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Questions tagged [vishishtadvaita]

Questions about Vishishtadvaita (literally "Advaita with uniqueness; qualifications") , a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Sri Ramanujacharya that describes the self and universe as an essential (non-separable) part of Brahman.

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Why Brahman does not grant moksha to all Jeevatmas, under the purview of Vedanta?

If we suppose that Paramatma, Brahman, according to Dvaita and Vishishtadvaita, who is Sarvatantra-Swatantra (totally independent and omnipotent) and also Saguna (is filled with good qualities like ...
5
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1answer
124 views

How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

"Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
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45 views

Bondage of jiva according to Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya

In the Vishishtadvaita philosophy followed by the Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya, the conditioned souls trapped in Samsara (the cycle of repeated birth and death) are referred to as Baddhas. How is the ...
4
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1answer
65 views

How is kainkarya or concept of divine service in the state of moksha justified?

According to Ramanuja's teachings, the jivatma after attaining moksha performs divine service to God which is known as kainkarya. It is further stated that this kainkarya comes out of the nature or ...
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35 views

Is the Jiva completely dependent on Lord Vishnu for his protection?

Is the Jiva completely helpless to protect himself and completely dependent on Lord Vishnu for his protection from any misforture, disaster or undesirable event? If possible, please provide quotes/...
17
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1answer
292 views

What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
4
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1answer
98 views

What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita?

1) What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita? 2) Why should God help and protect us? What motivates him to do so?
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4answers
216 views

How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
9
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2answers
213 views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world ...
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2answers
221 views

How do Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas interpret a certain Advaitic line in Bhagavatam 1.1.1

This line in bold, to me, looks like dropping a hint of Advaita. However I know Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas differ on their views of unreality. Forgive me for using the Advaita lens, but ...
6
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188 views

Is “Vishishtadvaita” a scriptural term? Is there any instance where it is used in scriptures?

There is a philosophy having the name Advaita and there is also a philosophy called Dvaita. Both these terms- Advaita, Dvaita- are found in scriptures, including the Upanishads. Now, there is yet ...
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101 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
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1answer
79 views

Cause of Evil, as per Theistic Vedanta?

If Parameshvara is svatantra karta as per Vedanta, and if everything pre decided as per lords will, whatever we're doing is God doing actually, so is he the Cause of Evil
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65 views

What is the prakAra-prakAri (attribute-substance) relationship between Brahman and Jiva in Vishishtadvaita?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaita has seven types of Brahman-Jiva relationships: sharIra/sharIrI (body/indweller) prakAra/prakArI (attribute/substance) shesha/sheshi (owned/owner) niyamya/niyanta (...
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What was the debate where Ramanandi tradition defeated Ramanuja tradition in 1921 Ujjain Kumbh mela?

From wiki The 1921 Simhastha is notable for a historic debate in which the Ramanandi Sampradaya defeated the Ramanuja sampradaya (Shri Vaishnavas). The debate was to address the question whether ...
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45 views

Why are Alvars associated with Vishishtadvaita? [duplicate]

Why are Alvars associated with Vishishtadvaita philosophy? Did they themselves say so? Were they initiated from Vishishtadvaita mutts?
4
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1answer
428 views

Does the Vishishtadvaita school accept the Kaivalyopanishat? What is its status?

The Kaivalyopanishat reads like a Shiva-specific one with 'Uma sahayam parameshwaram ....' and also at the end specifies Sri Rudram as the means to attain to the goal. Is this acceptable to Vaishnavas ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita formless/impersonal? [duplicate]

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is seen to be devoid of all qualities and hence, impersonal/formless. Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita impersonal/formless?
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1answer
42 views

Can someone explain the philosophy of avibhagadvaita?

How is it different from advaita and vishistadvaita, and how does it reconcile yoga and Sankhya with vedanta?
4
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1answer
214 views

Was Goswami Tulsidas a reconciler of Advaita and Vishishtadvaita?

