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20

Shankara never considered Buddhists as serious threat for mainstream Hinduism or its Philosophical thoughts. In his Magnum opus Sutra Bhashya (the work which also has one of its objectives as para-paksha-khandana [refuting other thoughts with aid of anubhava and yukti]) he has regarded Sankhyas as pradhānamalla (cheif opponent) (Sū. Bhā. 1.4.28) with whom ...


17

Q. I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistdvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. There are six Darshan (षडदर्शन) i.e philosophy in Hinduism which are Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta. Among these six schools, Vedanta(वेदांत) is very popular ...


16

The answer is obvious, it is because we are not exactly the God, we are jiva, an energy of God. And because we are an energy of God, we are called as God by some. Just like fire and a spark of fire are essentially the same, so also God(Brahman) and us(Jiva) are essentially the same. But, just like fire is huge than a spark of fire and has more heat or energy,...


16

Renowned Advaitin Sri Vidyarana Swami had written a biography of Sri Adi Shankara. And this instance is also recorded in it. Canto 9 of Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya records this incident. Shankara decides to enter the body of King as: Sankara said to his disciple Padmapada "Here lies dead the renowned. king Amaruka, having more than a hundred wives ...


14

It's because it was a separate debate. It's true that Mandana Misra's wife Ubhaya Bharati is said to have been the referree of the debate between Adi Shankaracharya and Mandana Misra. But this chapter of the Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya, the traditional biography of Adi Shankaracharya, describes how after the debate is over, Ubhaya Bharati is resentful of ...


14

Good question. Always quoted as Sankara, but no one gives the source text. It is from Sankara's Brahmajnanavalimala verse 20. It is available here 20. brahma satyam jaganmithyA jIvo brahmaiva nAparah anena vedyam sacchAstram iti vedAntaDiNDimah Yo can also check from sanskritdocuments: The 20th verse of Brahmajnanavalimala: ब्रह्म सत्यं जगन्मिथ्या ...


14

Maya can never be supreme as it operates only in Vyavaharik level. According to Advaita there are three levels of reality: 1) Paramarthika Satyam 2) Vyavaharik Satyam 3) Pratibhasik Satyam Paramarthika Satyam: This is the absolute reality. In this level neither Ishwara nor Maya exists. Only Brahman exists in Sat-Chit-Aananda Swarupa. Here Sat means ...


14

Vedas state "Sarvakhalvidam Brahman" which means "Everything is Brahman." So, everything is Brahman in the absolute level. Chandogya Upanishad states: सर्वं खल्विदं ब्रह्म तज्जलानिति शान्त उपासीत अथ खलु क्रतुमयः पुरुषो यथाक्रतुरस्मिल्लोके पुरुषो भवति तथेतः प्रेत्य भवति स क्रतुं कुर्वीतः । [Chandogya Upanishad.] III-xiv-1: Verily, ...


13

As I discuss in this answer, the word Smartha originally just meant "follower of Smriti. (Hinduism has two sets of scripture, Shruti or "that which is heard" and Smriti or "that which is remembered.) But the Smartha came to denote the followers of the sect founded by Adi Shankaracharya, which he did in order to create a more streamlined version of Hinduism....


13

So are we really God? Who are we? Who is God? What is our relation with God? Different schools of Hinduism say different things about this concept. Advaita (commonly called Non-Dualism) - Sri Adi Shankaracharya (believed to be incarnation of Lord Shiva) According to this school of thought, there is only One who exists in this world, and that is God. There ...


13

One has to see the full context regarding how the Mahavakya is spoken. The complete verse from Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is as: ब्रह्म वा इदमग्र आसीत्, तदात्मानमेवावेत् ‘अहं ब्रह्मास्मि’ इति । तस्मात् तत् सर्वमभवतद्यो यो देवानां प्रत्यबुध्यत स एव तदभवत्तथर्षीणां तथा मनुष्याणां तद्धेतत्पश्यन्नृषिर्वामदेवः प्रतिपेदेऽहं मनुरभवं सूर्यश्चेति । तदिदमप्येतर्हि य ...


13

Shankaras Advaita is called Kevala Advaita ie. Only Advaita; there is no duality at all and any duality that is perceived is just due to ignorance. Here are some features of Shankara's philosophy: 1) Omniscience, omnipotence etc.. attribute in Lord is seen due to Avidya. This point is made by Adi Shankara in Brahma Sutra Bhasyam 2.1.14. This point clearly ...


11

According to this website, there are a number of biographies of Shankaracharya called shankara vijaya. The oldest among them is the Madhaviya Shankara Vijaya, by Vidyaranya mAdhavIya Sankaravijaya - The mAdhavIya is probably the oldest available, and also the most authentic and widely known among the different Sankaravijayas today. It is certainly the ...


11

One of the purest Advaitic texts is the Astavakra Samhita. This is the only book that Ramakrishna Paramahamsa kept in his room. Again, it is pure Advaita. Another is the Pancadasi by Sri Vidyaranya Swami. He was the Sankaracharya of the Sringeri Math from 1377-1386. Considered one of the great commentators on Sankara and Advaita. Another good Advaita text ...


11

You quoted from the Mahabharata this passage of text: Meanwhile, the righteous-souled Suka, who had entered the elements, had become their soul and acquired omnipresence, answered his sire by uttering the monosyllable Bho in the form of an echo. At this, the entire universe of mobile and immobile creatures, uttering the monosyllable Bho, echoed the ...


