14

The answer to this question is linked to the concept of residual karma. This residual karma idea and what happens to evil-doers is explained in Brahma Sutra. But of others (i.e. those who have not performed sacrifices etc.) the ascent is to the abode of Yama, and after having experienced (the results of their evil works) the descent (to the earth again ...


13

"But this concept is conspicuously absent in Hinduism" Nothing is farther from the truth. The Garuda Purana describes in great detail how Yama the god of death judges each soul based on Chitragupta's listing of the person's good deeds and bad deeds: The sinful man cries when he hears the mingled wails of "Oh, Oh," and having heard his cry, those who walk ...


12

Karna no longer exists as a distinct being. Let me explain. In the Swargarohanika Parva of the Mahabharata, Yudhishthira arrives in Devaloka in his own body (which he did by successfully going on the Swargarohini mountain path, unlike his brothers and Draupadi who fell off). He is initially presented a false vision of the Pandavas, Karna, and Draupadi ...


11

Souls are never actually created; here is what Krishna tells Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita: Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be.... For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will not come into being. ...


9

The life cycle of a soul is very simple. In course of time it emerges from God, takes up material bodies and revolves in samsara and back into God goes it again. yathā sudīptāt pāvakādvisphuliṅgāḥ sahasraśaḥ prabhavante sarūpāḥ tathā'kṣarādvividhāḥ somya bhāvāḥ prajāyante tatra caivāpi yanti [Mundak Up. 2.1.1] Meaning Just like from a well ...


9

First of all, there is no starting point for the soul; here's what Krishna tells Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita: Never was there a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor all these kings; nor in the future shall any of us cease to be.... For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will ...


9

This chapter of the Vishnu Purana describes the distances to the various Lokas above the Earth: The sphere of the earth (or Bhúr-loka), comprehending its oceans, mountains, and rivers, extends as far as it is illuminated by the rays of the sun and moon; and to the same extent, both in diameter and circumference, the sphere of the sky (Bhuvar-loka) spreads ...


8

Yes, as outlined by the other answers the souls is not created, but it is eternal. This is agreed upon by all the schools of Vedanta and has been commented on by Sankara, Bhaskara, Ramanuja, Madhva, and Vallabha. Madhava says that the Vedanta Sutras (II. iii. 11-50) that refer to its birth are in reference to its Upadhis, the body, etc. Ramanuja says that ...


7

The simple answer is, for getting punishment of the committed sins. But then the question becomes, as you have raised, why someone would experience the results in hell when he has to also experience the results of his bad actions on earth itself? This is a nice question. It is known as the problem of double retribution. To understand the reason of why or ...


7

It is not necessarily that one only experiences his karma in this life or the next one. For example, there are numerous references in the Puranas (Padma, Skanda, etc) that state that for a particular action, one will have to take birth as a dog for 100 lives. So the actions have the power to act in many lives going forward. To answer this question fully, it ...


6

Is there a real character called Chitragupta? "Brahman said, 'O highly blessed one, excellent is the duty that thou hast enunciated, together with its secret ritual. Praise be to thee! I grant thee this boon, viz., that thy penances will continually increase!' "Yams said, 'I have heard from thee an excellent and agreeable discourse. ...


6

There are many reasons why a soul remains in this earth without getting higher lokas. That state is called Preta stage or ghost stage. Generally all the souls remain in this stage for a temporary period of time till the shraaddha karmas are over. After the funeral rites are over, they reach respective lokas based on their karma. If the funeral rites are not ...


5

If Shraddhas are not done, then the deceased persons receive Pretatva or Preta-hood. That is they attain ghost like state of beings. Then, they will not be able to move to the Pitruloka and will be stuck somewhere in between. I am quoting from the book Essence of Dhrama Sindhu (Dharma Sindhu is a synopsis of Hindu Dhrama and it quotes from Puranas, Smritis, ...


5

Hinduism believes in the rebirth and reincarnation of souls. What happens after the soul leaves the body and before it reincarnates again is a great mystery about which we can form an idea after studying the scriptures. In Hinduism there are two paths along which souls travel after death. The Paths of the Sun and the Moon. Path of the Sun or the Path of ...


5

Ativhakas are mentioned in Adhyaya 4 -Pada 3 of Vedanta-Sutras. अतिवहिकास्तल्लिंगात् || BS 4.3.4|| ( These are ) deities conducting the soul ( on the path of gods) , on the account of indicatory marks to the effect. This sutra gives us hints about who are they its said that these ativahakas are are more or less human. - Hindi And here is ...


