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Questions tagged [vishishtadvaita]

Questions about Vishishtadvaita (literally "Advaita with uniqueness; qualifications") , a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Sri Ramanujacharya that describes the self and universe as an essential (non-separable) part of Brahman.

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17
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2answers
3k views

Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
17
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1answer
573 views

What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
15
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2answers
686 views

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
14
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1answer
3k views

What is Shakti Visishtadvaita philosophy?

Does any one know what this(Shakti Visishtadvaita) philosophy is all about? I know what are dvaita, advaita philosophies but this is new one.
11
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2answers
18k views

Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita

As we know that (and Keshav Srinivasan has written many times): The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school And there are sub schools of Vedanta which are graphically shown ...
11
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2answers
400 views

What does Vishishtadvaitins mean when they say Lord Vishnu is antaryami?

Sri Vaishnavas says Vishnu is antaryami which means He is residing within the soul. But I am unable to get this concept exactly. Do they mean In a particular part of the soul, he is residing, like a ...
10
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2answers
343 views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world ...
10
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1answer
332 views

What is the reason of creation according to Vishishta Advaita?

According to Kashmiri Shaivism : Reason of creation is the proof of existence of Shiva. As heat is inevitable in presence of fire, similarly Shakti is inevitable in presence of Shiva & this ...
10
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4answers
278 views

How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
10
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1answer
438 views

What will happen when all atmans get moksha? [duplicate]

In Vedanta philosophy, the different schools of thought like Vishishta-Advatia, Advaita, Dwaita etc. agree upon the following facts: 1. There are constant numbers of jeevatman in the universe/Samsara ...
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3answers
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What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
8
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3answers
376 views

Whats a good roadmap to learn Visistadvaita philosophy?

I am a SriVaishnavite by birth, and am keen on learning the Visistadvaita system of Ramanuja and Vedanta Desika, which is the basis of our Vadakalai Iyengar Sampradaya. Whats a good place to start for ...
8
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1answer
721 views

How did Advaitins Defend Attributeless brahman from Ramanuja's arguments?

As per Advaita Vedanta of Adi Shankara, The Supreme reality i.e. Brahman is without any attributes. Advaita philosophy says that we perceive the world only owing to maya(ignorance).i.e. This world ...
8
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2answers
481 views

How Vishishtadvaitha explains Moksha?

I know how "Moksha" is explained in both "Advaitha" and "Dvaitha" philosophies. What about "Vishishtadvaitha"?
8
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0answers
249 views

What was the debate where Ramanandi tradition defeated Ramanuja tradition in 1921 Ujjain Kumbh mela?

From wiki The 1921 Simhastha is notable for a historic debate in which the Ramanandi Sampradaya defeated the Ramanuja sampradaya (Shri Vaishnavas). The debate was to address the question whether ...
7
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1answer
255 views

Is “Vishishtadvaita” a scriptural term? Is there any instance where it is used in scriptures?

There is a philosophy having the name Advaita and there is also a philosophy called Dvaita. Both these terms- Advaita, Dvaita- are found in scriptures, including the Upanishads. Now, there is yet ...
7
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1answer
277 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “One without a second”?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
7
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5answers
517 views

Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
7
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1answer
330 views

What is Sapta Vidha Anupapatti? who has written that work?

Sapta Vidha Anupapatti, also called Seven Untenables is said to be an objection raised against the concept of Avidya of Advaita Vedanta. I've some questions regarding it: What is Sapta Vidha ...
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0answers
136 views

Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
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289 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda ...
6
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1answer
872 views

Which scripture describes six kalyana gunas (auspicious attributes) of Vishnu?

Vaishnav(ism) consider Vishnu as the supreme. I found that Vaishnav believes that Vishnu/Supreme has following six kalyana gunas (auspicious attributes): [According to Vedanta Brahman has sat-chit-...
6
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1answer
256 views

What are the important texts/scriptures of VisistAdvaita Vedanta?

The central texts common to the various Vedanta schools are Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita collectively referred to as Prasthanatrayi1. Another central text of VisistAdvaita is Nathamuni'...
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Are any Sri Vaishnava commentaries of the Isha Upanishad available online?

As I discuss in this question, the Isha Upanishad has a special property that other Upanishads don't: it's part of the actual Samhitas of the Vedas, i.e. the part of the Vedas whose verses were heard ...
6
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2answers
278 views

How do Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas interpret a certain Advaitic line in Bhagavatam 1.1.1

This line in bold, to me, looks like dropping a hint of Advaita. However I know Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas differ on their views of unreality. Forgive me for using the Advaita lens, but ...
5
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1answer
160 views

How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
5
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1answer
167 views

What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
5
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2answers
251 views

According to Viśiṣṭādvaita, how does Ātman relate to Brahman?

Apart from understanding the relationship between Ātman and Brahman, I'm also interested in the prescribed techniques & modes of realising and sustaining this understanding. please assume no ...
5
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1answer
658 views

Number of Jivatmas according to Vishishtadvaita

According to Advaita, the individual self (Atman) is nothing but Brahman (only one). But due to avidya/maya there are many individual selves (Atmas) appearing. Now, According to Vishsishtadvaita, ...
4
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3answers
5k views

Why does Chinna Jeeyar Swami carry a bunch of sticks and a flag attached to them?