Goswami Tulsidas, the sixteenth century poet, one of the greatest Rama-bhaktas of all time, incarnation of Rishi Valmiki was the composer of famous works like Hanuman Chalisa, Ram Stuti and most ...
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4answers
294 views

Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
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1answer
110 views

Do non-Advaita Vedanta philosophies also believe that buddhi is part of Prakruti/Pradhana?

Do Vedanta philosophies other than Advaita also believe that Buddhi is part of Prakriti/Pradhana and not part of/is individual self? If yes, how do liberated beings think in Vaikuntha?
7
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1answer
215 views

What are the important texts/scriptures of VisistAdvaita Vedanta?

The central texts common to the various Vedanta schools are Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita collectively referred to as Prasthanatrayi1. Another central text of VisistAdvaita is Nathamuni'...
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128 views

Why did rAmAnuja disobey his guru?

Thirukottiyur Nambi agreed to part with the Mantra and its meaning. But before that he got a promise from Ramanauja. As per the promise, Ramanuja should not tell this to anyone as this mantra will ...
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1answer
89 views

Is Srikantha regarded as an incarnation?

Srikantha was a famous Shaivite acharya from South India of the eleventh century who propounded the Shiva Advaita philosophy which is very similar to Ramanujacharya's Vishistadvaita philosophy. Is ...
3
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2answers
233 views

On what grounds did RAmAnuja wished to accept KAnchipurNa as a guru?

It is known that Kanchipurna was one of the gurus of Ramanuja. Kanchipurna was a non brahmin and Ramnuja was from a brahmin family. At another instance, Kanchi Purna refused to accept Ramanuja ...
3
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0answers
92 views

sharaNAgati and anugraham in Viśiṣṭādvaita

sharaNAgati is unconditional self-surrender to Sriman Nārāyaṇa and anugraha is the divine grace and compassion of Perumaal that qualifies and authenticates bhakti. According to Viśiṣṭādvaita, what ...
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130 views

Is Bhagavan Krishna's sister a Nityasuri?

Many of us are familiar with the story of Bhagavan Krishna's birth. Specifically, when Kamsa finally arrives to kill the eighth child of Vasudeva and Devaki, the child who has taken Krishna's place, ...
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0answers
56 views

Which Puranas are considered to be as authoritative as Prasthanatrayi in Vishishtadvaita?

While reading the preview of Sapta Vidha Anupapatti, I found some scriptures are considered as authoritative as Prasthanatrayi in Vishishtadvaita, as mentioned in the book: In the Visistadvaita ...
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1answer
188 views

What is Sapta Vidha Anupapatti? who has written that work?

Sapta Vidha Anupapatti, also called Seven Untenables is said to be an objection raised against the concept of Avidya of Advaita Vedanta. I've some questions regarding it: What is Sapta Vidha ...
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279 views

What does Vishishtadvaita Vedanta say about hallucinations?

To begin with first, illusions and hallucinations are different. An illusion is a: a distortion of the senses, revealing how the brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation. ...
2
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1answer
201 views

Why are only 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita?

The 3 pramanas accepted in Vishishtadvaita philosophy are Pratyaksha, Anumana, and Shabda. How come the others like Upamana (Comparison), Arthapatti (Necssary Assumption), Anupalabdhi (Non-...
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1answer
265 views

What does Vishishtadvaitins mean when they say Lord Vishnu is antaryami?

Sri Vaishnavas says Vishnu is antaryami which means He is residing within the soul. But I am unable to get this concept exactly. Do they mean In a particular part of the soul, he is residing, like a ...
4
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1answer
236 views

If there is a conflict between Pratyaksha pramana and Sruti, which one takes precedence according to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta?

Most schools of Vedanta accept only 3 sources of right knowledge (or pramana): Pratyaksha (empiricism/observation), Anumana (inference/reasoning), and Shabda (scriptures). According to Vedanta: ...
4
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1answer
550 views

What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta?