5

Yes, the people (with bad Karma) will still go to the hells in Kali Yuga. In fact, Puranas, like Bhavisya Purana, state that hells will over-populated in Kali Yuga. So, that means, compared to the other three Yugas, more people will have to visit hells, in Kali Yuga. At the end of the Kali's second half there would neither by the institutions of ...


4

The fate of the spirit after the death of the body highly depends on the Individual spirit/soul. Broadly speaking, there are four possibilities: The soul may go to devaloka/swargaloka or towards the realm of ishta devata, if a person has practiced dharma and devotion through out his life. The soul may go to pitr loka or realms of manes, if a person has ...


4

Yes he is mentioned in many Puranas (like Agni, Varaha, Devi Bhagavata etc) as the accountant of Yama - the God of death. Whenever, Yama is mentioned, Chitragupta is also mentioned along with. From Agni Purana: Since he [Yama] keeps tally of all good deeds and all sins. Yama is also known as the god Dharma. Those who have done good deeds are rewarded ...


4

There are no signs or proofs that a person has attained moksha after death to the ordinary person. Similarly, there is no sign or proof that a living man has attained moksha. In his Pancadasi, Sri Vidyaranya Swami says (VI. 287-288): Enlightened men may differ in their behavior because of the nature of their fructifying Karma. This should not make the ...


4

I can only try to point you towards Śrīmad-Bhagavad-gītā where the Lord Himself answers. Bg 2.20 Translation For the soul there is never birth nor death. Nor, having once been, does he ever cease to be. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing, undying and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain. Purport Qualitatively, the small atomic ...


3

In the Gita (4.5) Krishna says to Arjuna 'Many a birth have I passed through, O Arjuna, and so have you. I know them all, but you know them not, O scorcher of foes.' Memories are a part of the mind, the mind dissolves with the gross body upon death. What is carried from one life to another are 'impressions' on the jiva. If you do something with all your ...


3

Few reasons are: If we remember our past lives then we end up seeing all our relatives & friends in animals and other beings. We would be emotionally lost and we may waste our complete life in their service! We would run after our worldly possessions gained in our previous births and will start fighting for command over it, this way we stop working ...


3

For this kind of questions, you get 'N' number of answers. All the answers are to their perspectives and their experience gained. Neither i gained nor experienced more about it. But i want to share something interesting and weird scripts written in Garuda Purana The journey to hell or heaven takes almost 48 days with our subtle body or so called soul....


3

The Upanishads do speak of heavens (lokas), the heaven of brahma and the heaven of the fathers. Some people believe that the lokas referred to in scripture are actual places that exist in the material universe. Others believe that the lokas exist on a different vibrational level than the material universe, as you go there in a subtle body. If it is a ...


3

1. What is meant by eternal Right now you are thinking that eternal means that the physical body will never die. However this is a wrong notion. The BODY IS ALWAYS MORTAL. The physical body is subject to birth, decay and death. There is no body that can live forever (except in case of certain incarnations which are supposed to exist forever). Gita 2:18 ...


3

It is because Hinduism is Sanatana Dharma based on eternal truths and reincarnation is truth not divine judgement. Saying God judges people is ascribing lowly human qualities to God. Because God doesn't judge anyone. It is our own karmas which judge us and accordingly our next incarnation is decided by our own karmas.


3

The Hymn you quoted in the question is Rig-Veda 10.58 Whoes Devata is Mana Avartana and Rishis are Bandhu-Subandhu , Shrutabandhu ,Viprabandhu , Goupayana or Loupayana. As we can see from the Devata it is Mana and Mana means our mind , but as Griffith translated the meaning spirit is not much appropriate here. Because Spirit word is more associated with ...


3

The intention behind the hymn 58 will not be understood if the only the mantras of that hymn is read. The complete story starts in the previous hymns and concludes in the next hymn. The manas who is called here is Subandhu's manas (mind or spirit) into his body which fell unconscious and not our own spirit or manas. In the hymn 58, the manas (mind) is ...


3

Arjuna raised this question to Krishna (English translation is of Swami Gambhirananda quoted from Gitasupersite): अर्जुन उवाच अयतिः श्रद्धयोपेतो योगाच्चलितमानसः। अप्राप्य योगसंसिद्धिं कां गतिं कृष्ण गच्छति।।6.37।। 6.37 Arjuna said O krsna, failing to achieve perfection in Yoga, what goal does one attain who, though possessed of faith, is not ...


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