16 votes
Accepted

Is Maya superior to Brahman as per Advaita philosophy?

Maya can never be supreme as it operates only in Vyavaharik level. According to Advaita there are three levels of reality: Paramarthika Satyam Vyavaharik Satyam Pratibhasik Satyam In Vyavaharika ...
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16 votes
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What are all doctrines or philosophies discussed in Brahma Sutra?

Here are the main philosophical schools discussed by Vyasa in the Brahma Sutras (which you can read here: Vedanta: The Brahma Sutras are the defining text of Vedanta school, so in some sense all the ...
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12 votes
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Why did Vedvyasa mention his shishya Jaimini's opinion/saying in Brahma Sutra?

It's because Vyasa and Jaimini were working together. Vyasa and two of his disciples, Jaimini and Kasakritsna, together composed a unified work called the Mimamsa Shastra, designed to analyze the ...
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10 votes

From which scripture does Adi Shankara quote about Maheswara shaping name and forms of all beings from the words of Veda?

This quote with slight variation is present in Chapter 7, Purvabhaga of Kurma Purana. अव्ययं च व्ययं चैव द्वयं स्थावरजङ्गमम्। तेषां ये यानि कर्माणि प्राक् सृष्टेः प्रतिपेदिरे॥ ६४॥ तान्येव ते ...
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9 votes
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Which Upanishads are quoted in sage Vyasa's Brahma Sutras?

The Badarayana-Vyasa Brahma Sutras are a compilation of extremely terse Sutras. These Sutras are impossible to understand without the commentary attached to them. There is no direct quote from any ...
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9 votes
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What scriptures describe Brahma's son Sanatkumara being reborn as Shiva's son Kartikeya?

The 37th Chapter of the Mahatmya Kanda of the Tripura Rahasya details the story of Sanatkumara incarnating as Kartikeya. Lord Dattatreya relates the story of Lord Muruga to Parashurama, listening to ...
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9 votes

Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

It is explained in the Chhandogya Upanishad - Aadhyaya-6, Khanda-8. What is the Sushupti actually and why do we experience it?: उद्दालको हारुणिः श्वेतकेतुं पुत्रमुवाच स्वप्नान्तं मे सोम्य विजानी...
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9 votes

How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

There are at least 34 commentaries. Let me try to enumerate as many commentaries as I can. Note that I'm only naming one commentary from each commentator, even if they wrote multiple. And for the ...
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9 votes

Do the Devas not actually eat or drink?

The verse is actually there in the ChAndogya Upanishad (CU). CU 3.6.1 states: Tad yat prathamamritam tad vasava upajivantyAgninA mukhena | na vai deva asnanti na pivantyeadevAmritam drishtvA ...
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8 votes
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Does Ramanujacharya believe that inhabitants of Brahmaloka attain Moksha when they die?

Ramanujacharya is not stating his own view. Rather, he is stating a Purvapaksha argument which Badari refutes in the next Sutra (Sutra 9). Here is how this PDF presents Ramanujacharya's commentary on ...
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8 votes
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What scriptures describe scorpions born from cow dung?

This information is present in Chapter 7 of Upodghāta Pada, Brahmānda Purana. In this chapter, the birth of many creatures is described. Birth of scorpions is also mentioned. जन्तवस्तुरगादिभ्यो वि...
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8 votes

From which scripture does Adi Shankara quote about Maheswara shaping name and forms of all beings from the words of Veda?

There are three variants of this Shloka available: Vishnu Purana 1.5, Linga Purana 1.70, and Kurma Purana 1.7. The Vishnu Purana quote is: nāmarūpaṃ ca bhūtānāṃ kṛtyānāṃ ca prapañcanam / (63.1) ...
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8 votes
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Are the Vedanta Sutras Smriti or Shruti?

From Manu Smriti 2.10: Srutis tu vedo vigneyo dharmashAstram tu vai smriti | OR By Sruti is meant the Veda and by Smritis are meant the Dharma ShAstras. So, the VedAnta Sutras is a Darshana ...
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8 votes

Why is it believed Brahma Sutras were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa?

