Questions tagged [vishishtadvaita]

Questions about Vishishtadvaita (literally "Advaita with uniqueness; qualifications") , a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Sri Ramanujacharya that describes the self and universe as an essential (non-separable) part of Brahman.

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1answer
104 views

What Ramanuja says about the concept of Ishta-Devata

as a concept included in the various Vedanta traditions, what specifically does Ramanuja say about this concept? does he preach to worship only Vishnu avataras? Or does he allow a model closer to ...
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62 views

Who wrote the commentaries on principal Upanishads according to Vishistadvaita tradition?

Ramanujacharya did not write commentaries on Upanishads. He only wrote commentaries on Gita and Brahmasutra. Then there must be somebody in Vishistadvaita tradition who did the job. Who is the person?
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208 views

How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
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82 views

What is Akhyati vada of Prabhakara school and how does it compare with Anirvacaniya khyati of Advaitins?

Here, this is what's said of Akhyati Vada A-Khyati Advocated by Prabhakara school of Purva-Mimamsa. Does not admit of error in the logical sense. No logical distinction between knowledge and ...
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1answer
118 views

What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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123 views

How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...
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1answer
236 views

Which Hindu lineages are most welcoming of converts?

After being a Buddhist for 12 years, I've taken an interest in Hinduism, specifically Advaita Vedanta and Vishishtadvaita. I feel that these lineages—and perhaps lineages I'm unaware of—would be a ...
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271 views

How does God decide who becomes a nityasuri?

If God is fair and square, why are we baddhatmas(Those jivas that are temporarily bound by karma), while some atmas get to become nityasuris(These are the members of the Divine Ministering Assembly )....
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2answers
138 views

Who are the other Vishistadvaita philosophers and what are their most important works?

Ramanuja is obviously known to be the proponent of Vishistadvaita philosophy. Now, I would like to know the other Vishistadvaita philosophers before and after Ramanuja. Also, their most important ...
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253 views

Can anyone explain and prove Veda agama pramanya and its Apourusheyatva? [duplicate]

The core of Hinduism is Vedas. One can be regarded as Hindu only when he or she accepts Vedas. Vedas come under the category of Agama pramana or Shabdha pramana. Before it comes 1. Pratyaksha ...
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Who are Jeeyar Swamis ? Give some information about them in detail

Who are Jeeyar Swamis? Give some information in detail.(I know only that they are Vishishtadvait).
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149 views

Is the Advaita concept of jiva aNu (atomic) or vibhu (all-pervading)?

My background is not in Advaita, I am from VishiShta Advaita. I read in one of the Upanishad commentaries by Sri Rangaramanuja Muni (who belongs to the Sri Vaishnava fold) that the Advaitins hold that ...
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1answer
174 views

Are Sri Vaishnavas supposed to worship devatas during nitya karmas?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, one who has performed the Samashrayanam/Bharanyasam ritual (initiation into Pancharatra Agamas/Surrendering to Vishnu) is prohibited from worshiping Devatas like Shiva, ...
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233 views

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana?

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana? This belief is popularized by the well known Sri Vaishnava blog ...
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135 views

What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
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99 views

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana most closely? [closed]

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana (Vedavyasa), the author of the Brahma Sutras, most closely? For examples, Advaitins believe it was Shankaracharya: The Upanishads, as ...
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81 views

What does the author of the Yatindra Mata Dipika mean by Dharmabhutajnana?

In Yatindra Mata Dipika I came across the section where pramana and prameya where being explained. Dharmabhutajnana is said to be common to both cit and Isvara. I don't understand what that is ...
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Why did the Shankaracharya of Puri said Arya Samaj is based on philosophy of shri Ramanujacharya? [duplicate]

Please find the statement below : https://youtu.be/Gh67Ht0JjvQ Does Arya Samaj follow the theology of Vishishtadvait principle by Shri ramanuja ?
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210 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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451 views

What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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How to restore bhakti after you stopped praying for a long time? [closed]

I am an aspiring Sri Vaishnava in an Asian foreign country with the least minimum Sri Vaishnavas around for guidance and I have never met anyone except the temple priests from the local Perumal ...
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205 views

Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
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395 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
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128 views

What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
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213 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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226 views

Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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1k views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
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143 views

How do Sri Vaishnava Acharyas interpret this verse from the Kaushitaki Upanishad?