10

In the Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 6, Shloka 35 Lord Krishna says to Arjuna (Translation by Swami Muktananda) : Asamsayam mahabaho mano durnigraham calam Abhyasena to kaunteya vairagyena ca grhyate. BG 6.35: Doubtless O mighty-armed, the mind is restless and hard to control but by practice and non-attachment, O son of Kunti, it can be controlled. The ...


10

Thanks to Rickross and Partha for their answers. You are not wrong. But this question is significant even in Advaita circles and deserves a level of detail which neither have covered. Advaita, during the course of time, has been morphed in to a confused, hodge podge of philosophical diversions. In the same book quoted in the question, on page 604, the ...


9

The traditional biography of Adi Shankaracharya is the Madhaviya Shankara Digvijaya, composed by Vidyaranya, brother of the famous Vedic commentator Sayana. Here is what Vidyaranya says about the debate with Mandana Misra: Shankara entered Mandana’s house and saw him cleaning the holy feet of Sages Vyasa and Jaimini, whom Mandana was able to bring there ...


9

Q. In the annals of Sanaatana Dharma why isn't there One Absolute Reality? Every "seer of truth" saw/interpreted the way they saw it. Absolute Reality is only one but it is expressed differently because it can not be the topic/subject of mind or intellect! Read the following Shruti quotes that say how it is beyond the of mind or intellect: From ...


9

Apart from the works of Adi Sankara Bhagavatpada mentioned by Swami Vishwananda. I would like to say a few words. If you want to know about its philosophy like bird's view, there are many books available like The Great Equation, Enlightening Expositions: Philosophical Expositions of Sringeri Jagadguru Sri Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswamigal , Didactic ...


9

The following article by Balarama Murty Vempaty discusses the three philosophies - Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita. It also talks about the role of Karma, Gnana and Bhakti in these philosophies. In the book, 'Hanumat Vibhuti', Sri Rama asks Hanuman to describe their relationship. Hanuman responds: "deha bhudhaya dasoham, jiva bhudhaya ...


9

Adi Sankara taught that God incarnated. In his Introduction to his commentary on the Gita, Sankara says (Bhagavad Gita with the commentary of Sankaracarya, Swami Gambhirananda translator, pp 3-5): When, after a long time, dharma became overpowered by adharma (vice), and adharma increased owing to the deterioration of discriminative knowledge, caused by ...


9

Shree Adi-Shankarachrya entered into the dead body of king Amaruka through his mastery of Yogic powers. Only to study the effects of action of love or Kama as a Observer. After his decision he discussed this with his disciples.One of them named "Padmapada" on the account of yogi "Matsyendra" cautioned him about possible effects of his action. Shree Adi-...


9

What is Ishwara? According to Sarva Vedanta Siddhanta Saara Sangraha (You can get Sanskti-Hindi version from Internet Archive). verses 310-317 Ishvara ॥ १४ ॥ ईश्वरः॥ मायोपहितचैतन्यं साभासं सत्त्वबृंहितम् । सर्वज्ञत्वादिगुणकं सृष्टिस्थित्यन्तकारणम् ॥ ३१०॥ अव्याकृतं तदव्यक्तमीश इत्यपि गीयते । सर्वशक्तिगुणोपेतः सर्वज्ञानावभासकः ॥ ३११॥ ...


9

Pure Advaita considers forms of God as unreal. Thus it does not matter what name the unreal Ishvara is called. Shankara considers Isvara or Brahman with attributes as ultimately unreal. He writes in his commentary on Brahma Sutra Bhasya: Since this Self is by nature Consciousness Itself, distinctionless, beyond speech and mind, and can be taught by way ...


9

Moksha is not attained. The Mundaka Upanishad (III.ii.3) says (Swami Gambhirananda translator): This Atman is not attained through study [of the Vedas and scriptures], nor through the intellect (intelligence), nor through much hearing [learning]. By the very fact that he (i.e. the aspirant) seeks for It, does It become attainable; of him this Self [Atman, ...


9

Because Swami Vivekananda considered them as three steps in Spiritual progress. First step is Dvaita (dualism), second step VisistAdvaita (qualified non-dualism) and third step is Advaita (non-dualism) (final state of experience). He also said all three complement each other but do not oppose. Swami Vivekananda says the following in Vedanta Philosophy - ...


8

1. Vivartavada: Sanskrit word विवर्त means [1] transformation, more precisely [2] apparent form in Vedanta philosophy. Vivartavada means the doctrine of apparent transformation. According to Adi Shankaracharya Jagat (word) is actually apparent transformation of Brahman under the effect of illusion. That means the transformation is only apparent (illusory/...


8

Nice question! Since you have mentioned 'Advaitavaad' in your question I'm answering from Adi Shankaras Advaita perspective. Yes, Self realization doesn't imply Omniscience. It is because in Shankaras Advaita the attributes like Omniscient and Omnipotent etc... seen in Brahman are due to the product of Avidya. I discuss it in my answer here. Shankara in ...


8

First of all, here is the Chandogya Upanishad verse in question: tasya yathā kapyāsaṃ puṇḍarīkamevamakṣiṇī tasyoditi nāma sa eṣa sarvebhyaḥ pāpmabhya udita udeti ha vai sarvebhyaḥ pāpmabhyo ya evaṃ veda ॥ Whose eyes are like blue lotus's, his name is ut, for he has risen (udita) above all evil. He also who knows this, rises above all evil. ...


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