Questions tagged [vishishtadvaita]

Questions about Vishishtadvaita (literally "Advaita with uniqueness; qualifications") , a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Sri Ramanujacharya that describes the self and universe as an essential (non-separable) part of Brahman.

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21
votes
2answers
7k views

Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
18
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1answer
2k views

What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
16
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2answers
909 views

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
14
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1answer
5k views

What is Shakti Visishtadvaita philosophy?

Does any one know what this(Shakti Visishtadvaita) philosophy is all about? I know what are dvaita, advaita philosophies but this is new one.
12
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2answers
24k views

Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita

As we know that (and Keshav Srinivasan has written many times): The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school And there are sub schools of Vedanta which are graphically shown ...
12
votes
2answers
542 views

What does Vishishtadvaitins mean when they say Lord Vishnu is antaryami?

Sri Vaishnavas says Vishnu is antaryami which means He is residing within the soul. But I am unable to get this concept exactly. Do they mean In a particular part of the soul, he is residing, like a ...
10
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2answers
988 views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to "Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah"?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world is ...
10
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1answer
525 views

What is the reason of creation according to Vishishta Advaita?

According to Kashmiri Shaivism : Reason of creation is the proof of existence of Shiva. As heat is inevitable in presence of fire, similarly Shakti is inevitable in presence of Shiva & this ...
10
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4answers
419 views

How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
10
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1answer
631 views

What will happen when all atmans get moksha? [duplicate]

In Vedanta philosophy, the different schools of thought like Vishishta-Advatia, Advaita, Dwaita etc. agree upon the following facts: 1. There are constant numbers of jeevatman in the universe/Samsara ...
9
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8answers
2k views

Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
9
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2answers
2k views

How did Advaitins Defend Attributeless brahman from Ramanuja's arguments?

As per Advaita Vedanta of Adi Shankara, The Supreme reality i.e. Brahman is without any attributes. Advaita philosophy says that we perceive the world only owing to maya(ignorance).i.e. This world ...
9
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3answers
612 views

Whats a good roadmap to learn Visistadvaita philosophy?

I am a SriVaishnavite by birth, and am keen on learning the Visistadvaita system of Ramanuja and Vedanta Desika, which is the basis of our Vadakalai Iyengar Sampradaya. Whats a good place to start for ...
8
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3answers
2k views

What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
8
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1answer
354 views

Is "Vishishtadvaita" a scriptural term? Is there any instance where it is used in scriptures?

There is a philosophy having the name Advaita and there is also a philosophy called Dvaita. Both these terms- Advaita, Dvaita- are found in scriptures, including the Upanishads. Now, there is yet ...
8
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1answer
575 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret "One without a second"?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
8
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2answers
854 views

How Vishishtadvaitha explains Moksha?

I know how "Moksha" is explained in both "Advaitha" and "Dvaitha" philosophies. What about "Vishishtadvaitha"?
8
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2answers
759 views

What are the key differences between Achintya Bheda Abheda and Vishishtadvaita?

I am trying to find the key philosophical differences between the Gaudiya Vaishnava Philosophy of Achintya Bheda Abheda & the Sri Vaishnava philosophy of Vishishtadvaita. So what exactly is the ...
8
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1answer
404 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
8
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0answers
407 views

What was the debate where Ramanandi tradition defeated Ramanuja tradition in 1921 Ujjain Kumbh mela?

From wiki The 1921 Simhastha is notable for a historic debate in which the Ramanandi Sampradaya defeated the Ramanuja sampradaya (Shri Vaishnavas). The debate was to address the question whether ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Which scripture describes six kalyana gunas (auspicious attributes) of Vishnu?

Vaishnav(ism) consider Vishnu as the supreme. I found that Vaishnav believes that Vishnu/Supreme has following six kalyana gunas (auspicious attributes): [According to Vedanta Brahman has sat-chit-...
7
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2answers
2k views

Are any Sri Vaishnava commentaries of the Isha Upanishad available online?

As I discuss in this question, the Isha Upanishad has a special property that other Upanishads don't: it's part of the actual Samhitas of the Vedas, i.e. the part of the Vedas whose verses were heard ...
7
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1answer
1k views

What is Sapta Vidha Anupapatti? who has written that work?

Sapta Vidha Anupapatti, also called Seven Untenables is said to be an objection raised against the concept of Avidya of Advaita Vedanta. I've some questions regarding it: What is Sapta Vidha ...
6
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1answer
441 views

What are the important texts/scriptures of VisistAdvaita Vedanta?

