Manusmṛti has a similar verse although I'm not sure if this was borrowed from the Gītā or vice versa.
varaṃ svadharmo viguṇo na pārakyaḥ svanuṣṭhitaḥ |
paradharmeṇa jīvan hi sadyaḥ patati jātitaḥ || 10.97 ||
Better one’s own duty imperfectly performed, and not the duty of
another performed perfectly; he who subsists by the function of
Arjuna forgot because he was Kshatriya and the Yuga was Dvapra, and also memorizing and understanding scriptures and Brahman/God is a prime duty of Brahmins and Sanyasis.
Bhagavad Gita 18.42 Tranquility, restraint, austerity, purity,
patience, integrity, knowledge, wisdom, and belief in a
hereafter—these are the intrinsic qualities of work for ...
It does not mean trained external behavior or genetic predisposition. We can rule out genetic predisposition because genes are western medical entities and I doubt if one can equate genes with Gunas. Gunas are specialised entities introduced by Sankhya Darsana. Presence of specific gunas leads to predisposition.
What exactly is meant by Gunas.
The question is
What does the word guna mean in this verse? Does guna mean external,
trained behavior that people see, or does it mean genetic, inherent,
natural predisposition? It is well known that different people have
different natures. Does guna here mean nature or nurture (trained,
In my opinion, Guna indicates only ...