What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta? What did He think of Advaita, Dvaita & Vishishtadvaita philosophies?
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312 views

What are the key differences between Achintya Bheda Abheda and Vishishtadvaita?

I am trying to find the key philosophical differences between the Gaudiya Vaishnava Philosophy of Achintya Bheda Abheda & the Sri Vaishnava philosophy of Vishishtadvaita. Can anyone tell me the ...
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1answer
256 views

What is the reason of creation according to Vishishta Advaita?

According to Kashmiri Shaivism : Reason of creation is the proof of existence of Shiva. As heat is inevitable in presence of fire, similarly Shakti is inevitable in presence of Shiva & this ...
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78 views

Can Lord Vishnu exhausts one's Karmic seeds according to Vishishta Advaita?

According to Vishishta Advaita following are the means for liberation- Primary - Self Surrender (Sharangati). Secondary - Devotion (Bhakti). For now my primary concern is Self surrender. One can't ...
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78 views

Do any of Vaikhanasa text associate itself with Vedanta philosophy?

As I had posted a question on popular philosophies of Hinduism. In one of the answer it is mentioned that Vaikhanasa is associated to Vishishthadvaita vedanta. But when Vaikhanasa itself is called as ...
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1answer
458 views

How did Advaitins Defend Attributeless brahman from Ramanuja's arguments?

As per Advaita Vedanta of Adi Shankara, The Supreme reality i.e. Brahman is without any attributes. Advaita philosophy says that we perceive the world only owing to maya(ignorance).i.e. This world ...
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291 views

Sri Hayavadana Kavacham (alternately, Sri Hayagreeva Kavacham)

Sri Hayavadana Perumaal is the Horse headed Avatara of Sriman Narayana. Kavacha Stotram or Kavacham are hymns of Exhortation and/or Reassurance with an usual intended effect of bestowing protection to ...
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How does Viśiṣṭādvaita incorporate formless Brahman?

Viśiṣṭādvaita is one of the most popular school of Vedanta philosophy Ādvaita can easily incorporate Formless Brahman because they believe that Brahman is without attributes, and Form is an attribute....
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2answers
208 views

According to Viśiṣṭādvaita, how does Ātman relate to Brahman?

Apart from understanding the relationship between Ātman and Brahman, I'm also interested in the prescribed techniques & modes of realising and sustaining this understanding. please assume no ...
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1answer
230 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “One without a second”?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
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3answers
4k views

Why does Chinna Jeeyar Swami carry a bunch of sticks and a flag attached to them?

Why does Chinna Jeeyar Swami carry a bunch of sticks and a white cloth or flag attached to them? What is the significance of these sticks? Why isn't it just a single stick; why should it be a cluster ...
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1answer
325 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “Brahma Ved Brahmaiva Bhavati”?

From Mundaka Upanishad, Mundaka-3, Khanda-2 Verse-9: स यो ह वै तत् परमं ब्रह्म वेद ब्रह्मैव भवति नास्याब्रह्मवित्कुले भवति । तरति शोकं तरति पाप्मानं गुहाग्रन्थिभ्यो विमुक्तोऽमृतो भवति ॥ ९॥ ...
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1answer
694 views

Which scripture describes six kalyana gunas (auspicious attributes) of Vishnu?

Vaishnav(ism) consider Vishnu as the supreme. I found that Vaishnav believes that Vishnu/Supreme has following six kalyana gunas (auspicious attributes): [According to Vedanta Brahman has sat-chit-...
2
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1answer
214 views

Why prabhupada refers Bramhan as non-dual(advaita) in his commentry on SB?

A.C. BhaktiVedanta Prabhupada the Founder of ISKCON movement in his commentry on Shrimad Bhagwad Mahapurana says: Learned transcendentalists who know the Absolute Truth call this nondual substance ...
7
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3answers
1k views

What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
2
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1answer
883 views

Relationship between Jiva, Bramhan, World according to Vishitadvaita [duplicate]

What is explanation for the following relationships between jiva and bramhan and which is most appropriate.