The central texts common to the various Vedanta schools are Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita collectively referred to as Prasthanatrayi1. Another central text of VisistAdvaita is Nathamuni'...
6
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2answers
491 views

How do Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas interpret a certain Advaitic line in Bhagavatam 1.1.1

This line in bold, to me, looks like dropping a hint of Advaita. However I know Sri Vaishnavas and Gaudiya Vaishnavas differ on their views of unreality. Forgive me for using the Advaita lens, but ...
6
votes
1answer
838 views

Number of Jivatmas according to Vishishtadvaita

According to Advaita, the individual self (Atman) is nothing but Brahman (only one). But due to avidya/maya there are many individual selves (Atmas) appearing. Now, According to Vishsishtadvaita, ...
6
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1answer
722 views

Was Goswami Tulsidas a reconciler of Advaita and Vishishtadvaita?

Goswami Tulsidas, the sixteenth century poet, one of the greatest Rama-bhaktas of all time, incarnation of Rishi Valmiki was the composer of famous works like Hanuman Chalisa, Ram Stuti and most ...
6
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1answer
212 views

Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
5
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3answers
9k views

Why does Chinna Jeeyar Swami carry a bunch of sticks and a flag attached to them?

Why does Chinna Jeeyar Swami carry a bunch of sticks and a white cloth or flag attached to them? What is the significance of these sticks? Why isn't it just a single stick; why should it be a cluster ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
5
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2answers
250 views

How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
5
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1answer
865 views

Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
5
votes
1answer
628 views

If there is a conflict between Pratyaksha pramana and Sruti, which one takes precedence according to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta?

Most schools of Vedanta accept only 3 sources of right knowledge (or pramana): Pratyaksha (empiricism/observation), Anumana (inference/reasoning), and Shabda (scriptures). According to Vedanta: ...
5
votes
1answer
374 views

What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
5
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2answers
384 views

According to Viśiṣṭādvaita, how does Ātman relate to Brahman?

Apart from understanding the relationship between Ātman and Brahman, I'm also interested in the prescribed techniques & modes of realising and sustaining this understanding. please assume no ...
5
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0answers
204 views

Is Bhagavan Krishna's sister a Nityasuri?

Many of us are familiar with the story of Bhagavan Krishna's birth. Specifically, when Kamsa finally arrives to kill the eighth child of Vasudeva and Devaki, the child who has taken Krishna's place, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
4
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2answers
471 views

How does Vishistaadvaita philosophy explain 'jiva' name for Lord Shriman Narayana

In the Vishnu Sahastranaam, there is a name 'jiva' assigned to Lord Shriman Narayana. jivo vinayita sahskhi mukundomita vikramahaa According to Vishistaadvaita Philosophy jiva and Bramhan are ...
4
votes
1answer
250 views

Which Hindu lineages are most welcoming of converts?

After being a Buddhist for 12 years, I've taken an interest in Hinduism, specifically Advaita Vedanta and Vishishtadvaita. I feel that these lineages—and perhaps lineages I'm unaware of—would be a ...
4
votes
1answer
973 views

What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta?

What was Swami Vivekananda's view on Vedanta? What did He think of Advaita, Dvaita & Vishishtadvaita philosophies?
4
votes
1answer
126 views

What is Akhyati vada of Prabhakara school and how does it compare with Anirvacaniya khyati of Advaitins?

Here, this is what's said of Akhyati Vada A-Khyati Advocated by Prabhakara school of Purva-Mimamsa. Does not admit of error in the logical sense. No logical distinction between knowledge and ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

How is kainkarya or concept of divine service in the state of moksha justified?

According to Ramanuja's teachings, the jivatma after attaining moksha performs divine service to God which is known as kainkarya. It is further stated that this kainkarya comes out of the nature or ...
4
votes
1answer
364 views

What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita?

1) What is our relationship with God as per vishistadvaita? 2) Why should God help and protect us? What motivates him to do so?
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Allegory of the Moon and its shadow - Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita

I remember reading about an allegory which uses the Moon and its shadow in water to describe the viewpoints of Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita. I cannot seem to find it online now. Does ...
4
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1answer
4k views

What are the difference between Shankara and Ramanuja commentaries of the Brahma Sutra?

The Brahma Sutra admits two main commentaries, one by Shankara and one other by Ramanuja. Question: What are the difference between these two commentaries?
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana?

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana? This belief is popularized by the well known Sri Vaishnava blog ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

What does the author of the Yatindra Mata Dipika mean by Dharmabhutajnana?

In Yatindra Mata Dipika I came across the section where pramana and prameya where being explained. Dharmabhutajnana is said to be common to both cit and Isvara. I don't understand what that is ...
4
votes
2answers
659 views

On what grounds did RAmAnuja wished to accept KAnchipurNa as a guru?

It is known that Kanchipurna was one of the gurus of Ramanuja. Kanchipurna was a non brahmin and Ramnuja was from a brahmin family. At another instance, Kanchi Purna refused to accept Ramanuja ...
4
votes
1answer
540 views

Does the Vishishtadvaita school accept the Kaivalyopanishat? What is its status?

The Kaivalyopanishat reads like a Shiva-specific one with 'Uma sahayam parameshwaram ....' and also at the end specifies Sri Rudram as the means to attain to the goal. Is this acceptable to Vaishnavas ...