or Guna as properties or attributes? Brahman not having tri-guna is understood, because guna manifest in Brahman....
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If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists?

If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists? And if it does exist, then isn't "existence" one of its attributes (guna)? Then how can we say Brahman is ...
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Shankaracharya is vaishnava according to Vedanta desikan?

Many vaishnava tells Shankaracharya is vaishnava . I hear that vedanta Deshikan told shankaracharya is vaishnava. Any one can keep reference that vedanta desikan told shankaracharya is vaishnava?
Pasham Vishnu Vardhan Goud's user avatar
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How can we unite all vedic sampradaya?

In this Kaliyuga there are many types of schools which are based on their believes. These believes may sometimes lead to quarrel. Without hurting their believes how we can live harmoniously?
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What happens to our Philosophies if "Karma" is rejected?

What Happens to our philosophy if the concept of "Karma" is rejected? What will be its effect on ADvaita, Visistadvaita, Dvaita, Bheda-Abheda? What will be its effect on Nyaya, Yoga, Sankhya?...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What Ramanuja says about the concept of Ishta-Devata

as a concept included in the various Vedanta traditions, what specifically does Ramanuja say about this concept? does he preach to worship only Vishnu avataras? Or does he allow a model closer to ...
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Who wrote the commentaries on principal Upanishads according to Vishistadvaita tradition?

Ramanujacharya did not write commentaries on Upanishads. He only wrote commentaries on Gita and Brahmasutra. Then there must be somebody in Vishistadvaita tradition who did the job. Who is the person?
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How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
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What is Akhyati vada of Prabhakara school and how does it compare with Anirvacaniya khyati of Advaitins?

Here, this is what's said of Akhyati Vada A-Khyati Advocated by Prabhakara school of Purva-Mimamsa. Does not admit of error in the logical sense. No logical distinction between knowledge and ...
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3 votes
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What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Which Hindu lineages are most welcoming of converts?

After being a Buddhist for 12 years, I've taken an interest in Hinduism, specifically Advaita Vedanta and Vishishtadvaita. I feel that these lineages—and perhaps lineages I'm unaware of—would be a ...
subtlearray's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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How does God decide who becomes a nityasuri?

If God is fair and square, why are we baddhatmas(Those jivas that are temporarily bound by karma), while some atmas get to become nityasuris(These are the members of the Divine Ministering Assembly )....
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2 answers
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Who are the other Vishistadvaita philosophers and what are their most important works?

Ramanuja is obviously known to be the proponent of Vishistadvaita philosophy. Now, I would like to know the other Vishistadvaita philosophers before and after Ramanuja. Also, their most important ...
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Can anyone explain and prove Veda agama pramanya and its Apourusheyatva? [duplicate]

The core of Hinduism is Vedas. One can be regarded as Hindu only when he or she accepts Vedas. Vedas come under the category of Agama pramana or Shabdha pramana. Before it comes 1. Pratyaksha ...
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Who are Jeeyar Swamis ? Give some information about them in detail

Who are Jeeyar Swamis? Give some information in detail.(I know only that they are Vishishtadvait).
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Is the Advaita concept of jiva aNu (atomic) or vibhu (all-pervading)?

My background is not in Advaita, I am from VishiShta Advaita. I read in one of the Upanishad commentaries by Sri Rangaramanuja Muni (who belongs to the Sri Vaishnava fold) that the Advaitins hold that ...
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Are Sri Vaishnavas supposed to worship devatas during nitya karmas?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, one who has performed the Samashrayanam/Bharanyasam ritual (initiation into Pancharatra Agamas/Surrendering to Vishnu) is prohibited from worshiping Devatas like Shiva, ...
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Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana?

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana? This belief is popularized by the well known Sri Vaishnava blog ...
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What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
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Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana most closely? [closed]

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana (Vedavyasa), the author of the Brahma Sutras, most closely? For examples, Advaitins believe it was Shankaracharya: The Upanishads, as ...
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What does the author of the Yatindra Mata Dipika mean by Dharmabhutajnana?

In Yatindra Mata Dipika I came across the section where pramana and prameya where being explained. Dharmabhutajnana is said to be common to both cit and Isvara. I don't understand what that is ...
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Why did the Shankaracharya of Puri said Arya Samaj is based on philosophy of shri Ramanujacharya? [duplicate]

Please find the statement below : https://youtu.be/Gh67Ht0JjvQ Does Arya Samaj follow the theology of Vishishtadvait principle by Shri ramanuja ?
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Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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How to restore bhakti after you stopped praying for a long time? [closed]

I am an aspiring Sri Vaishnava in an Asian foreign country with the least minimum Sri Vaishnavas around for guidance and I have never met anyone except the temple priests from the local Perumal ...
Sandhya Vandana's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
305 views

Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
Krishna Varna's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
354 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
Krishna Varna's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
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