20

Shankara never considered Buddhists as serious threat for mainstream Hinduism or its Philosophical thoughts. In his Magnum opus Sutra Bhashya (the work which also has one of its objectives as para-paksha-khandana [refuting other thoughts with aid of anubhava and yukti]) he has regarded Sankhyas as pradhānamalla (cheif opponent) (Sū. Bhā. 1.4.28) with whom ...


16

Renowned Advaitin Sri Vidyarana Swami had written a biography of Sri Adi Shankara. And this instance is also recorded in it. Canto 9 of Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya records this incident. Shankara decides to enter the body of King as: Sankara said to his disciple Padmapada "Here lies dead the renowned. king Amaruka, having more than a hundred wives ...


14

Good question. Always quoted as Sankara, but no one gives the source text. It is from Sankara's Brahmajnanavalimala verse 20. It is available here 20. brahma satyam jaganmithyA jIvo brahmaiva nAparah anena vedyam sacchAstram iti vedAntaDiNDimah Yo can also check from sanskritdocuments: The 20th verse of Brahmajnanavalimala: ब्रह्म सत्यं जगन्मिथ्या ...


14

It's because it was a separate debate. It's true that Mandana Misra's wife Ubhaya Bharati is said to have been the referree of the debate between Adi Shankaracharya and Mandana Misra. But this chapter of the Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya, the traditional biography of Adi Shankaracharya, describes how after the debate is over, Ubhaya Bharati is resentful of ...


13

As I discuss in this answer, the word Smartha originally just meant "follower of Smriti. (Hinduism has two sets of scripture, Shruti or "that which is heard" and Smriti or "that which is remembered.) But the Smartha came to denote the followers of the sect founded by Adi Shankaracharya, which he did in order to create a more streamlined version of Hinduism....


13

In brief, the situation is: A rationalist has analyzed a text written in C++ into English because both look similar. He has critisized C++ for "bad grammar". Certain extremists are behind his life just because they think C++ grammar is cool! what Bhagavan criticized in detail what his arguments are K. S. Bhagawan is an Indian rationalist, Kannada ...


13

Shankaras Advaita is called Kevala Advaita ie. Only Advaita; there is no duality at all and any duality that is perceived is just due to ignorance. Here are some features of Shankara's philosophy: 1) Omniscience, omnipotence etc.. attribute in Lord is seen due to Avidya. This point is made by Adi Shankara in Brahma Sutra Bhasyam 2.1.14. This point clearly ...


11

According to this website, there are a number of biographies of Shankaracharya called shankara vijaya. The oldest among them is the Madhaviya Shankara Vijaya, by Vidyaranya mAdhavIya Sankaravijaya - The mAdhavIya is probably the oldest available, and also the most authentic and widely known among the different Sankaravijayas today. It is certainly the ...


11

One of the purest Advaitic texts is the Astavakra Samhita. This is the only book that Ramakrishna Paramahamsa kept in his room. Again, it is pure Advaita. Another is the Pancadasi by Sri Vidyaranya Swami. He was the Sankaracharya of the Sringeri Math from 1377-1386. Considered one of the great commentators on Sankara and Advaita. Another good Advaita text ...


11

Conversation between Chandala (who is none other than Lord Shiva) and Adi Shankara can be found in Shankara Digvijaya (most famous biography of Adi Shankara) written by Madhavacharya (Vidyaranya Swami). Shankara replied to Chandala in five verses called Manisha Panchakam. When Adi Shankaracharya was performing mid day ablution at Ganga in Kashi, Chandala ...


11

Bhaja Govindam stotra is attributed to Krishna or Vishnu. The author of Bhaja Govindam stotra is Adi Shankaracharya. He also wrote commentary on Vishnu Sahasranama. He gave a detailed explanation of the name Govinda. Not one or two, more than that. From The Vishnu Sahasranama Bhashya with Adi Shankara commentary" The Mahabharata, Mokshadharma (San., ...


10

The single line answer is "Pure bhakthi and Pure Jnana are same". If you try to study both gurus lives, you will understand that: Sankaracharya is outwardly jnani but inside he is a pure bhaktha. Sri Ramakrishna is Outwardly bhaktha but inside he is pure Jnani. Sankara himself re-initiated most of famous south Indian temple daily procedures and we can ...


10

This quote with slight variation is present in Chapter 7, Purvabhaga of Kurma Purana. अव्ययं च व्ययं चैव द्वयं स्थावरजङ्गमम्। तेषां ये यानि कर्माणि प्राक् सृष्टेः प्रतिपेदिरे॥ ६४॥ तान्येव ते प्रपद्यन्ते सृज्यमानाः पुनः पुनः। हिंस्राहिंस्रे मृदुक्रूरे धर्माधर्मावृतानृते।।६५॥ तद्भाविताः प्रपद्यन्ते तस्मात्तत्तस्य रोचते॥ महाभूतेषु नानात्वमिन्द्रिया...


10

Thanks to Rickross and Partha for their answers. You are not wrong. But this question is significant even in Advaita circles and deserves a level of detail which neither have covered. Advaita, during the course of time, has been morphed in to a confused, hodge podge of philosophical diversions. In the same book quoted in the question, on page 604, the ...


