Mistaking Karma Yoga as karma
You should remember that Gita is talking to Sannyasis and not to worldly folk when Gita asks us to perform actions without desiring for the fruit. Gita is talking about Karma Yoga and not merely about karma. A worldly person would find it very difficult to do karma without desiring for the fruit.
Definition of Karma Yoga
Bhagwad Gita, Chapter 3 talks a lot about Karma. While the whole chapter is essential to understand Karma Yoga, I am reproducing few shlokas here, relevant to the question.
Is Karma optional? No, it's inherent property
Karma is not avoidable. We continue to do karma without stopping even for a second. One can't run away from it. This is because all entities ...
Does this also mean that all action is to be done without any motive behind it?
Not necessarily. All actions is to be done as a duty without expectations and attachment to results. There should not be motive for personal gains or pleasures.
niyataṃ kuru karma tvaṃ karma jyāyayo hy-akarmaṇaḥ | śarīra-yātrā’pi
ca te na prasiddhayed akarmaṇaḥ || 8 ||
8. You ...
Hindu shastra talks primarily of four Yogas.
Four Paths to Moksha
Some perceive me through meditation, others through the path of
spiritual knowledge; others through the path of devotion and still
others through the path of action.
Kurma Purana II.4.24
The path through meditation is Raja Yoga and described in Patanjali's Yoga Sutra.
The path of spiritual ...
न हि प्रपश्यामि ममापनुद्याद्
राज्यं सुराणामपि चाधिपत्यम् || 8||
Here is word to word translation of the above verse.
na—not; hi—certainly; prapaśhyāmi—I see; mama—my; apanudyāt—drive away; yat—which; śhokam—anguish; uchchhoṣhaṇam—is drying up; indriyāṇām—of the senses; avāpya—after achieving; bhūmau—on ...
your perception is wrong here
krishna never asked arjuna to leave his kshatriya dharma instead he was convincing him to follow his dharma otherwise it will lead you to defame and cowardice
NOW ANSWER TO YOUR QUESTION
here surrender means is to give control of your indriyas(senses) to krishna and let him be your guide, but not dhrma your duties towards nation
look most of the people get it wrong the real meaning here is arjuna asks krinshna about doing a war is sin and i don't want to do this anymore and I'd rather live my life as a sadhu or bhikshuk but when krishna tells him in later adhyaas that how paap punya and moksha works i.e when your punya gets hiegher frim a perticular level you promoted to the next ...
Ans 1: Yes Female and Male nature cannot be changed as its attaced to jiva swaroopa according to Sriman Madvacharya. Not to Linga , Aniruddha or Sukshma sharira. So According Sriman Madvacharya Females are eligible for moksha, if they perform respective sadhana. Females need not be born male to attain moksha.
Ans 2. Yes you are right female soul can never be ...
Can you please define misogyny??
According to the dictionary meaning its
Misogyny (/mɪˈsɒdʒɪni/) is hatred or contempt for women or girls.
Now even according to As it is, there's no hatred or contempt towards women. This is an age old Hindu problem, if someone is a sinner it doesn't mean they are worthy of hate and contempt.
Infact Bhagavat Gita goes on to ...
This is a limited partial answer addressing only Observation 2.
In this context, for Gita 9.32, the commentary of Sri Ramanuja (who lived in 11th-12th Century CE) might be relevant -
Sanskrit Commentary By Sri Ramanuja
।।9.32।।स्त्रियो वैश्याः शूद्राः च पापयोनयः अपि मां व्यपाश्रित्य परां गतिं यान्ति।
৷৷9.32৷৷striyō vaiśyāḥ śūdrāḥ ca pāpayōnayaḥ api māṅ ...
This is my answer:
Arjuna is speaking these verses. No one reads the Gita to know Arjuna's views. These verses contain no message to the modern reader.
Here the problem is with the interpretation of the term papa-yonih in Gita 9.32. Should we interpret it literally as a sinful womb? The answer is no since such an interpretation ...
Let me change your perspective.
This is Srila Prabhupada's "misogynistic" translation of BG 9.32:
"O son of Prthä, those who take shelter in Me, though they be of lower
birth — women, vaisyas [merchants] and sudras [workers]—can attain the
This is Eknath Eswaran's "progressive" translation of BG 9.32 (...
Summarized outline regarding the concept of mokṣa in all the six systems of orthodox philosphy, according to a study on the Yogasutras:
According to ancient Mīmāṃsā philosophers, heaven was the highest attainment (mokṣa) of human life. One can get all the pleasures and the highest bliss in the heaven. Heaven can be attained by the yāgas, ...
This is unnecessary complicating of a poetic language used in the gita. If someone says your face is like moon, it doesn't mean you have 16 scars on your face. Most probably IMHO, Krishna was speaking poetically saying I'm all the light that there is. In the light of Sun and in the light of Moon
If at all you want to philosophise this, then it can mean that ...
Well, I asked only because if someone else asks me this, I should have an answer. Here is how I justify it -
Krishna did not use plural or separate the two lights as different from each other. He did not say "I am the light of the Sun and the light of the moon" OR "I am the lights of the sun and the moon". Singular use of the word light ...