The possible explanation of your question is provided by author of the book Vedanta-Darshan (Brahma Sutra) Harikrishna Das Goyandaka by Gita Press. In his introduction of the book , the author is ...
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8 votes
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Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Following are some books on Brahma Sutra comprising analysis of principal commentaries of Adi Shankaracharya (Advaita), Sri Ramanujacharya (Vishishtadvaita and Madhvacharya (Dvaita) available on ...
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7 votes
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Who developed the terminology of the Prasthanatrayi of the Vedanta school?

Swami Vivekananda refers to the 3 pillars several times in his writings. One reference is Vol 3, p 327-328 of his Complete Works (lecture entitled "The Vedanta in All Its Phases"). But he refers to it ...
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7 votes

Which Upanishads are quoted in sage Vyasa's Brahma Sutras?

Although Brahma Sutras are very concise 555 aphorisms and they do not themselves mention from where they are taken. However they can be traced to 13 Upanishads as I also mention in my answer here ...
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7 votes

Are there any surviving quotes from Baudhayana's commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

Yes, Ramanujacharya quotes from Baudhayana's Vritti several times.. First of all, in this section his commentary on Adhyaya 1 Pada 1 Sutra 1 of the Brahma Sutras, Ramanujacharya gives two quotes from ...
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7 votes

Is there a French translation of the Brahma Sutra Bhasya of Shankara?

I found the book "Le Vedanta : etude sur les Brahma-sutras et leurs cinq commentaires", which is a book with five commenatries on the Brahma Sutras, but I'm not sure whether it includes Adi ...
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7 votes

Interpreting Bhagavad Gita verse 8.16

A literal interpretation of the Gita 8.16 would be disastrous since it would contradict Sruti. We know from Manu Smriti that when there is any difference between Sruti and Smriti then Sruti will ...
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7 votes

Why does the Pancharatra Agamas contradict the Vedanta Sutras?

As per the Pancharatra Agamas which are followed by the Sri Vaishnava community, there is no restriction for followers and learners based on varna. Shudras even serve as priests in the Vaishnava ...
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6 votes

What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

Buddhists say that the Hindu Atman theory is about the ego which in their view is non-existent. Hence they call their no-ego theory Anatman (not Atman). Hindus of course do not accept that Atman is ...
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6 votes

What does Brahma sutras say about Susupti state?

The Jiva dwells in Brahman during deep sleep.. In this section of his Brahma Sutra Bhashya, Adi Shankaracharya says that even though the Upanishads speak of the Jiva dwelling in the veins or ...
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6 votes

From which scripture does Adi Shankara quote about Maheswara shaping name and forms of all beings from the words of Veda?

Here is a verse that's only found in the Southern recension of the Shanti Parva of the Mahabharata that's almost identical to the verse given by Adi Shankaracharya: nānārūpaṃ ca bhūtānāṃ karmaṇāṃ ...
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6 votes
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Where can I read online the Vedanta Sutras along with commentaries of Ramanujacharya, Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya in English?

1. Here is the link of The Vedanta-sutras, with the Sri-bhashya of Shree Ramanujacharya : You can Download as well as can read the book Online. 2. Here is the link of The Vedanta Sutras with ...
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6 votes
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How many Brahma Sutras are there?

In his Introduction to his translation of Ramanuja's Sri Bhasya, Swami Vireswarananda writes (p xxviii): It has already been stated that the Sutra literature, owing to its extreme brevity of ...
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6 votes

How many sages are referred to in the badrayana vyasa's Brahma sutras?

Here are all the figures that Vyasa names in the Brahma Sutras other than himself (using the Sutra numbering here) Jaimini: He's mentioned 17 times, starting in Adhyaya 1 Pada 2 Sutra 28: ...
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6 votes
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Why is it believed Brahma Sutras were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa?

According to Kanchi Paramacharya (Chandrashekarendra Saraswati) too, Veda Vyasa and Badarayana are the same person. He mentions about this in this chapter of the book called "Hindu Dharma", which is ...
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