9

The traditional biography of Adi Shankaracharya is the Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya, composed by Vidyaranya, brother of the famous Vedic commentator Sayana. Here is what Vidyaranya says about the debate with Mandana Misra: Shankara entered Mandana’s house and saw him cleaning the holy feet of Sages Vyasa and Jaimini, whom Mandana was able to bring there ...


9

Apart from the works of Adi Sankara Bhagavatpada mentioned by Swami Vishwananda. I would like to say a few words. If you want to know about its philosophy like bird's view, there are many books available like The Great Equation, Enlightening Expositions: Philosophical Expositions of Sringeri Jagadguru Sri Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswamigal , Didactic ...


9

Adi Sankara taught that God incarnated. In his Introduction to his commentary on the Gita, Sankara says (Bhagavad Gita with the commentary of Sankaracarya, Swami Gambhirananda translator, pp 3-5): When, after a long time, dharma became overpowered by adharma (vice), and adharma increased owing to the deterioration of discriminative knowledge, caused by ...


9

Shree Adi-Shankarachrya entered into the dead body of king Amaruka through his mastery of Yogic powers. Only to study the effects of action of love or Kama as a Observer. After his decision he discussed this with his disciples.One of them named "Padmapada" on the account of yogi "Matsyendra" cautioned him about possible effects of his action. Shree Adi-...


9

There is a discussion about the date of the Bagavata Purana in the Introduction to the English translation by Swami Tapasyananda. There was a view that attributed the authorship of the Bhagavata to Vopadeva (13th century). But this theory fails when it is noted that Al beruni, the celebrated Arab scholar (1030 AD), refers to Vaishnava Bhagavata in ...


9

Pure Advaita considers forms of God as unreal. Thus it does not matter what name the unreal Ishvara is called. Shankara considers Isvara or Brahman with attributes as ultimately unreal. He writes in his commentary on Brahma Sutra Bhasya: Since this Self is by nature Consciousness Itself, distinctionless, beyond speech and mind, and can be taught by way ...


8

Quoting from here , Shankara’s dates Modern scholarship is agreed on dates in the 8th century C.E., though it has proved impossible to reach agreement on Shankara’s precise dates of birth or death. Some religious groups, however, ascribe B.C.E. dates to him. If these dates were true, then much of what is claimed about his activities, ...


8

First of all, here is the Chandogya Upanishad verse in question: tasya yathā kapyāsaṃ puṇḍarīkamevamakṣiṇī tasyoditi nāma sa eṣa sarvebhyaḥ pāpmabhya udita udeti ha vai sarvebhyaḥ pāpmabhyo ya evaṃ veda ॥ Whose eyes are like blue lotus's, his name is ut, for he has risen (udita) above all evil. He also who knows this, rises above all evil. ...


8

There are three variants of this Shloka available: Vishnu Purana 1.5, Linga Purana 1.70, and Kurma Purana 1.7. The Vishnu Purana quote is: nāmarūpaṃ ca bhūtānāṃ kṛtyānāṃ ca prapañcanam / (63.1) vedaśabdebhya evādau devādīnāṃ cakāra saḥ // (63.2) The Linga Purana quote is: nāma rūpaṃ ca bhūtānāṃ kṛtānāṃ ca prapañcanam // (258.2) ...


8

What is Ishwara? According to Sarva Vedanta Siddhanta Saara Sangraha (You can get Sanskti-Hindi version from Internet Archive). verses 310-317 Ishvara ॥ १४ ॥ ईश्वरः॥ मायोपहितचैतन्यं साभासं सत्त्वबृंहितम् । सर्वज्ञत्वादिगुणकं सृष्टिस्थित्यन्तकारणम् ॥ ३१०॥ अव्याकृतं तदव्यक्तमीश इत्यपि गीयते । सर्वशक्तिगुणोपेतः सर्वज्ञानावभासकः ॥ ३११॥ ...


8

Yes, it is difficult to get the Vakya Bhashya of Adi Shankaracharya on Kena Upanishad, since most of the translations only covers the Pada Bhashya. I've found one pdf book that contains only Vakya Bhashya Sanskrit text of Adi Shankaracharya with English translation on Kena Upanishad from Chinmaya International Foundation You can download the pdf which ...


8

If you clearly read full Vishnu Sahasranama Bhasya of Adi Shankara, then it is clearly seen that he holds Hari Hara Abheda. Some points which I also discuss in my answer here. While commenting on the name 'Shiva', Shankara cites Kaivalya Upanishad verse 'He is Brahma.. He is Shiva.. He is Indra' And while commenting on the name Rudra, ...


8

It is because they cite a specific verse from garuDa purANa which says maNiman demon reincarnated in kali yuga. As per them the incarnation of vaayu in dwapara yuga was Bheem sena and the incarnation in kali yuga is Madwa (Ananda teertha) who came to defeat the demon maniman in kaliyuga who was previously destroyed in dwapara by bheem sena. The text maNi ...


8

Bhujanga prayātam is a meter which has twelve syllables in each quarter (pāda). Only first, fourth, seventh and tenth are light. Rest of the syllables are heavy syllables. In the Natya Shastra Chapter 16 which was written by Bharata muni, the definition is given (Quoting from wisdomlib.org). Aprameyā [The metre with] the feet of twelve ...


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