The earliest reference of Atma can be found in Rigveda. The Rigvedic verse 10.97.11 says,
यदिमा वाजयन्नहमोषधीर्हस्त आदधे ।
आत्मा यक्ष्मस्य नश्यति पुरा जीवगृभो यथा ॥११॥
When, bringing back the vanished strength, I hold these herbs within my hand, The spirit of disease departs ere he can seize upon the life.
Yasakacharya who is considered as great ...
I am answering this question acording to the Garuda Purana
Jiva loses the memory of its previous births at the moment he comes out of the mother's womb.
It has been mentioned multiple times in the Garuda Purana.
The following is the statement made by the lord Vishnu in conversation with Garuda stating that the human forgets the knowledge of previous births ...
This is from Rigved. I find this enthralling and motivating especially when I listen to it here after reading its meaning.
संगच्छध्वम् संवद्धवम् संवोमनाँसि जानताम् ।
देवाभागम् यथापूर्वे सञ्जानानम् उपासते ।।
May we march forward with a common goal.
May we be open-minded and work together in harmony.
May we share our thoughts for integrated wisdom.
May we ...
This point of confusion is discussed in Brhadaranyaka Upanishad. In the conversation between Yajnavalkya and his wife Maitreyi (2.4.12-14):
स यथा सैन्धवखिल्य उदके प्रास्त उदकमेवानुविलीयेत न हास्योद्ग्रहणायेव स्याद्यतो यतस्त्वाददीत लवणमेवैवं वा अर इदं महद्भूतमनन्तमपारं विज्ञानघन एवैतेभ्यो भूतेभ्यः समुत्थाय तान्येवानुविनश्यति न प्रेत्य संज्ञास्तीत्यरे ब्रवीमी...
Did they even split? The split is only an illusion. A must read is the story of two birds in kathopanishad. Therewere no two birds! That was an illusion or dream or whatever..... Advaita vedanta doesnt say you must merge into god! It says you are god! You dont have to reach to a destination. You were always there!!!
So there is no split and it is only maya ...
"Perception" and "feeling" are functions of the mind, not Ātman. That is why the Ātman is also called "sākṣin", the witness or the observer. It is pure self-aware knowledge, nothing else.
Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad 6.11:
एको देवः सर्वभूतेषु गूढः सर्वव्यापी सर्वभूतान्तरात्मा । कर्माध्यक्षः सर्वभूताधिवासः साक्षी चेता केवलो निर्गुणश्च ॥...
Brahman as pure consciousness is not a being in Advaita Vedanta and so cannot have feeling. Atman which is Brahman in us is also simply witness consciousness. Saguna Brahman in Advaita Vedanta or Narayana/Vishnu of Vishistadvaita/dvaita has feeling.
Consciousness is the immutable Self which is the
witness-consciousness, unchanging, flawless and eternal. ...
This shloka gives general motivation and support and can be applied to any situation in anybody's life.
Bhagavad Gita 6.5:
उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् । आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मनः ॥
One should lift up oneself by oneself. One should not let oneself get depressed or defeated - because the self is the friend of oneself and the self is ...
Srimad Bhagavatam 11.13.34
īkṣeta vibhramam idaṁ manaso vilāsaṁ
dṛṣṭaṁ vinaṣṭam ati-lolam alāta-cakram
vijñānam ekam urudheva vibhāti māyā
svapnas tridhā guṇa-visarga-kṛto vikalpaḥ
"One should see that the material world is a distinct illusion appearing in the mind, because material objects have an extremely flickering existence and are here today and ...
Although not accurate but I wanted to post this:
याक्षक्रक्रमभूमिकावसतयो नाडीषु या: संस्थिता
या: कायोह्गतरोमकूपनिलया या: संस्थिता धातुषु ।
उच्छासोर्मिमरुत्तरड्ननिलया निश्वासवासाश्च या-
स्ता देव्यो रिपुपक्षभक्षणरता नन्दन्तु कौलार्चिता: ॥४ २॥
kulavarna tantra 8th Ulhassa 42nd verse
The sholka specifically describes 'yogis' but it also describes about the ...
I was like you, similar. Till 25 years I was an agnostic although a born Brahmin. When I came to the west around that time there weren’t any big groups etc. Now we see a lot of faith groups The best book that I found that helped me initially was “Hindu Dharma : The Universal way of life” by Chandrasekarendra Saraswati’s Tamil lectures translation. I bought ...
You want to become an expert in Hinduism. The books suggested below will certainly be very helpful in your project.
You should read a low level introductory book that nevertheless gives a decent overview of Hinduism. Otherwise you will have difficulty in understanding Hindu scriptures. Books like 'The Hindu mind' by Bansi Pandit and 'The complete Idiot's ...