Why does Chinna Jeeyar Swami carry a bunch of sticks and a white cloth or flag attached to them? What is the significance of these sticks? Why isn't it just a single stick; why should it be a cluster ...
4
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2answers
363 views

How does Vishistaadvaita philosophy explain 'jiva' name for Lord Shriman Narayana

In the Vishnu Sahastranaam, there is a name 'jiva' assigned to Lord Shriman Narayana. jivo vinayita sahskhi mukundomita vikramahaa According to Vishistaadvaita Philosophy jiva and Bramhan are ...
4
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1answer
814 views

What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta?

What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta? What did He think of Advaita, Dvaita & Vishishtadvaita philosophies?
4
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1answer
74 views

How is kainkarya or concept of divine service in the state of moksha justified?

According to Ramanuja's teachings, the jivatma after attaining moksha performs divine service to God which is known as kainkarya. It is further stated that this kainkarya comes out of the nature or ...
4
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1answer
108 views

What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita?

1) What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita? 2) Why should God help and protect us? What motivates him to do so?
4
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1answer
295 views

If there is a conflict between Pratyaksha pramana and Sruti, which one takes precedence according to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta?

Most schools of Vedanta accept only 3 sources of right knowledge (or pramana): Pratyaksha (empiricism/observation), Anumana (inference/reasoning), and Shabda (scriptures). According to Vedanta: ...
4
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1answer
3k views

What are the difference between Shankara and Ramanuja commentaries of the Brahma Sutra?

The Brahma Sutra admits two main commentaries, one by Shankara and one other by Ramanuja. Question: What are the difference between these two commentaries?
4
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1answer
90 views

What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
4
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1answer
296 views

Was Goswami Tulsidas a reconciler of Advaita and Vishishtadvaita?

Goswami Tulsidas, the sixteenth century poet, one of the greatest Rama-bhaktas of all time, incarnation of Rishi Valmiki was the composer of famous works like Hanuman Chalisa, Ram Stuti and most ...
4
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1answer
451 views

Does the Vishishtadvaita school accept the Kaivalyopanishat? What is its status?

The Kaivalyopanishat reads like a Shiva-specific one with 'Uma sahayam parameshwaram ....' and also at the end specifies Sri Rudram as the means to attain to the goal. Is this acceptable to Vaishnavas ...
4
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0answers
71 views

Bondage of jiva according to Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya

In the Vishishtadvaita philosophy followed by the Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya, the conditioned souls trapped in Samsara (the cycle of repeated birth and death) are referred to as Baddhas. How is the ...
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0answers
115 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
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0answers
79 views

What is the prakAra-prakAri (attribute-substance) relationship between Brahman and Jiva in Vishishtadvaita?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaita has seven types of Brahman-Jiva relationships: sharIra/sharIrI (body/indweller) prakAra/prakArI (attribute/substance) shesha/sheshi (owned/owner) niyamya/niyanta (...
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0answers
154 views

Is Bhagavan Krishna's sister a Nityasuri?

Many of us are familiar with the story of Bhagavan Krishna's birth. Specifically, when Kamsa finally arrives to kill the eighth child of Vasudeva and Devaki, the child who has taken Krishna's place, ...
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0answers
384 views

What does Vishishtadvaita Vedanta say about hallucinations?

To begin with first, illusions and hallucinations are different. An illusion is a: a distortion of the senses, revealing how the brain normally organizes and interprets sensory stimulation. ...
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0answers
411 views

What are the key differences between Achintya Bheda Abheda and Vishishtadvaita?

I am trying to find the key philosophical differences between the Gaudiya Vaishnava Philosophy of Achintya Bheda Abheda & the Sri Vaishnava philosophy of Vishishtadvaita. Can anyone tell me the ...
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0answers
406 views

Sri Hayavadana Kavacham (alternately, Sri Hayagreeva Kavacham)

Sri Hayavadana Perumaal is the Horse headed Avatara of Sriman Narayana. Kavacha Stotram or Kavacham are hymns of Exhortation and/or Reassurance with an usual intended effect of bestowing protection to ...
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169 views

Do Sri Vaishnavas believe Vishnu is the direct or indirect sustainer of the body?

The Rahasyatraya Sara is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan, concerning the meaning of the Rahasya Traya or three secrets of the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I am a member). (One of ...
3
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1answer
49 views

Can someone explain the philosophy of avibhagadvaita?

How is it different from advaita and vishistadvaita, and how does it reconcile yoga and Sankhya with vedanta?
3
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1answer
418 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “Brahma Ved Brahmaiva Bhavati”?

From Mundaka Upanishad, Mundaka-3, Khanda-2 Verse-9: स यो ह वै तत् परमं ब्रह्म वेद ब्रह्मैव भवति नास्याब्रह्मवित्कुले भवति । तरति शोकं तरति पाप्मानं गुहाग्रन्थिभ्यो विमुक्तोऽमृतो भवति ॥ ९॥ ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Allegory of the Moon and its shadow - Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita

I remember reading about an allegory which uses the Moon and its shadow in water to describe the viewpoints of Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita. I cannot seem to find it online now. Does ...