This verse: For he [Brahman](the self of prâna and pragñâ) makes him [the Jivatma], whom he wishes to lead up from these worlds, do a good deed; and the same makes him, whom he wishes to lead down ...
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How do Sri Vaishnavas interpret this Sutra of the Apastamba Dharma Sutras?

Apastamba Dharma Sutras (2.9.21.13) - Abandoning truth and falsehood, pleasure and pain, the Vedas, this world and the next, he shall seek the ātman. My question is about the abandoning the "truth ...
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347 views

What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
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206 views

What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...
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762 views

Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
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102 views

Where can I read the works of Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu online?

Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu was a Vishishtadvaitin turned Advaitin and he is said to have refuted the interpretations of Sri Bhashyam of Ramanujacharya especially in his works "Sankara Sankara ...
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197 views

How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
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Bondage of jiva according to Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya

In the Vishishtadvaita philosophy followed by the Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya, the conditioned souls trapped in Samsara (the cycle of repeated birth and death) are referred to as Baddhas. How is the ...
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96 views

How is kainkarya or concept of divine service in the state of moksha justified?

According to Ramanuja's teachings, the jivatma after attaining moksha performs divine service to God which is known as kainkarya. It is further stated that this kainkarya comes out of the nature or ...
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Is the Jiva completely dependent on Lord Vishnu for his protection?

Is the Jiva completely helpless to protect himself and completely dependent on Lord Vishnu for his protection from any misforture, disaster or undesirable event? If possible, please provide quotes/...
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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322 views

What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita?

1) What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita? 2) Why should God help and protect us? What motivates him to do so?
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How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
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What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world is ...
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459 views

How do Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas interpret a certain Advaitic line in Bhagavatam 1.1.1

This line in bold, to me, looks like dropping a hint of Advaita. However I know Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas differ on their views of unreality. Forgive me for using the Advaita lens, but ...
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338 views

Is “Vishishtadvaita” a scriptural term? Is there any instance where it is used in scriptures?

There is a philosophy having the name Advaita and there is also a philosophy called Dvaita. Both these terms- Advaita, Dvaita- are found in scriptures, including the Upanishads. Now, there is yet ...
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126 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
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178 views

Cause of Evil, as per Theistic Vedanta?

If Parameshvara is svatantra karta as per Vedanta, and if everything pre decided as per lords will, whatever we're doing is God doing actually, so is he the Cause of Evil
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What is the prakAra-prakAri (attribute-substance) relationship between Brahman and Jiva in Vishishtadvaita?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaita has seven types of Brahman-Jiva relationships: sharIra/sharIrI (body/indweller) prakAra/prakArI (attribute/substance) shesha/sheshi (owned/owner) niyamya/niyanta (...
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What was the debate where Ramanandi tradition defeated Ramanuja tradition in 1921 Ujjain Kumbh mela?

From wiki The 1921 Simhastha is notable for a historic debate in which the Ramanandi Sampradaya defeated the Ramanuja sampradaya (Shri Vaishnavas). The debate was to address the question whether ...
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63 views

Why are Alvars associated with Vishishtadvaita? [duplicate]

Why are Alvars associated with Vishishtadvaita philosophy? Did they themselves say so? Were they initiated from Vishishtadvaita mutts?
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1answer
518 views

Does the Vishishtadvaita school accept the Kaivalyopanishat? What is its status?

The Kaivalyopanishat reads like a Shiva-specific one with 'Uma sahayam parameshwaram ....' and also at the end specifies Sri Rudram as the means to attain to the goal. Is this acceptable to Vaishnavas ...
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1answer
209 views

Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita formless/impersonal? [duplicate]

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is seen to be devoid of all qualities and hence, impersonal/formless. Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita impersonal/formless?