Every soul is potentially divine at this very moment. They will not become God, as they are part of God now(and always was). But, if you want to ask if every soul will realize that they are part of God or not, then the answer is "Yes". Sri Ramkrishna Paramhansa deb at Annapurna temple told in ecstatic mood that everyone will get food, some will in ...
Here are a couple of inspiring verses.
gayanti Deva: kila gitakanti dhanyastu ye bharatabhumibhage
swargapebargasye phalarjanya bhabhanti bhuyo purusha suratwat
It seems that the gods sing songs to this purport. Those who live in
this part of the world called Bharata are in fact blessed. In order to
enjoy the fruits of heaven and salvation they are born as ...
Markandeya Purana, Canto 25 to 30,
The story is that of Madalasa who was a Self realised Queen who gave birth to a child. When the child cried, instead of diverting the child's attention with various objects she chose to introduce him to the truth. And that truth is sung in the form of a sweet lullaby which is called madalasa upadesha or madalasa putra ...
For evil persons Their destination is andhamas that is their true aspect or attribute. The whole creation is meant to realize once true state. From BG. 16.19-20 Its clear that moksha is not for evil persons.
तानहं द्विषत: क्रूरान्संसारेषु नराधमान् |
क्षिपाम्यजस्रमशुभानासुरीष्वेव योनिषु || 19||
आसुरीं योनिमापन्ना मूढा जन्मनि जन्मनि |
मामप्राप्यैव कौन्तेय ततो ...
The material body is the annamayakosa. There are 5 kosas or khosas - sheaths which surround the Atman in an individual, the outer material sheath is the annamayakosa. See Where does a Soul attach to the Body? and What are three Sharira and their relation to five Kosha? There are multiple questions on this topic to explain the sheaths more fully.
In his ...
Mind does not resolves in deep sleep rather exists in seed form. Had mind merged into consciousness, then samadhi would have ensued. But after waking up, you are still able to recall the experience of deep sleep that you didn't witness a dream. This clearly shows that there was a Seer (Subject) that saw or experienced blankness (object) which is a sign of ...
in Kashmir shaivism,infinite I consciousness is all powerful and blissfull.due to its bliss it creates a kind of internal motion or spanda wich results in playfulness and the desire to multiply due to its inherent playfulness.Samsara is the theatre/lila of Shiva.that is partially the why and how.
Maya in this system is not some superimposed external thing ...
Atman is not SELF AWARE! Atman is SELF. SELF is even beyond awareness as said by Nisargadatta maharaj.
How does atman get into this business of body consciousnesses? Just
as you loose your sense of identity in your dream and create a false
identity, Atman too does the same. But the dream cannot affect the
dreamer. Yoga vashishtha, asthavakra ...
You may or may not recognize a self realized person as they may or may not meet your exact perception of what they should be, in truth anyone can be self realized because once self realization is reached while still experiencing the body, just like before there is no limit to what they are, some may fall exactly in line with who you view them, while others ...
So you have extensively given references from a specific interpretation of "vyuhas" according to Pāñcarātra theology in your question.
But since you have not asked specifically for an explanation from the point of view of Pāñcarātra, I will answer from the point of view of generally accepted Vedic tradition, as seen in Sāyaṇācārya's commentary.
It is not correct to say that our ancient seers did not say beginning. Interested readers will go through Nasadiya Suktam of 10th Mandal , Suktam .129(Creation) of Rig-Veda:
THEN was not non-existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it. What covered in, and where? and what gave shelter? Was water there, unfathomed depth of water?
The alaya must be a permanent abode to store karma and vasanas.and also if you apply Mipham’s four great logical arguments to citta you must believe in a permanent atman.furthermore kshanabhangavada is impossible logically speaking and Shankara has refuted it in his Brahma sutra commentary
Buddhist Madhyamika would agree that there can be no arising of a thing from nothing.if the I consciousness perishes like in the momentariness doctrine,from where does it come back again?Once one Citta perishes how can another Citta take its place?From where and what does this citta arise?And how would it have recognition and memory?how can Karma be stored? ...
Thanks to the eternal Srimad Bhagwad Gita which elaborates facts pretty simply(knowing such facts isn't any way possible as such in a lifetime):
As per the 'time of death' one can know what's the basic outcomes of the being:
यत्र काले त्वनावृत्तिमावृत्तिं चैव योगिन: |
प्रयाता यान्ति तं कालं वक्ष्यामि भरतर्षभ || 23||
अग्निर्ज्योतिरह: शुक्ल: षण्मासा उत्तरायणम् ...